AIR BARRIER PAPER Air Barriers control the unintended movement of air into and out of a building enclosure.
ATTIC VENTILATION ROOF TURBINE GABLE VENT SOFFIT VENT During warmer months, ventilation helps keep attics cool. It helps prevent hot, moist summer air from warping the roof sheathing. It also stops shingles from deteriorating prematurely. What's more, fresh air in the attic makes a home much easier to cool, which can result in lower energy costs. RIDGE VENT
BACKHOE Backhoe : is a piece of excavating equipment consisting of a digging bucket on the end of a two-part articulated arm. They are typically mounted on the back of a tractor or front loader. 2’
BATTER BOARDS BATTER BOARDS : are suitable marks placed for use as references or guides during the initial excavation and rough grading of a building construction and/or a sewer line stakeout. They are more or less temporary devices that support the stretched cords that mark the outline and grade of the structure.
BRICK ARCHES KEYSTONE ROMAN ARCH GOTHIC ARCH CENTERING Centering : is the structure upon which the stones of arches or vault are laid during construction.
BRICK BONDS COMMON / AMERICAN RUNNING BOND Bricks laid so only stretchers are seen. A pattern made like Running Bond, but with a row of headers replacing every few courses. Usually an odd #. In this case 5. Rowlock Rowlock Stretcher Sailor Headers Soldiers
BULLDOZER Used to move earth, rocks, busted up concrete, and anything else out of the way.
CLADDING WOOD SHINGLES WOOD BOARDS ROCK ( random rubble) & EIF’S BRICK Wood Shingles : Sawn shingles that are of uniform thickness.
CONCRETE JOINTS CONTROL JOINTS A control joint is a groove cut into the surface of the concrete that allows some cracking to occur in the joint and not be readily visible. Crack in concrete Isolation/Expansion Joints : Isolation joints are used to relieve flexural stresses due to vertical movement of slab-on-grade applications that adjoin fixed foundation elements such as columns, building or machinery foundations, etc.
CONCRETE MASONRY UNIT (CMU) 8x8x16 Split Pier Concrete block, when reinforced with concrete columns and tie beams, is a very common building material for the load-bearing walls of buildings, in what is termed concrete block structure (CBS) construction.
DECORATIVE CONCRETE MASONRY UNIT RIBBED BLOCK SPLIT FACE BLOCK
DOORS PANEL DOOR (6) FLUSH DOOR STILE LOCK RAIL TOP RAIL BOTTOM RAIL PANEL TRANSOM SIDE LIGHT
ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS SERVICE PANEL Power comes directly from the electrical company's power line, through the electrical meter on the outside of your house and into the electrical service panel DUPLEX RECEPTACLE Normal utility grade outlets for household use are a 125V 15A straight blade receptacle. Used to plug in things ELECTRIC BOX a device that transfers electrical energy from one circuit to another through inductively coupled conductors — the transformer's coils or "windings". METER a device that measures the amount of electrical energy supplied to or produced by a residence, business or machine.
FRAMING ELEMENTS ALL THINGS FOUND AT THIS LOCATION SLIDE 1 OF 2
FRONT END LOADER Front End Loader: An engineering vehicle, often used in construction, that is primarily used to load material: asphalt, demolition debris, dirt, feed, gravel, logs, raw minerals, recycled material, rock, sand, wood chips, etc. into or onto another type of machinery, dump truck, conveyor belt, rail-car, etc.).
GYPSUM BOARD Gypsum Board (Drywall): is a common building material typically made of a layer of gypsum plaster pressed between two thick sheets of paper. Drywall is used globally for the finish construction of interior walls and ceilings.
HEAT PUMP The compressor/evaporator controls the temperature and force of the air that goes through the vents. Adv: Rapid response time, ability to filter air and control humidity, both heats and cools Dis. Adv : Relatively noisy, ducts are bulky, difficult to zone.
INSULATION The majority of insulation in buildings is for thermal purposes, It is also used as acoustic insulation or sound proofing, and as a fire retarder. BOARD BATT/BLANKET
LINTEL LINTEL A lintel is a horizontal member supported by two vertical posts at either end. This form is commonly used to support the weight of the structure located above the openings in a bearing wall created by windows and doors.
ORIENTED STRAND BOARD Oriented Strand Board is an engineered wood product formed by layering strands (flakes) of wood in specific orientations. In appearance it may have a rough and variegated surface with the individual strips.
PLUMBING DROP IN Lavatory 1 ½” Water Closet 3”
PLYWOOD Plywood : is a type of engineered board made from thin sheets of wood, called plies or wood veneers. The layers are glued together, each with its grain at right angles to adjacent layers for greater strength. Veneer : thin slices of wood, usually thinner than 3 mm (1/8 inch), that are typically glued onto core panels (typically, wood, particle board or medium density fiberboard) to produce flat panels such as doors, tops and panels for cabinets, parquet floors and parts of furniture.
REBAR ½” #4 The deformations on rebar are used to help adhere to concrete by having more surface are and cracks for it to hold on to.
STEEP ROOF DRAINAGE Gutter : A narrow channel which collects rainwater from the roof of a building and diverts it away from the structure, typically into a drain. Downspout : Water collected by a rain gutter is fed via the downspout, from the roof edge to the base of the building where it is either discharged or collected. Splash Block: A splash block placed beneath the downspout elbow helps to disperse water away from the foundation. Gutter Downspout Downspout Splash Block (Splash Block is harder to see than I thought. But they used bricks laying in the ground in a U shape.)
STEEP ROOF MATERIALS CLAY TILE Wood Shingles Roof shingles: are a roof covering consisting of individual overlapping elements. These elements are normally flat rectangular shapes that are laid in rows without the side edges overlapping, a single layer is used to ensure a water-resistant result Metal Panel Tar Paper
STEEP ROOF SHAPES GABLE GAMBREL HIP PROOF THAT I WAS THERE
STEEP ROOF TERMS Eaves usually project beyond the side of the building generally to provide weather protection . Soffit most often refers to the material forming a ceiling from the top of an exterior house wall to the outer edge of the roof Fascia : generally, any long, vertical surface across the top of a structure Ridge the top point where the roof connects. Valley the V shaped part of where a roof connects.
STONE COURSED ASHLAR RANDOM ASHLAR RANDOM RUMBLE