The building of a European Spatial Data Infrastructure , INSPIRE


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Presentation given by Hugo de Groof at ESRI user conference and World GISday conference, in Sofia, November 2013

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  • Source: 2020 is the EU's growth strategy for the coming decade.In a changing world, we want the EU to become a smart, sustainable and inclusive economy. These three mutually reinforcing priorities should help the EU and the Member States deliver high levels of employment, productivity and social cohesion.Concretely, the Union has set five ambitious objectives - on employment, innovation, education, social inclusion and climate/energy - to be reached by 2020. Each Member State has adopted its own national targets in each of these areas. Concrete actions at EU and national levels underpin the strategy.
  • “the EU appears to be locked into a number of status-quo and downward trends, which are moving away from, rather than toward, sustainability”
  • Source: has identified new engines to boost growth and jobs. These areas are addressed by 7 flagship initiatives.Within each initiative, both the EU and national authorities have to coordinate their efforts so they are mutually reinforcing. Most of these initiatives have been presented by the Commission in 2010.
  • Source: resource-efficient Europe – Flagship initiative of the Europe 2020 StrategyThe flagship initiative for a resource-efficient Europe under the Europe 2020 strategy supports the shift towards a resource-efficient, low-carbon economy to achieve sustainable growth.Natural resources underpin our economy and our quality of life. Continuing our current patterns of resource use is not an option. Increasing resource efficiency is key to securing growth and jobs for Europe. It will bring major economic opportunities, improve productivity, drive down costs and boost competitiveness. The flagship initiative for a resource-efficient Europe provides a long-term framework for actions in many policy areas, supporting policy agendas for climate change, energy, transport, industry, raw materials, agriculture, fisheries, biodiversity and regional development. This is to increase certainty for investment and innovation and to ensure that all relevant policies factor in resource efficiency in a balanced manner.Key proposals:
  • Source: efficiency means using the Earth's limited resources in a sustainable manner while minimising impacts on the environment. It allows us to create more with less and to deliver greater value with less input.The resource-efficient Europe flagship initiative is part of the Europe 2020 Strategy, the EU's growth strategy for a smart, inclusive and sustainable economy. It supports the shift towards sustainable growth via a resource-efficient, low-carbon economy.The Roadmap to a resource efficient Europe is one of the main building blocks of the resource efficiency flagship initiative. The Roadmap sets out a framework for the design and implementation of future actions. It also outlines the structural and technological changes needed by 2050, including milestones to be reached by 2020.
  • on 9 April proposed EU-wide methods to measure the environmental performance of products and organisations, and encouraging Member States and the private sector to take them up.The "Communication on Building the Single Market for Green Products" and a "Recommendation on the use of the methods" put forward two methods to measure environmental performance throughout the lifecycle, the Product Environmental Footprint (PEF) and the Organisation Environmental Footprint (OEF).
  • We are actually facing a number of crises. Not just an economic and financial crisis, but also a resource crisis, a climate crisis and a biodiversity crisis. Let's not imagine that we can tackle one while ignoring the others. We need to find ways of tackling them at the same time, and find ways of delivering multiple benefits for the economy, for people and for the environment.The new EAP the Commission has proposed does just that. It has a three-fold aim of achieving an inclusive green economy, whilst protecting our natural capital and the health of our citizens. The 7th EAP builds on our achievements of 40 years of EU environment policy, and draws on a number of recent strategic initiatives in the field of environment, including the Resource Efficiency Roadmap, the 2020 Biodiversity Strategy and the Low Carbon Economy Roadmap.It should secure the commitment of EU institutions, Member States, regional and local administrations and other stakeholders to a common agenda for environment policy action up to 2020. Responsibility for achieving the goals will be shared by the EU and its Member States.First off, we must protect, conserve and enhance our natural capital, on which so much economic activity depends. Besides implementing our 2020 Biodiversity Strategy, we identified some gaps that need to be filled – like soil and land use – and areas where there is room for improvement, including forest policy.
  • Secondly, we want to put in place the right conditions for a single market for resource efficient, low-carbon growth. That should be the core of the green economy we want to create. This means fully implementing the climate and energy package and agreeing the next steps for climate policy beyond 2020, including implementation of the low-carbon roadmap by 2050. It means improving the environmental performance of products over their entire life cycle and reducing the overall environmental impact of consumption. It means turning waste into a resource and boosting growth through further development of our recycling sector. A concrete example is the aim to half the EU's food waste by 2020.Thirdly, we must tackle environment-related challenges to health, making sure we are prepared for new and emerging risks. Here the focus is on updating air quality, noise and water legislation, and addressing concerns linked to chemicals and nanomaterials.So how do we get there?By focusing on 4 'i's: better implementation of legislation; better information, by improving the scientific evidence base; more investment for the environment, and full integration of environment into other policies.Concretely, this means phasing out environmentally harmful subsidies, shifting taxation from labour to pollution, drawing up partnership agreements between Member States and the Commission on implementation of EU environmental law, introducing inspections at EU level, and developing a system for tracking environment-related expenditure in the EU budget.The programme also aims to help EU cities become more sustainable and ensure we have the right capacity to tackle regional and global challenges. This includes follow up to the Rio +20 conference, such as setting the target for marine litter as agreed in Rio earlier this year.While people are struggling in their daily lives to cope with the economic crisis, let's remember that the need for structural reforms also offers opportunities for the EU to move onto a more sustainable path. The new environment action programme points the way towards making the most of these opportunities.What happens next? The Commission has made its proposal, and it is now for the Member States and the European Parliament to decide on our programme, before it becomes law.
  • The building of a European Spatial Data Infrastructure , INSPIRE

    1. 1. The building of a European Spatial Data Infrastructure - INSPIRE - European Commission Directorate-General Environment Governance, Information and Reporting Unit EC/EEA INSPIRE Team
    2. 2. Spatial Data Infrastructure
    3. 3. Spatial Data
    4. 4. EU Status Policy Needs • Better information needed to support policies • Improvement of existing information flows 2002 But … EU has islands of information & data of different standards and quality... • Differentiation across regions to be considered • Revision of approach to reporting and monitoring, moving to concept of sharing of information 4
    5. 5. Status 2002 Situation in Europe 1. Data policy restrictions – pricing, copyright, access rights, licensing policy 2. Lack of co-ordination – across boarders and between levels of government 3. Lack of standards – incompatible information and information systems 4. Existing data not re-usable – fragmentation of information, redundancy, inability to integrate 5. Missing data NOT INSPIRE 6. Data quality • Not comparable, not timely available, … Response July 2004 - EC Proposal COM(2004) 516 for a Directive establishing an infrastructure for spatial information in the Community – INSPIRE DIRECTIVE 2007/2/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 14 March 2007 establishing an Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community (INSPIRE) Entry into Force on 15 May 2007 Transposed in National Law by 15 May 2009 5
    6. 6. INSPIRE principles • Data should be collected once and maintained at the level where this can be done most effectively • Combine seamlessly spatial data from different sources and share it between many users and applications (the concept of interoperability) • Spatial data should be collected at one level of government and shared between all levels • Spatial data needed for good governance should be available on conditions that are not restricting its extensive use • It should be easy to discover which spatial data is available, to evaluate its fitness for purpose and to know which conditions apply for its use 6
    7. 7. INSPIRE directive 2007/2/EC
    8. 8. INSPIRE Directive 2007/2/EC 5 cm/year ITRF93 NNR-NUVEL1A Data policies and co-ordination Institutional framework DEM standards Spatial Data Infrastructur e Meteo data Spatial data sets Catchments Spatial data sets Technical Land Cover Spatial Data Services Meta-data Network services Discovery View Download Transform Invoke Spatial Data Standards Data integration
    9. 9. Directive on the Assessment and Management of Floods • A preliminary flood risk assessment – Including art.4 a-f • (e) Likelihood of future floods and projected impact of climate change and land use trends • Prepare flood risk maps by 2013 – with 6 yearly updates • Flood risk management plans by 2015 9
    10. 10. Risk Assessment example: Floods Source: GMES BICEPS Report
    11. 11. Risk Assessment example: Floods INSPIRE Data Themes III – 3 Soils III – 14 Meteorological geographical features III – 13 Atmospheric conditions Environmental Monitoring Facilities III - 12 Natural Risk Zones III – 4 Land-use II – 2 Landcover I-8 Hydrography I- 2 Elevation III – 7 Environmental Monitoring Facilities III – 11 Area management/restriction /regulation zones & reporting units III – 18 Habitats and biotopes III – 19 Species distribution III-10 Population distribution — demography III- 6 - Utility and governmental services Source: GMES BICEPS Report
    12. 12. Challenges - Source EU 2020 Strategy • growth strategy 2010-20 • EU to become a: • smart, • sustainable and • inclusive economy
    13. 13. Environment Pillar – Climate change Where do we stand ? Natural resources and waste Global mean temperature change L Decoupling use - growth K Greenhouse gas emissions J Waste generation L Energy efficiency K Waste management J Renewable energy sources K Water stress K Nature and biodiversity Environment and health Pressure on ecosystems L Water quality K Conservation status K Water pollution J Biodiversity L Transboundary air pollution K Soil degradation L Urban air quality L • Source: EEA – State Of Environment Report 2010
    14. 14. Deliver the Strategy The 7 Flagship initiatives • Smart growth 1. Digital agenda for Europe 2. Innovation Union 3. Youth on the move • Sustainable growth 4. Resource efficient Europe 5. An industrial policy for the globalisation era • Inclusive growth 6. An agenda for new skills and jobs 7. European platform against poverty
    15. 15. Increasing demand for resources better understanding and managing resources
    16. 16. Resource efficient Europe • 20 key policy proposals • Areas: • energy, transport, resource efficiency, agriculture, fisheries, cohesion, biodiversity, … • Example: • Roadmap for a resource-efficient Europe
    17. 17. The Roadmap to a Resource Efficient Europe COM(2011) 571 A framework for future actions Key resources are analysed from a life-cycle and valuechain perspective. Nutrition, housing and mobility are the sectors responsible for most environmental impacts Actions in these areas …
    18. 18. Action on : SUSTAINABLE CONSUMPTION AND PRODUCTION • Building the Single Market for Green Products • Measure environmental performance throughout the lifecycle 1. The Product Environmental Footprint (PEF) 2. The Organisation Environmental Footprint (OEF). Source: "Communication on Building the Single Market for Green Products" "Recommendation on the use of the methods"
    19. 19. A ‗sustainable‘ cadastre – ideas... „Greening‟ the valuation of property Increase benefits for society
    20. 20. Geospatial & INSPIRE
    21. 21. Geospatial technology needs INSPIRE
    22. 22. INSPIRE & Geospatial Technology Industry • Top 10 fastest growth employment sectors • 30 billion revenue/year (in US) • BUT ... • biggest challenge before the industry is the availability and quality of geospatial data • shortage of skilled human resources • ―restrictive practices of some organizations and governments in terms of making their geospatial information publicly available has been a great concern‖ Source: Ed Parsons - Google
    23. 23. Source: TOWARD A NATIONAL GEOSPATIAL STRATEGY Recommendations from the National Geospatial Advisory Committee December 2012 • Stimulate Economic Growth through Geospatial Technology • Using Geospatial Information to Control Costs and Save Taxpayer Money • More efficient response to disasters • Enable more effective decision making • Better services to the public • Apply Geospatial Tools to Ensure Public Safety and Decision-Support
    24. 24. What is needed ? • multi-agency approach for: • ‗shared‘ creation and collection of data • cost and resource savings • greatly increases the value of returns • The development and implementation of a ‗shared‘ geospatial technology infrastructure for use by all partners offers great promise as a model for costeffective, efficient government. Source: TOWARD A NATIONAL GEOSPATIAL STRATEGY Recommendations from the National Geospatial Advisory Committee December 2012
    25. 25. A European agenda • Geospatial technology, information, and services can help address some of the major priorities of the EU 2020 strategy • Develop and implement in Europe coordinated/collaborative national and regional Geospatial Policies • INSPIRE – Copernicus – Galileo are European building blocks • Top–Down meets Bottom-up • Public – Private - Partnerships
    26. 26. Public – Private – Partnership (technology)
    27. 27. Public – Private – Partnership (spatial data) LIABILITY OPERATIONS RISKS
    28. 28. Health & Air Quality GAF AG
    29. 29. EU Environment Action Programme to 2020 (7th EAP) • "Living well, within the limits of our planet", will guide environment policy up to 2020
    30. 30. EU Environment Action Programme to 2020 (7th EAP) • Three thematic priority objectives • • • • Supported by enabling framework • • • • • Protect nature and strengthen ecological resilience Boost sustainable resource-efficient low-carbon growth Effectively address environment-related threats to health. promote better implementation of EU environment law ensure that policies benefit from state of the art science secure the necessary investments improve the way environmental concerns and requirements are reflected in other policies. Two more priority objectives • • enhancing the sustainability of EU cities improving the EU's effectiveness in addressing regional and global challenges related to the environment and climate change.
    31. 31. Better Implementation of EU environmental law • Preventing damage to the environment can cost far less than long-term remediation. • Failing to implement environment legislation is thought to cost the EU economy around €50 billion every year in health costs and direct costs to the environment. • Full implementation of EU waste legislation would generate an additional 400,000 jobs, for example, with net costs that are €72 billion less than the alternative scenario of nonimplementation
    32. 32. Governance ... • Member States are responsible for ensuring that the EU's environment laws are implemented in their countries. • The Commission's role is to check that Member States' commitments are respected and take action if they are not. • Better and more accessible information at national, regional and local levels would allow major environmental problems to be identified earlier, saving costs in the longer term.
    33. 33. Better Implementation can be... • Powered by geospatial technologies • Powered by INSPIRE
    34. 34. Status of our INSPIRE building site ?
    35. 35. Policy Co-ordination ? All EU 28 have national/regional INSPIRE law All 4 EEA/EFTA (+ 3 years for implementation) Almost all Candidate countries – Western-Balkans EU Digital Agenda (reviewed PSI directive,...) Buy-in other EU policies(transport,space,health,...) Environmental directives & initiatives demand INSPIRE Recognised globally as “best practice” example of „good governance‟ (World Bank, UN) • Dedicated EU coordination team JRC+EEA+EC ENV+Eurostat • • • • • • •
    36. 36. Policy Co-ordination ? • Late and incomplete national/regional INSPIRE law • Because its law does not mean it happens • EU Digital Agenda • does ‗Open Data‘ initiative remove the obstacles ? • Enough support for ‗environment‘ ? (beyond low carbon) • Some other (EU) policies see INSPIRE as purely „environmental‟ –> risk of „duplication‟ • Environmental directives need INSPIRE faster than INSPIRE implementation roadmap demands • “New policy initiatives” – “Lost in acronyms‟
    37. 37. Spatial data & services? • INSPIRE technical framework now adopted (almost complete) and some deadlines reached • Steep increase in spatial data „published‟ and „documented‟ – many PORTALS • Progress on removing data policy obstacles for several INSPIRE themes in several countries • Several „good practice‟ and „pilot‟ projects using INSPIREd spatial data for environment from local to EU scale • Evidence of cross-border INSPIREd spatial data and service sharing for different applications
    38. 38. Spatial data & services? • INSPIRE technical is not „simple‟ ? • Do you need an ‗Einstein‘ brain? and money • Are the „portal‟ shops inter-connected ? • You got to shop around ... • How easy is it to fill your shopping basket ? • Be ready to sign many agreements and ‗pay‘ ... • Too many shops are still closed or poor service ... • Can you find and get all you need ? • Most likely some ingredients will be missing ... • Are you happy with the „quality‟ ? • You are still on the pursuit of happiness ...
    39. 39. National Portals Thematic Portals
    40. 40. Building INSPIRE is like ...
    41. 41. Status of implementation 2013 2007 Policy Evaluation 2014 INSPIRE 2013 Implementation Be aware of the risks & opportunities 2020 Let Your Voice be Heard
    42. 42. ‗SHARING IS EVERYTHING‘ Source: Clare Hadley, INSPIRE Conference,2010