n. The quality or condition of being secluded from the presence or view of others. The state of being free from unsanctioned intrusion: a person's right to privacy. The state of being concealed; secrecy.
by Samuel Warren and Louis D. Brandeis - Harvard Law Review (1890)
1948 – Universal Declaration of Human Rights
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy . . . Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference.
1965 – Griswold v. Connecticut
Doctor charged for issuing birth control.
The court held that: specific guarantees in the Bill of Rights have penumbras, formed by emanations from those guarantees that help give them life and substance . . . [which includes] zones of privacy.
1972 – California Constitutional Amendment
"All people are by nature free and independent and have inalienable rights. Among these are enjoying and defending life and liberty, acquiring, possessing, and protecting property, and pursuing and obtaining safety, happiness, and privacy .”
Notice Organizations must notify individuals about the purposes for which they collect and use information about them.
Choice Organizations must give individuals the opportunity to choose (opt out) whether their personal information will be disclosed to a third party
Transfers to Third Parties Subject to Notice and Choice.
Access Individuals must have access to personal information and be able to correct, amend, or delete that information where it is inaccurate,
Security : Organizations must take reasonable precautions to protect personal information from loss, misuse and unauthorized access, disclosure, alteration and destruction .
Data integrity Personal information must be relevant for the purposes for which it is to be used. An organization should take reasonable steps to ensure that data is reliable for its intended use, accurate, complete, and current.