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Social marketing summary


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by W.Smith. Academy for Educational Development …

by W.Smith. Academy for Educational Development
SOCIAL MARKETING is a process for influencing human behavior on a large scale, using marketing principles for the purpose of societal benefit rather than commercial profit…

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  • 1. SOCIAL MARKETING is a process for influencing humanbehavior on a large scale, using marketing principles for thepurpose of societal benefit rather than commercial profit…W.Smith. Academy for Educational Development.Factors that determine behavior:External: policies, access, skills, actual consequences, cultural beliefs and values.Internal: knowledge and beliefs, attitudes, perceived risk, perceived consequences, self efficacy.Social Marketing is BASED on research to understand point of view of the target audience.Developing interventions that integrate audience needs with needs of sponsors.The KEY CONCEPT is EXCHANGE (tit-for-tat): • increase or highlight the BENEFITS • decrease or de-emphasize the BARRIERS • change the product, price, place or promotion to meet the exchange
  • 2. People go through a cost/benefit analysis at some level when they decide to act. The benefitsshould be those for the audience.The S.M.Processa) Define the problem. Set goals. Review data. Identify behavior to change. Identify target.b) Target audience analysis and segmentation.c) Develop project and interventions.d) APPLY the Marketing PsPRODUCTBehavior, service, product being exchanged with the target audience for a price and benefit.Behavior, service, product must compete successfully against the benefit of the current behavior.It can be tangible, like a service or a behavior or a condom or low fat food. It can be intangiblelike a youthful feeling, peace of mind, or the hope to do something you want to do (like being ableto wear your prom dress if you don’t become pregnant).
  • 3. Focus on benefits that are important to our audience.PRICECost to the target audience of changing behavior. It can be financial, or more often related totime, effort, lifestyle, psychological cost.PLACEChannels through which products or programs are available (access).Where/when might people think or decide about our issue/problem? Where does our audiencealready gather?PROMOTIONCommunicating to the audience about product/program, price, and place variables. It should bememorable—connect it with something that is important to your audience.Repeat it, Repeat it, Repeat it. (Communications research tells us people need to hear newinformation approximately 11 times before it starts to sink in!).The new P: POLITICSStimulate policy/rules that influences voluntary behavior change: systems and environmentalchange factors. NOT policies that punish “bad” behaviors.e) Deliver and monitor program: • train and motivate front line staff • build products and programs and execute • distribute materials • refine product/program and materials as mid-course monitoring data suggests.f) Conduct evaluation: did you reach target? Did program have an impact? Did desiredoutcome occur, why/why not? Begin thinking about how to evaluate your program from thebeginning. What data do you need to look at that is meaningful for your particular intervention?:number of phone calls or appointments, where or how people got information about your service,change in policy, improved indicators of health status. What information is important for you tohave? How will you gather it?A Case study:In order to measure the impact/outcome, the project needs contacts and information fromhospitals, public organizations, emergency rooms, etc.Social Marketing Planning OutlineConsider the following as you plan your social marketing program:Audience: Supplied for you today. Describe your audience in as much detail as possible; considerdemographics, geographic factors, behaviors, and other factors that influence the desiredbehavior.Behavior Goal: Describe the target behavior as specifically as you can. Write a measurableobjective. Be sure that the behavior is linked to your public health goal.Key Influencing Factors: Describe the factors that the research and literature show are eitherausal or related to the behavior. State them in reference to the target audience.Exchange: Describe a value that the audience holds (time, money, popularity, love, personalethics, respect, etc.) that could potentially be met by the new behavior.Competition: Describe any competing behaviors and the values they fulfill.Potential Intervention Elements: Review and explore any interventions that have influenced thesespecific factors or this specific audience in the past.P.49