NAMES OF GROUP
Anna febrianti 201012500762
Intan sari 201012500767
Masyita rani 201012500767
Provide your own definition of vocabulary.
Identify reason why vocabulary instruction is receiving more
attention now than in the past.
Describe some of basic principles of vocabulary development.
Formulate vocabulary questions that help learners use higher-
order thinking skills.
Apply activities which can be used to promote vocabulary
WHAT IS VOCABULARY?
Vocabulary is the collection of words that an
As a teacher, it is important that you include
verbs, adjectives, adverbs, and preposition as a part
of your vocabulary curriculum.
BACKGROUND TO THE
TEACHING OF VOCABULARY
Vocabulary development is an important aspect of
language development and the research that has been
conducted in recent years is very exciting.
“it is important to use both formal and informal
vocabulary instruction that engages students’ cognitive
skills and gives opportunities for the learners to
actually use the words.” (Mc Keown and Beck. 2003)
“goal is for students to become word-savvy, to
develop an understanding of how words work
within the context of reading and writing, and
to become excited about words as they learn to
manipulate them in playful ways.” (Brand, 2004.
PRINCIPLES FOR TEACHING
Emphasize both direct and inderect teaching
Teach vocabulary words before a new activity
Teach how to use context clues appropriately
Present multiple exposures to new vocabulary items
Give oppurtunities for deep processing of vocabulary items
Teach students to use dictionaries
Have students keep vocabulary notebooks
CLASSROOM TECHNIQUES AND
Many different approaches and activities can be used to help
children develop their vocabularies.
Connecting vocabulary to young learner’s lives through
Word for the day
VOCABULARY IN THE
Example 3 is from a preschool-kindergarten coursebook. It is used
with five year old children. Each of the words would be interesting.
And Example 4 pictures dictionaries can be a very valuable tool.
And for this example 4 has two pages designed for 7-10 year old
children with literacy skills.
The children have been learning to read and write in English.
Note that both nouns and verbs are included as part of the activity.
Basic principles of vocabulary development that apply to
school-age learners were then discussed. Finally, a number of
different techniques were provided that can be used with word
that are selected by the teacher as well student-selected items.
These techniques and strategies can be used to enrich your
oral and written English language program.