It is important for the teacher to provide numerous opportunities for students to practice listening skills and to become actively engaged in the listening process. The three phases of the listening process are: pre-listening, while-listening, and post-listening.
Nevertheless we only relate while-listening step to teach listening in the class, therefore we need to apply pre-listening and post-listening processes to teaching methods
A sk questions of themselves and the speaker to clarify their understanding and confirm their assumptions
Summarize a speaker's presentation orally, in writing, or as an outline
Review their notes and add information that they did not have an opportunity to record during the speech
Analyse and evaluate critically what they have heard
Writing: response journal, learning log, or composition
Reading: further research on a topic or a contradictory viewpoint
Art or drama: designing a cover jacket after a book talk or developing a mock trial concerning the topic through drama in role
Effective teaching method-3 <Post-listening activity> Recording activity answering questions about listening tasks with a teacher in front of related backgrounds <Pre-listening activity> Making Predicting paper activity brainstorming and predicting possible words and then build a paper in pairs or groups about listening topic :family event
To create classroom speaking activities that will develop communicative competence…
Give the students more opportunities to practice language use freely: English Only Zone, English Speech Contest, E-pal
Allow the students communicative activities to practice using real-like settings: Situational conversation, Role-playing, Discussion, Debate, Presentation, Authentic task
Let the students learn autonomous self-regulated learning process: The teacher teaches scaffolding process so that they develop a plan, resolve a problem, complete an assignment and evaluate themselves working “together”.
Extend the amount of exposure to English: Radio and TV programs, Youtube clips, English Village, Online speaking
- Draw interest for active participation and Role-playing
- Use real-like situations and multimedia
You can encourage the students to speak out more actively and creatively. “Create supportive atmosphere that allows them to make mistakes without fear of embarrassment. This will contribute to their self-confidence as speakers and their motivation to learn more (Burkart, 1998).”
Each group leader draws lots to select one of many topics. Topics are like place, sport, job, holiday, etc.
Each group member takes turns to explain words to their leader and the leader guesses the words. If one can’t explain, using gestures is acceptable. The winner team will get candy from a teacher.
Are you ready? Everyone? You have to explain the holidays you will see to your leader. Go for it! What is the day? people wear ghost clothes and go around to get candy saying “Trick or treat.” What is the day? We can tell lies to people. So we make fun of other people all day long. What is the day? Boys and girls give and take gifts such as chocolate and candy. Time’s up! Good job! Games
I believe the children are our future Teach them well and let them lead the way