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Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
Mobile App Development
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Mobile App Development

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  • 1. Mobile App Development From a Web Developer’s Perspective
  • 2. Chris Morrell http://cmorrell.com/ @inxilpro Who the heck am I? And what gives me the right to act as though I know what I’m talking about?
  • 3. PhillyNewMediaHub.com
  • 4. Today’s Mobile Technology
  • 5. Today’s Mobile Technology • High-speed Internet • Edge/3G: 100 Kbps–1.5 Mbps • Wifi: 10+ Mbps • Significant processor speeds • Significant graphical capabilities • Touch interfaces
  • 6. Today’s Mobile Technology WebKit
  • 7. Today’s Mobile Technology These guys use WebKit too! WebKit
  • 8. Web App vs. Native App
  • 9. Web App vs. Native App • Easy to develop • Don’t require approval • Maintained centrally • Not on App Store • Limitedto HTML/CSS/ JavaScript capabilities
  • 10. Web App vs. Native App • Better UI • Easy to develop • More powerful • Don’t require approval • More control • Maintained centrally • Access to GPU • Not on App Store • Costly to develop • Limited to HTML/CSS/ JavaScript capabilities • Requires approval
  • 11. Web App vs. Native App • Better UI • Easy to develop • More powerful • Don’t require approval • More control • Maintained centrally • Access to GPU • Not on App Store • Costly to develop • Limited to HTML/CSS/ JavaScript capabilities • Requires approval
  • 12. Web App ...vs. Mobile Website • Mobile & Smartphone Stylesheets • Viewport Definition • Optimized Graphics
  • 13. Technologies • Objective-C & Cocoa Touch (iPhone-only) • Java (Blackberry, Android, Symbian) • Palm Mojo [HTML5, JS, CSS + Dojo-based framework] (Palm-only) • Visual C#/Visual Basic/.NET (Windows Mobile-only) • C++ (Symbian, Windows Mobile) • HTML5, JavaScript and CSS • PhoneGap • Titanium Mobile • Rhomobile Cross-platform w/ single API
  • 14. Technologies • Objective-C & Cocoa Touch (iPhone-only) • Java (Blackberry, Android, Symbian) • Palm Mojo [HTML5, JS, CSS + Dojo-based framework] (Palm-only) • Visual C#/Visual Basic/.NET (Windows Mobile-only) • C++ (Symbian, Windows Mobile) • HTML5, JavaScript and CSS • PhoneGap • Titanium Mobile • Rhomobile Cross-platform w/ single API
  • 15. HTML5, JavaScript & CSS
  • 16. HTML5, JavaScript & CSS The basics • CSS2 “Handheld” Media Stylesheets • CSS3 Media Queries • Apple* Viewport * Supported by several browsers, including mobile Firefox
  • 17. HTML5, JavaScript & CSS Advanced • HTML5 Offline Caching • HTML5 SQLite-compatible Offline Storage • CSS3 CSS Animations • W3C API Geolocation • HTML5 Canvas
  • 18. * Mobile JS/CSS Frameworks IUI jQTouch (Older) iPhone UI clone jQuery plugin for iPhone UI http://code.google.com/p/iui/ http://www.jqtouch.com/ XUI Safire Mobile-focused framework iPhone UI clone http://xuijs.com/ http://code.google.com/p/safire/ CiUI iWebKit CNET’s iPhone UI clone Extensive iPhone UI clone http://bit.ly/5p4tMY http://iwebkit.net/ UiUIKit WebApp.Net CSS-only iPhone UI clone iPhone UI clone + framework http://bit.ly/7Qtnhx http://webapp-net.com/ Magic Framework Dashcode iPhone UI clone Apple’s Dashboard Toolkit http://bit.ly/6zJ4eK http://bit.ly/7sntmM Not an exhaustive list *
  • 19. PhoneGap
  • 20. PhoneGap • WebKit-wrapper application • Consistent APIs for device functions • Geolocation • Vibration • Accelerometer • Etc • Supports many devices
  • 21. PhoneGap Device Support iPhone Android Blackberry Windows Symbian Palm Maemo Geo Location Vibration Accelerometer Sound Contacs Data from Jan 22, 2010 Unknown or experimental
  • 22. Titanium Mobile
  • 23. Titanium Mobile • Accelerometer • Database • Filesystem + • Geolocation Native UI Components • Mapping • Media • Networking
  • 24. Titanium 0.9/1.0 • iPad & Blackberry • New APIs support • Less • Animation reliance on web views (slow) • Streaming Audio • Dynamic APIs • Proximity Sensor • More extensible • Low-level Graphics • 5x+ performance • Network Streaming increases
  • 25. PhoneGap vs. Titanium • Easier to start • Mobile& desktop • Supports more platforms • Native UI • Poor documentation Both fully open source!
  • 26. PhoneGap vs. Titanium Both HTML Faux-Native True Native
  • 27. PhoneGap Use When: • Using just web technologies • Targeting many devices Titanium Use When: • Need native UI/functionality • Targeting iPhone & Android
  • 28. Objective-C/Cocoa Touch
  • 29. Objective C/Cocoa Touch • 100% Native Application • Full native performance • Access to entire iPhone SDK & UI Components • Interface Builder • iPhone/iPad-only • Mac development-only* * No matter what you need a Mac to compile for iPhone
  • 30. DEMO
  • 31. ! HTML5 Offline Caching CACHE MANIFEST # version 1.0 index.html ! application.js theme.css sprites.png Ack! Code Ahead NETWORK: /api FALLBACK: /images/avatars/ /images/default-avatar.png
  • 32. ! Ack! Code Ahea d HTML5 Offline Caching CACHE MANIFEST # version 1.0 index.html application.js theme.css sprites.png NETWORK: /api FALLBACK: /images/avatars/ /images/default-avatar.png
  • 33. ! Mobile Stylesheets <!-- Main Stylesheet --> <link type="text/css" rel="stylesheet" href="screen.css" media="screen"> <!-- Smartphone Stylesheet--> <link type="text/css" rel="stylesheet" href="smartphone.css" media="only screen and (max-device-width: 480px)"> <!-- Handheld Stylesheet --> <link type="text/css" rel="stylesheet" href="handheld.css" media="handheld"> • To account for Windows Mobile, conditional comments are required (not shown).
  • 34. ! Mobile Stylesheets <!-- Main Stylesheet --> <link type="text/css" rel="stylesheet" href="screen.css" media="screen"> <!-- Smartphone Stylesheet--> <link type="text/css" rel="stylesheet" href="smartphone.css" media="only screen and (max-device-width: 480px)"> <!-- Handheld Stylesheet --> <link type="text/css" rel="stylesheet" href="handheld.css" media="handheld"> • To account for Windows Mobile, conditional comments are required (not shown).
  • 35. ! Mobile Stylesheets <!-- Main Stylesheet --> <link type="text/css" rel="stylesheet" href="screen.css" media="screen"> <!-- Smartphone Stylesheet--> <link type="text/css" rel="stylesheet" href="smartphone.css" media="only screen and (max-device-width: 480px)"> <!-- Handheld Stylesheet --> <link type="text/css" rel="stylesheet" href="handheld.css" media="handheld"> • To account for Windows Mobile, conditional comments are required (not shown).
  • 36. ! Mobile Stylesheets <!-- Main Stylesheet --> <link type="text/css" rel="stylesheet" href="screen.css" media="screen"> <!-- Smartphone Stylesheet--> <link type="text/css" rel="stylesheet" href="smartphone.css" media="only screen and (max-device-width: 480px)"> <!-- Handheld Stylesheet --> <link type="text/css" rel="stylesheet" href="handheld.css" media="handheld"> • To account for Windows Mobile, conditional comments are required (not shown).
  • 37. ! Viewport Scaling <meta name="viewport" content= "width=320, initial-scale=2.3, user-scalable=no" /> • width • height Tip: • initial-scale When setting the width/height you can use “device-width” and • minimum-scale “device-height” to match the size of the user’s device. • maximum-scale • user-scalable
  • 38. ! HTML5 SQLite Storage 1 var db = openDatabase("Demo", "1.0"); 2 if (db) { 3 db.transaction(function(tx) { 4 tx.executeSql("SELECT * FROM demo", [], function(result) { 5 // “result” contains all rows in “demo” table 6 }, function(tx, error) { 7 var sql = "CREATE TABLE demo (id INTEGER, demo TEXT)"; 8 tx.executeSql(sql, [], function(result) { 9 // database created, now do something 10 }); 11 }); 12 }); 13 } else { 14 alert("Unable to open database!"); 15 } Ack!
  • 39. ! CSS3 Transitions div { opacity: 1; -webkit-transition-property: opacity; -webkit-transition-duration: 1s; -webkit-transition-timing-function: ease-in-out; } div:hover { opacity: 0; } • Properties: none, all, <property> • Timing: ease, ease-in, ease-out, ease-in-out, cubic-bezier(x1, y1, x2, y2)
  • 40. ! Geolocation API var options = { maximumAge: 60000 }; function gotPosition(p) { var lat = p.coords.latitude; var lon = p.coords.longitude; } function positionError(e) { var code = e.code; } navigator.geolocation.getCurrentPosition(gotPosition, positionError, options);
  • 41. ! Geolocation API var options = { maximumAge: 60000 }; function gotPosition(p) { var lat = p.coords.latitude; var lon = p.coords.longitude; } function positionError(e) { var code = e.code; } navigator.geolocation.getCurrentPosition(gotPosition, positionError, options);
  • 42. ! Geolocation API var options = { maximumAge: 60000 }; function gotPosition(p) { var lat = p.coords.latitude; var lon = p.coords.longitude; } function positionError(e) { var code = e.code; } navigator.geolocation.getCurrentPosition(gotPosition, positionError, options);
  • 43. ! Geolocation API var options = { maximumAge: 60000 }; function gotPosition(p) { var lat = p.coords.latitude; var lon = p.coords.longitude; } function positionError(e) { var code = e.code; } navigator.geolocation.getCurrentPosition(gotPosition, positionError, options);
  • 44. ! Geolocation API var options = { maximumAge: 60000 }; function gotPosition(p) { var lat = p.coords.latitude; var lon = p.coords.longitude; } function positionError(e) { var code = e.code; } navigator.geolocation.getCurrentPosition(gotPosition, positionError, options);
  • 45. ! Phone-Specific Tags • apple-mobile-web-app-capable (yes/no) • apple-mobile-web-app-status-bar-style (default, black, black-translucent) • format-detection (telephone=no)
  • 46. PhillyNewMediaHub Mobile
  • 47. ! IUI Code Example <!-- Toolbar --> <div class="toolbar"> <h1 id="pageTitle"></h1> <a id="backButton" class="button" href="#"></a> </div> <!-- Main Menu --> <ul id="home" title="Home" selected="true"> <li><a href="#calendars">Calendars</a></li> <li><a href="#blogs">Blogs</a></li> <li><a href="#mailinglists">Mailing Lists</a></li> <li><a href="/iphone/about">About</a></li> </ul> <!-- Calendars --> <ul id="calendars" title="Calendars"> </ul>
  • 48. ! IUI Code Example <!-- Toolbar --> <div class="toolbar"> <h1 id="pageTitle"></h1> <a id="backButton" class="button" href="#"></a> </div> <!-- Main Menu --> <ul id="home" title="Home" selected="true"> <li><a href="#calendars">Calendars</a></li> <li><a href="#blogs">Blogs</a></li> <li><a href="#mailinglists">Mailing Lists</a></li> <li><a href="/iphone/about">About</a></li> </ul> <!-- Calendars --> <ul id="calendars" title="Calendars"> </ul>
  • 49. ! IUI Code Example <!-- Toolbar --> <div class="toolbar"> <h1 id="pageTitle"></h1> <a id="backButton" class="button" href="#"></a> </div> <!-- Main Menu --> <ul id="home" title="Home" selected="true"> <li><a href="#calendars">Calendars</a></li> <li><a href="#blogs">Blogs</a></li> <li><a href="#mailinglists">Mailing Lists</a></li> <li><a href="/iphone/about">About</a></li> </ul> <!-- Calendars --> <ul id="calendars" title="Calendars"> </ul>
  • 50. ! IUI Code Example <!-- Toolbar --> <div class="toolbar"> <h1 id="pageTitle"></h1> <a id="backButton" class="button" href="#"></a> </div> <!-- Main Menu --> <ul id="home" title="Home" selected="true"> <li><a href="#calendars">Calendars</a></li> <li><a href="#blogs">Blogs</a></li> <li><a href="#mailinglists">Mailing Lists</a></li> <li><a href="/iphone/about">About</a></li> </ul> <!-- Calendars --> <ul id="calendars" title="Calendars"> </ul>
  • 51. Questions? Chris Morrell http://cmorrell.com/ @inxilpro
  • 52. Resources • Safari Mobile Web Programming: http://bit.ly/4Fkdnp • Viewport Meta Element: http://www.w3.org/TR/2010/CR- mwabp-20100211/#bp-viewport • CSS3 Media Queries: http://www.w3.org/TR/css3-mediaqueries/ • PhoneGap: http://phonegap.com/ • Titanium Mobile: http://www.appcelerator.com/ • Apple iPhone Dev Center: http://developer.apple.com/iphone/ • W3C Geolocation API: http://dev.w3.org/geo/api/spec- source.html • Offline Storage & Caching: http://bit.ly/bvlVJ8 • CSS3 Transitions: http://webkit.org/blog/138/css-animation/

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