Technology Roadmap: Bioenergy for Heat and Power

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Bo Diczfalusy, International Energy Agency

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Technology Roadmap: Bioenergy for Heat and Power

  1. 1. © OECD/IEA 2011
  2. 2. 2°C Scenario – towards a low-carbon energy sector 6°C Scenario emissions 58 Gt ------------> 2°C Scenario emissions 16 Gt ------------> Source: Energy Technology Perspectives 2012 (to be released 11 June 2012) 6°C Scenario – business-as-usual; no adoption of new energy and climate policies 2°C Scenario - energy-related CO2-emissions halved by 2050 through CO2-price and strong support policies © OECD/IEA 2012
  3. 3. Bioenergy consumption in buildings declines Traditional biomass use is replaced with more efficient cookstoves, and alternative fuels Buildings becoming more energy-efficient © OECD/IEA 2012
  4. 4. Industry set to triple consumption of bioenergy Bioenergy becoming increasingly important for production of high temperature heat © OECD/IEA 2012
  5. 5. World bioenergy electricity supply to grow more then ten-fold © OECD/IEA 2012
  6. 6. Biomass supply prospects good, but uncertainties remain Source: Adapted from IPCC (2011), and supplemented with IEA data Source: Based on IPCC SRREN, 2011 Biomass demand for heat and power reaches 5-7 billion tons in 2050 Intermediate targets should be adopted to enhance international biomass trade, and assess costs and sustainability impact © OECD/IEA 2012
  7. 7. Bioenergy – a competitive heat source in manycircumstances © OECD/IEA 2012
  8. 8. Bioenergy electricity generation costs are stronglyscale-dependend © OECD/IEA 2012
  9. 9. 2 Gt CO2-eq emission reductions through bioenergy heat and power  Compare to a business-as-usual (6°C) scenario bioenergy could provide substantial emission savings:  1 Gt CO2-eq. through bioenergy electricity + 0.3 Gt CO2-eq. through bioenergy electricity equipped with CCS  A total of 0.7 Gt CO2-eq. in industry and buildings © OECD/IEA 2012
  10. 10. Technology milestones 2012 2015 2020 2025 2030 • Torrefaction 1st commercial- • Pyrolysis scale plant • Bio-SNG • BIGCC Efficiency & cost improvements • Increase average electricity generation efficiency of new plants by 5% © OECD/IEA 2012
  11. 11. Key Policy Actions Ambitious policy framework:  Create a long-term policy framework for bioenergy, taking into consideration specifics of electricity and heat markets Sustainability:  Implement internationally agreed sustainability criteria for bioenergy  Set medium-term targets for sustainable biomass supply to help establish supply chains International Collaboration:  Engage in international collaboration on capacity building and technology transfer  Introduce technical standards for biomass feedstocks to promote international trade  Promote the alignment of biofuel and other related policies (agriculture, forestry, rural development) © OECD/IEA 2012
  12. 12. Thank you for your attention!Thanks to: The authors Anselm Eisentraut (anselm.eisentraut@iea.org) and Adam Brown (adam.brown@iea.org) Colleagues from IEA Bioenergy and other external reviewers Press meeting and Q&A – 11.40h, Press Corner, Main Hall IEA Technology Roadmaps www.iea.org/roadmaps Contact: Bo.Diczfalusy@iea.org © OECD/IEA 2012

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