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OECD Scoreboard 2013 Istanbul Launch

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On 23 October 2013, the OECD launched the "Science, Technology and Industry (STI) Scoreboard: Innovation for Growth 2013" in Istanbul, Turkey at the OECD Global Forum on Knowledge Economy. The 260 …

On 23 October 2013, the OECD launched the "Science, Technology and Industry (STI) Scoreboard: Innovation for Growth 2013" in Istanbul, Turkey at the OECD Global Forum on Knowledge Economy. The 260 indicators in the STI Scoreboard 2013 show how OECD and partner economies are performing in a wide range of areas to help governments design more effective and efficient policies and monitor progress towards their desired goals.

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  • 1. Science, Technology, Industry Scoreboard 2013 INNOVATION FOR GROWTH Istanbul at the Global Forum on the Knowledge Economy (GFKE) Paris at the Committee for Industry, Innovation & Entrepreneurship Simultaneous Release date 23 October 2013 www.oecd.org/sti/scoreboard
  • 2. Cc The value of the STI Scoreboard       Wide-ranging resource book of indicator To inform policy making Broad scope – includes BRIICS New, experimental indicators Web book: StatLinks and additional data Visualisation online
  • 3. StatLinks and More data
  • 4. StatLinks and More data
  • 5. STI Scoreboard 2013 Knowledge economies – trends and features Building knowledge Connecting to knowledge Targeting new growth areas Unleashing innovation in firms Competing in the knowledge economy Participating in the global economy
  • 6. The pace of recovery after the crisis is rather uneven across the OECD
  • 7. Decomposition of growth in GDP per capita, 2007-09 and 2009-12 Total economy, annual percentage change % % 6.0 6.0 2007-09 2007-09 4.0 4.0 2.0 2.0 0.0 0.0 -2.0 -2.0 -4.0 -4.0 -6.0 -6.0 -8.0 -8.0 -10.0 -10.0 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. 2009-12
  • 8. … and unemployment remains the most pressing challenge today
  • 9. Where people lost their jobs, 2008-11 Relative contribution to change in total employment by major sectors of economic activity % 100 75 50 25 0 -25 -50 -75 -100 Manufacturing Construction Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013.
  • 10. Job losses in Europe 2011-12 Relative contribution to change in total employment by major sectors of economic activity % 100 75 50 25 0 -25 -50 -75 -100 Construction Manufacturing Public services Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013.
  • 11. …the challenge affects all
  • 12. Demand in one country sustains jobs in another Jobs in the business sector sustained by foreign final demand, 1995 and 2008 As a percentage of total business sector employment % 2008 1995 40 30 20 10 0 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013.
  • 13. and European demand is critical to European jobs Jobs sustained by foreign final demand, by region of demand, 2008 As a percentage of total jobs embodied in foreign final demand Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013.
  • 14. Young, dynamic firms create more jobs than destroy, even during crisis periods …
  • 15. Net job growth, younger versus older firms, 2001-11 Average over 15 countries Young firms (5 years or or less) Old firms (6 years oldold more) Youngfirms (6 years old or more) Old firms (5 years old or less) Total % 6 4 2 0 -2 -4 -6 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11
  • 16. Young firms, 5 years old or younger, generated on average nearly half of all new jobs over the past decade, despite accounting for only about 20% of total business sector jobs, excluding finance.
  • 17. Net job growth, younger versus older firms, 2001-11 Average over 15 countries % Employment Job destruction Job creation 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Small young Small old Medium young Medium old Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. Large young Large old
  • 18. Patenting activity of young firms by sector, 2009-11 Share of young patenting firms and share of patents filed by young patenting firms % 50 High and medium-high-technology manufactures Low and medium-low-technology manufactures Share of patents filed by young firms 1 2 2 1 1 2 7 Business-sector services, excluding real estate Other sectors 5 3 3 2 2 5 2 3 18 40 30 Average number of patents filed by firms under 5 years old, 2009-11 20 10 0 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013.
  • 19. Researchers on the move: Brain circulation results in higher scientific impact.
  • 20. The 9 largest bilateral flows involve the US International flows of scientific authors, 1996-2011 Selected bilateral flows, by first and last affiliation Total bilateral flows (x + y) Pairs, ordered by net flow direction % Bilateral flows 25000 20000 For DEU↔CHE, the lozenge shows that CHE gains 31% of total bilateral flows. 15000 10000 5000 0 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. 50 70 45 60 40 50 35 30 40 25 30 20 15 20 10 10 5 0
  • 21. Mobility patterns vary across economies International mobility of scientific authors, 1996-2011 As a percentage of authors with two or more publications, by last reported affiliation % Stayers Returnees 100 90 80 70 60 50 0 40 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. New inflows
  • 22. What is the impact of mobility? Impact of scientific authors, by category of mobility, 1996-2011 Based on the median source-normalized impact per paper (SNIP) Stayers Returnees New inflows Impact factor 1.4 1.2 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.0 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. Outflows
  • 23. The impact of scientific production and the extent of international scientific collaboration Whole counts of internationally co-authored documents, 2003-2011 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013.
  • 24. Business R&D remains an important driver of innovation and economic growth.
  • 25. Direct funding of business R&D and R&D tax incentives, 2010 As a percentage of GDP, 2011 % 0.45 Direct government funding of BERD Indirect government support through R&D tax incentives 0.40 0.35 0.30 0.25 0.20 0.15 0.10 0.05 0.00 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. Data on tax incentive support not available
  • 26. Tax incentive share of government funds for R&D, 2006 and 2011 As a percentage of total support % 2011 100 80 60 40 20 0 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. 2006 R&D tax incentives abolished
  • 27. Business R&D intensity and government support to business R&D Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013.
  • 28. Dedicated Web Page www.oecd.org/sti/rd-tax-stats.htm .
  • 29. But innovation today is more than R&D …
  • 30. Product innovation, 2008-10 By R&D status % Non R&D-active product innovators 100 75 50 25 0 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. R&D-active product innovators
  • 31. … involves investments and policies beyond R&D …
  • 32. Barriers to entrepreneurship, 2008 Scale from 0 to 6 from least to most restrictive Index Administrative burdens on start-ups Barriers to competition 4.0 3.5 3.0 2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.0 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. Regulatory and administrative opacity Barriers to entrepreneurship in 1998
  • 33. Investment in physical and knowledgebased capital, 2010 As a percentage of value added of the business sector Non-residential physical assets % Software and databases R&D and other intellectual property products Brand equity, firm-specific human capital, organisational capital 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013.
  • 34. … better policies for better lives.
  • 35. Public perception of the impact of science and technology on personal well-being, 2010 "Science and technology are making our lives healthier, easier and more comfortable" Strongly agree Agree Neither agree nor disagree Disagree As a percentage of respondents 100 80 60 40 20 0 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. Strongly disagree Don’t know
  • 36. Science, Technology, Industry Scoreboard 2013 INNOVATION FOR GROWTH Send us feedbacks, THANK YOU! Andrew.Wyckoff@oecd.org Alessandra.Colecchia@oecd.org Help us disseminate: www.oecd.org/sti/scoreboard Launch @ countries