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Energy Technology Perspectives 2014

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Energy Technology Perspectives sits at the heart of the International Energy Agency's work on energy technology and policy.

Energy Technology Perspectives sits at the heart of the International Energy Agency's work on energy technology and policy.

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  • 1. © OECD/IEA 2013 Launch at CEM 12 May, 2014 Energy Technology Perspectives 2014: Harnessing Electricity’s Potential
  • 2. © OECD/IEA 2013 Carbon Intensity of supply is stuck The political will to make meaningful progress at a global scale has yet to be demonstrated
  • 3. © OECD/IEA 2013 A transformation is needed… ..and we to have the tools to develop a strategy and be proactive. 0 20 40 60 2011 2020 2030 2040 2050 End-use fuel and electricity efficiency 38% CCS 14% End-use fuel switching 9% Renewables 30% Power generation efficiency and fuel switching 2% Nuclear 7% 6DS 2DS
  • 4. © OECD/IEA 2013 Investment in our future pays off… …and it is cost effective to make the transition
  • 5. © OECD/IEA 2013 We are not on track Renewable power Smart grids Gas-fired power Nuclear power Coal-fired power Carbon capture and storage Industry Biofuels Buildings Transport Electric and Hybrid electric vehicles Co-generation and district heating and cooling
  • 6. © OECD/IEA 2013 Harnessing Electricity’s Potential Global Electricity demand Increasing electricity consumption and share of overall energy usage demands our attention – for ALL forward looking scenarios
  • 7. © OECD/IEA 2013 Electricity dominates the energy system The 2DS pathway disconnects primary energy used in generation from emissions 20112050 2DS
  • 8. © OECD/IEA 2013 Electricity Generation: a share reversal  Generation today:  Fossil fuels: 68%  Renewables: 20%  Generation 2DS 2050:  Renewables: 65%  Fossil fuels: 20%
  • 9. © OECD/IEA 2013 Understanding the regional context in the 2DS Differences in growth of electricity demand and sectoral distribution require targeted systems development plans. All regions show high growth in VRE deployment
  • 10. © OECD/IEA 2013 We have the flexible resources Grid infrastructure Dispatchable generation Storage Demand side integration Four sources of flexibility … No one flexible resource meets all the needs.
  • 11. © OECD/IEA 2013 Without CCS natural gas power generation is not carbon free CCS for natural gas power generation is less expensive than CCS for coal.
  • 12. © OECD/IEA 2013 Spillover effect of decarbonising electricity in the 2DS Electricity decarbonisation reduces emissions from sectors already electrified, without the need for further end-use investments.
  • 13. © OECD/IEA 2013 Building sector benefits most from decarbonisation of power generation Increasing electricity use also helps to reduce natural gas demand in buildings
  • 14. © OECD/IEA 2013 Energy waste in Networked Devices Some devices use 80% of electricity demand just to maintain network connectivity and only 20% to provide main functions 2010 games console typical energy consumption
  • 15. © OECD/IEA 2013 Financing low-carbon generation The upfront capital costs of low-carbon technologies are higher than gas fired generation – increasing the importance of financing
  • 16. © OECD/IEA 2013 Systems thinking and integration Today’s energy system paradigm is based on a unidirectional energy delivery philosophy A sustainable electricity system is a smarter, multidirectional and integrated energy system that requires long-term planning for services delivery
  • 17. © OECD/IEA 2013 Harnessing Electricity’s Potential 1. Solar-The possible first resource by 2050? 2. The evolving role of Natural Gas in Low-C electricity systems: Flexibility vs. Base load 3. How Can e-mobility replace oil? 4. Electricity storage: Do we need a game changer? 5. Financing low carbon electricity generation during the transition 6. High efficiency power generation in India
  • 18. © OECD/IEA 2013 Thank you

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