Reserve Bank of New Zealand Decision - Impact on the Market


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This Invast report contains a summary of the Reserve Bank of New Zealand's decision and its impact on the market. Using our MT4 Trading platform, we explained how traders continued to back the NZD which resulted in the depreciation of the AUD over the NZD. We also discussed, how gold performs as market prices stabilise, and ways to trade copper.

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Reserve Bank of New Zealand Decision - Impact on the Market

  1. 1. Invast Insights Week Commencing March 10, 2014
  2. 2. | 1800 468 278 This week we look at the following topics: 1.0 Reserve Bank of New Zealand decision 2.0 The magic formula to stock investing 3.0 Gold bulls vs. bears as price stabilises 4.0 How to trade the copper price
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  4. 4. | 1800 468 278 1.0 Reserve Bank of New Zealand decision The Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ) raised its overnight cash rate from 2.5% to 2.75% last week. With inflation running well above the target band range, it was a case of needing to raise rates in order to maintain legitimacy. The biggest risk a central bank faces is that of lost legitimacy and credibility. It’s always a catch 22 situation.
  5. 5. | 1800 468 278 The NZD rallied hard following the announcement, which was being priced as a 95% chance by traders surveyed ahead of the announcement. It doesn’t come as a complete surprise but we think those hoping for future aggressive monetary policy moves from the RBNZ in isolation of other developed economies should think twice.We now have to look forward. The RBNZ is expected GDP to grow by 3.3% in the year to March and states that the growth in the economy is becoming more broad based. We don’t dismiss this at all, but at Invast we think the rally in the NZD is significant and perhaps dangerous, now almost near parity with Australia. This will start to have a detrimental impact to New Zealand’s exports and increase Australia’s competitiveness. The RBNZ stated “The high exchange rate remains a headwind to the tradables sector. The Bank does not believe the current level of the exchange rate is sustainable in the long run.” The market hasn’t budged at all so it will be interesting to see how the RNBZ will manage the currency headache in the coming months. Jawboning is a dangerous game, just ask RBA Governor Glenn Stevens.
  6. 6. | 1800 468 278 The RBNZ went on further to say “Prices for New Zealand’s export commodities remain very high, and especially for dairy. Domestically, the extended period of low interest rates and continued strong growth in construction sector activity have supported recovery. A rapid increase in net immigration over the past 18 months has also boosted housing and consumer demand. Confidence is very high among consumers and businesses and hiring and investment intentions continue to increase.” International trade is a large part of New Zealand’s economic output, accounting for around 24%. Most of this is also centred on agricultural products which are sensitive to price movements. The diary industry is one of the strongest pillars and the emergence of a huge middle class in China and eventually India should support growth in demand for New Zealand’s products, but there are other alternatives in the region – Australia for starters. Tourism is also a reasonable large part of the economy, contributing around 10% of total output. So it’s obvious from these numbers that a higher currency will start to chip away at the country’s competitiveness.
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  8. 8. | 1800 468 278 The Australian economy is still feeling the impact of tits currency’s rally above parity over the past few years. Job losses from Toyota, Holden and Qantas among many others are all compounded by the high cost of doing business. These decisions don’t take place immediately and so there is a lagging effect. The high NZD will start to have this lagging impact no doubt. Perhaps the dairy industry in New Zealand is more resilient than the car or aviation industry in Australia, but the point here is that the currency plays an important part in determining the cost base of multinationals. The rebuilding of Christchurch and other organic growth stories in New Zealand cannot be completely ignored but neither can the huge appreciation in the currency. Traders are likely to continue backing the NZD towards what we think will be a breaking point for the currency. This might be at parity with the Australian dollar. We don’t propose fighting the market for the time being, going short the NZD will be a difficult trade in the short term but makes perfect sense – at least against the AUD – over the medium term.
  9. 9. | 1800 468 278 Below is a chart form Invast’s MT4 trading platform which shows the depreciation of the AUD over the NZD.
  10. 10. | 1800 468 278 In summary we could continue to see the AUDNZD fall in the short term towards the A$/NZ$1.04912 range where it should find some support. If the currency pairs remains below A$/NZ$ 1.06650 then it seems that the former level will be in traders sights. Parity isn’t completely out of the question but this will depend on data out of Australia. Make sure you check out on a daily basis to get our latest technical analysis and short term trading insights. 2.0 The magic formula to stock investing Investing can be really simple. Many in the market over complicate things. Take analysts for example that spend all day long crunching numbers, running them through their complex computer models and then publishing reports over dozens of pages just to get to one conclusion – either a buy or a sell. More often than not, these conclusions are wrong which makes the whole exercise pointless. My experience in markets has taught me that the best investments are usually the simplest. This is the most common piece
  11. 11. | 1800 468 278 of advice given to me by my mentors. My advice for many people over the years is to invest in what you understand – if you don’t understand anything, keep your money in the bank. That doesn’t mean that you should never understand, it just means that you should learn what you are investing in before handing over your money. When it comes to investing in shares, there really is only one magic formula and it’s much simpler than you think. It’s ok, you don’t need to take out your calculator. It’s called studying the business strategy. Simple, right? Some might be cynical but please let me explain why I think strategy is the most important formula in evaluating a business. The recent Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) rate cut brings about some important questions. I havebeen hearing the following question from clients over the past few months. Should investors be aiming for dividend stocks despite the huge rally in banking shares? Is Telstra (TLS) going to $6? Should the focus be on growth opportunities from lower lending rates? Is franking
  12. 12. | 1800 468 278 the swing factor? Should a premium be paid for certainty, which can disappoint like the Coca-Cola Amatil (CCL) downgrade? Or are the miners that are trading on big discount the way to go? These are all very relevant questions and all very confusing from a portfolio perspective. Let's stand back for a minute and think things through. The answer I believe really depends on the underlying investment strategy. It all sounds very formal, having a strategy around your investments, but it really is the most important starting point to every investment process. Many investors think they have a strategy, but if you ask them to define it in one sentence, they will struggle. If you're reading this, ask this question of yourself. The most common answer is something along the lines of: "I want a little bit of income and capital growth. I also want to find a small-cap stock with huge returns and not lose any money during the process.“ Basically, that's an "I want it all" approach, which we all know is not possible.
  13. 13. | 1800 468 278 It's not just individual investors. Many companies also fail to define their investment strategy. I met a company at an investment briefing this week, which is looking at putting together an IPO (initial public offering) in the real- estate space. After an hour-long presentation and various questions from the analyst team, I realised the presentation slides did not contain a section or even sentence on strategy. It's something that is often overlooked. The very intelligent and experienced managing director managed to answer the question when asked, but not having it in the presentation slides shows how even the most intelligent investor in the market can often overlook the most simplistic issues. So, what's the right investment strategy? That's something that you will need to answer for yourself. It largely depends on circumstances, motivations, risk tolerance, goals, and the pace at which you want to achieve them. What I plan to do here is show you an example of how strategy setting in portfolios plays an important part in success. You can look at fund managers, or even better, find companies that have strategised successfully over the years.
  14. 14. | 1800 468 278 One of the best-performing stocks on the Australian market over a long period of time has been Westfield Group (WDC). The company has changed forms over the years, more so in recent history, but the focus on strategy is something that is always front of management's mind when driving the portfolio. It's a simple business - build and develop shopping centres, rent them out and manage the operation. But without a firm strategy, the business could have easily lost its way over the years. Many property groups blew up during the crisis, particularly larger ones in the US of comparable size. Yet Westfield managed to ride out the downturn in good shape. The strategy is simple and summed up in one sentence, which you will always find within the first few pages of a Westfield presentation to the market: "To develop and own superior retail destinations in major cities by integrating food, fashion, leisure and entertainment using technology to better connect retailers with consumers."
  15. 15. | 1800 468 278 The strategy changes over time. Food, for example, is now a main priority in the development and management of centres. People have to eat - and Westfield wants to feed them. Will Westfield develop in remote areas? Probably not, since the strategy says the focus will be on major cities. Are they afraid of online shopping? Probably not, since the strategy embraces technology that connects retailers and consumers. So, does having a well-thought-out strategy make Westfield a good investment? Assets are geographically diversified: Australia 41 per cent, US 40 per cent, the UK 15 per cent and other locations the remaining amount. Please note that the Westfield Retail Trust (WRT) is a different vehicle. Total assets under management for Westfield Group are $64.4 billion. Group occupancy is at 97.8 per cent, with comparable growth in net operating income of 3.3 per cent.These numbers are as of the end of financial year 30 June 2013. The brand has become iconic globally, perhaps similar to a Mercedes, Prada or Louis Vuitton.We often complain that the Australian market lacks such global
  16. 16. | 1800 468 278 consumer brands, but I would argue that we have the brand to house them all in one location - shopping malls. We might not comprehend this in Australia because we have become so used to walking through a Westfield mall, but many developing economies around the world who seek to embrace Western brands would acknowledge a Westfield mall as a sign of progress in their economy. Having Westfield flagship malls on Pitt Street in Sydney, at the World Trade Centre site in New York and the Olympic site in London is no coincidence. It's all part of the strategy. Does the gloss stack up financially? Return on contributed equity is at 11.4 per cent - the return Westfield is earning on its investments. It's not a great amount of money, but to me it means there is scope for earnings growth. Remember, Westfield is not just an owner of malls, it also develops and manages them. The development pipeline has been slow in recent years, but that is a sign of prudence and patience. Westfield targets 12-15 per cent un-geared returns on its developments.
  17. 17. | 1800 468 278 If Westfield's dividend grows at 5 per cent annually over the next decade, last year's 51-cent distribution will become 84 cents a share. It's by no means guaranteed, but it's also worth noting that Telstra paid a 27-cent dividend in 2003 and will pay 28 cents a share this year, so the growth has been much less. The banks have seen a much larger rate of growth in their dividends over the period, but for investors looking at diversifying outside of the banks, Westfield on merit deserves a closer look. I started off with a range of different questions and ended up with a simple investment that we all know fairly well. Even if you don't like the Westfield proposition or it doesn't fit into your strategy, it's hard to discredit their successful execution of their own portfolio. We can learn a lot from them. They have a well-thought-out plan, a track record spanning many decades, solid and well-tenanted assets, reasonable earnings growth, a commitment to dividends and prudence in spending money. Understanding a company’s strategy is the most important first step to investing. Even if you have been investing for decades, ask yourself this question – do you understand the strategy of each stock you are currently holding right now?
  18. 18. | 1800 468 278 We’ve recently welcomed a whole list of new clients to Invast which might have not read our previous reports. For the new comers, we want to reiterate some of the basics around our service. The same way of thinking articulated above is put into practice monthly when we update our portfolios. There are three portfolios which Invast clients receive free as part of our premium content. Our model portfolios are aimed to give you an idea and framework around managing your investments - they are general in natural and do not take into consideration your personal circumstances so please keep that in mind. The portfolios are not benchmarked to any particular index, they are run with an absolute return basis in mind. They will also evolve to include global foreign exchange and index positions and so picking one stock index to benchmark against is pointless. Common benchmarking to the ASX200 is pointless since: • The index is just a measure based on market capitalisation and doesn't
  19. 19. | 1800 468 278 really mean much other than a mathematical calculation and 2: Most individual investors do not have to be invested 100% of the time, unlike fund managers and so the opportunity cost of investing is being in cash. Without knowing personal circumstances, our general portfolios are set up to reflect time horizon. If you are 20 years old and looking at growing your wealth your portfolio should very different to somebody aged 64 and about to enter into retirement. Most stock tipping sheets and research services will tell you which stock to buy but they won't tell you how much and for how long you need to hold that investment. Even the ones that provide model portfolios, there isn't enough emphasis on time horizon. Is a balanced portfolio suitable for the 20 year old just as much as the 64 year old? In a perfect world we would balance time horizon with risk tolerance etc but then the value of the portfolios will become too complicated. The portfolios we update on a monthly basis will just drill down on what we think - on a general basis - each age category should be looking at (buying/selling) from
  20. 20. | 1800 468 278 time to time. For those 20 year olds that feel like growing up quickly, they have the choice of adopting a shorter time frame approach and conversely for the baby boomers looking at going into retirement, they can opt to be young forever. The three portfolios explained - We think most investors are in one of three stages - wealth creation phase, wealth preservation phase and then drawdown phase. A fully franked dividend is much more important later on in life when income from salary becomes difficult than it is for somebody who has a life and work expectancy of more than 40 years. Again, this is a general statement only and individual circumstances will change. In our portfolios, each category tries to capture: Wealth Creation - Higher tolerance for risk, more exposure to forex and commodity positions, greater appetite for growth and emerging opportunities. Taking large losses is tolerable although focus is on very tight risk mitigation methods like stop losses. Return target above 10% pa.
  21. 21. | 1800 468 278 Portfolio commences with $50,000. Wealth Preservation - We have made the money and looking at smart ways to invest it. Quality is key, income is important but not as important as certainty. We have some tolerance for the riskier things in life but not too much as retirement is the next phase of our life. Return target between 5-10% pa. Portfolio commences with $50,000. Drawdown Phase - We have created our wealth, preserved it well and now need to find ways to generate a reliable income because we are no longer work and need to make sure we have enough money to pay the bills as they fall due. Return target around 5% excluding franking credits pa. Portfolio commences with $50,000.
  22. 22. | 1800 468 278 3.0 Gold bulls vs. bears as price stabilises We were recently asked by a client to state both the fundamental bull and base case scenarios for the gold price over the coming few years. We thought it would be interesting to share these with you this week. We will update our gold chart levels next week – it seems as though gold is forming some solid support from its recent lows. Clients should note that we update our view on major market movements daily via and hold a weekly live market analysis session where you can ask questions, to register to this week’s session click here. Bulls say: Inflation is set to rise globally from historically low levels and gold is seen as a major inflation hedge against traditional paper currencies. The world can print an infinite amount of money but the amount of physical gold is only becoming harder and harder to mine which means its relative value is only set to keep rising. As governments fuel more money into the global financial system, the next major collapse could be only around the corner
  23. 23. | 1800 468 278 which means that gold will once again become the preferred safe heaven sending its price to new all-time highs. Bears say: The world is experiencing lower growth which means price rises are not likely to be seen like the past few decades and with deleveraging, deflation is the largest threat to the financial system. This means gold will continue to lose favour and traditional income producing assets, like currency, will remain in favour. Gold carries with it inconvenient carrying costs like storage etc. It has little utility other than a store of value – you cannot eat gold or use it to produce much other than jewellery. 4.0 How to trade the copper price The recent slump in copper price has been driven by much weaker than expected Chinese data. We have previously made the case that at the time being, China is still the key marginal consumer of copper and worse than expected economic data – while still positive in absolute terms – has put
  24. 24. | 1800 468 278 pressure on the industrial commodity. We remain fairly positive on the medium term outlook for copper, we think that China and India are still in the early stages of their full consumption of copper and supply continues to struggle. Copper stock piles at the London Metals Exchange have come off their five year historic high levels and currently trading at around the 265,000 tonnes which compares to the high of 680,000 experienced in May last year. Click here to see the full copper stockpile and private analysis via Kitco Metals website. While our fundamental view is positive, we think short term technical levels should not be ignored either. We are of the view that copper will find a base of support at around US$3/lb – many large producers like Oz Minerals (OZL) in Australia are producing at around or above this level and so a sustained copper price around here will see many smaller and less economic mines go out of business, adding more pressure to global supply. Copper needs to rise at around US$3.60/lb for the producers to start generating a reasonable return on their capital.
  25. 25. | 1800 468 278 The following chart shows the copper price via our Invast MT4 trading platform. We currently see the following short term technical levels playing out over the next few weeks – support levels at US$2.9075/lb and then at US$2.8645/lb with resistance from here at US$3.00/lb and at around the US$3.10/lb. We think the price has bottomed and a long position with a stop loss at the above mentioned support levels could generate a profitable position over the next few months. Please note that patience is needed and stop losses should be put into place.
  26. 26. | 1800 468 278 Visit our website to learn more about Meta Trader 4 and its use.
  27. 27. | 1800 468 278 7.0 Disclaimer Please note that you are receiving this report complimentary from Invast Financial Services Pty Ltd (AFSL 438 283). Invast staff members may from time to time purchase securities which are included in this or future reports. The authors of this report may or may not be holding a position in the securities mentioned. Please note that the information contained in this report and Invast's website is of a general nature only, and does not take into account your personal circumstances, financial situation or needs. You are strongly recommended to seek professional advice before opening an account with us. General Disclaimer: This newsletter contains confidential information and is intended only for the person who downloaded it. You should not disseminate, distribute or copy this newsletter. Invast does not accept liability for any errors or omissions in the contents of this newsletter which arise as a result of downloading this newsletter. This newsletter is provided for informational purposes and should not be construed as a solicitation or offer to buy or sell any financial product. Invast Financial Services Pty Ltd is regulated by ASIC (AFSL 438 283 | ABN 48 162 400 035).
  28. 28. | 1800 468 278 Risk Warning: It's important for you to read and consider the relevant Product Disclosure Statement, and any other relevant Invast Financial Services Pty Ltd documents before you decide whether or not to acquire any financial products listed in this email. Our Financial Services Guide contains details of our fees and charges. All these documents are available here on our website, or you can call us on +612 8036 7555. CFDs and Foreign Exchange are leveraged products and carry a high level of risk and you can lose more than your initial deposit so you should ensure CFD and Foreign Exchange trading meets your personal circumstances. General Advice Warning: Being general advice, this newsletter does not take account of your objectives, financial situation or needs. Before acting on this general advice you should therefore consider the appropriateness of the advice having regard to your situation. We recommend you obtain financial, legal and taxation advice before making any financial investment decision. *Distributed with the permission of