General overview of the INSPIRE
Directive and relations to other
policies

Hugo.De-Groof@ec.europa.eu
European Commission
...
An INfrastructure for SPatial
INformation in the Eu - INSPIRE

does it ....

Serve society ?
Stimulate innovation ?
Suppor...
INSPIRE Policy Foundations
The EU 6th Environmental Action Programme 2002-2012
Seven Thematic Strategies
Four Priorities
1...
Environment in Europe ?
Climate change

Natural resources and waste

Global mean temperature change

L

Decoupling use - g...
Spatial Data
Infrastructure

Institutional Technical
framework standards
Data
Spatial data Services
Spatial Data
EU Status
1. Data policy restrictions
– pricing, copyright, access
rights, licensing policy
2. Lack of co-ordination
– acr...
INSPIRE &
Environmental
acquis

Environment &
Health

Assessment of Health Impacts
Geographical data
Environmental data
He...
INSPIRE DATA Themes and Air Quality – Impact Information System

III – 7 Environmental Monitoring Facilities
III-8 Product...
Health &
Air Quality

GAF AG
2009 Pesticides Directive
• Specific measures to protect the aquatic
environment
– Buffer zones – defined as a function of...
Soils (pesticides etc.)
Data & Information Requirements

Source: GMES BICEPS Report
2007 Directive on the
Assessment and Management of Floods

• A preliminary flood risk assessment
– Including art.4 a-f
• (...
Floods

Source: GMES BICEPS Report
Floods

INSPIRE Data Themes

III – 3
Soils

III – 14
Meteorological
geographical features
III – 13
Atmospheric conditions
...
More Challenges …
EU 2020 Strategy
• growth strategy 2010-20
• EU to become a:
• smart,
• sustainable and
• inclusive econ...
Deliver the Strategy
The 7 Flagship initiatives
• Smart growth
1. Digital agenda for Europe
2. Innovation Union
3. Youth o...
Increasing demand for resources

better understanding and managing resources
Resource efficient Europe
• 20 key policy proposals
• Areas:
• energy, transport, resource efficiency, agriculture,
fisher...
The Roadmap to a Resource Efficient
Europe COM(2011) 571
A framework for future actions
Key resources are analysed
from a ...
Action on : SUSTAINABLE CONSUMPTION AND
PRODUCTION
• Building the Single Market
for Green Products
• Measure environmental...
A ‗sustainable‘ cadastre – ideas...

„Greening‟ the valuation of property
Increase benefits for society
Geospatial & INSPIRE
Geospatial technology needs INSPIRE
INSPIRE & Geospatial Technology Industry
• Top 10 fastest growth employment sectors
• 30 billion revenue/year (in US)
• BU...
Source: TOWARD A NATIONAL GEOSPATIAL STRATEGY
Recommendations from the National Geospatial Advisory Committee
December 201...
What is needed ?
• multi-agency approach for:
• ‗shared‘ creation and collection of data
• cost and resource savings
• gre...
Public – Private – Partnership (technology)
Public – Private – Partnership (spatial data)

LIABILITY

OPERATIONS

RISKS
EU Environment Action Programme to 2020 (7th EAP)

• "Living well, within the limits
of our planet", will guide
environmen...
EU Environment Action Programme to 2020 (7th EAP)
•

Three thematic priority objectives
•
•
•

•

Supported by enabling fr...
Better Implementation of EU environmental law
• Preventing damage to the environment can cost
far less than long-term reme...
Governance ...
• Member States are responsible for ensuring that
the EU's environment laws are implemented in
their countr...
Better Implementation
can be...

• Powered by geospatial technologies
• Powered by INSPIRE
Status of our INSPIRE building site ?
Policy Co-ordination ?
All EU 28 have national/regional INSPIRE law
All 4 EEA/EFTA (+ 3 years for implementation)
Almost a...
Policy Co-ordination ?
• Late and incomplete national/regional INSPIRE law
• Because its law does not mean it happens
• EU...
Spatial data & services?
• INSPIRE technical framework now adopted
(almost complete) and some deadlines reached
• Steep in...
Spatial data & services?
• INSPIRE technical is not „simple‟ ?
• Do you need an ‗Einstein‘ brain? ...tools and money

• Ar...
National Portals

http://catalogue.isde.ie/#/

Thematic Portals
http://gis.epa.ie/GetData
Building INSPIRE is like ...
Status of implementation 2013
2007

Policy Evaluation 2014

INSPIRE
2013
Implementation

Be aware of the risks & opportuni...
A European agenda
• Geospatial technology, information, and services can
help address some of the major priorities of the ...
‗SHARING IS EVERYTHING‘

Source: Clare Hadley, INSPIRE Conference,2010
General overview of the INSPIRE Directive and relations to other policies
General overview of the INSPIRE Directive and relations to other policies
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General overview of the INSPIRE Directive and relations to other policies

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  • “the EU appears to be locked into a number of status-quo and downward trends, which are moving away from, rather than toward, sustainability”
  • Source: http://ec.europa.eu/europe2020/index_en.htmEurope 2020 is the EU's growth strategy for the coming decade.In a changing world, we want the EU to become a smart, sustainable and inclusive economy. These three mutually reinforcing priorities should help the EU and the Member States deliver high levels of employment, productivity and social cohesion.Concretely, the Union has set five ambitious objectives - on employment, innovation, education, social inclusion and climate/energy - to be reached by 2020. Each Member State has adopted its own national targets in each of these areas. Concrete actions at EU and national levels underpin the strategy.
  • Source: http://ec.europa.eu/europe2020/europe-2020-in-a-nutshell/flagship-initiatives/index_en.htmEurope has identified new engines to boost growth and jobs. These areas are addressed by 7 flagship initiatives.Within each initiative, both the EU and national authorities have to coordinate their efforts so they are mutually reinforcing. Most of these initiatives have been presented by the Commission in 2010.
  • Source: http://ec.europa.eu/resource-efficient-europe/A resource-efficient Europe – Flagship initiative of the Europe 2020 StrategyThe flagship initiative for a resource-efficient Europe under the Europe 2020 strategy supports the shift towards a resource-efficient, low-carbon economy to achieve sustainable growth.Natural resources underpin our economy and our quality of life. Continuing our current patterns of resource use is not an option. Increasing resource efficiency is key to securing growth and jobs for Europe. It will bring major economic opportunities, improve productivity, drive down costs and boost competitiveness. The flagship initiative for a resource-efficient Europe provides a long-term framework for actions in many policy areas, supporting policy agendas for climate change, energy, transport, industry, raw materials, agriculture, fisheries, biodiversity and regional development. This is to increase certainty for investment and innovation and to ensure that all relevant policies factor in resource efficiency in a balanced manner.Key proposals:
  • Source: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/resource_efficiency/index_en.htmResource efficiency means using the Earth's limited resources in a sustainable manner while minimising impacts on the environment. It allows us to create more with less and to deliver greater value with less input.The resource-efficient Europe flagship initiative is part of the Europe 2020 Strategy, the EU's growth strategy for a smart, inclusive and sustainable economy. It supports the shift towards sustainable growth via a resource-efficient, low-carbon economy.The Roadmap to a resource efficient Europe is one of the main building blocks of the resource efficiency flagship initiative. The Roadmap sets out a framework for the design and implementation of future actions. It also outlines the structural and technological changes needed by 2050, including milestones to be reached by 2020.
  • on 9 April proposed EU-wide methods to measure the environmental performance of products and organisations, and encouraging Member States and the private sector to take them up.The "Communication on Building the Single Market for Green Products" and a "Recommendation on the use of the methods" put forward two methods to measure environmental performance throughout the lifecycle, the Product Environmental Footprint (PEF) and the Organisation Environmental Footprint (OEF).
  • We are actually facing a number of crises. Not just an economic and financial crisis, but also a resource crisis, a climate crisis and a biodiversity crisis. Let's not imagine that we can tackle one while ignoring the others. We need to find ways of tackling them at the same time, and find ways of delivering multiple benefits for the economy, for people and for the environment.The new EAP the Commission has proposed does just that. It has a three-fold aim of achieving an inclusive green economy, whilst protecting our natural capital and the health of our citizens. The 7th EAP builds on our achievements of 40 years of EU environment policy, and draws on a number of recent strategic initiatives in the field of environment, including the Resource Efficiency Roadmap, the 2020 Biodiversity Strategy and the Low Carbon Economy Roadmap.It should secure the commitment of EU institutions, Member States, regional and local administrations and other stakeholders to a common agenda for environment policy action up to 2020. Responsibility for achieving the goals will be shared by the EU and its Member States.First off, we must protect, conserve and enhance our natural capital, on which so much economic activity depends. Besides implementing our 2020 Biodiversity Strategy, we identified some gaps that need to be filled – like soil and land use – and areas where there is room for improvement, including forest policy.
  • Secondly, we want to put in place the right conditions for a single market for resource efficient, low-carbon growth. That should be the core of the green economy we want to create. This means fully implementing the climate and energy package and agreeing the next steps for climate policy beyond 2020, including implementation of the low-carbon roadmap by 2050. It means improving the environmental performance of products over their entire life cycle and reducing the overall environmental impact of consumption. It means turning waste into a resource and boosting growth through further development of our recycling sector. A concrete example is the aim to half the EU's food waste by 2020.Thirdly, we must tackle environment-related challenges to health, making sure we are prepared for new and emerging risks. Here the focus is on updating air quality, noise and water legislation, and addressing concerns linked to chemicals and nanomaterials.So how do we get there?By focusing on 4 'i's: better implementation of legislation; better information, by improving the scientific evidence base; more investment for the environment, and full integration of environment into other policies.Concretely, this means phasing out environmentally harmful subsidies, shifting taxation from labour to pollution, drawing up partnership agreements between Member States and the Commission on implementation of EU environmental law, introducing inspections at EU level, and developing a system for tracking environment-related expenditure in the EU budget.The programme also aims to help EU cities become more sustainable and ensure we have the right capacity to tackle regional and global challenges. This includes follow up to the Rio +20 conference, such as setting the target for marine litter as agreed in Rio earlier this year.While people are struggling in their daily lives to cope with the economic crisis, let's remember that the need for structural reforms also offers opportunities for the EU to move onto a more sustainable path. The new environment action programme points the way towards making the most of these opportunities.What happens next? The Commission has made its proposal, and it is now for the Member States and the European Parliament to decide on our programme, before it becomes law.
  • General overview of the INSPIRE Directive and relations to other policies

    1. 1. General overview of the INSPIRE Directive and relations to other policies Hugo.De-Groof@ec.europa.eu European Commission Directorate-General Environment Governance, Information and Reporting Unit EC/EEA INSPIRE Team
    2. 2. An INfrastructure for SPatial INformation in the Eu - INSPIRE does it .... Serve society ? Stimulate innovation ? Support legislation ? Training: INSPIRE Basics EC JRC 2/3
    3. 3. INSPIRE Policy Foundations The EU 6th Environmental Action Programme 2002-2012 Seven Thematic Strategies Four Priorities 1. Climate Change 2. Nature and Biodiversity 3. Environment and Health 4. Natural resources and waste 1. Clean Air For Europe 2. Soil protection 3. Sustainable use of pesticides 4. Marine environment 5. Waste prevention and recycling 6. Sustainable use of natural resources 7. Urban environment + Mitigation of natural and man-made hazards leading to disasters Emphasis on « Risk & Knowledge-based » policy making, assessment and implementation 3
    4. 4. Environment in Europe ? Climate change Natural resources and waste Global mean temperature change L Decoupling use - growth K Greenhouse gas emissions J Waste generation L Energy efficiency K Waste management J Renewable energy sources K Water stress K Nature and biodiversity Environment and health Pressure on ecosystems L Water quality K Conservation status K Water pollution J Biodiversity L Transboundary air pollution K Soil degradation L Urban air quality L • Source: EEA – State Of Environment Report 2010
    5. 5. Spatial Data Infrastructure Institutional Technical framework standards Data Spatial data Services
    6. 6. Spatial Data
    7. 7. EU Status 1. Data policy restrictions – pricing, copyright, access rights, licensing policy 2. Lack of co-ordination – across boarders and between levels of government 3. Lack of standards – incompatible information and information systems 4. Existing data not re-usable – fragmentation of information, redundancy, inability to integrate 5. Missing data 6. Data quality • Not comparable, not timely available, … NOT INSPIRE 2002 EU has islands of information & data of different standards and quality... 8
    8. 8. INSPIRE & Environmental acquis Environment & Health Assessment of Health Impacts Geographical data Environmental data Health Data Directive on Ambient Air Quality Exposure Data ―Atmospheric modelling Socio-economic data and measurements of air pollution demonstrate beyond doubt that the pollution emitted in one Member State contributes to measured pollution in other Member States. This shows that individual Member States cannot solve the problems alone and concerted action at the EU scale is required.” Air Pollution Cancer Cases
    9. 9. INSPIRE DATA Themes and Air Quality – Impact Information System III – 7 Environmental Monitoring Facilities III-8 Production and industrial facilities III-1 Statistical units III – 14 Meteorological geographical features III – 13 Atmospheric conditions III – 13 Atmospheric conditions III-11 Area management/restriction /regulation zones & reporting units Source: GMES BICEPS Report III – 5 Human health and safety III – 18 Habitats and biotopes III – 19 Species distribution III-10 Population distribution — demography III- 6 - Utility and governmental services Etc. I-2 Elevation II – 2 Landcover
    10. 10. Health & Air Quality GAF AG
    11. 11. 2009 Pesticides Directive • Specific measures to protect the aquatic environment – Buffer zones – defined as a function of the risk of pollution (soil, climate, etc.) • Measures to limit aerial drift (hedge rows etc.) • Reduction of pesticide use in sensitive areas – Identify and list sensitive areas • Non-agricultural areas with high run-off risk or leaching. • Reporting – info exchange – Through RISK INDICATORS
    12. 12. Soils (pesticides etc.) Data & Information Requirements Source: GMES BICEPS Report
    13. 13. 2007 Directive on the Assessment and Management of Floods • A preliminary flood risk assessment – Including art.4 a-f • (e) Likelihood of future floods and projected impact of climate change and land use trends • Prepare flood risk maps by 2013 – with 6 yearly updates • Flood risk management plans by 2015 14
    14. 14. Floods Source: GMES BICEPS Report
    15. 15. Floods INSPIRE Data Themes III – 3 Soils III – 14 Meteorological geographical features III – 13 Atmospheric conditions Environmental Monitoring Facilities III - 12 Natural Risk Zones III – 4 Land-use II – 2 Landcover I-8 Hydrography I- 2 Elevation III – 7 Environmental Monitoring Facilities III – 11 Area management/restriction /regulation zones & reporting units III – 18 Habitats and biotopes III – 19 Species distribution III-10 Population distribution — demography III- 6 - Utility and governmental services Source: GMES BICEPS Report
    16. 16. More Challenges … EU 2020 Strategy • growth strategy 2010-20 • EU to become a: • smart, • sustainable and • inclusive economy
    17. 17. Deliver the Strategy The 7 Flagship initiatives • Smart growth 1. Digital agenda for Europe 2. Innovation Union 3. Youth on the move • Sustainable growth 4. Resource efficient Europe 5. An industrial policy for the globalisation era • Inclusive growth 6. An agenda for new skills and jobs 7. European platform against poverty
    18. 18. Increasing demand for resources better understanding and managing resources
    19. 19. Resource efficient Europe • 20 key policy proposals • Areas: • energy, transport, resource efficiency, agriculture, fisheries, cohesion, biodiversity, … • Example: • Roadmap for a resource-efficient Europe
    20. 20. The Roadmap to a Resource Efficient Europe COM(2011) 571 A framework for future actions Key resources are analysed from a life-cycle and valuechain perspective. Nutrition, housing and mobility are the sectors responsible for most environmental impacts Actions in these areas …
    21. 21. Action on : SUSTAINABLE CONSUMPTION AND PRODUCTION • Building the Single Market for Green Products • Measure environmental performance throughout the lifecycle 1. The Product Environmental Footprint (PEF) 2. The Organisation Environmental Footprint (OEF). Source: "Communication on Building the Single Market for Green Products" "Recommendation on the use of the methods"
    22. 22. A ‗sustainable‘ cadastre – ideas... „Greening‟ the valuation of property Increase benefits for society
    23. 23. Geospatial & INSPIRE
    24. 24. Geospatial technology needs INSPIRE
    25. 25. INSPIRE & Geospatial Technology Industry • Top 10 fastest growth employment sectors • 30 billion revenue/year (in US) • BUT ... • biggest challenge before the industry is the availability and quality of geospatial data • shortage of skilled human resources • ―restrictive practices of some organizations and governments in terms of making their geospatial information publicly available has been a great concern‖ Source: Ed Parsons - Google
    26. 26. Source: TOWARD A NATIONAL GEOSPATIAL STRATEGY Recommendations from the National Geospatial Advisory Committee December 2012 • Stimulate Economic Growth through Geospatial Technology • Using Geospatial Information to Control Costs and Save Taxpayer Money • More efficient response to disasters • Enable more effective decision making • Better services to the public • Apply Geospatial Tools to Ensure Public Safety and Decision-Support
    27. 27. What is needed ? • multi-agency approach for: • ‗shared‘ creation and collection of data • cost and resource savings • greatly increases the value of returns • The development and implementation of a ‗shared‘ geospatial technology infrastructure for use by all partners offers great promise as a model for costeffective, efficient government. Source: TOWARD A NATIONAL GEOSPATIAL STRATEGY Recommendations from the National Geospatial Advisory Committee December 2012
    28. 28. Public – Private – Partnership (technology)
    29. 29. Public – Private – Partnership (spatial data) LIABILITY OPERATIONS RISKS
    30. 30. EU Environment Action Programme to 2020 (7th EAP) • "Living well, within the limits of our planet", will guide environment policy up to 2020
    31. 31. EU Environment Action Programme to 2020 (7th EAP) • Three thematic priority objectives • • • • Supported by enabling framework • • • • • Protect nature and strengthen ecological resilience Boost sustainable resource-efficient low-carbon growth Effectively address environment-related threats to health. promote better implementation of EU environment law ensure that policies benefit from state of the art science secure the necessary investments improve the way environmental concerns and requirements are reflected in other policies. Two more priority objectives • • enhancing the sustainability of EU cities improving the EU's effectiveness in addressing regional and global challenges related to the environment and climate change.
    32. 32. Better Implementation of EU environmental law • Preventing damage to the environment can cost far less than long-term remediation. • Failing to implement environment legislation is thought to cost the EU economy around €50 billion every year in health costs and direct costs to the environment. • Full implementation of EU waste legislation would generate an additional 400,000 jobs, for example, with net costs that are €72 billion less than the alternative scenario of nonimplementation
    33. 33. Governance ... • Member States are responsible for ensuring that the EU's environment laws are implemented in their countries. • The Commission's role is to check that Member States' commitments are respected and take action if they are not. • Better and more accessible information at national, regional and local levels would allow major environmental problems to be identified earlier, saving costs in the longer term.
    34. 34. Better Implementation can be... • Powered by geospatial technologies • Powered by INSPIRE
    35. 35. Status of our INSPIRE building site ?
    36. 36. Policy Co-ordination ? All EU 28 have national/regional INSPIRE law All 4 EEA/EFTA (+ 3 years for implementation) Almost all Candidate countries – Western-Balkans EU Digital Agenda (reviewed PSI directive,...) Buy-in other EU policies (transport,space,health,...) Environmental directives & initiatives demand INSPIRE Recognised globally as “best practice” example of „good governance‟ (World Bank, UN) • Dedicated EU coordination team JRC+EEA+EC ENV+Eurostat • • • • • • •
    37. 37. Policy Co-ordination ? • Late and incomplete national/regional INSPIRE law • Because its law does not mean it happens • EU Digital Agenda • does ‗Open Data‘ initiative remove the obstacles ? • Enough support for ‗environment‘ ? (beyond low carbon) • Some other (EU) policies see INSPIRE as purely „environmental‟ –> risk of „duplication‟ • Environmental directives need INSPIRE faster than INSPIRE implementation roadmap demands • “New policy initiatives” – “Lost in acronyms‟
    38. 38. Spatial data & services? • INSPIRE technical framework now adopted (almost complete) and some deadlines reached • Steep increase in spatial data „published‟ and „documented‟ – many PORTALS • Progress on removing data policy obstacles for several INSPIRE themes in several countries • Several „good practice‟ and „pilot‟ projects using INSPIREd spatial data for environment from local to EU scale • Evidence of cross-border INSPIREd spatial data and service sharing for different applications
    39. 39. Spatial data & services? • INSPIRE technical is not „simple‟ ? • Do you need an ‗Einstein‘ brain? ...tools and money • Are the „portal‟ shops inter-connected ? • You got to shop around ... • How easy is it to fill your shopping basket ? • Be ready to sign many agreements and ‗pay‘ ... • Too many shops are still closed or poor service ... • Can you find and get all you need ? • Most likely some ingredients will be missing ... • Are you happy with the „quality‟ ? • You are still on the pursuit of happiness ...
    40. 40. National Portals http://catalogue.isde.ie/#/ Thematic Portals http://gis.epa.ie/GetData
    41. 41. Building INSPIRE is like ...
    42. 42. Status of implementation 2013 2007 Policy Evaluation 2014 INSPIRE 2013 Implementation Be aware of the risks & opportunities 2020 Let Your Voice be Heard
    43. 43. A European agenda • Geospatial technology, information, and services can help address some of the major priorities of the EU 2020 strategy • Develop and implement in Europe coordinated/collaborative national and regional Geospatial Policies • INSPIRE – Copernicus – Galileo are European building blocks • Top–Down meets Bottom-up • Public – Private - Partnerships
    44. 44. ‗SHARING IS EVERYTHING‘ Source: Clare Hadley, INSPIRE Conference,2010
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