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Am chrhistory04 constitution

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  • 1. Biblical Principles in the Constitution of the United States Dr. Paul Jehle
  • 2. Declaration of Independence – 1776 Charter of the Constitution “ We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, and endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness…”
  • 3.
    • 27 Episcopalians (a strong federal head)
    • 10 Presbyterians (strong State rights)
    • 6 Congregationalists (democratic element)
    • 3 Quakers; 2 Dutch Reformed; 2 Methodist; 2 Catholic; 2 Deist? and 1 Lutheran
    The Constitutional Convention “ It is too probable that no plan we propose will be adopted. Perhaps another dreadful conflict is to be sustained. If, to please the people, we offer what we ourselves disapprove, how can we afterward defend our work? Let us raise a standard to which the wise and the honest can repair; the event is in the hand of God.” – George Washington, May, 1787
  • 4. (1) Express Powers Document
    • Nature of O.T. Law; 1 st Corinthians 3:21-23
    • Christian Self-Government – God’s flow of power directly to the heart of the individual
    • “ We the people… do ordain and establish”
    • God-given unalienable rights - vertical
    • Only powers government has are expressed
    • Art I; Section 2 – House of Representatives
    • Art I; Section 8 – Powers of Congress
    • Amendments 9-10 – Retain Express Powers
  • 5. (2) Federalism
    • Exodus 19:5-8; The United Tribes of Israel
    • Biblical Covenant – Government in covenant with God and the people (Declaration)
    • “… in order to form a more perfect union”
    • States in confederation with one another
    • Art I; Section 3 – Senate
    • Art I; Section 9-10 – Restraints on States
    • Art IV – Rights of States
    • Amendments 9-10 - Retain State Rights
  • 6. (3) Equality
    • Leviticus 24:22; one law for all the people
    • Christian Individuality – Each individual is equal before the law, possessing equal rights
    • “… establish justice”
    • Impartial justice (law and equity)
    • Art III; Section 2 – Cases of Law & Equity
    • 7 th Amendment – Common Law
    • 13 th Amendment – Abolition of slavery
  • 7. (4) Jurisdiction
    • 2 nd Chronicles 26:14-19 – King and Priest
    • Biblical sovereignty – Each office in church and state rule in a limited measure
    • “… insure domestic tranquility”
    • Appellate power with limited spheres
    • Horizontal checks and balances – legislative, executive and judicial
    • Republic vs. Democracy
    • Art I–V, VII – structural checks on power
  • 8. (5) Liberty
    • Proverbs 24:30-34; 25:28 – walls or protection
    • Christian Character – Liberty is maintained through watchful vigilance
    • “… provide for the common defense”
    • Liberty to succeed or fail is the solution
    • Protection vs. provision – role of government
    • Military subjected to the Civil power
    • Art I, Section 8 – Declaration of War
    • 2 nd Amendment – Personal before collective security
  • 9. (6) Responsibility
    • Ecclesiastes 3:13 – personal responsibility
    • Biblical Stewardship – Personal responsibility precedes greater authority and restraint
    • “… promote the general welfare”
    • Promote vs. subsidizing (special welfare)
    • Government plays the referee
    • Art I, Section 8 – promotion of private responsibility in commerce & copyrights
  • 10. (7) Posterity
    • Psalm 127 – Legacy of the righteous
    • Biblical Growth – what we sow today in will be the inheritance of tomorrow
    • “ ..and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity”
    • Freedom of private education
    • Economic inheritance to the faithful
    • A legacy of liberty protected by government
    • 4 th Amendment – right of privacy
  • 11.
    • Biblical Principles in the Constitution
    • Express Powers
    • Federalism
    • Equality
    • Jurisdiction
    • Liberty
    • Responsibility
    • Posterity