The constructed response portion of the test requires students to analyze a series of documents and answer several questions for each document. The questions are intended to build in difficulty, some requiring outside knowledge.
On this portion of the assessment, the documents are not related to one another. They can include a variety of document types.
This portion of the assessment again requires students to analyze a series of documents. The documents are provided to help scaffold students’ background before writing the document-based essay. The number of documents typically can range from 4 – 9. The document are all related to the one another or the task .
Each document is followed by a series of questions. The questions are intended to build in difficulty, some requiring outside knowledge.
The document based question begins by providing students with a historical background. This background “sets the stage” for the documents students will analyze and the task which they will write about.
The historical background may be paraphrased in the students’ introduction, but should not be copied.
Students need to understand that the writing they must produce for a DBQ essay is somewhat different than the writing required in ELA or for creative purposes.
When I write a story (narrative), I need a beginning , middle and an end . But papers that share information (expository) have introductions , body paragraphs (development and explanation) and conclusions .
Write an introductory paragraph or thesis statement:
A thesis statement is just like the topic sentence you write when you write a paragraph. The purpose of a thesis statement is to identify the topic (the reason for writing) and the position (what you plan to prove or explain). This statement controls the rest of the paper.