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A2 AP Chinese Updates

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AP Chinese Updates (A2) …

AP Chinese Updates (A2)
Speakers: Jianhua Bai, Keith Cothrun, Lea Ekeberg

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  • 1. AP Chinese Updates Jianhua Bai Lea Ekeberg Keith Cothrun
  • 2. 今日主题
    • AP 中文 的课程简介
    • AP 中文 考试及评分
    • Best Practices for the Teaching of AP Chinese
    • Updates on AP Chinese Review
  • 3. AP Course and Exam
    • “ … is a collaborative effort between motivated students; dedicated teachers; and committed high schools, colleges and universities.
    • AP ( 大学预修课程及测试 ): connecting students to college success
    • 经考试取得 AP 课程学分的中学生,可直接获得大学的学分,或抵免大学的外语必修课。
    • 各大学对 AP 学分的认定有不同的标准。
  • 4. AP and College Success (CB’s 08 Report)
    • 75% high school graduates admitted to higher institutions, but there is a high percentage of dropouts. 50% of them receive remedial courses.
    • Students who take the AP courses and exams (especially those with a score of 3 or above) more likely to succeed in college/university.
  • 5. AP 中文的研發及推廣
    • 2004 年八月大学理事会组建 15 人工作组 策划 AP 中文的“蓝图”。
    • 2005 年 AP 中文研发小组成立。
    • 2006 年大学理事会在美国各地举办各类培训班。
    • 2006 年春公布 AP 中文课程大纲、教师手册(包括课程简介、测试样题、课程大纲样本等相关信息)及网上资源(练习手册、网站等)
    • 2006 年秋天在美国中学正式开课。
    • 2007 年 5 月首次举行 AP 中文课程统一考试。
  • 6. AP 中文课程
    • AP 中文即“ 大学中文预修课程 ” updated for 2009
    • AP 中文课程与考试是以 21 世纪标准 为核心理念与基本框架。
    • 其难度相当于大学第四学期的课程( 达到 Intermediate 水平 )。
    • 取得 AP 课程学分的中学生,可直接获得大学的中文学分,或抵免大学的外语必修课。
    • 各个大学对 AP 学分的认定有不同的标准。
  • 7. AP 中文测试的评分
    • AP 中文测试 (07 released) Standard Group refers to students who 1) do not regularly speak or hear Chinese beyond the classroom and 2) have not lived for one month or more in a country where Chinese is spoken.
    • Test knowledge of Chinese language and culture and the ability to communicate in Chinese in linguistically, culturally and socially appropriate ways.
    • Comparability Study and the Score cutting.
    • Test Format 2009
    • Rubrics-based holistic assessment of students’ free responses
  • 8.  
  • 9.  
  • 10. Speaking Performance Characteristics: Task Completion
    • 6: Thorough and appropriate response with elaboration and detail; smoothly connected sentences
    • 5: Thorough and appropriate response; may include elaboration and detail; connected sentences
    • 4: Appropriate response; loosely connected sentences
    • 3: Basic but appropriate response; disconnected sentences
    • 2: Appropriate but incomplete response; fragmented sentences
    • 1: Marginal or minimal response; disjointed sentences or isolated words
    • 0: Clearly does not respond to the prompt; not in Chinese; blank
  • 11.  
  • 12.  
  • 13. How well the first group did (total group): Examination Grade Chinese Language and Culture N % At 5 2,643 81.0 4 386 11.8 3 146 4.5 2 36 1.1 1 50 1.5 Number of Students 3,261 3 or Higher / % 3,175 97.4 Mean Grade 4.7 Standard Deviation 0.74
  • 14. Standard Group (2007) Examination Grade Chinese Language and Culture N % At 5 177 48.8 4 71 19.6 3 60 16.5 2 24 6.6 1 31 8.5 Number of Students 363 3 or Higher / % 308 84.8 Mean Grade 3.93 Standard Deviation 1.30
  • 15. Student Performance Data: Total Group Question Mean Standard Deviation Number of Points Possible Writing Story Narration 4.41 1.27 6 Personal Letter 4.62 1.16 6 Email Response 4.81 1.38 6 Telephone Message 3.42 1.6 6 Speaking Conversation 27.51 5.53 36 Cultural Presentation 4.23 1.43 6 Event Plan 3.98 1.38 6
  • 16. Student Performance Data: Standard Group Question Mean Standard Deviation Number of Points Possible Writing Story Narration 3.62 1.14 6 Personal Letter 4.12 1.07 6 Email Response 3.86 1.62 6 Telephone Message 2.91 1.45 6 Speaking Conversation 21.39 7.53 36 Cultural Presentation 3.34 1.41 6 Event Plan 3.15 1.35 6
  • 17. How well the 2009 group did (total group): Examination Grade Chinese Language and Culture N % At 5 4042 81.6 4 485 9.8 3 299 6 2 47 0.9 1 83 1.7 Number of Students 4956 3 or Higher / % 97.4 (same ratio)
  • 18. Standard Group (2009) Examination Grade Chinese Language and Culture N % At 5 322 46.9 4 150 21.8 3 129 18.8 2 27 3.9 1 59 8.6 Number of Students 687 3 or Higher / % 87.5 (2.7 higher than 07)
  • 19. AP 中文测试的评分
    • 2007, ’08 and ‘09 Results Compared
  • 20. Most Challenging Areas 2009
    • The exam performance for the standard group indicated no areas which student performance was weak (determined by sections of the exam where the mean/max is less than 0.40--we look for mean over max to be between 0.40 and 0.60). The Story Narration had the lowest mean/max of any section of the exam at 0.59. The Email Response had a mean/max of 0.74.
  • 21. Most Challenging Areas
    • Compare the challenging areas with AP Chinese Language and Culture topics your own students found most demanding.
    • What are your strategies for implementing best practices to address the challenging topics?
  • 22. Standards-Based Teaching Practices for the AP Chinese Course Lea Ekeberg Sidwell Friends School
  • 23. The Sidwell Friends Chinese Language Program
    • Chinese is offered in 7 th -12 th grades
    • We have approximately 45 middle school and 90 upper school students studying Chinese
    • Chinese V is our AP course
    • Chinese V this year has 14 seniors who have studied Chinese for six years
    • Very few heritage learners with any significant background in the language
  • 24. Challenging Areas for our Students
    • Listening Comprehension
    • Authentic Materials
    • Story Narration
    • Conversation
    • Cultural Presentation
  • 25. Pre-AP Practices
    • Introduce various formats as soon as possible
      • Chinese II – emails
      • Chinese III – presentations
      • Chinese IV – story narration
    • Introduce holistic grading as soon as possible
  • 26. Scaffolding Practices
    • Listening Comprehension Rejoinders
      • Rejoinder Jeopardy : students play in teams to guess the correct answers
    • Authentic materials
      • Use level-appropriate teaching materials from other series to simulate the experience of interpreting authentic materials
  • 27. Scaffolding Practices
    • Conversation
      • Use the inner-outer circle activity, with the inner partner asking a question and the outer partner having twenty seconds to respond before rotating.
    • Cultural Presentation
      • Start with familiar topics (favorite possession, singer, city, athlete) before moving to Chinese topics
  • 28. AP Teaching Practices: Stories
    • The benefits of using novellas and TV shows
      • Highly engaging
      • Provide repetition of vocabulary and grammar patterns
      • Provide material for a wide variety of activities
  • 29. AP Teaching Practices: Stories
    • Story-based activities
      • 造句: Students practice new grammar patterns by making sentences about the story
      • Discussion: Students discuss what happened, why, and predict what will happen next
      • Role plays: Students take on the role of characters in the story
  • 30. AP Teaching Practices: Stories
    • Story-based role play activities
      • Playing the role of a character in the story, students answer questions about their actions and motivations
      • Playing the role of a friend of a character, students give the character advice
      • Playing the role of a character, students write a journal entry or an email to a friend, explaining what is happening and how they are feeling
  • 31. Updates on AP Chinese Review Keith Cothrun The College Board
  • 32. Updates on AP Chinese Review
  • 33. AP 最新資訊之網址
    • http:// apcentral.collegeboard.com/chinese
    • Resources on AP Central
    • Professional Development
  • 34. THE END. 謝謝!