RONNIEE Express: A Dramatic Shift in Network Architecture


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In this slidecast, Emilio Billi from A3 Cube presents an overview of the company's RONNIEE Express network architecture.

"RONNIEE Express is a new High-Performance Cluster and data plane Interconnect based on a disruptive pure memory-mapped communication paradigm."

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RONNIEE Express: A Dramatic Shift in Network Architecture

  1. 1. A Dramatic Shift in Network Architecture Presented by: Antonella Rubicco, CEO Emilio Billi, CTO Stephen Ozoigbo, Chief Strategy Officer Under NDA until February 25, 2014 © A3CUBE Inc Confidential ™ 1
  2. 2. Company Headquartered in the Silicon Valley Founded in 2012 as a result of more than 5 years of research and development operations Assembled a very skilled and experienced A-class team in engineering and management with proven track records and success stories Antonella Rubicco – Founder and CEO Emilio Billi – Founder and Chief Technology Officer Employees – Under 25 Intellectual Property U.S. Patents filed #61786560 - Massive parallel petabyte scale storage system architecture #61786537 - PCIe non-transparent bridge designed for scalability and networking enabling the creation of complex architecture with ID based routing #61786551 - Low-profile half length PCI Express form factor embedded PCI express multiport switch and related accessories © A3CUBE Inc Confidential 2
  3. 3. Why the need for a fundamental shift in network architecture? Conventional architectures to move stored data are still based on design concepts that have been largely unchanged since the advent of storage, using single-threaded sequential communication processes The huge disparity between computing power and storage performance has created a massive I/O performance gap in the enterprise as well as Big Data, HPC and data centers The emergence of enterprise SSD technology has simply shifted the storage I/O bottleneck from the storage device to the interconnection between storage and the CPU, exposing the limitations of conventional PCI Express and other flash architectures Scale-out systems today require end-to-end synchronization of metadata, or offer a limited number of ingress/egress networking ports © A3CUBE Inc Confidential 3
  4. 4. Competition from traditional network standards Ethernet Very well established Many clustering topologies used Relatively high cost (above Gigabit Ethernet) Very high latency High power (above Gigabit Ethernet) Needs additional adapter cards (above Gigabit Ethernet) Infiniband Established in supercomputing systems Driver model exists Very expensive High power Not as widely available as Ethernet or PCIe Requires additional adapter cards Primarily the competition is from traditional interconnects Standard PCIe It’s  everywhere It’s  the  standard  for the server I/O interface It is not a real fabric, just a connect It does not scale © A3CUBE Inc Confidential 4
  5. 5. RONNIEE Express A new High-Performance Cluster and data plane Interconnect based on a disruptive pure memory mapped communication paradigm The In Memory Network A re-architected Network Interface Card Merging Storage and Compute A new ‘Brain Inspired’ Interconnection Fabric providing low latency CPU to CPU and IO to IO traffic via a next generation Network Interface Card A revolutionary extension of PCI Express memory mapping features A multi-dimensional network topology with A3CUBE’s patent pending distributed nontransparent bridging (dNTB) architecture RONNIEE Express fabric extends the standard PCIe architecture, introducing a new architecture based on a globally shared memory container that makes clusters, expansion boxes and shared-I/O applications easy to develop and deploy © A3CUBE Inc Confidential 5
  6. 6. The New Network Fabric Why RONNIEE Express is more powerful than PCIe as a network fabric RONNIEE Express is the first multi-dimensional interconnection technology designed for exascale out storage. Scales linearly up to 64K nodes and 100s of I/O per node Is designed to realize bottleneck-free storage in HPC, Big Data, and the datacenter for vastly improved storage performance at vastly lower TCO End-to-end traffic management with up to 16 million unique virtual streams between any two endpoints Enhanced link layer flow control with hardware based high availability (automatic redundant links) Detection and notification of the host manager when a link failure occurs with containment of the error from the rest of the system Enables revolutionary RAID-less storage architecture for hyper-scale data systems based on  an  innovative  “In-Memory”  network  design approach © A3CUBE Inc Confidential 6
  7. 7. In Memory Network Why RONNIEE Express is different and so powerful? The RONNIEE Express NIC uses memory as the main communication paradigm at protocol level Use PCIe direct access to memory using  “memory  windows”  in   combination with a globally shared 64 bit memory address space A3CUBE’s  unique  NIC  architecture   uses  these  “memory  windows”  to   create a shared global memory container that permits direct communication between: Local CPUs and remote CPUs Memory to memory Local and remote I/O RONNIEE NIC Reads and writes server server server server server server Memory bridge In Memory Network © A3CUBE Inc Confidential 7
  8. 8. Brain Inspired Product Line RONNIEE 2S A compact PCIe-based intelligent NIC designed to maximize application performance using a unique combination of proprietary hardware and software. The technology combines the superior performance and ultra-low  latency  of  A3CUBE’s  In-Memory Network technology with standard computer hardware. RONNIEE 2S Eliminates conventional communications bottlenecks and provides multiple channels with <1µ and fast direct remote I/O connections with nanoseconds level latency RONNIE RIO The first general purpose Network Interface Controller (NIC) supporting Ethernet and memory-tomemory transactions in a 3D torus topology that can plug in any server equipped with a PCIe slot. The technology is a modern, powerful and revolutionary data fabric that presents a scalable interconnection fabric based on a patent pending shared memory architecture that implements the concept of distributed non-transparent bridging to massively extend PCIe features and benefit over a complex network architecture. RONNIEE 3 A revolutionary switch that is designed to extend the scalability of RONNIEE 2S optimized for high performance data environments. This powerful In Memory Network provides full support for memory-to-memory transactions without the usual software overhead achieving unmatched efficiency and performance compared to ordinary interconnection fabrics available on the market today © A3CUBE Inc Confidential 8
  9. 9. ByOS – The Operating System for Parallel Storage ByOS is designed to provide a Massively Parallel Supercomputing Experience applied to data access and computing A new communication paradigm Highly parallel architecture with intelligent relationship between available CPUs and I/O Leverages supercomputing's massively parallel design concepts for exascale data access and computing Bottleneck-free no-metadata server architecture (Reflective memory + specific algorithms) Designed for scaling capacity and I/O (independently) Data access Integration with existing infrastructure (Linux , Windows, MAC OS, Unix) in minutes © A3CUBE Inc Confidential 9
  10. 10. Traditional Architecture RONNIEE and ByOS create a new massively parallel scale out storage architecture RONNIEE Express Data Plane Storage Entity Storage Entity Storage Entity Storage Entity Storage Entity Storage Entity Storage Entity Storage Entity SSDs  or  … Storage Entity RONNIEE Express Data Plane Anatomy of the Datacenter Network User I/O Users © A3CUBE Inc Confidential 10
  11. 11. Traditional Architecture RONNIEE and ByOS create a new massively parallel scale out storage architecture DATA PLANE Massive Clustered Architecture Massively parallel data access USER NETWORK © A3CUBE Inc Confidential 11
  12. 12. RONNIEE Express Use Cases Building Blocks For Big Data / Datacenter Biotech/Genome Research High-Performance Computing High End Routers Computational Fluid Dynamics © A3CUBE Inc Confidential Embedded Computing Parallel Storage Redundant Servers 12
  13. 13. RONNIEE Express new standard in performance TCP/UDP Memory based Socket performance comparison Standard Sockperf Benchmark Zero copy, direct memory to memory communication, OS Kernel Bypass 64 byte (10 GBE ETH and PCIe) about 33 us (Ping Pong) 64 byte RONNIEE Ex 2.5us (Ping pong) © A3CUBE Inc Confidential 13
  14. 14. RONNIEE Express a new standard in performance Benchmark example applied to storage: Unmatched IOPS 40 Terabytes of SSDs RONNIEE Express Multipoint direct topology (5 nodes) Low cost SSDs Storage server Storage server Memory to memory latency (4 byte with software 810 ns) In any direction Storage server RONNIE 2S NIC multipoint direct topology (4 Links per NIC) Storage server © A3CUBE Inc Confidential Storage server 14
  15. 15. RONNIEE Express topology advantages 10Gbe Network RONNIEE Express pure 3D RONNIEE Express Switch Power consumption ~ 170 KW 110 KW 75 KW Power consumed for cooling 60.9 KW 39.4 KW 26.8 KW Total Power consumed 230.9 KW 149.4 KW 101.8 KW Cost per Kwh 10 cents 10 cents 10 cents Cost per year $202,232 $130,850 $89,220 CO2 emitted per year 458 tons 297 tons 212 tons Using these figures: Network Power Saving For 10,000 nodes over a year the A3CUBE RONNIEE Express 3D solution typically saves close to $70,000. In a five-year period this saving rises to $350,000 The RONNIEE Switch solution typically saves close to $113,000. In a five-year period this saving rises to $565,000 Reduced power consumption also leads to a decrease in the carbon footprint. In a five-year period the 10,000 nodes with RONNIEE 3D, when compared to a typical 10Gbe Network, lead to a reduction of 805 tons in CO2 emissions and RONNIEE Switch lead to a reduction of 1,230 tons in CO2 emissions © A3CUBE Inc Confidential 15
  16. 16. Thank You RONNIEE Express is the new data plane massively extending PCIe capabilities and is designed to accelerate Big Data, HPC and I/O intensive applications Unmatched cost/performance by providing an affordable solution for high-end applications and use cases moving HPC to HPD (High Performance Data) Attaining new standards of bandwidth and latency; support for an efficient IPC paradigm, through use of non-transparent shared memory; IO virtualization in a multi-host environment Go To Market – OEM (server and storage), Direct, Channel Questions? © A3CUBE Inc Confidential 16
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