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International Alert Impact Report 2009 International Alert Impact Report 2009 Document Transcript

  • Understanding conflict. Building peace. Our impact in 2009
  • IntroductIon 3 our strategIc perspectIve 5 the BusIness of peace 9 development and aId: our puBlIc voIce 11 makIng people safe 15 About International Alert International Alert is an independent peacebuilding organisation that has a voIce for women 17 worked for over 20 years to lay the foundations for lasting peace and security in communities affected by violent conflict. Our multifaceted approach focuses both in and across various regions; aiming to shape policies and practices that affect west afrIca 19 peacebuilding; and helping build skills and capacity through training. Our field work is based in Africa, South Asia, the South Caucasus, Latin America, Lebanon and the Philippines. Our thematic projects work at local, regional afrIcan great lakes 21 and international levels, focusing on cross-cutting issues critical to building sustainable peace. These include business and economy, gender, governance, aid, security and justice. We are one of the world’s leading peacebuilding NGOs the caucasus and central asIa 25 with more than 125 staff based in London and our 13 field offices. To learn more, visit south asIa 29 © International Alert 2010 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without full attribution. Photo credits: p.2, 28 Nepal © International Alert/Chris Underwood; p.4 Lebanon © Jennifer Hayes; p.6, 16, 18 Liberia © International Alert/Jonathan Banks; p.8, 22 Burundi © International Alert/Jenny Matthews; p.10 phIlIppInes 33 Vietnam © Tung X. Ngo/IRIN News,; p.12 Bangladesh © Manoocher Deghati/IRIN News,; p.14 Sudan © Timothy Mckulka/UNMIS – IRIN News,; p.20 DRC © International Alert/Jenny Matthews; p.24, 26 Tajikistan © Steve Evans; p.30 Sri Lanka © Vidarshi de Silva Wijeyeratne/HelpAge International, available under a Creative Commons licence; p.32 Philippines © Jasper Llanderal; p.34 Rwanda © International Alert/Jenny Matthews; p.38 Sri Lanka fInancIal sectIon 35 © International Alert/Ilaria Bianchi. Layout by D. R. ink, Printed by PWPFS. acknowledgements 39
  • IntroductIon International Alert has been growing over the past several years. spent more than a year involved in discussions throughout the Compared to an annual turnover of £5 million in 2006, we organisation to delineate this model – an expression of what sort registered £10 million in 2009. Though economic recession and of organisation we need to be in order to fulfil our mission goals the prospect of public spending cuts in many of our main donor and do the work we believe is so necessary. governments caution us about what may happen in the near future, we are set to continue this trend in 2010. our mission goals The increased level of finance only represents increased activity. 1. to work directly with people affected by violent We now have 13 offices in other countries. In 2009 we started conflict in support of their efforts to improve their working for the first time in Lebanon and Tajikistan, while laying prospects for peace; the foundations for new offices in the Philippines to consolidate our work there, and in Brussels to take forward our EU advocacy. 2. to shape international policy and practice that affect peacebuilding; and Our real impact comes not from offices alone but because, everywhere that we work, our approach is knowledge-based and 3. to strengthen the expertise, impact and public profile tailored to the needs of that place. That takes time, analysis and of the peacebuilding sector. implementation by the most valuable of all our assets: our people. Since 2006 we have grown from about 80 staff members to 125, The main message of the business model is that, in order to of whom 65 are in London and 60 in our overseas offices. undertake our well informed and carefully shaped peacebuilding interventions, the organisation needed to work on a somewhat And we invest time and money into ensuring that we recruit bigger scale. It is the nature of the financing we receive that the best and offer them every chance to develop their skills determines this course of action; so much of it is project-specific and talents further. Some staff members at Alert have decades that we have to be able to benefit in our administration and of experience, others are relatively new; all are motivated by a management from economies of scale. commitment to our mission goals and to fulfilling them through high quality work. As a result, our small teams are able to make a This is what we have now set out to do. In the course of 2009, real difference in circumstances that are always complex, often we generated a detailed business plan, putting figures on the difficult and sometimes dangerous. business model. And we developed a new five-year strategic perspective. This articulates our approach and sets out the key At Alert we bring insight gained from working on the ground initiatives we need to implement in order to scale up successfully. to decision-makers’ tables. In 2009 we capitalised on previous You can read a summary in the next section of this report. investment in expanding our communications to broaden our range of advocacy work. As a result, our growing influence in the last 12 We enter 2010 with a strong sense of the extent of the months can be seen in the thinking of the main political parties in challenges that face vulnerable, conflict-ridden communities, and the UK, donor institutions and increasingly at EU and UN levels. with a growing sense of our capacity to be part of building a more peaceful world. Crucial to this will be the continued support and This unique ability to bring forward unheard voices and a genuine engagement of our donors, to whom we remain deeply grateful. appreciation of how things look from the village is how we seek to change the world around us, not simply respond to it. It has taken time and hard work to be able to develop in this dan smith richard dales way. We entered 2009 with a new business model in place. We Secretary-General Chairman 3
  • 5 International alert’s mission Alert has a three-part mission: strategIc perspectIve 2010-2014 1. To work together with people who live in areas affected or years threatened by armed conflict, to make a positive difference for peace; 2. To improve both the substance and implementation of international policies that affect peacebuilding and the prospects for peace; and 3. To strengthen the peacebuilding sector. These three broad tasks are part of fulfilling Alert’s vision over the next five years of a world in which, when people pursue their human rights International Alert will continue working in all the regions where and seek betterment for themselves and their communities, we are now active. conflicts that arise are pursued with wisdom so that they do not erupt into violence. The problem is not conflict – the • We will expand our activities in West Africa and the Great problem is violent conflict. Lakes Region, in the Caucasus, Lebanon, Nepal and the Philippines. International alert’s work • We will expand our work in South and Southeast Asia and In order to fulfil our mission goals in the changing world context: Latin America. • We will explore regions where we can develop further based 1. We support and work with groups and institutions in conflict- on initial work in one part of the area: the Middle East beyond affected countries that are mobilising for peace. Lebanon, Central Asia beyond Tajikistan, and the Horn of 2. We advocate improvements in peacebuilding policy and Africa building on our initial work on Sudan. practice based on the evidence of experience. Our advocacy targets are governments, international organisations, Alert will continue to build on its well established expertise on a businesses and NGOs. number of cross-cutting issues in peacebuilding – gender, the 3. We explore the key international issues that have an impact economics of peacebuilding and the role of the private sector, on prospects for peace and devise and advocate appropriate community security and access to justice, aid effectiveness policies. and governance, climate change and its relationship to conflict 4. We work to strengthen the peacebuilding sector, through risk and peacebuilding. Our ability to connect local voices to improving our own practice, through training and through international fora contributes decisively to the impact of our work public outreach to increase awareness and support. with international organisations. 5. In a new departure, we have begun to explore how the approach we take and the insights we have gained through In recent years, Alert has significantly strengthened its capacity peacebuilding in other countries could be of use in the UK, for training and learning. In 2010-2014 we will expand our drawing on this work to inform our practice overseas. training offers, making more courses and events available to more participants in a wider range of locations. We will do this in part for the full version including contextual analysis, by intensifying the active and explicit links between training and visit learning and the work of our regional programmes. 5
  • 5 way of working will acknowledge the growing role of China and the G-20 governments. 3. Be among the agenda-setters on major international questions: Alert has been at the forefront of thinking on key peace issues in our work on business and conflict, gender initiatives and peace, and community security. More recently, on climate change and aid effectiveness, we have again been among those that are shaping the agenda. We will continue this role and extend to other issues utilising our reputational, networking and staff assets. To do this, we will meet and discuss with a wide range of official perspectives including G-20 governments such as China, India and Brazil. Youth disempowerment, the peace and conflict effect of choices of During 2010-2014, International Alert will: energy system, and the content and meaning of international development are the kinds of questions in which we can 1. scale up across the organisation: In 2008, Alert productively engage. discussed and identified its best business model. To deliver peacebuilding as we understand it requires work that is 4. Initiate work on community conflict in the uk: As an tailored to each context. This is a knowledge-intensive, organisation, Alert has never worked on conflict issues design-heavy approach in which considerable investment within the UK. An international peacebuilding organisation is required to allow time for adequate reflection, planning ought to see if it can offer something at home. Some leading and assessment. Our analysis of our funding environment participants in community cohesion work in the UK have revealed that, in broad terms, the way to provide adequate welcomed our analytical and comparative approach and resources for this business model is by expanding the encouraged us to bring international lessons home. We volume of projects while maintaining the level of core also know there is much that we can learn. We shall seek funding. The business plan agreed in 2009 shows in detail opportunities for working together with them. In time, it may how to do this. We will put this plan into effect in 2010-2014 be possible to work in this way with organisations in other and, while small-scale activities will still be carried out, the European countries as well. All of this work will need to be organisation as a whole and each individual programme specifically funded and Alert will not draw on funds given to us will scale up, allowing us to deepen our engagement in the for work overseas. places where we work, and increase our impact. 5. validate our mission and its effect: During 2010-2014, 2. engage with key international peacebuilding we will assess our contribution to events in conflict-affected institutions: Alert has considerable experience of advocacy countries and to shaping policies in international institutions. with some governments, the EU and the UN. Recently, we This will include commissioning independent studies as well strengthened this work and began advocacy with the World as other ways of reaching out to get feedback. We will thus Bank. In 2010-2014, Alert will continue to step this work up. develop a body of analysis of what worked and what did not We will recruit a team, based both in London and in countries in some of our long-term work. We fully expect this to reveal where the UN Peacebuilding Commission and World Bank flaws and underline difficulties faced, but also to show our are active. We will strengthen our presence in Brussels and impact and provide evidence to strengthen the case for develop a more systematic approach to EU advocacy. We will peacebuilding and for Alert as one of the world’s major also engage directly with the African Union. As we do so, our peacebuilding NGOs. 7
  • 2009 IMPACT OBJECTIVES 2009 REPORT AGAINST OBJECTIVES 2009 1. Work together with donor agencies to improve their policy 1. In 2009 we began work to support DFID in redefining its guidance for private-sector development and economic approach to private-sector development and economic recovery practitioners operating in conflict-affected and recovery in conflict-prone and conflict-affected countries. the BusIness of peace conflict-prone environments. The new methodology will be piloted in conflict-affected countries in 2010. 2. Help to create a transnational network of civil society 2. We designed and obtained funds for a project to create this organisations working on issues of human rights and natural network in 2009 and will begin implementation in 2010. resources in the Andean region of Latin America (Colombia, Peru and Ecuador). 2010 IMPACT OBJECTIVES 2010 1. Increase uptake and implementation of the Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights, a set of non-binding principles developed in 2000 to address the issue of balancing safety needs while respecting human rights and fundamental freedoms by the private sector, particularly in Latin America. 2. Strengthen peacebuilding approaches among South Asian civil society participants, particularly their analysis of political economies, through our ‘Economic Dimensions of Peacebuilding’ course. 9
  • 2009 IMPACT OBJECTIVES 2009 REPORT AGAINST OBJECTIVES 2009 1. Influence the UK Government’s policy so that DFID’s 1. DFID published a new overseas development White Paper 2009 White Paper reflects the need to adopt a markedly which for the first time established ‘Building Peaceful States different peacebuilding approach, tailored to the realities of and Societies’ as one of the core aims of the government’s governance that prevail in conflict-affected contexts. overseas development policy. This is in line with what Alert has long been arguing, and we worked hard to explain and convince government officials of this while the White Paper was being developed, and advised the other political parties development and aId: our puBlIc voIce as they considered their own development policies. 2. Advise the World Bank and other donors on how to 2. Based on Alert’s advice, the World Bank adapted the way integrate practical peacebuilding into World Bank country it develops and approves projects in Nepal. Under this new operations. system, it considers not only the expected impact of the project on poverty, but also on the conflicts that have affected Nepal’s ability to make social and economic progress. 3. Alter the debate in the UK by staging at least one public 3. Public discussion held at Chatham House to launch Climate discussion with leading UK policy-makers on the links Change, Conflict and Fragility, a new report released ahead of between climate change and conflict, and the policy the UN Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen (COP responses required to meet these challenges. 15) highlighting the urgent policy responses needed from global leaders to meet these challenges. 4. Influence inter-governmental discussions launching a 4. Engaged some of those attending COP 15 on the basis of significant climate change and conflict public policy report Alert’s Climate Change, Conflict and Fragility report. ahead of COP 15. 5. Influence the next UK Government by staging public 5. Staged a public debate at each of the political party debates and lobbying at the party political conferences in conferences at which senior politicians debated with our the UK in a general election year to make the case to those Secretary-General and other leading thinkers on how to who will form the next administration for reform of overseas genuinely reform overseas development aid for conflict- development aid in order to genuinely meet the needs of affected regions. conflict-affected regions. 11
  • 2010 IMPACT OBJECTIVES 2010 1. Publish a report, designed to coincide with the tenth anniversary of the UN Millennium Development Goals, explaining how aid continues to be designed and used in ways that unwittingly reinforce conflict in poor countries. 2. Influence the way in which UK, EU and UN policy-makers and other influential voices understand aid and its impacts, by refocusing the debate not on how aid works, but on what it is intended to achieve. 3. Start relevant activities in at least five countries based on our broad findings on the links between climate change and insecurity and between peacebuilding and adaptation to climate change. 13
  • 2009 IMPACT OBJECTIVES 2009 REPORT AGAINST OBJECTIVES 2009 1. Lay foundations for improving security by researching how 1. Using participatory research methods, we conducted women and men in Burundi and Nepal feel about their own “snapshot” security assessments of three districts in Nepal, and their families’ personal safety, and using the results to sharing findings and promoting better donor engagement push for security improvements. with the security system through publications and a series of dialogues on public security in Kathmandu. In Burundi, research was conducted on the gender dimensions of security sector reform, and this will serve as the basis of ongoing engagement during 2010. 2. Improve levels of protection from sexual violence by 2. We have helped to change knowledge, attitudes and makIng people safe providing counselling and support for women and girls in practices in rural communities in Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea, and members of their Leone and within the justice sector. Our support to women communities. survivors contributed to survivor support groups gaining in number and strength, communities openly discussing sexual violence, local chiefs and elders becoming increasingly open to discussing and promoting the rights of women, and state and traditional authorities increasing their collaboration to respond to women’s security threats. 2010 IMPACT OBJECTIVES 2010 1. Improve security and justice service provision in rural areas of Liberia and Nepal by researching grassroots perceptions of security and formal and informal access to justice, and by sharing findings with government, donors and other peacebuilding agencies. 2. Strengthen knowledge and practice around economic reintegration of ex-combatants by conducting research in Nepal, building capacity of Nepali stakeholders, and sharing findings locally and internationally via publications and training programmes.  3. Increase understanding of the factors that turn fragility into violence by conducting research in Liberia and Nepal on how media influences people’s perceptions of insecurity at national and community levels. 15
  • 2009 IMPACT OBJECTIVES 2009 REPORT AGAINST OBJECTIVES 2009 1. Build the capacity of our partners and other civil society 1. Conference held at the start of 2009 for women’s organisations to monitor policy commitments and to use organisations from 8 conflict-affected countries to develop evidence-based advocacy so that gender is more effectively new approaches to advocating for peacebuilding processes integrated into peacebuilding processes. to take full account of gender. 2. Contribute to the greater political participation of women 2. Working with women in each country in the Great Lakes by implementing research with women’s organisations in Region, we have undertaken research into women’s political Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of participation, and will publish the results in 2010. Congo to evaluate the degree to which this participation has increased, and develop plans to improve it further. 3. Advocate for greater systematic efforts by regional bodies 3. We closely advised the EU on how to put into action their (e.g. the African Union) to comply with UN Security Council commitments around Women, Peace and Security, after they Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325) on the rights of women and had adopted a key policy framework reflecting Alert’s advice a voIce for women other policy commitments on Women, Peace and Security. in 2008. For example, we delivered recommendations on how the EU can improve its record on Women, Peace and Security, developed jointly with 45 European civil society organisations, at an annual meeting of EU member states in Brussels jointly led by Alert. In New York, Alert brought together the EU and the African Union for a joint meeting which provided an opportunity for the two regional bodies to develop lines of collaboration on questions concerning women and gender in peacebuilding. 2010 IMPACT OBJECTIVES 2010 1. Advocate for international peacebuilding practice to go further than increasing the representation of women’s voices in peace processes, and begin to integrate an awareness of the role of gender identities in perpetuating violence. 2. Contribute to greater political participation of women and young people in the Great Lakes Region and West Africa through research, training, capacity-building and awareness-raising. 17
  • 2009 IMPACT OBJECTIVES 2009 REPORT AGAINST OBJECTIVES 2009 1. Grow community-based radio in Liberia and São Tomé and 1. Provided training to the leaders and staff of community Príncipe by training and accompanying station leaders to radio stations in Liberia and São Tomé and Príncipe, thereby develop business plans so that the stations will become increasing programme quality and developing business financially sustainable and produce programmes pertinent to plans which helped them to generate income from the local community needs. community and INGOs. 2. Predict and inform the response to likely future conflicts 2. Funding constraints prevented this study from being in Guinea, Mali, Niger and Nigeria by exploring the link carried out. between environmental stress, climate change and human security and violent conflict at different scales and localities along the Niger in collaboration with the Tyndall Centre, a UK-based research institution on climate change. 3. Encourage the implementation of UNSCR 1325, which 3. Our accompaniment of women’s groups in Liberia in the requires parties to a conflict to respect women’s rights and drafting of a National Action Plan on Women, Peace and support their participation in post-conflict peace negotiations Security led them to become increasingly aware of their and reconstruction, by developing a monitoring mechanism rights and the role they can play in consolidating the for the implementation of National Action Plans on UNSCR democratic processes. This included the ability to monitor west afrIca 1325 in the region. the implementation of UNSCR 1325 on the ground. 4. Contribute to peace in Guinea by continuing the Alert- 4. Following a coup d’état in Guinea, some participants hosted dialogue among Guineans in Guinea and the of our dialogue sessions were influential in brokering diaspora on themes such as elections, management of agreements between the military junta and other groups natural resources and national reconciliation. throughout 2009. 2010 IMPACT OBJECTIVES 2010 1. Work with traditional leaders to increase their contribution to democratic life in their countries. 2. Investigate the link between climate change and water security in Mali, Niger and Nigeria. 3. Raise public awareness of the need to increase the participation of women and young people in politics and decision-making processes in the region. 4. Facilitate the development of a national reconciliation process in Guinea. 19
  • 2009 IMPACT OBJECTIVES 2009 REPORT AGAINST OBJECTIVES 2009 1. Strengthen our existing work on reconciliation in Rwanda 1. This was delayed until 2010. Our programme in Rwanda with wider participation and an extension to new districts plans to double its target area, based on a 2009 evaluation following an evaluation of the pilot phase in January. which showed that the project has been highly successful in rebuilding relationships among divided people. We will partner with a specialist youth organisation, and our dialogue work will be extended through them to youth groups and secondary schools. 2. Work with the Burundian police forces to enhance their 2. Alert and its partner organisation Dushirehamwe capacity to promote women’s security in collaboration with contributed successfully to the training of the Burundian partner organisations. police force.  Among other positive responses, the Director General of the Burundi National Police asked Alert to continue our collaboration, aimed at integrating gender in the reformed police service. 3. Raise awareness of the conflict potential of oil exploration in 3. Alert published a major study on the conflict potential of the Ugandan Albertine Rift. oil exploration in Uganda. In this report, we urge national and local government and oil companies to be transparent and inclusive in sharing information about developments in the oil sector in order to minimise the conflict risks and maximise the benefits of oil discovery for all. The report provoked considerable interest, and Alert has been engaged afrIcan great lakes in a number of follow-up activities promoting better communications around the issue of oil in Uganda. 4. Encourage confidence-building and trust by facilitating a 4. Research among petty traders plying between Goma (DRC) programme of contact between civil society organisations and Gisenyi (Rwanda) demonstrated that around 22,000 on either side of the DRC-Rwandan border. people, mostly women, depend on cross-border trade between the two towns, mainly in foodstuffs. Civil society and business representatives from both sides of the border made recommendations geared towards removing some of the constraints these traders face, and a follow-up meeting for women traders from the two countries will be held in January 2010.  21
  • 2010 IMPACT OBJECTIVES 2010 1. Complete research into women’s political participation in the Great Lakes Region and begin advocacy based on the outcomes. 2. Assess the peacebuilding effectiveness of international institutions operating in Burundi and share conclusions with them to improve their impact. 3. Provide advice to donors so that their support to economic recovery in Northern Uganda also contributes to peacebuilding. 4. Support multi-ethnic communities in North and South Kivu, DRC, in coming together to identify and manage development and rehabilitation projects of benefit to the whole community. 5. Complete major research projects in DRC on the conflict dimensions of the minerals industry, on sexual violence and on community-based peacebuilding networks. 6. Implement our reconciliation programme in Rwanda in an expanded number of districts and with a new focus on youth. 23
  • 2009 IMPACT OBJECTIVES 2009 REPORT AGAINST OBJECTIVES 2009 1. Strengthen conflict-specific civil society dialogue to improve 1. Our facilitation of a Georgian-Abkhaz civil society dialogue cross-conflict analysis and to reframe conflict issues from made a significant new contribution to debate on the hard-line positions to interest-based solutions. conflict with a groundbreaking publication on security guarantees which outlined the separate analyses of both Georgian and Abkhaz civil society experts on the need for security guarantees, the reasons why the sides have been unable to agree on them, as well as barriers and opportunities for future agreements.  2. Strengthen and widen coalitions of business people who 2. Our work with the Caucasus Business Development have a vested interest in building peace across conflict Network (CBDN) continued in 2009 and resulted in: divides in the South Caucasus. - Regional economic initiatives bringing together Armenian, Azerbaijani, Georgian and Turkish as well as Abkhaz, Nagorno-Karabakhi and South Ossetian business communities. These processes led to the development of joint branded products to promote regional economic cooperation which underlines common economic interests. - Advocacy work promoting cross-conflict divide and regional economic cooperation, bringing together hundreds of stakeholders across the region. 3. Foster dialogue between civil society and decision-makers 3. In 2009 a significant part of Alert’s work addressing in order to promote policy solutions to the conflicts in the the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict focused on facilitating South Caucasus. interaction between existing peacebuilding initiatives and the official peace negotiations process. One of the most visible contributions was the Armenian-Azerbaijani Public the caucasus and central asIa Peace Forum that we organised and facilitated in March 2009. The Forum brought 40 Armenian and Azerbaijani civil society leaders and other experts together with official international mediators. 4. Strengthen the capacity of civil society figures in South 4. In 2009 we secured funds to begin work in South Ossetia, Ossetia to engage in dialogue by supporting interventions to following the war of August 2008 which saw Russia invade respond to local needs. Georgia after clashes between Georgia and South Ossetia. This work will begin in 2010. 5. Develop actionable policy recommendations on resource 5. In 2009 we recruited a new Country Director for Tajikistan. management in order to address new strategies to deal with With this leadership in place and working in partnership threats and challenges to security in Tajikistan. with local organisations, our new programme for this part of Central Asia will start in 2010. 25
  • 2010 IMPACT OBJECTIVES 2010 1. Strengthen the capacity of civil society figures in South Ossetia by supporting interventions to respond to local needs. 2. Inject independent analysis into public and political debate in Georgia-Abkhazia on issues related to peacebuilding. 3. Increase capacity of a range of mass media groups to provide balanced and challenging media coverage, thus changing attitudes and enabling progress in conflict resolution. 4. Expand the reach and influence of the Caucasus Business Development Network (CBDN). 5. Establish new mechanisms for South Caucasus regional dialogue that support bilateral peace processes. 6. Develop actionable policy recommendations that will influence civil and state strategies affecting security in Tajikistan. 27
  • 2009 IMPACT OBJECTIVES 2009 REPORT AGAINST OBJECTIVES 2009 1. Build in-country capacity in Nepal and Sri Lanka for 1. Alert partnered with the Peace and Development Institute peacebuilding through appropriate training activities for (PDI) to roll out 6 core and specialised courses to strengthen selected target groups and partners. the professional skills and capacities of practitioners, policy-makers and donors working in or on conflict in South Asia – of which 2 were piloted for the first time globally. Alert contributed expertise to the training courses on youth and conflict as well as on the economic dimensions of peacebuilding. Altogether, PDI trained 87 practitioners from across South and Southeast Asia in 2009. 2. Ensure that peace networks and constituencies with whom 2. Throughout increasing instability in Nepal and the Alert is working are strengthened during times of crisis. final stages of the civil war in Sri Lanka, Alert actively strengthened our peace networks in both countries. This included our work with leaders of the business community, who demonstrated their commitment to promoting responsible investment opportunities that contribute to peaceful development. 3. Contribute to policy and programming initiatives of partner 3. A National Youth Survey and youth consultations have been governments as well as donor agencies that contribute to completed in Sri Lanka, highlighting opinions of young people building peace especially on issues of justice for all, security on development, governance and cultural issues, which is and equitable economic conditions. available now for policy-makers and practitioners to improve policy formulation and programming. Furthermore, the Nepal programme is being consulted by government as well as development partners on security and justice issues faced by local communities, with a special focus on women and youth. 4. Facilitate stronger regional linkages and collaboration on 4. We built further regional links and collaboration on youth youth issues and the formulation of a South Asia blueprint issues, primarily by hosting a major conference on youth for conflict-sensitive youth policy and programming. featuring experiences and challenges from Nepal, the south asIa Maldives and Sri Lanka, which led to a continued sharing of experiences and resources among partners in all three countries. We also signed an MOU with the Prince of Wales Youth Business International Ltd. (YBI) to work together to better understand the contribution of youth entrepreneurship initiatives to peacebuilding, including the design, implementation and impact assessment of youth entrepreneurship programmes. We will be taking this programme forward in Sri Lanka and Nepal. 29
  • 2010 IMPACT OBJECTIVES 2010 1. Establish a training and learning institution to operate in Sri Lanka with regional outreach to other parts of South Asia, offering expertise on peacebuilding and development strategies. 2. Found a research and advocacy network in South Asia on the relationship between climate change and security in the region. 3. Build a model for youth employment initiatives in conflict-affected areas in South Asia. 4. Establish new strategic partnerships in Sri Lanka and Nepal to strengthen peaceful post-war development and community security. 31
  • 2010 IMPACT OBJECTIVES 2010 In 2009 Alert broadened its engagement in the Philippines to include conflict in Mindanao, in addition to longstanding work on the national conflict between the Government of the Republic of the Philippines (GRP) and the National Democratic Front (NDF)/National Peoples’ Army (NPA). In 2010, we will further consolidate this broader approach, aiming in particular to: 1. Maintain communication between the Government of the Republic of the Philippines (GRP) and the National Democratic Front (NDF) negotiating panels, in the context of the results of the May presidential elections. 2. Expand the reach of the Waging Peace and Generation Peace networks of peace advocates. 3. Establish a new mechanism for transformative dialogue and action in Mindanao Mindanao (namely the Mindanao Multi-stakeholder Group/MMG). 4. Invest in the skills of local business and community leaders in Conflict-Sensitive Responsible Business Practice (CSRBP) concepts and guiding principles and in the application of this knowledge to community consultation and analysis processes in Mindanao. 5. Revisit our Philippines country strategy in light of a planned external evaluation of our peacebuilding work and the appointment of a Country Director. phIlIppInes 33
  • Treasurer’s Report uncertainty like the present; it was thus both welcome and a reflection of effective budget management that in 2009 we were Continuing the trend of recent years, having invested in improved able to increase our net general unrestricted reserves. financial controls and effective fundraising supported by robust management, we emerged in a strong financial position at the end In conclusion, system changes, restructuring, capacity building of 2009. and investment between 2004 and 2009 have all contributed to a much improved financial picture at the end of 2009. Work Total income during the year ended 31 December 2009 was underway to diversify sources of unrestricted income and to £10.51 million. Total charitable expenditure was £9.71 million, increase contributions to indirect costs has borne fruit and will which represents an increase of £1.73 million on £7.98 million continue into 2010, along with efforts to increase restricted in 2008. income streams. A good contribution to reserves has been made in 2009 and International Alert’s balance sheet and cash flow at Within our income, unrestricted income in 2009 was £2.37 the year-end are secure. We are looking to achieve a continued million, comprising £1.83 million in incoming resources from period of financial growth in 2010 and beyond in line with the generated funds (£1.67 million of institutional grants; £149,000 business plan of the organisation for the period 2010 to 2014, in donations and gifts and £1 1,000 of investment income) and a notwithstanding the current economic climate. further £534,000 of incoming resources from charitable activities. This growth in unrestricted income largely reflects the continuous The figures on these pages are extracted from the full trustees’ efforts that have been made to strengthen relationships with report and financial statements that have been audited by institutional funders and to increase income from donations and Kingston Smith LLP, who gave an unqualified opinion. The full gifts in recent years. accounts were approved on 27th May 2010. Copies of the full accounts have been submitted to the Charity Commission and International Alert’s Reserves Policy is that general unrestricted Register of Companies. This summarised financial information reserves, excluding any part which represents the book value may not contain sufficient information to gain complete of fixed assets, should be sufficient to cover two months of understanding of the financial affairs of the charity. The full unrestricted expenditure and programme employment costs. trustees’ report, audit report and financial statements may be obtained from the Secretary General’s office. Overall funds being carried forward to 2010 are £5 million (compared to £4.25 million carried forward to 2009). The total Signed by Trustee carried forward is made up of £3.6 million restricted funds as well as the £1.4 million unrestricted funds. It should be noted that the high balance of restricted funds is due to timing of receipts in 2009 and that restricted funds represent funds received from donors that are committed to be spent on existing projects in craig mcgilvray 2010 and beyond. Honourary Treasurer International Alert Unrestricted reserves are held primarily as a contingent buffer that can be used, for example, for long term investment in the competence of staff, investment in new programmes, to fund fixed assets, to provide a degree of stability in a period of adverse fInancIal sectIon funding, to manage fluctuations in cash flow or to respond rapidly to opportunities that may present themselves. A strong level of unrestricted reserves is particularly important in a time of financial 35
  • Independent Auditor’s Statement to the Balance Sheet at 31st December 2009 Statement of Financial Activities Our Income Trustees of International Alert 2009 2008 The statement of financial activities includes income and expenditure for the year ended 12,000,000 We have examined the summarised financial statements for the year £’000 £’000 unrestricted restricted 2009 2008 ended 31 December 2009. fixed assets funds funds total Total 10,000,000 Tangible assets 66 79 respective responsibilities of trustees and auditors £’000 £’000 £’000 £’000 The trustees are responsible for preparing the summarized financial Incoming resources 8,000,000 statements in accordance with the with applicable United Kingdom Incoming resources from generated funds current assets voluntary income law. Our responsibility is to report to you our opinion on the 6,000,000 Debtors 642 738 Institutional grants 1,673 - 1,673 1,303 consistency of the summarised financial statements with the full Cash at bank and in hand 4,841 3,707 Donations and gifts 149 - 149 92 financial statements and Trustees’ Annual Report and its compliance 4,000,000 5,483 4,445 Investment income 11 8 19 51 with the relevant requirements of section 427 of the Companies Act £10,367,000 £10,510,000 £5,552,000 £5,632,000 £5,229,000 Incoming resources from charitable activities 1,000 £7,467,000 2006 and the regulations made thereafter. 2,000,000 creditors Working with people to make a positive 367 5,163 5,530 5,482 £5,31 difference for peace Basis of opinion Amounts falling due within one year 503 277 Improving international policies that affect the 0 144 2,488 2,632 2,854 We conducted our work in accordance with Bulletin 2008/03. Our 503 277 prospects for peace 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 report on the company’s full annual financial statements describes Strengthening the peacebuilding sector 23 484 507 585 Year the basis of our opinion on those financial statements and the net current assets 4,980 4,168         Trustees’ Report. total incoming resources 2,367 8,143 10,510 10,367 How we spent the money in 2009 total net assets 5,046 4,247 opinion In our opinion the summarised financial statements are consistent resources expended with the full financial statements and the Trustees’ Annual Report costs of generating funds 133 - 133 127 funds of International Alert for the year ended 31 December 2009 and charitable activities complies with the applicable requirements of section 427 of the Working with people to make a positive 939 4,855 5,794 4,749 Unrestricted difference for peace Companies Act 2006, and the regulations made thereafter. General funds 1,012 734 Improving international policies that affect the 575 2,325 2,900 2,275 Designated fund 459 380 prospects for peace Strengthening the peacebuilding sector 297 521 818 767 1,471 1,114 governance costs 66 66 64 kingston smith llp         Devonshire House Restricted 3,575 3,133 total resources expended 2,010 7,701 9,711 7,982 Chartered Accountants and Registered Auditors 60 Goswell Road 5,046 4,247         London EC1M 7AD net incoming resources 357 442 799 2,385 n Africa programmes n Eurasia programmes Trustees’ Statement Funds brought forward at 1 January 2009 1,114 3,133 4,247 1,862 n Asia programmes   n Peacebuilding issues programme The auditor has issued unqualified reports on the full annual funds carried forward at 31 december 2009 1,471 3,575 5,046 4,247 n Middle East programme financial statements and on the consistency of the Trustees’ report n Fundraising n Management and Administration with those financial statements. Their report on the full annual The total of “funds carried forward” includes £1.4 million of unrestricted reserves and financial statements contained no statement under sections 498(2), £3.6 million of grants received in late 2009 for implementation in 2010. 498(2)(b) or 498(3) of the Companies Act 2006. 37
  • International Alert is dependent on grants and donations for its peacebuilding programmes. We are indebted to the following donors and also to the growing number of individuals who have given financial support, attended events and who have volunteered their time. We wish to acknowledge financial support from the following organisations: AusAID (Australia) USAID/SPRING (Stability Peace and Save the Children UK Arsenault Family Foundation Reconciliation in Northern Uganda) Project Search for Common Ground Barrow Cadbury Trust William Adlington Cadbury Charitable Trust Shell Bread for the World (Germany) Workers Beer Company Skillshare International CARE Transition International C B and H H Taylor 1984 Trust GAPS (Gender Action for Peace and Security) World Vision The Ceniarth Foundation is funded through: The Joseph Rowntree York University Charitable Trust Polden Puckham Comic Relief Youth Business International (YBI) Conflict Prevention Pool, UK Cordaid we acknowledge our partnerships with: Great Lakes Region of Africa David and Elaine Potter Foundation Actions des Femmes pour les Initiatives de Paix/ Department of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Colombia Association des Femmes Chrétiennes (AFIP/ Ireland ACP - La Asociación Colombiana del Petróleo AFEC), DRC European Commission (EC) Comité Minero Energético para los Derechos Alpha Ujuvi, DRC Humanos German Federal Ministry for Economic ARCT-Ruhuka (Association Rwandaise des Cooperation and Development (BMZ) FIP - Fundación Ideas para la Paz Conseillers en Traumatisme), Rwanda Government of Canada (DFAIT) Indepaz - Instituto de Estudios para el Desarrollo Association d’Appui aux Initiatives de Base – y la Paz APIBA, DRC Management Systems International (MSI) Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Netherlands) CARE Uganda Global Centre d’Etudes et de Formation pour la Gestion Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Norway ActionAid et la Prévention des Conflits dans la Région Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Sweden Adelphi Research des Grands Lacs (CEGEC), DRC Misereor (Germany) CAFOD Cercle d’Initiative pour une Vision Commune Office of Transition Initiatives (OTI) CARE (CIVIC), Burundi Open Society Georgia Foundation Center on International Cooperation (CIC) Collectif des Associations Féminines pour le Royal Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs Développement (CAFED), DRC Christian Aid Shell Collective of Genocide Survivors’ Organisations Conciliation Resources Swedish International Development Cooperation (IBUKA), Rwanda Agency (SIDA) Concordis International Crisis Management Initiative (CMI) Commission Diocésaine Justice et Paix, North Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation Kivu province, DRC (SDC) EGMONT Conseil des Organisations des Femmes Agissant The Delegation of the European Commission European Peacebuilding Liaison Office (EPLO) en Synergie (COFAS), DRC to the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz FAFO, Norway Dushirehamwe, Burundi Republic and the Republic of Tajikistan Fundación para las Relaciones Internacionales y Duterimbere ASBL (Association Sans But The Macedonian Charitable Trust el Diálogo Exterior (FRIDE) Lucratif), Rwanda The Office of the United Nations High GAPS Duterimbere IMF (Institution de Micro-Finance), Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Rwanda The Souter Charitable Trust Policy (ELIAMEP) Dynamique Synergie des Femmes (DSF), DRC The World Bank International Center for Transitional Justice East African Sub-Regional Initiative on the Turner Broadcasting (ICTJ) Advancement of Women, Great Lakes UK Department for International Development Interpeace Fellowship of Christian Councils and Churches (DFID) NEP/CES (Peace Studies Group of the Centre in the Great Lakes Region and Horn of Africa UK Embassy in Angola for Social Sciences - University of Coimbra) (FECCLAHA) UK Embassy in Bogota Netherlands Institute for International Relations Forum des Amis de la Terre, DRC UK Embassy in Georgia (Clingendael) Great Lakes Ecumenical Forum, Great Lakes United Nations Democracy Fund (UNDEF) Nonviolent Peaceforce (NP) Groupe d’Actions de Citoyens pour la United Nations Development Programme Partners for Democratic Change International Surveillance de la Transition/Observatoire (UNDP) (PDCI) Citoyen de l’Action Publique (GAT/OCAP), United Nations Peacebuilding Fund (PBF) Plan International UK DRC United States Agency for International Responding to Conflict Institut Africain de Développement Economique Development (USAID) Saferworld et Social (INADES – Formation), Burundi acknowledgements 39
  • Institut de Recherche et de Dialogue pour la Paix Samjhauta Nepal Coalition Nationale de Guinée pour les Droits et (IRDP), Rwanda Shanti Malika la Citoyenneté des Femmes, Guinea Kitara Heritage Development Agency (KHEDA), Youth Action Nepal Conseil Nationale de Transition, Guinea Uganda Social Welfare Council (Nepal) Corps Guinéen pour le Developpement et la Le Caucus des Femmes de Sud Kivu pour la Paix, Guinea Paix, DRC Flomo Theatre Production, Liberia The Philippines Life and Peace Institute, DRC Federação das Organizações Não- AIM Policy Center Makerere University, Uganda Governamentais (FONG), São Tomé and FCO Manila Mid North Private Sector Development Company Príncipe Limited (MidNorth), Uganda Gaston Z. Ortigas Peace Institute Foundation for International Dignity, Liberia National Commission for the Demobilisation and Generation Peace Gabinete Registro Publico de Informação Reintegration of Ex-Combatants, Rwanda Waging Peace Network (GRIP), São Tomé and Príncipe National Unity and Reconciliation Commission International Foundation for Electoral Systems (NURC), Rwanda Sri Lanka (IFES), Guinea Observatoire de l’Action Gouvernementale Business for Peace Initiative (BPA) Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) (OAG), Burundi Centre for Poverty Analysis (CEPA) International Committee of the Red Cross ProFemmes Twesehamwe, Rwanda Ceylon Chamber of Commerce International Crisis Group Radio Isanganiro, Burundi Consortium for Humanitarian Agencies (CHA) Justice and Peace Commission of the Catholic Refugee Law Project (RLP), Uganda International Labour Organisation (ILO) Church, Liberia Regional Analysts Network, Great Lakes National Secretariat for Non-Governmental Liberia Media Centre Réseau des Femmes pour un Développement Organisations Liberia Women’s Initiative Associatif (RFDA), DRC Peacebuilding and Development Institute Mano River Union Peace Forum Réseau Haki na Amani, DRC Sri Lanka (PDI-SL) Mano River Women’s Peace Network Saferworld, Uganda Sri Lanka Youth Parliament Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) Service de Renforcement des Appuis aux University of Colombo Communautés de Base en Afrique Centrale Media Women Centre for Development and Young Asia Television (YATV) Democracy, Liberia (SERACOB), DRC Youth Business Sri Lanka (YBSL) Ministère de la Réconciliation Nationale, Guinea Solidarité des Femmes de Fizi pour le Bien Etre Youth Employment Network (YEN) Ministère de l’Administration et des Affaires Familial (SOFIBEF), DRC Solidarités Féminines pour la Paix et le Territoriales et Politiques, Guinea Développement Intégral (SOFEPADI), DRC The South Caucasus region Ministry of Gender, Liberia The Great Lakes Parliamentary Forum for Peace Abkhaz Experts’ Council Ministry of Information, Culture and Tourism, (Amani Forum), Great Lakes Association of Women of Abkhazia Liberia Transitional Justice Consultation Group, Burundi Caucasus Business and Development Network Ministry of Internal Affairs, Liberia Umuseke, Rwanda (CBDN) National Movement for Justice and Democracy, Civil Diplomacy Institute Sierra Leone Nepal Civil Society Institute Office of the Gender Adviser at UNMIL, Liberia Antenna Foundation Council of Europe Office of the Commissioner Petroleum Oversight Commission, São Tomé and Association of International Non-governmental for Human Rights Príncipe Organisations (AIN) Cultural-Humanitarian Fund “Sukhumi” Population Services International CARE Nepal Eurointegration NGO Press Union of Liberia Equal Access Nepal Foundation for Development of Human Search for Common Ground Forum for Women, Law and Development Resources Solidarité Thérapeutique & Initiatives contre le Friends for Peace German Federal Foreign Office (Zivik) Sida (Solthis), Guinea Institute of Human Rights Communication Nepal HAYAT International Humanitarian Organisation South Eastern Women’s Development (IHRICON) International Association of Business and Association, Liberia Karnali Integrated Rural Development and Parliament Televisão Santomense, São Tomé and Príncipe Research Centre Public Committee for Development of Tajikistan Terre des Hommes, Guinea Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction (Nepal) Society for Humanitarian Research Universities of Kofi Annan, Sonfonia, Labé and Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare Kankan, Guinea (Nepal) West Africa United Nations system in Guinea, Liberia, São Ministry of Youth and Sports (Nepal) Agência Nacional Petróleo, São Tomé and Tomé and Príncipe and Sierra Leone National Business Initiative (NBI) Príncipe West Africa Civil Society Forum NGO Federation AGORA, Guinea Women in Peacebuilding Network, Liberia Saferworld Centre for Justice and Peace Studies, Liberia Women’s NGO Network, Liberia 40
  • International Alert. 346 Clapham Road, London SW9 9AP, United Kingdom Tel +44 (0)20 7627 6800, Fax +44 (0)20 7627 6900 Email ISBN 978-1-906677-61-9