+ The Common Core: Teaching Informational Texts for Global Understanding Susan Zeiger, Primary Source+ PRIMARY SOURCE’s CCSS WORK 2011‐12 Reading NonFiction: A Global Approach to the Common Core (1‐day program with WriteBoston) Webinars: The Common Core: Getting There Globally (separated by grade level) In‐District Programs Global Nonfiction Resource Guide http://resources.primarysource.org/nonfiction
+ Teacher responses to the CCSS for ELA in Social Studies & Global Ed Embrace emphasis on students reading challenging info texts & documents Appreciate broad definition of “text” Consulting multiple sources/perspectives—see as a global education mindset Challenged by “craft & structure” & “measuring text complexity” Challenged by shared responsibility for student literacy across curriculum Strongest need>>concrete models w/creative ways to build CCSS skills while teaching vital SS content that is global in focus+ What types of informational texts are you using to teach about the world? What types could you use?
+ Types of global informational texts Historical accounts Debates Memoirs TED talks Oral histories Essays Blogs Investigative journalism International newspapers Opinion pieces/ op‐eds International NGO reports Manuals Speeches/rhetoric A Constitution or other foundational gov’t document News broadcasts+ Where Global Enters the Common Core 21st Century Global Skills and CCSS Literacy Skills are closely aligned: Critical Thinking/Problem Solving Communication Information Literacy Global Awareness Self‐Direction Information, Media and Technology Strong Knowledge of Core SubjectsP21 Common Core Toolkit: A guide to aligning the CCSS with the Framework for 21st c. skills,http://www.p21.org/images/p21_toolkit_final.pdf
+ Examples and Instructional Strategies for a Global Common Core+ Integrating Information from Primary and Secondary Sources/Analyzing Craft & Structure Standard 5 (Social Studies): Analyze in detail how a complex text is structured, including how key sentences, paragraphs etc. contribute to the whole. (Grades 11‐12) Standard 9 (Social Studies): Integrate information from diverse sources, both primary and secondary, into a coherent understanding of an idea or event, noting discrepancies among sources. (Grades 11‐12)
+ Integrating Information from Primary and Secondary Sources PROCEDURE FOR ACTIVITY 1)Read UN document, “Impact of Armed Conflict on Children.” Is it persuasive? “Craft and structure questions. 2)Listen to/read selections from oral testimonies, “Beyond the Fire: Teen Experiences in War.” 3)Compare/contrast two treatments: what does each source contribute to our knowledge? Which do you prefer and why? Which teaches you more, and why?
+ Integrating Information from Primary and Secondary Sources PROCEDURE cont. 4)As a class, select 10‐15 statements from the UN report to highlight> assertions about impact of war on children. Write each statement at top of chart paper and hang around room. 5)Student groups use oral testimonies to find best evidence to support (or contradict) each assertion. Write quotes (evidence) on post‐its and add to chart paper. 6)Each group summarizes the grouping of evidence from one chart sheet.
+ Reading and Writing Biographies Reading Standards for Informational Text K5 Key Ideas and Details/Integrating Ideas & Info Standard 3: Describe the relationship between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text, using language that pertains to time, sequence, and cause/effect. [Grades 4‐5] Standard 9. Integrate information from two texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably. [Grades 4‐5]+ Reading and Writing Biographies Wangari Maathai Wangari’s Trees of Peace: A True Story from Africa by Jeanette Winter Wangari thinks about the barren land. I can begin to replace some of the lost trees here in my own backyard – one tree at a time. She starts by planting nine seedlings. Watching the seedlings take root gives Wangari the idea to plant more – to start a farm for baby trees, a nursery. In an open space, she plants row after row of the tiny trees. Next, Wangari convinces the village women that planting trees is a good thing. She gives each one a seedling. “Our lives will be better when we have trees again. You’ll see. We are planting the seeds of hope.”
+ Reading and Writing Biographies Multiple Texts Wangari’s Trees of Peace: A True Story from Africa by Jeanette Winter Planting the Trees of Kenya: The Story of Wangari Maathai by Claire A. Nivola Seeds of Change: Wangari’s Gift to the World by Jen Cullerton Johnson and illustrated by Sonia Lynn Sadler Mama Miti by Donna Jo Napoli and illustrated by Kadir Nelson+ Reading and Writing Biographies Analyzing Multiple Texts
+ Wangari Maathai+ Graphic Organizer: Pre‐writing Activity Using evidence from the different books, write a narrative describing Wangari Maathai’s life.
+ Reading and Writing Biographies Additional Examples Nelson Mandela Gandhi Peaceful Protest: The Life of Gandhi (DK Biography) (Amy Nelson Mandela (Yona Zeldis Pastan) McDonough) Gandhi (Demi) Nelson Mandela: Long Walk to Gandhi, Great Soul (John B. Freedom (Chris Van Wyk) Severance) Confucius Confucius: Philosopher and Teacher (Josh Wilker) Confucius (Gou Xia) Confucius: The Golden Rule (Russell Freedman) + Resources
+ More on the Common Core Common Core State Standards Initiative http://www.corestandards.org/ Partnership for 21st Century Skills Common Core Toolkit http://www.p21.org/tools‐and‐resources/publications/p21‐ common‐core‐toolkit Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers http://www.parcconline.org/ and Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium http://www.k12.wa.us/smarter/ Measuring Text Complexity (Kansas DOE) http://www.ksde.org/Default.aspx?tabid=4605
+ Resources for Informational Texts Nonfiction Resource Guide (Primary Source) http://resources.primarysource.org/nonfiction and other regional guides: http://www.primarysource.org/resourceguides Primary Source World http://www.primarysource.org/primarysourceworld World Digital Library http://www.wdl.org/en/ Online Newspapers http://www.onlinenewspapers.com/