Rome Empire 1 B.C. – 5- 6 A.D. – title slide Context The Roman Empire and the Celts The Roman Empire and the Thracians The Roman Empire and the German tribes What do we have in common Novae - legionary headquarters
The Celts were a group of tribesinhabiting CentralEurope in 800-450 B.C. light green * - maximal Celtic expansion, by 275 BC
Thracians inhabited parts of theancient provinces: Thrace, Moesia, Macedonia, Sarmatia, Bithynia,Pannonia, and other regions on the Balkans and Anatolia. A map of ancient Thrace *
By the 5th century BC, the most powerful Thracian kingdom was the Odrysian kingdom of Thrace. The Thracian kingdom was at one time overrun by the Celts, but usually maintained its own kings. Thrace was annexed as a Roman province The Thracian Tomb of Kazanluk – in 46 A.D. Bulgaria *
Over the next few centuries, the province was periodically and increasingly attacked by migrating Germanic tribes. The Roman province of Thrace *
In the 2nd century BC, Germanic tribes move south and east from Scandinavia.
By the 3rd century AD various German tribes had settled along the natural borders of the Roman empire - Visigoths, Ostrogoths, Franks. Ruins of a Gothic basilica from Late Antiquity in Northeastern Bulgaria *
The Roman empire in the time of Hadrian (ruled 117-38 A.D.), showing, on the lower Danube river, the imperial provinces of Moesia Superior (Serbia) and Moesia Inferior (North Bulgaria/coastal Romania).
The Boii (a Celtic tribe) possibly gave their name to Bavaria, and Celtic artefacts and cemeteries have been discovered further east in what is now Poland and Slovakia.
The site of Novae is situated on the southern bank of the Danube, in Bulgaria, near Svishtov. The camp appeared in 45 AD and initially provided accommodation to the 8th legion of Augustus.