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New Headway Intermediate - Unit 6 likes and dislikes

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  • 1. Unit 6 Likes and dislikes Like Verb + -ing or infinitive? Signs and soundbites
  • 2.
    • Aims
    • Help the students know and use Like as a verb, a preposition and some grammar spots of the lesson.
    • Help the students know a number of basic verb
    • patterns in English.
    • Help the students understand relative pronouns and participles in a description
    • Objectives
    • Students are able to understand and distinguish between the different uses of Like
    • Students are able to practice verb patterns, relative pronouns and participles in a description
    • Through the reading, listening, speaking. Students are able to translate the texts into Vietnamese and practise the sentence patterns.
  • 3. Introduction to like
    • Like can be a verb or a preposition.
    • Like as a verb can be followed by - ing or to, sometimes with a change in meaning.
    • I like going out at the weekend. (general enjoyment)
    • I like to sit in a hot bath and read. (habits and preferences)
    • Like as a verb has a person as the subject :
    • I like modern art.
    • I don't like the way he looks at me.
    • Do you like fish?
    • Would you like a drink?
    • Like as a preposition has an object after it:
    • She's wearing a hat like mine.
    • He's nothing like his father.
    • That sounds like the postman.
    • You're behaving like children.
    • This is new girlfriend of his - what's she like ?
  • 4.
    • TEST YOUR GRAMMAR
    • 1.In the following sentences, is like used as a verb or a preposition?
    • a. How do you like your coffee, black or white?
    • b. I’m just like my father. We’re both tall and thin with black hair and brown eyes.
    • c. Don’t you think that Pedro looks like Tom Cruise?
    • d. What would you like to do tonight?
    • e. ‘We went to that new restaurant last night’.
    • ‘ Really? What was it like ?’
    • f. ‘How do you tie a tie?’
    • ‘ Let me show you. Like this’.
    • g. ‘Shall we go home now?’
    • ‘ If you like ’.
    verb pre verb verb pre pre pre
  • 5. what... like?
    • What is/are/was/were ... like? is used to ask about the permanent
    • nature of people and things. It asks for a description or an impression
    • or a comparison.
    • What's the health service like in your country?
    • What are the new students like?
    • (!) Be careful!
    • 1 With a description or an impression, we do not use like in the
    • answer.
    • What's London like? It's quite big, and it's very interesting.
    • NOT It's like quite
    • What is Amanda like? She's tall, attractive, and very funny.
    • NOT She's like tall ...
    • 2 With a comparison, we can use like in the answer. Here, like means
    • similar to / the same as.
    • What’s London like? It's like New York, but without the tall
    • buildings. (= It's similar to ...)
    • What’s Amanda's daughter like?
    • She's just like Amanda.
    • (= She's the same as ...)
  • 6. How ... ?
    • 1. How ... ? is used to ask about the present condition of something
    • that can change.
    • 2. To ask about the weather, we can use both questions.
    • 3. How... ? is also used to ask about people's health and happiness.
    • Compare:
    • 4 . How ... ? is also used to ask about people's reactions and feelings.
    How's work these days? It's better than last year. How was the traffic this morning? It was worse than usual. How's Peter? What's Peter like? He's fine. He's a nice guy. He's quite tall, has dark hair ... How's the weather? What's the weather like? How's your meal? How's your new job?
  • 7. How ... ? or What ... like?
    • Sometimes we can use What ... like? or How ... ? , but they aren't the same. What ... like? asks for an objective description. How ... ? asks for personal feelings.
    • Compare:
    • How's the party?
    • What's the party like?
    It's great ! It's very noisy, but there's lots to eat and drink.
  • 8. 2. Match a sentence with a picture
    • 1. They stopped to talk to each other
    • 2. They stopped talking to each other
    • What’s the difference in meaning between sentences 1 and 2?
    1 2
  • 9. Questions with like
    • 1 In Britain, some school children go on exchanges to another country. They stay with a family for two weeks, and then the boy or girl of the family comes back to Britain for two weeks. Does this happen in your country?
    • 2 Read the conversation between Anna and Nina, two schoolgirls. Put one of the questions from the box into each gap.
  • 10.
    • Anna: My French exchange visitor came yesterday.
    • Nina: What’s her name?
    • Anna: Marie-Ange.
    • Nina: What a pretty name!(1)……………..
    • Anna: She’s really nice. I’m sure we’ll get on really well. We seem to have a lot in common.
    • Nina: Why do you say that?(2)……………
    • Anna: Well, she likes dancing, and so do I. And we both like tennis and listening to music.
    • Nina: That sounds great. I saw you with someone this morning. Was is Marie-Ange?
    • (3)………………
    • Anna: She’s quite tall, and she’s got long, dark hair.
    • Nina: No, it wasn’t her, then. Now, we’re all going out tomorrow, aren’t we? Shall we go for a pizza, or shall we go to the cinema?
    • (4)………………
    • Anna: I’ll ask her tonight and tell you tomorrow. By the way, someone told me your mum’s not very well. What’s the matter?(5)……………..
    • Nina: Oh, she’s OK. She’s had a bad sore throat, that’s all, but it’s getting better now.
    • Anna:Oh, it’s not too bad, then.
    What would she like to do? What does she look like? How is she? What does she like doing? What’s she like? 2 Read the conversation between Anna and Nina, two schoolgirls. Put one of the questions from the box into each gap.
  • 11. Grammar question
    • 1 Match the questions from the box in Exercise 2 with the definitions below.
    • Question Definition
    • a.________________ = Tell me about her physical appearance.
    • b.__________________ = Tell me about her interests and hobbies.
    • c.__________________ = Tell me about her because I don’t know anything about her.
    • d.__________________ = Tell me about her health.
    • e.__________________ = Tell me about her preference for tomorrow evening.
    • 2 In which questions it like used as a verb, and in which is it a preposition?
    What's she like? What does she look like? What would she like to do? How is she? pre pre Verb verb What does she like doing?
  • 12. Question and answers Match a question in A with an answer in B.
    • A
    • a. What does he like?
    • b. What’s he like?
    • c. What does she look like?
    • d. How is he?
    • B
    • He isn’t very well, actually. He’s got the flu.
    • He’s really nice. Very friendly and open, and good fun to be with.
    • He likes swimming and skiing, and he’s a keen football fan.
    • He’s quite tall, average build, with straight brown hair.
    a b c d
  • 13. LISTENING Listen to nine short descriptions of people or things. Write an appropriate question for each. 1. What's he like? 2. How is she? 3. What does she like doing? 4. What’s the weather like where you are? 5. What does she look like? 6. How is he? 7. What’s she like? 8. What was your holiday like? 9. What sort of books do you like?
  • 14. Listening
    • Descripsion
    • Gosh! Haven’t you ever tried Indian food? It’s absolutely delicious. Really rich! It can be hot, but it doesn’t have to be.
    • Question
    What do you like doing at the weekend? Who do you look like in your family? What’s Indian food like?
  • 15. Descriptions
    • In pairs, ask and answer the following questions.
    • What sort of things do you like doing?
    • How are your parents?
    • Who do you look like in your family?
    • Who are you like in terms of character?
    • What are you like as a person?
    • What’s your school like?
    • What does your teacher look like?
    What do you like doing at the weekend? Who do you look like in your family?
  • 16. Descriptions In pairs, ask and answer the following questions.
    • What sort of things do you like doing?
    • How are your parents?
    • Who do you look like in your family?
    • Who are you like in terms of
    • character?
    • What are you like as a person?
    • What’s your school like?
    • What does your teacher look like?
    √ √ √ √
  • 17. Verb patterns Verb + - ing Verbs+ to + infinitive Verbs+ preposition+ -ing Verbs+ sb+ to+ infinitive Verbs+ sb+ infinitive (no to) Verbs+ -ing or to + infinitive ( with no change in meaning ) Verbs + - ing or to + infinitive ( with a change of meaning )
  • 18. Note We often use the verb go + -ing for sports and activities. I go swimming every day. I go shopping on weekends. doing Swimming cooking adore can't stand don 't mind Enjoy finish look forward to Verbs + - ing Notes 1 Help and dare can be used without to. We helped clean up the kitchen. They didn't dare disagree with him. 2 Have to for obligation. I have to wear a uniform 3 Used to for past habits. I used to smoke,but I quit last year. To do To come To cook Agree Forget help hope Learn Manage Choose Dare decide expect Need Offer Promise refuse Seem want would hate would like would love would prefer Verbs + to + infinitive
  • 19. Let cannot be used in the passive.Allowed to is used instead. She was allowed to leave. Notes To is used with make in the passive. We were made to work hard. do Her us help let make Verbs + sb + infinitive (no to) NOTE Help can be used without to. I helped him do the dishes. to do to go to come me him them someone advise Allow ask Beg Encourage Expect Help Invite Need order remind tell Want Warn Would like Verbs + sb + to + infinitive
  • 20. Doing to do begin continue Hate like Love Prefer start Verbs + - ing or to + infinitive (with little or no change in meaning) 4. I stopped to drink a coffee. (= I stopped doing something else in order to have a cup of coffee.) 5. tried to sleep. (= I wanted to sleep, but it was difficult.) 6. I tried counting sheep and drinking a glass of warns milk. (= These were possible ways of getting to sleep.) Notes 1. I remember posting the letter. (= I have a memory now of a past action: posting the letter.) 2. I remembered to post the letter. (= I reminded myself to post the letter.I didn't forget.) 3. stopped drinking coffee. (= I gave up the habit.) Doing To do remember stop try Verbs + - ing or to + infinitive (with a change in meaning) remember We’re thinking of morning the house I’m looking forward to having more free time Doing Learning Be bored with Be interested in Be fed up with Verbs+ pre+ - ing
  • 21. Dear Dennis We just wanted (a) say/to say/saying thank you for putting us up before we caught the plane last week. It was a lonely evening, and we enjoyed (b) meeeting/to meet/meet your friends, Pete and Sarah. We maraged (c) get/getting/to get to the airport with plenty of time to spare. We even tried (d) getting/to get/get an earlier flight, but it wasn’t possible. We had a wonderful holiday in Spain. We just loved (e) driving/to drive/drive through the countryside, and we often stopped (f) walk/walking/to walk round a mountain village. We met our friends, Bill and Sue, and they invited us (g) having/to have/have a meal with them. They wanted (h) that we stay/us to stay/we to stay with them, but we couldn’t, as we had already booked a hotel. The weather was fantastic. The sun didn’t stop (i) shining/to shine/shine all the time we were there. Leaving Spain was very sad. It made me (j) want/wanting/to want to cry. Anyway, we’re looking forward to hearing from you, and hope (k) see/to see/seeing you soon. Let us (l) to know/knowing/know if you’re evfe in the area. You must call in. Best wishes, Sandra
  • 22. PRACTICE Grammar and listening When one verb is followed by another, different patterns are possible. Put the verbs from the Presentation text in the correct box. love doing want someone to do want to do make someone do Verb + -ing Verb + infinitive (with to) Verb + person + infinitive with to Verb + person + Infinitive without to enjoy doing try doing stop doing manage to do stop to do hope to do invite someone to do let someone do
  • 23.
    • Discussing grammar
    • Work in pair and discuss your answer.
    • In the following sentences, two verbs are possible and one is not. Underline the
    • verb that is not possible.
    • a. My father to mend my bike.
    • 1 promised 2 didn’t mind 3 tried
    • b. She her son to turn down his music.
    • 1 asked 2 wanted 3 made
    • I going on long walks.
    • 1 refuse 2 can’t stand 3 adore
    • d. We to go shopping.
    • 1 need 2 love 3 enjoy
    • e. She me do the cooking.
    • 1 wanted 2 made 3 helped
    • f. I working for the bank twenty years ago.
    • 1 started 2 stopped 3 decided
  • 24.
    • a. My father……………to mend my bike.
    • b. She……her son to turn down his music.
    • c. I……………………...going on long walks.
    • d. We……………….to go shopping.
    • e. She……….me do the cooking.
    • I……….. working for the bank twenty
    • years ago.
    Change the sentences in Exercise 1 using the verb you underlined. a. My father didn’t mind mending my bike . b. She made her son turn down his music. c. I refuse to go on long walks. d.We enjoy going shopping. e. She wanted me to do the cooking. f. I decided to work for the bank twety . 1 promised 2 didn’t mind 3 tried 1 asked 2 wanted 3 made 1 refuse 2 can’t stand 3 enjoy 3 adore 1 need 2 made 2 love 1 wanted 3 helped 3 decided 2 stopped 1 started
  • 25. LANGUAGE REVIEW Asking for descriptions 1.What’s London like? means ‘Tell me about London because I don’t know anything about it’. It is a very general question. When it is asked about a person, the answer can refer to character or appearance or both. What’s Peter like? He’s quite tall, with short blond hair. He’s really nice. You’d like him. 2. What does she look like? asks for a physical descriptions. What does she look like? She’s very pretty. She’s got long black hair, and dark, mysterious eyes. 3. How are your parents? asks about their health and general happiness. It does not ask for a description. How are your parents? They’re fine, thanks. My mother had a cold, but she’s better now.
  • 26. 1 Look at the following groups of words. Which four of the surrounding words in each group cannot go with the noun in the centre? PEOPLE reserved bored sociable elderly young expensive boring tall rude antique high crowded starving rich wealthy sophisticated
  • 27. 1 Look at the following groups of words. Which four of the surrounding words in each group cannot go with the noun in the centre? PEOPLE reserved bored sociable elderly young expensive boring tall rude antique high crowded starving rich wealthy sophisticated
  • 28. 1 Look at the following groups of words. Which four of the surrounding words in each group cannot go with the noun in the centre? TOWN capital old rural polluted young antique cosmopolitan historic industrial excited modern busy exciting seaside agricultural overcrowded
  • 29. 1 Look at the following groups of words. Which four of the surrounding words in each group cannot go with the noun in the centre? TOWN capital old rural polluted young antique cosmopolitan historic industrial excited modern busy exciting seaside agricultural overcrowded
  • 30. 1 Look at the following groups of words. Which four of the surrounding words in each group cannot go with the noun in the centre? boiled delicious fresh tasty fast frozen tasteless vegetarian starving plain disgusting rich tasteful FOOD home-grown disgusted wealthy
  • 31.  
  • 32. 1 Look at the following groups of words. Which four of the surrounding words in each group cannot go with the noun in the centre? boiled delicious fresh tasty fast frozen tasteless vegetarian starving plain disgusting rich tasteful FOOD home-grown disgusted wealthy
  • 33.
    • Put a suitable adjective from Exercise 1 into the gaps in the following
    • Conversations. If necessary, use their comparative or superlative froms.
    • Example
    • Billy’s only two so he’s the youngest in the family .
    • ‘ What is Anna’s brother like?’
    • ‘ Well, he is certainly ………………., dark and handsome, but I didn’t
    • enjoy meeting him at all. He is even ………………than she is!’
    • ‘ What was your meal like?’
    • ‘ Ugh! It was awful. The pizza was………………. We were absolutely
    • …………… , but we still couldn’t eat it!’
    • ‘ Did you have a good time in Amsterdam?’
    • ‘ Excellent, thank you. There’s so much to do. It’s a really…………….
    • city. And there are so many people from all over yhe world, it’s even
    • …………………… .. than London.’
    • ‘ Mmm! These courgettes are………………. Did you grow them yourselves?’
    • ‘ Yes, we did. All our vegetables are……………….’
    tall ruder disgusting starving exciting more cosmopolitan delicious home-grown 3. T.45 Listen and check your answers. Work with a partner and practise saying some of the dialogues, paying particular attention to the intonation.
  • 34. 1.How come it is so difficult to find English food in England? In Greece you eat Greek food, in France food, in Italy Italian food, But in England, in any High Street in the land,it is easier to find Indian and Chinese restaurants than English ones.In London you can eat Thai,Protuguese,Turkish,Lebanese,Japanese,Russian,Polish,Swiss,Swedish,Spanish<and Italian-but where are the English restaurants? 2.It is not only restaurants that foreign dishes are replacing traditional British food.In every supermarker,sales of pasta,pizaa and poppadoms are booming.Why has this happened?What is wrong with the cooks of Britain that thay prefer cooking pasta to potatoes?Why do the British choose to eat lasagna instead of shepherd’s pie?Why do they now like cooking in wine and olive oil?But perhaps it is a good thing.After all,this is the end of the 20th century and we can get ingredients from all over the world in just a few hours.Anyway,wasn’t English food always disgusting and tasteless?Wasn’t it always boiled to death and swimming in fat?The answer to these questions is a resounding ‘No’,but to understand this,we have to go back to beforeWorld War II. 3.The British have in fact always imported food from abroad.From the time of the Roman invasion foreign trade was a major influence on British cooking.English kiychens,like the English language,absorbed ingredients from all over the word-chickens,rabbits,apples,and tea.All of these and more were successfully in corporated into British dishes.Another important influence on British cooking was of course the weather.The good old British rain gives us rich soil and green grass,and means that we are able to produce some of the finest varieties of meat,fruit and vegetables,which don’t need fancy sauces or complicated recipes to disguise their taste. 4.However,World War II changed everything.Wartime women had to forget 600 years of British cooking,learn to do without foreign imports,and retion their use of home-grown food The Ministry of Food published cheap,boring recipes.The joke of the war was a dish called Woolton Pie(named after the Minister for food!).This consistedof a mixture of boiled vegetables covered in white sauce with mashed potato on the top.Britain never managed to recover from the wartime attitude to food.We were left with a loss of confidence in our cooking skills and after years of Ministry recipes we began to believe that British food was boring,and we searched the world for sophisticated,new dishes which gave hope of a better future.The British people became tourists at their own dining tables and in the restaurants of their land!This is a tragedy!Surely food is as much a part of our culture as our landscape,our language,and our literature.Nowaday,cooking British food is like speaking a dead language.It is almost as bizarre as having a conversation in Anglo-Saxon English! 5.However,there is still one small ray of hope.British pubs are often the best places to eat well and cheaply in Britain,and they also increasingly try to serve tasty British food.Cam we recommend to you our two favourite places to eat in Britain?The shepherd’s Inn in Melmerby,Cumbria,and the Dolphin Inn in Kingston,Devon.Their steak and mushroom pie,Lancashire hotpot,and bread and butter pudding are three of the gastronomic wonders of the world! good In search of English food READING AND SPEAKING
  • 35. Pre-reading task Work in pairs. France India Switzerland Turkey Spain America Italy Mexico Greece England 1. Do you know any typical meals from the following countries? France : India : Switzerland : Turkey : Spain : America : Italy : Mexico : Greece : England : Boeuf bourgignon, coq au vin, bouillabaisse , onion soup, cheese, salads. Curry, rice fondue, chocolate, rosti. kebabs, figs. omelette, paella, tapas. burgers and French fties, steak, turkey pasta, osso bucco, spaghetti bolognese taco shells, chilli con carne, peppers lamb, salad, yoghurt, calamare. roast beef and Yorkshire pudding, roast lamb, sausages, fish and chips, custard. What do you think influences a country’s food? What Influences the food in your country?
  • 36. 2. Read these quotations about English food. Do all the people have the same opinion about English food?  ‘It takes some skill to spoil a breakfast-even the English can’t do it!’ J K Galbraith, economist ‘On the Continent people have good food; in England people have good table manners.’ George Mikes, writer and humorist ‘ If the Eglish can survive their food, they can survive anything!’ George Bernard Shaw, writer ‘ Even today, well-brought up English girls are taught to boil all vegetables for at least a month and a half, just in case one of the dinner guests comes without his teeth!’ Calvin Trillin, American writer ‘English cooking? You just put things into boiling water and then take them out again after a long while!’ An anonymous French chef
  • 37. In search of good English food 1.How come it is difficult to find English food in England? In Greece you eat Greek food,in France food,in Italy Italian food, But in England,in any High Street in the land,it is easier to find Indian and Chinese restaurants than English ones.In London you can eat Thai,Protuguese,Turkish,Lebanese,Japanese,Russian,Polish,Swiss,Swedish,Spanish<and Italian-but where are the English restaurants? 2.It is not only restaurants that foreign dishes are replacing traditional British food.In every supermarker,sales of pasta,pizaa and poppadoms are booming.Why has this happened?What is wrong with the cooks of Britain that thay prefer cooking pasta to potatoes?Why do the British choose to eat lasagna instead of shepherd’s pie?Why do they now like cooking in wine and olive oil?But perhaps it is a good thing.After all,this is the end of the 20th century and we can get ingredients from all over the world in just a few hours.Anyway,wasn’t English food always disgusting and tasteless?Wasn’t it always boiled to death and swimming in fat?The answer to these questions is a resounding ‘No’,but to understand this,we have to go back to beforeWorld War II. 3.The British have in fact always imported food from abroad.From the time of the Roman invasion foreign trade was a major influence on British cooking.English kiychens,like the English language,absorbed ingredients from all over the word-chickens,rabbits,apples,and tea.All of these and more were successfully in corporated into British dishes.Another important influence on British cooking was of course the weather.The good old British rain gives us rich soil and green grass,and means that we are able to produce some of the finest varieties of meat,fruit and vegetables,which don’t need fancy sauces or complicated recipes to disguise their taste. 4.However,World War II changed everything.Wartime women had to forget 600 years of British cooking,learn to do without foreign imports,and retion their use of home-grown food The Ministry of Food published cheap,boring recipes.The joke of the war was a dish called Woolton Pie(named after the Minister for food!).This consistedof a mixture of boiled vegetables covered in white sauce with mashed potato on the top.Britain never managed to recover from the wartime attitude to food.We were left with a loss of confidence in our cooking skills and after years of Ministry recipes we began to believe that British food was boring,and we searched the world for sophisticated,new dishes which gave hope of a better future.The British people became tourists at their own dining tables and in the restaurants of their land!This is a tragedy!Surely food is as much a part of our culture as our landscape,our language,and our literature.Nowaday,cooking British food is like speaking a dead language.It is almost as bizarre as having a conversation in Anglo-Saxon English! 5.However,there is still one small ray of hope.British pubs are often the best places to eat well and cheaply in Britain,and they also increasingly try to serve tasty British food.Cam we recommend to you our two favourite places to eat in Britain?The shepherd’s Inn in Melmerby,Cumbria,and the Dolphin Inn in Kingston,Devon.Their steak and mushroom pie,Lancashire hotpot,and bread and butter pudding are three of the gastronomic wonders of the world! While-reading
  • 38. In search of good English food 1.How come it is difficult to find English food in England? In Greece you eat Greek food,in France food,in Italy Italian food, But in England,in any High Street in the land,it is easier to find Indian and Chinese restaurants than English ones.In London you can eat Thai,Protuguese,Turkish,Lebanese,Japanese,Russian,Polish,Swiss,Swedish,Spanish<and Italian-but where are the English restaurants? 2.It is not only restaurants that foreign dishes are replacing traditional British food.In every supermarker,sales of pasta,pizaa and poppadoms are booming.Why has this happened?What is wrong with the cooks of Britain that thay prefer cooking pasta to potatoes?Why do the British choose to eat lasagna instead of shepherd’s pie?Why do they now like cooking in wine and olive oil?But perhaps it is a good thing.After all,this is the end of the 20th century and we can get ingredients from all over the world in just a few hours.Anyway,wasn’t English food always disgusting and tasteless?Wasn’t it always boiled to death and swimming in fat?The answer to these questions is a resounding ‘No’,but to understand this,we have to go back to beforeWorld War II. 3.The British have in fact always imported food from abroad.From the time of the Roman invasion foreign trade was a major influence on British cooking.English kiychens,like the English language,absorbed ingredients from all over the word-chickens,rabbits,apples,and tea.All of these and more were successfully in corporated into British dishes.Another important influence on British cooking was of course the weather.The good old British rain gives us rich soil and green grass,and means that we are able to produce some of the finest varieties of meat,fruit and vegetables,which don’t need fancy sauces or complicated recipes to disguise their taste. Reading Read the text quickly. Match a paragraph 1-5 with a summary below.
    • Historical and climatic influences on
    • British cooking.
    • There’s everything except an English
    • restaurant.
    -The legacy of World War II -Where there is hope for the future -The British love affair with international cooking. In search of good English food
  • 39. Reading Read the text quickly. Match a paragraph 1-5 with a summary below. In search of good English food
    • Historical and climatic influences on
    • British cooking.
    • There’s everything except an English
    • restaurant.
    -The legacy of World War II -Where there is hope for the future -The British love affair with international cooking. 4.However,World War II changed everything.Wartime women had to forget 600 years of British cooking,learn to do without foreign imports,and retion their use of home-grown food The Ministry of Food published cheap,boring recipes.The joke of the war was a dish called Woolton Pie(named after the Minister for food!).This consistedof a mixture of boiled vegetables covered in white sauce with mashed potato on the top.Britain never managed to recover from the wartime attitude to food.We were left with a loss of confidence in our cooking skills and after years of Ministry recipes we began to believe that British food was boring,and we searched the world for sophisticated,new dishes which gave hope of a better future.The British people became tourists at their own dining tables and in the restaurants of their land!This is a tragedy!Surely food is as much a part of our culture as our landscape,our language,and our literature.Nowaday,cooking British food is like speaking a dead language.It is almost as bizarre as having a conversation in Anglo-Saxon English! 5.However,there is still one small ray of hope.British pubs are often the best places to eat well and cheaply in Britain,and they also increasingly try to serve tasty British food.Cam we recommend to you our two favourite places to eat in Britain?The shepherd’s Inn in Melmerby,Cumbria,and the Dolphin Inn in Kingston,Devon.Their steak and mushroom pie,Lancashire hotpot,and bread and butter pudding are three of the gastronomic wonders of the world!
  • 40. Post-reading Read the article more carefully. Choose the best answer,a,b or c. 1. The writers believe that British cooking… a. has always been very bad. b. was good until World War II. c. is good because it is so international. 2.They say that the British… a. eat only traditional British food in their homes. b. don’t like cooking with foreign ingredients. c. buy lots of foreign ingredients. 3. They say that the British weather… a. enbles the British to produce good quality food. b. often ruins ftuit and vegetables. c. is not such an important influence on British food as foreign trade. Comprehension check
    • 4. They say that World War II had a great
    • influence on British cooking because…
    • a. traditional British cooking was rediscovered
    • and some good cheap recipes were produced.
    • people had limitless supplies of home-grown
    • food.
    • people stanrted to believe that British food was
    • boring,so after the war they wanted to cook more
    • interesting and international dishes.
    • 5.They say that…
    • a. British tourists try lots of new dishes when
    • they are abroad
    • nowadays it is very unusual for British people
    • to cook British food
    • c. literature and language are more culturally important
    • than food
    • 6.the writers’ final conclusion about British cooking
    • is that…
    • a. there is no hope.
    • you will only be able to get British food in
    • expensive restaurants.
    • you wil be able to get more good
    • traditional British dishes,especially in pubs.
    b b c c a c
  • 41. Language work Work in pairs. Study the text and find the following.
    • One example of like used
    • as a verb and two examples of
    • l ike use as a preposition.
    • 2. Two examples of the pattern,
    • adjective + infinitive.
    • It’s impossible to learn English.
    • 3. Examples of verbs that are
    • followed by an –ing form.
    • I love learning English.
    • 4. Examples of verbs that are
    • followed by an infinitive with to.
    • I want to learn Italian.
    • Like as a verb
    :- Why do they now like Cooking in wine and olive oil?(para.2) Like as a prepossition: - Engllish kitchens, like the English Language (para.3) - cooking British food is like speaking a Dead language (para.4) 2. – difficult to find(para.1) - Easier to find (para.1) - Able to produce (para.3) 3. Prefer cooking (para.2) Like cooking (para.2) 4. Choose to eat (para.2) Had to forget (para.4) Learn to do (para.4) Managed to recover (para.4) Began to believe (para.4) Try to serve (para.5)
  • 42. LISTENING AND SPEAKING New York and London
    • Pre-listening task
    • Look at the pictures of New York and London.
    • What do you know about the cities?
    • Have you been there? What did you do?
    • What did you think of these cities?
  • 43. Listening Work in two groups Group A T.46a Listen to Sheila and Bob talking About when they lived in New York. Bob and Sheila spent two years living in New York because of Bob’s work as a banker. Neither of them had lived in a big city before. They now live back in England, in a small Village outside London. Group B T.46b Listen to Terry. American who lives in London. Terry Tomscha talks about her experience of living and working in England, where she has been for the Past eleven years.
    • What do they/ does she say about the following things?
    • People
    • Shops
    • Work and holidays
    • Transport
    • General opinions
  • 44. Post-listening Comprehension check
    • 1.People
    • What are they like?
    • What is important to them?
    • What do they like doing?
    • Where do they live?
    • 2.Shops
    • -What are they like?
    • -Do they like them?
    • -What time do they open?
    New York is cosmopolitan, but not as mixed as London. Nationalities stay in their own areas. People are ruder, fights getting on a bus. The taxi drivers are the rudest in the world. Bob also says that Americans are friendly. They made a lot of friends. They says that Americans are more open. The average Englishman is cold and not very open. In the States people start conversations in the street. Americans are more pontaneous and enthusiastic. But the English improve as you get to know them. Once you’ve made a friend, it’s a friend for life. English people think Americans are inferior because they get excited by everything. American people stand closer when they’re talking. Bob and Sheila Terry Open till 10.00 at night, so Bob could work and lead a normal life. Gimbles department store open till 9.00. Some super-markets open 24 hours a day. Most shops don’t open till 10.00 or 11.00 in the morning. Everything is open on Sunday. It’s easier to spend money in the States. Shops are open all the time. The shops are open later now than when she frist arrived.
  • 45. 3.Work and holidays 4.Transport -What do they mention? 5.General opinions -Is it a good place to live? Why? Bob and Sheila Terry People work later. The public holidays are shorter, only the banks are shut. Bob worked on the sixty-third floor. Americans work a lot harder. For Americans their work is the most important thing in their lives. Holidays are longer in England. The whole country closes down for two weeks at Christmas and New Year. Americans live to work, like the Japanese. The taxi drivers are the rudest in the world. The subways are unusable. They are dirty and uncomfortable. The taxi drivers are wonderful. They liked it a lot. They had a wonderful time. Life is easier. You could do what you liked when you liked. New York is a dangerous place, but they never had any problems. They made a lot of friends. Life is easier in the States. It’s easier to make money and it’s easier to spend it. But she loves living in England. It’s safer, more relaxed, more enjoyable. England doesn’t have the drametic beauty of the States, but it’s very prettty and charming in a way she finds comforting.
  • 46. Writing and speaking
    • 1 Relative clauses are used to tell us which person or thing we are talking about. They make it possible to give more information about the person or thing being spoken about.
    • The boy has gone to the beach. (Which boy?)
    • The boy who lives next door has gone to the beach.
    • The book is very good. (Which book?)
    • The book that I bought yesterday is very good. This is a photo of the hotel. (Which hotel?) This is a photo of the hotel where we stayed.
    • 2 We use who to refer to people (and we can also use that). The book is about a girl who marries a millionaire. We use that to refer to things (and we can also use which). What was the name of the horse that won the race?
    • 3. When who or that is the object of a relative clause, it can be left out. The person you need to talk to is on holiday.
    • The book I bought yesterday is very good.
    • But when who or that is the subject of a relative clause, it must be included.
    • I like people who are kind and considerate. I want a computer that is easy to use.
  • 47.
    • 4. Which can be used to refer to the whole previous sentence or idea.
    • I passed my driving test on my first attempt, which surprised everyone.
    • Jane can't come to the party, which is a shame.
    • We use whose to refer to someone's possessions.
    • That's the woman whose dog ran away.
    • That's the man whose wife won the lottery.
    • 6. We can use where to refer to places.
    • The hotel where we stayed was right on the beach. We went back to the place where we first met.
  • 48. Participles
    • * Participles after a noun define and identify in the same way as relative clauses .
    • That woman driving the red Porsche is my aunt.
    • The men seen outside were probably the thieves.
  • 49.
    • Describing a room
    • Think of your favourite room. Draw a plan of it on a piece of paper.
    • Write down why you like it and some adjectives to describe it.
    • My favourite room is… I like it because it is…
    • Show partner your plan and talk about why you like the room.
  • 50. T.47 Read and listen to the description of a favourite room. Use your dictionary to look up any new words . My favourite room MY FAVOURITE room is our kitchen. Perhaps the kitchen is the most important room in many houses, but it is particularly so in our house because it’s not only where we cook and eat but it’s also the main meeting place for family and friends. I have so many happy memories of times spent there: special occasions such as homecomings or cooking Christmas dinner; troubled times, which lead to comforting cups of tea in the middle of the night; ordinary daily events such as making breakfast on dark, cold winter mornings for cross, sleepy children before sending them off to school, then sitting down to read the newspaper with a steaming hot mug of coffee. Whenever we have a party, people gravitate with their drinks to the kitchen. It always ends up the fullest and noisiest room in the house. SO WHAT does this special room look like? It’s quite big, but not huge. It’s big enough to have a good-sized rectangular table in the centre, which is the focal point of the room. There is a large window above the sink, which looks out onto two apple our kitchen. trees in the garden. The cooker is at one end, and above it is a wooden pulley, which is old-fashioned but very useful for drying clothers in wet weather. At the other end is a wall with a large notice-board, which tells the story of our lives, past, present, and future, in wors and pictures: a school photo of Megan and Kate, a postcard from Auntie Nancy in Australia, the menu from a take-away Chinese restaurant, a wedding invitation for next Saturday. All our world is there for everyone to read! THE FRONT door is seldom used in our house, only by strangers. All our friends use the back door, which means they come straight into the kitchen and join in whatever is happening there. The kettle goes on immediately and then we all sit round the table, drinking tea and putting the world to rights! Without doubt some of the happiest times of my life have been spent in our kitchen.
  • 51. There are four mistakes in the picture. What are they? 1. The table is rectangular, not round. 2. The trees are apple trees, not pear trees. 3. You can see two of them through the Window. 4. The menu on the notice-board is for a Chinese restaurant, not an Indian restaurant.
  • 52. The relative pronouns which and where are used in the text. Find them and underline them. What does each one refer to?
    • Where we cook refers to the kitchen
    • Which lead to refers to troubled times
    • Which is the focal point of the room refers to the table.
    • Which looks out refers to the window
    • Which is old-fashioned refers to the pulley
    • Which tells refers to the notice-board
    • Which means they come refers to the fact that all our
    • friends use the back door
  • 53. Link the following sentences with the correct relative pronoun: who, which, that, where, whose. a. The blonde lady is my wife. She’s wearing a black dress. b. There’s the hospital. My sister works there . c. The postcard arrived this morning. It’s from Auntie Nancy. d. I passed all my exams. This made my father very proud . e. Did you meet the girl? Her mother teaches French . The blonde lady who’s wearing a black dress is my wife. There’s the hospital where my sister works. The postcard that arrived this morning is from Auntie Nancy. I passed all my exams, which made my farther very proud. Did you meet the girl whose mother teaches French?
  • 54.  
  • 55. Link the following sentences with the correct relative pronoun: who, which, that, where, whose. a. The blonde lady is my wife. She’s wearing a black dress . b. There’s the hospital. My sister works there. c . The postcard arrived this morning. It’s from Auntie Nancy . d. I passed all my exams. This made my father very proud. e. Did you meet the girl? Her mother teaches French. The blonde lady who’s wearing a black dress is my wife. There’s the hospital where my sister works. The postcard that arrived this morning is from Auntie Nancy. I passed all my exams, which made my farther very proud. Did you meet the girl whose mother teaches French?
  • 56. Link the following sentences with the correct relative pronoun: who, which, that, where, whose. a. The blonde lady is my wife. She’s wearing a black dress. b. There’s the hospital. My sister works there . c. The postcard arrived this morning. It’s from Auntie Nancy. d. I passed all my exams. This made my father very proud. e. Did you meet the girl? Her mother teaches French. The blonde lady who’s wearing a black dress is my wife. There’s the hospital where my sister works. The postcard that arrived this morning is from Auntie Nancy. I passed all my exams, which made my farther very proud. Did you meet the girl whose mother teaches French?
  • 57. Write a similar description of your favourite room in about 250 words. Describe it and give reasons why you like it.
  • 58. Post Script Signs and soundbites Where would you see or hear the following? DRY CLEAN ONLY Government health warning Tobacco seriously damages your health Coming next on Capital-traffic news and the weather VACANT On an item of clothing On a cigarette packet On a toilet door A radio station
  • 59. Post Script Signs and soundbites Where would you see or hear the following? DRY CLEAN ONLY Government health warning Tobacco seriously damages your health Coming next on Capital-traffic news and the weather VACANT On an item of clothing On a cigarette packet On a toilet door A radio station
  • 60. The management accepts no responsibility Coat and other articles left at owner’s risk . Signs and soundbites Where would you see or hear the following? VISITORS ARE REQUESTED TO KEEP TO THE PATHS A table for four, please. PAY AND DISPLAY Post Script In a restaurant. In a public car park In a public place such as a pub or restaurant In a park
  • 61. Your faithfully, Veronica Vazey Is service included? KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN SERVICES 20 MILES Post Script Signs and soundbites Where would you see or hear the following? On a motorway On a bottle or a packet of medicine In a restaurant At the bottom of a formal letter
  • 62. said in reply to a shop assistant asking ‘ Can I help you?’ on a medicine bottle or a pot of skin cream at the botton of an informal letter or postcard Post Script Signs and soundbites Where would you see or hear the following? No, I’m just looking thank you. FOR EXTERNAL USE ONLY Don’t forget to give my love to everyone at home.
  • 63. Thank you for your listening
  • 64.
    • if I had gone to class yesterday, I wouldn’t have missed the test
    • … not to leave the house until she got back
    • If hew knew… he’d tell
    • If he didn’t smoke a lot, he’d feel better
    • I am not impressed by…..
    • That course has been taught by… since 1985
    • Many residents in the city are being affected by…
    • A new hospital is going to be builtoutside of town
  • 65.
    • Who was the play written by?
    • She prefers studying to watching films
    • When I was a pupil, I used to go to school by bus
    • When my mother came home, I had done all the exercises
    • Many accidents have been happened bacause of careless driving
    • My father didn’t use to smoke
    • If she comes, I’ll give her this book

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