OECD STI Scoreboard 2013 Paris Launch

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On 23 October 2013, the OECD launched the "Science, Technology and Industry (STI) Scoreboard: Innovation for Growth 2013" at its headquarters in Paris. The 260 indicators in the STI Scoreboard 2013 show how OECD and partner economies are performing in a wide range of areas to help governments design more effective and efficient policies and monitor progress towards their desired goals.

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OECD STI Scoreboard 2013 Paris Launch

  1. 1. Science, Technology, Industry Scoreboard 2013 INNOVATION FOR GROWTH www.oecd.org/sti/scoreboard
  2. 2. Cc The value of the STI Scoreboard       Wide-ranging resource book of indicator To inform policy making Broad scope – includes BRIICS New, experimental indicators Web book Additional data and visualisation online
  3. 3. StatLinks and More data
  4. 4. StatLinks and More data
  5. 5. STI Scoreboard 2013 Knowledge economies – trends and features Building knowledge Connecting to knowledge Targeting new growth areas Unleashing innovation in firms Competing in the knowledge economy Participating in the global economy
  6. 6. Today, with an uneven pace of recovery across the OECD, unemployment remains the most pressing challenge
  7. 7. Where people lost their jobs, 2008-11 Relative contribution to change in total employment by major sectors of economic activity Mining, manufacturing and utilities Public administration, education, health and other services Agriculture, forestry and fishing Information and communication % 125 Construction Finance, insurance and real estate activities Professional, scientific, technical and other business services 558 295 110 212 491 Wholesale, retail, hotels, food services and transport 448 1,025 4,679 2,222 100 75 Gains, thousands 50 25 0 -25 -50 -75 Losses, thousands -100 -6,453 -1,707 -627 -384 -766 -153 -125 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888932889440 -209 -13,805 -6,581
  8. 8. Job losses in Europe 2011-12 Relative contribution to change in total employment by major sectors of economic activity Professional, scientific, technical and other business services Finance, insurance and real estate activities 0 Information and communication Agriculture, forestry and fishing % 125 Wholesale, retail, hotels, food services and transport Public administration, education, health and other services Construction 0 3 9 8 422 Mining, manufacturing and utilities 534 44 51 57 455 100 75 Gains, thousands 50 25 0 -25 -50 -75 Losses, thousands -100 -371 -206 -790 -20 -16 -1313 -177 -125 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888932889440 -11 -4 -2 0
  9. 9. … and the challenge affects all
  10. 10. Demand in one country sustains jobs in another Jobs in the business sector sustained by foreign final demand, 1995 and 2008 As a percentage of total business sector employment % 2008 1995 40 30 20 10 0 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888932904469
  11. 11. and European demand is critical to European jobs Jobs sustained by foreign final demand, by region of demand, 2008 As a percentage of total jobs embodied in foreign final demand Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888932904507
  12. 12. Young, dynamic firms create more jobs than destroy, even during crisis periods …
  13. 13. Net job growth, younger versus older firms, 2001-11 Average over 15 countries Young firms (5 years or or less) Old firms (6 years oldold more) Youngfirms (6 years old or more) Old firms (5 years old or less) Total % ,6 ,4 ,2 ,0 -,2 -,4 -,6 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888932889383 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11
  14. 14. Net job growth, younger versus older firms, 2001-11 Average over 15 countries % Employment Job destruction Job creation 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Small young Small old Medium young Medium old Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888932889402 Large young Large old
  15. 15. Patenting activity of young firms by sector, 2009-11 Share of young patenting firms and share of patents filed by young patenting firms High and medium-high-technology manufactures Low and medium-low-technology manufactures % 50 Business-sector services, excluding real estate Other sectors Share of patents filed by young firms 1 2 2 1 1 2 7 5 3 3 2 2 5 2 3 18 40 Average number of patents filed by firms under 5 years old, 2009-11 30 20 10 0 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888932893525
  16. 16. Well-designed incentives matter for younger and smaller innovative firms
  17. 17. Direct funding of business R&D and R&D tax incentives, 2011 As a percentage of GDP, 2011 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888932891112
  18. 18. Implied tax subsidy on R&D expenditures, 2013 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888932891150
  19. 19. Implied tax subsidy on R&D expenditures, 2013 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888932891150
  20. 20. Researchers on the move: brain circulation results in in higher scientific impact
  21. 21. The 9 largest bilateral flows involve the US International flows of scientific authors, 1996-2011 Selected bilateral flows, by first and last affiliation Total bilateral flows (x + y) Pairs, ordered by net flow direction % Bilateral flows 25000 20000 15000 For DEU↔CHE, the lozenge shows that CHE gains 31% of total bilateral flows. 10000 70 60 50 40 30 20 5000 0 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888932891511 10 0
  22. 22. Mobility patterns vary across economies International mobility of scientific authors, 1996-2011 As a percentage of authors with two or more publications, by last reported affiliation New inflows Returnees % 40 100 30 20 10 0 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888932891530 Stayers
  23. 23. What is the impact of mobility? Impact of scientific authors, by category of mobility, 1996-2011 Based on the median source-normalized impact per paper (SNIP) Stayers Returnees New inflows Impact factor 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888932891549 Outflows
  24. 24. The impact of internationally mobile scientists, inflows versus outflows, 1996-2011 Based on citation impact and changes in the affiliation of scientific authors Median impact of outflows 1.30 NLD 1 000 10 000 ITA 70 000 CAN DEU DNK SWE FIN 1.20 FRA AUT GRC KOR BEL NOR USA GBR AUS SGP HKG NZL ARG ESP CHL TWN 1.10 CHN POL IND JPN TUR ZAF PRT MEX BRA CZE RUS: Inflows impact= 0.71 1.00 0.90 1.00 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888932890333 1.10 1.20 1.30 Median impact of inflows Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. CHE Average flows, inflows plus outflows , of scientific authors
  25. 25. Whole counts of internationally co-authored documents, 2003-2011 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888932890314 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. The impact of scientific production and the extent of international scientific collaboration
  26. 26. Innovation at the technology frontier requires being “near” to science and exploit the cross-fertilisation of different technology areas
  27. 27. Technologies drawing on science Patents citing non-patent literature (NPL), selected technologies, 1997-2002 and 2007-12 Share of citations to NPL in backward citations, average Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888932891701
  28. 28. Technology burst in 2000s Phone and wireless communication Patents in selected IPC4-digits, Share in total PCT filings and burst period % ,1.0 ,0.8 ,0.6 ,0.4 ,0.2 ,0.0 % ,2.0 H04Q: SELECTING APPARATUS OR ARRANGEMENTS 155 PCT filings H04M: TELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION ,1.5 ,1.0 869 PCT filings ,0.5 ,0.0 % ,5.0 ,4.0 ,3.0 ,2.0 ,1.0 ,0.0 H04W: WIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS Source: OECD, calculations based on PATSTAT, EPO, April 2013. 6433 PCT filings
  29. 29. Technology burst in 2000s Co-development of the top 40 technologies H05B H04W H04Q 2006-11 Digital data acquisition, processing and transmission Energy storage and distribution for electric and hybrid vehicles 1996-2001 H04N H04L H02J H01M Displaying devices H01L G09G G09F G07F G06F G02F G01V International Patent Classes (IPC) Semiconductors Batteries Electronic games Wireless and digital communication Detergents Chemistry and biotechnology G01N Lighting F21Y F21V D06L C12Q C12P C12N C07K Micromolecular chemistry PCT patent applications 500 patents C07D C07B B60W B60L 1 000 patents Electric and hybrid vehicles A61K A61P Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888932892385 10 000 patents A01 - Agriculture A61 - Medical/veterinary science A63 - Sports, games, etc. B01 - Physical or chemical devices B60 - Vehicles C07 - Organic chemistry C09 - Dyes, paints, etc. C11 - Oils, fats and waxes C12 - Biochemistry C40 - Combinatorial technology D06 - Treatment of Textiles E21 - Earth/rock drilling, mining F21 - Lighting F24 - Heating, ventilating, etc. G01 - Measuring, testing G02 - Optics G03 - Photography, etc. G06 - Computing G07 - Checking-devices G09 - Educating, display, etc. G11 - Information storage H01 - Basic electric elements H02 - Electric power H04 - Electric communication H05 - Electric techniques n.e.c.
  30. 30. Innovation involves investments and policies beyond R&D …
  31. 31. Innovation is broader than R&D Product innovation, by R&D status, 2008-10 % Non R&D-active product innovators R&D-active product innovators 100 75 50 25 0 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888932892480
  32. 32. Investment in physical and knowledgebased capital, 2010 As a percentage of value added of the business sector Non-residential physical assets % Software and databases R&D and other intellectual property products Brand equity, firm-specific human capital, organisational capital 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888932889820
  33. 33. … policies that target complementary assets
  34. 34. Knowledge-based capital = workers, their tasks and skills % of total employed persons, 2012 Organisational Capital Design Overlapping assets Computerised Information Research & Development United States 2 assets: Computerised Information, Design 3 assets: Computerised Information, R&D, Design 2 assets: Organisational Capital, Computerised Information United Kingdom 4 Assets 2 assets: Organisational Capital, R&D 3 assets: Organisational Capital, Computerised Information, R&D 2 assets: Computerised Information, R&D Norway % 9 9 11 10 11 11 7 9 11 10 Share of overlapping KBC-related employed persons in total employment 100 France 75 Germany 50 Sweden 25 0 Netherlands Belgium Finland Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888932890618 Ireland Denmark Greece 0 10 20 30 %
  35. 35. Beyond patents: the IP bundle IP bundle of top 20 applicants, 2010-12 EPO Patents OHIM Trademarks Thousands of applications 150 125 100 75 50 25 0 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888932892575 OHIM Designs
  36. 36. The IP portfolio of firms Firms with trademarks and patents, 2009-11 Trademarks only Patents and trademarks Number of firms matched to ORBIS© firms % ,100 Patents only 5 951 108 580 9 501 763 1 480 3 971 7 247 3 573 2 343 1 781 ,75 ,50 ,25 ,0 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888932892803 5 689 960 13 198 2 698 536 3 194
  37. 37. Science, Technology, Industry Scoreboard 2013 INNOVATION FOR GROWTH THANK YOU! Send us feedbacks: sti.contact@oecd.org Help us disseminate: www.oecd.org/sti/scoreboard www.oecd.org/sti/rd-tax-stats.htm Launch @ countries

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