Pragmatist- finds a practical approach to a problem or an approach Instrumentalism- a pragmatic theory that ideas are instruments that function as guides of action, their validity being determined by the success of the action.
Dewey’s view held no room for eternal truth outside human experience, and he advocated an educational system with continued experimentation and vocational training to equip students to solve practical problems.
Dewey&apos;s education philosophy helped forward the &quot;progressive education&quot; movement, and spawned the development of &quot;experiential education&quot; programs and experiments.
An educative experience, according to Dewey, is an experience in which we make a connection between what we do to things and what happens to them or us in consequence; the value of an experience lies in the perception of relationships or continuities among events. Thus, if a child reaches for a candle flame and burns his hand, he experiences pain, but this is not an educative experience unless he realizes that touching the flame resulted in a burn and, moreover, formulates the general expectation that flames will produce burns if touched. In just this way, before we are formally instructed, we learn much about the world, ourselves, and others. It is this natural form of learning from experience, by doing and then reflecting on what happened, which Dewey made central in his approach to schooling.
Educators are responsible, therefore, for providing students with experiences that are immediately valuable and which better enable the students to contribute to society.
Continuity refers to the notion that humans are sensitive to (or are affected by) experience. Humans survive more by learning from experience after they are born than do many other animals who rely primarily on pre-wired instinct. In humans, education is critical for providing people with the skills to live in society. Dewey argued that we learn something from every experience, whether positive or negative and ones accumulated learned experience influences the nature of one&apos;s future experiences. Thus, every experience in some way influences all potential future experiences for an individual. Continuity refers to this idea that s each experience is stored and carried on into the future, whether one likes it or not.
Interaction refers to the situational influence on one&apos;s experience. In other words, one&apos;s present experience is a function of the interaction between one&apos;s past experiences and the present situation. For example, my experience of a lesson, will depend on how the teacher arranges and facilitates the lesson, as well my past experience of similar lessons and teachers.
These theories can be summed up into one theory: the theory of experience
Kye Aira John Dewey
“Education is life
Name: John Dewey
Born: 20 October 1859
Birthplace: Burlington, Vermont
Died: 2 June 1952
Best Known As: Pragmatist educator, writer,
lecturer and philosopher whose theories had a
profound influence on public education, strong
promoter of instrumentalism and
the radical reform of the public education system.
John Dewey’s Philosophy of
His idea was that children came to
do things and live in a community
gave them real, guided experiences
fostered their capacity to contribute
Math could be learned via learning
proportions in cooking or…..
..figuring out how long it would take to
get from one place to another by mule.
Dewey believed that it is only through
experience that man learns about the world and
only by the use of his experience that man can
maintain and better himself in the world.
As IST students….
We must understand the nature of
how humans have the experiences
they do, in order to design effective
“The Past and Future Matter to the
“Education is (and should be about)
According to Dewey…
Good education should have both a
societal purpose and purpose for the
Once we have a theory of experience,
then as educators, we can organize our
subject matter progressively in a way
that it takes account of students' past
experiences, and then provides them
with experiences which will help to open
up, rather than shut down, a person's
access to future growth experiences,
thereby expanding the person's likely
contribution to society.
Other theories of Dewey:
• Theory of Value: What knowledge and skills are worthwhile
learning? What are the goals of education?
• Theory of Knowledge: What is knowledge? How is it different
from belief? What is a mistake? A lie?
• Theory of Human Nature: What is a human being? How does it
differ from other species? What are the limits of human potential?
• Theory of Learning: What is learning? How are skills and
• Theory of Transmission: Who is to teach? By what methods? What
will the curriculum be?
• Theory of Society: What is society? What institutions are involved
in the educational process?
• Theory of Opportunity Who is to be educated? Who is to be
• Theory of Consensus: Why do people disagree? How is consensus
achieved? Whose opinion takes precedence?
Kye Valenzuela & Aira Madrid
is a social
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• Neill,J. (n.d.). John dewey, the modern father of experiential education. Retrieved
January 26, 2005, from http://wilderdom.com/experiential/ExperientialDewey.html
• Neill,J. (n.d.). 500 word summary of dewey’s “experience & education”. Retrieved October 1,
• Neill,J. (n.d.). Brief overview of john dewey’s “experience & education”. Retrieved June 8,
• Dewey, J. (1938/1997). Experience and education. Macmillan.
• Emand,N.I.&Fraser,S. (2000). The educational theory of john dewey (1859 - 1952). Retrieved
January 4, 2008, from http://www.newfoundations.com/GALLERY/Dewey.html