Effective Teaching Cpu


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  • Effective Teaching Cpu

    1. 1. Teaching Geology Catherine C. Abon National Institute of Geological Sciences UP-Diliman
    2. 2. Responsibilities of a teacher <ul><li>The best teacher is the one who suggests rather than dogmatizes, and inspires his listener with the wish to teach himself.  </li></ul>~Edward Bulwer-Lytton
    3. 3. Organizing a topic Regardless of the method , the topic should be properly organized. http://www.dynamicflight.com/avcfibook/methods/ 1. Introduction
    4. 4. <ul><li>The main part of the lesson </li></ul><ul><li>develops the subject matter in a manner that helps the students achieve the desired learning outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. simple to complex , known to unknown , past to present </li></ul>Organizing a topic 2. Development
    5. 5. Organizing a topic <ul><li>review and wrap-up of ideas reinforces student learning and improves the retention of what has been learned </li></ul>3. Conclusion
    6. 6. Methods of Teaching <ul><li>Lecture </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperative or Group Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Guided Discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstration-Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Computer-based Training </li></ul>
    7. 7. Geology as a course <ul><li>Important in understanding Earth’s history and processes </li></ul><ul><li>Know what are the resources that can be obtained from the earth </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>the relevance of time </li></ul><ul><li>the issue of scale </li></ul><ul><li>the complexity of replicating natural systems and phenomena in the laboratory </li></ul>GEOLOGY AS A DISCIPLINE
    9. 9. Some topics in Geology and how they are taught <ul><li>Through lectures and discussion using powerpoint </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. </li></ul><ul><li>Basic concepts in the history of Geology </li></ul><ul><li>1. Uniformitarianism </li></ul><ul><li>2. Catastrophism </li></ul>
    10. 10. Some topics in Geology and how they are taught E.g. Branches of Geology <ul><li>Through guided discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Historical Geology </li></ul><ul><li>Paleontology </li></ul><ul><li>Stratigraphy </li></ul><ul><li>Geochronology </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Geology </li></ul><ul><li>Volcanology, Seismology </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Geology, Engineering Geology </li></ul><ul><li>Mining Geology, Petroleum Geology </li></ul><ul><li>Mineralogy, Petrology </li></ul><ul><li>Geomorphology </li></ul><ul><li>Geophysics, Geochemistry, Planetary Geology </li></ul>
    11. 11. Some topics in Geology and how they are taught <ul><li>By using colorful pictures, actual samples and demonstrations </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. Minerals/Rocks </li></ul>
    13. 13. Color caused by the absorption, or lack of absorption, of various wavelengths of light malachite fluorite
    14. 15. Streak - the color of a mineral in powdered form
    15. 16. the shapes and aggregates that a certain mineral is likely to form fibrous acicular platy Crystal Habit
    16. 17. the tendency of a mineral to break in particular directions due to zones of weakness in the crystal structure Fractures or irregular breakages occur when bond strengths in a crystal structure is equal in all directions. cleavage in 3 directions conchoidal fracture Cleavage
    17. 18. the ability of minerals to reflect light metallic non-metallic glassy earthy Luster
    18. 19. Some topics in Geology and how they are taught <ul><li>Use of Illustrations and motion films </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. Plate Tectonics theory </li></ul><ul><li>- The unifying theory of geology </li></ul><ul><li>- All geological features and processes are </li></ul><ul><li>related </li></ul>
    19. 20. PANGAEA Gondwanaland Laurasia See how it works !
    20. 21. Evidence for Continental Drift Jigsaw puzzle fit Present-day continents South America Africa
    21. 22. Evidence for Continental Drift Fossils Africa
    22. 23. Evidence for Continental Drift <ul><li>Paleoclimatic (ancient climate) evidence </li></ul><ul><li>coal forms under tropical climates </li></ul>Why do we have coal deposits in the Antarctica? Antarctica must have been situated closer to the equator, in a more temperate climate where lush, swampy vegetation could grow.
    23. 24. Evidence for Continental Drift <ul><li>Rock type and structural similarities </li></ul><ul><li>rocks found in one continent closely match (in age and type) those rocks found in the matching continent </li></ul>
    24. 25. Continental Drift: Summary <ul><li>Fit of continents </li></ul><ul><li>Fossil evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Rock type and structural similarities </li></ul><ul><li>Paleoclimatic evidence </li></ul>
    25. 26. Some topics in Geology and how they are taught <ul><li>Use of short films for topic introduction and mood setting </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. Groundwater </li></ul>Click here to be surprised!!
    26. 27. Some topics in Geology and how they are taught <ul><li>Use of real life examples and of personal experiences (these enhances the appreciation of the students add to the teacher’s credibility on the subject) </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. Mass wasting/ Deformations </li></ul>
    27. 30. Who’s fault is it?
    28. 31. Beaching around!
    29. 32. Some other Methods <ul><li>Field trips </li></ul><ul><li>Film showing </li></ul><ul><li>Reporting </li></ul>
    30. 33. Field trip in Taal
    31. 34. Fieldtrip in Rizal
    32. 35. Some hints <ul><li>Crack jokes </li></ul><ul><li>Tell real life situations </li></ul><ul><li>Show pictures of Philippine setting scenarios </li></ul><ul><li>Engage students to participate in discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Ask a LOT of questions </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize the students’ inputs </li></ul><ul><li>Film showings </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Listen to the students’ ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Have Fun!! </li></ul>
    33. 36. <ul><li>Thank You!!! </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>