International Education for High School Students . . . through film Putting the World into World-Class Education: Asia Society’s Forum for Policymakers and Practitioners Washington DC July 10-12, 2008
“the years spent in elementary and secondary education have to enable the student to gain a global frame of mind .”
Ms. Bullard called for international education beginning “the day the students enter school and continually building throughout their school life .” Bullard stated that “each grade level should be permeated by opportunities, both formal and informal, to expand the students’ views of the world . . .”
Betty M. Bullard (1930-2008) Director of Education, the Asia Society, 1980
We share a common goal . . . “ As never before, American education must prepare students for a world where the challenges and opportunities for success require the ability to compete and cooperate on a global scale . . .”
Challenge my students to develop and stretch essential learning skills
Open their eyes to a world they otherwise might not know
- films / clips on DVD - “Education Exemption” - core competencies - “inhabit” unfamiliar cultural settings through the accessible medium of cinema “ The Blue Marble”, photograph taken by the crew of Apollo 17, showing the south polar ice cap and most of the coastline of Africa. Image courtesy of NASA.
The Educational Exemption, also called the " face-to-face teaching
exemption ," is a precise activity which allows the legal use of
movies in certain types of teaching. In order for a movie to be
considered an "Educational Exemption," all criteria must be met :
A teacher or instructor is present .
The showing takes place in a classroom setting with only the enrolled students attending.
The movie is used as an essential part of the core, current curriculum being taught . (The instructor should be able to show how the use of the motion picture contributes to the overall course study and syllabus.)
The movie being used is a legitimate copy , not taped from a legitimate copy or taped from TV.
. . . our instruction in history and geography and our social studies in general should be intellectually more honest, they should bring students into gradual contact with the actual realities of contemporary life and not leave them to make acquaintance with these things in that surprised way which even college students coming from some of the educational institutions in this country may run across them today. We need the schools to bring about recognition of the problems which are common problems, things which the American people have got to work out together in a spirit of unity and cooperation if they are ever to be worked out at all.
- John Dewey, Philosopher and Education Reformer, 1923
International Education for High School Students . . . through film “ Earthlights” composite from more than 400 satellite images. Courtesy of NASA.
Film is a highly - accessible medium . . . Film clips (from web - based downloads, DVDs) Like news items – brief, with visual / audio clues that encourage intuitive understanding of setting and story Wide range of lesson options – geography/history, story and character analysis, foreign language/subtitles, cultural studies , visual/dramatic arts, creative writing Lessons as brief as 30 minutes , as long as several class sessions Feature films (DVDs, VHS) First - hand, direct encounters with characters and stories from Africa, Asia, the Middle East, Latin America Students “ see the world through different eyes ” – what is it like to “ be ” Chinese? Algerian? Vietnamese? Iranian? “ What if this story happened here? ” – how are people ’ s lives shaped by family, school, community, country?
The relationship between the individual and society:
Living with shame
Overcoming social stigma (poverty, disability)
Nations in conflict:
What is it like to live in “occupied territory”?
Do countries need nuclear weapons in order to survive?
What happens to individuals when religious conflict turns into civil war?
Religion in daily life:
What is it like to be a single mom – in Iran?
A worthy challenge – for sixty years! “ I do not know how it is in other countries, but in a recent public opinion poll two-thirds of the American people said that they thought they could do nothing to help prevent another war. As teachers cannot we band together to replace apathy by interest, ignorance by insight, and dull resignation by determined resolution? Can teachers help to lead the peoples of the world to exercise a generous and intelligent judgment on international questions? If so, the chances of avoiding war are excellent. If, on the other hand, the judgment of the people on these great issues is paralyzed by inertia, blurred by ignorance, and twisted by prejudice, then the decisions made will not lead to peace. They will lead to war and we shall all reap the bitter fruits of stupidity and apathy.” (William G. Carr, Secretary of the Educational Policies Commission, UNESCO, speaking to a seminar of American teachers in 1947)