Innovation Excellence Weekly - Issue 16

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We are proud to announce our sixteenth Innovation Excellence Weekly for Slideshare. Inside you'll find ten of the best innovation-related articles from the past week on Innovation Excellence - the …

We are proud to announce our sixteenth Innovation Excellence Weekly for Slideshare. Inside you'll find ten of the best innovation-related articles from the past week on Innovation Excellence - the world's most popular innovation web site and home to 5,000+ innovation-related articles.

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  • 1. January 18, 2013
  • 2. Issue 16 – January 18, 2013 1. Innovation in China.......................................................................... John and Doris Naisbitt 2. Managing Innovation in the Trenches ……..………………………..…...…. Geoffrey Moore 3. Managers are for Efficiency, Leaders are for Innovation ……..…..……… Jeffrey Phillips 4. 4 Innovation Leadership Strategies for 2013 ..........................................…. Soren Kaplan 5. Innovate by Design .……………………………………..…………… Bradley (Woody) Bendle 6. The Value Elevator Speech for your Innovation …………………………. Stephan Liouzu 7. Why Jeff Bezos Is Our Greatest Living CEO …………….…………….….... Adam Hartung 8. Himalayan Innovation! …………………………...……………….……..…...….. Scott Bowden 9. Idea Challenges – you get what you give ………..………….....…..….….. Jan Martineverts 10. Removing Risk from Bold Aspirations ….……………………...….….…..… Rowan Gibson Your hosts, Braden Kelley, Julie Anixter and Rowan Gibson, are innovation writers, speakers and strategic advisors to many of the world’s leading companies. “Our mission is to help you achieve innovation excellence inside your own organization by making innovation resources, answers, and best practices accessible for the greater good.”Cover Image credit: Crying Baby
  • 3. Innovation in ChinaPosted on January 13, 2013 by John and Doris NaisbittLegendary trend forecasters John and Doris Naisbitt have been analyzing global trends together since 2000, with a special focus on thefundamental transitions in China’s social, political and economic development and its impact on the West. Their latest book is Innovation inChina: The Chengdu Triangle. They are currently working on a new book about the new global landscape. - Rowan Gibson, Co-Founder,Innovation Excellence Pride goes before a fall. Pride estimates value, position and ability of oneself higher than those of others. Arrogance, pretention, illusion and blasé color a picture that does not reflect reality. Pride makes us blind. That’s what makes it so dangerous. We can experience it on personal levels, and we are about to experience it on a global scale. It is not irreversible, but most likely: the West, dazzled in the belief of its immovable supremacy, is in denial of losing ground against a rising east and new alliances of emerging markets. Based on obsolete pictures of the past the West overestimates its own ability and underestimates the potentials of the rising powers. The main players, the U.S. and China, are easy to identify. And while the next decades will be dominated by a bi-polar world of the fading and the rising star, the further future is foreseeable:the hegemony of China, a nation that little more than thirty years ago was at the brink of economic, political and cultural collapse. It is part of thepride of the lecturing West that it is in denial of what stood behind the rise of China: its eagerness to learn, its guts to utilize trial and error, and
  • 4. the simplicity of adopting what works and dropping what does not. Mistakes are made, and it is not always the most elegant path Chinachooses, but it keeps moving.The belief in Western supremacy relies on three main pillars, Western democracy, market economy and technological leadership. If innovationwere given a citizenship, it would be American. China for its part is not about to continue as the executing branch of Western innovations. Moreso, innovation in China has peeled off its limitation to technology and business, and embraces social-political developments, feeding economicprogress and technological advancements. It takes place in a fusion of strategic planning and flexible execution. Innovation in a state-directedmatrix? Yes and no. The city of Chengdu is a good example of how far innovative thinking can be stretched in China. New social economicstructures work in the interest of social stability and create a nourishing environment for entrepreneurial thinking and ideas.Chengdu, with a population of 14 million, is the capital of Sichuan province. It is the city where paper money — a colossal innovation — firstappeared in 1024. The printing of the Buddhist canons “Four Books” and “Five Classics” made Chengdu the early center in the art of printing.Innovative thinking is part of its history, and it is shaping its future.Innovation in Chengdu is growing out of a strategically planned nourishing business environment and an entrepreneur-friendly administration ina stable social climate. Following the principles of a well-run company, Chengdu’s leadership combines management and business acumenwith social consciousness and, to a much greater extent than we have ever seen in a Western local government, a service-orientedadministration. A good example of innovative service are the quarterly meetings, the Mayor holds, and in which every problem, request orcomplaints must be solved or dealt with within three days. The first meeting was held in March 2003 and meetings have been held withoutinterruption since that time.Unlike technological innovation, social and economic innovation cannot be created in isolation, but only in a context that engages the largersociety. It is likely that the absence of election driven thinking makes it easier to find common ground when it comes to changing obsoleteconditions and old thinking patterns.The challenging social context in all of China is the abolishing of the dualism of its populations. It demands taking down the barriers which denyrural people the same rights and economic opportunities as urban dwellers and to include citizens in basic decision making processes. Allmade possible only by a large shift in thinking, a comprehensive transformation from a group and collective oriented society to an increasinglyindividual oriented society.All issues of change are linked with each other, and require that improvements are not made independently in each of them, but coordinatedamong all of them. Innovation in Chengdu is about urban rural integration and access to economic progress for all citizens not on the base of awelfare state, but by enabling rural people to climb up the social ladder by their own merits.To reach that goal Chengdu has developed a comprehensive model, simultaneously embracing three areas: reform of property rights,equalization of public service, and grassroots democracy. All three elements are building the legal foundation that will give more rights to theindividual. Innovation in each is stimulating the other two for a result greater than the sum of their parts. We call it “Chengdu’s InnovationTriangle.”
  • 5. Reform of property rights created favorable conditions for land trading and land pooling leading to a higher efficiency and a gradualindustrialization and modernization of arable land. The usual scattered and small lots of land did not allow efficient husbandry but as landreform allowed trading of land, large scale crops farming was possible and higher efficiency brought higher revenues to the farmers. Farmerswho decide to join Chengdu’s city workforce can now lease or sell their land and work in industry or in the service sector. In this case the farmerwould have a fixed income plus the monthly wage with the opportunity to return to their land later in life.Grassroots democracy — as elections in more than 800,000 villages in China is called — is a breakthrough in two directions: sharingresponsibility and taking responsibility. Ordinary people can take care of their own concerns through elected representatives, but at the sametime they are responsible for their choice. Elections in villages are not about political considerations but about economic considerations andbetter and more responsive management of village affairs. Elections are about developing poor rural areas and bringing modernity into remoteareas.To equalize public service between the favored urban and the disadvantaged rural population Chengdu abolished the “hukou” classification of“rural household” and “non-rural household” and registered all the local households as “residential households” in 2004. By the end of 2012 allresidents of the city, rural and urban districts, will have equal access to education, health care and other services provided by the localgovernment. Equal access to education, be it one of the 55 vocational or at one of the 42 provincial and national key universities is utilizing apreviously neglected talent pool.In this holistic view of innovation Chengdu has created favorable conditions for direct foreign investment. Not the least the excellent supply ofworkforce has led 219 of the Fortune 500 companies located in Chengdu, including a 100 billion investment of Dell over five years. In additionChengdu is setting measures to support scientific development. It has adopted this strategy through the 13 industrial zones and set-up fourclusters of innovative companies will work on an industry-academic-research based model in which alliances instituted by industrial leaders aredeveloped along with research institutions, academies and industry peers. To summarize:
  • 6. The first pillar of Chengdu’s reform is its wider focus which is not exclusive on industrial development, but on a whole range of investmentattractions. In its early reforms Chengdu was similar to other inland cities. Its orientation was toward foreign trade and active efforts to attractoverseas investment. But at a much earlier stage than other inland cities, Chengdu broadened its innovative activities to include marketelements, such as technology, labor force, knowledge, financial services, market development, and land reform with the underlying purpose toraise local consumption levels and stimulate sustainable economic development in the region.The second pillar of Chengdu’s innovation model is to seek to enhance the allocation and efficiency of “intangible assets.” To speed uptechnological innovation Chengdu has set up international technological and economic exchanges. In recent years it has encouraged theselective attraction of financial industries by inviting more than 50 domestic and foreign banks, insurance companies, securities companies,trust companies, future and fund corporations, and more than 20 distinguished domestic and foreign financial supporting intermediary serviceagencies to establish themselves in the city. All of this contributes to laying a sound foundation for Chengdu’s long-term economicdevelopment.The third pillar of the Chengdu model is bilateral exchange. Instead of inviting only foreign investment, Chengdu has sought to encouragebilateral economic exchange. In this stage “Going out” becomes an important part of the innovative strategy. Chengdu is encouraging local
  • 7. enterprises to reach outside their local area. Although Chengdu still lags far behind developed countries and coastal areas, it remains far aheadof other inland cities in moving out in an ever-increasing scale.Chengdu is dedicated to beat its innovation drums faster, louder and more insistently on all fronts. But Chengdu is only one of China’s manyambitious and competitive cities. High Tech Parks are growing like mushrooms after a warm summer rain and lure with high wages and$150,000 moving grant for top executives. Top-talents find support in Incubation Centers. Mentors, seed capital, offices and technologicalequipment are part of the package. China’s “Thousand Talents Program” aims to bring back 2,000 talented Chinese paying salaries between60,000 and 360,000 Euro. Up to the year 2020 China is dedicating 15 percent of its GDP to human resources.The list could go on and yet, the answer of the West stays the same “Yes, but when is China becoming a Western democracy? When will Chinaimprove on the implementation of the rule of law? When will it end corruption, solve its environmental problems, water shortages?” We agree,the problems are there, including the need to find a decent way of dealing with divergent political opinion.But — in its view of China, the West is fast in criticizing, slow in understanding, blind towards its own shortcomings, and in denial of the closingtechnological advance. Pride comes before the fall and once on the ground, it is hard to get back up.image credits: john and doris naisbitt; argo-navis.com John Naisbitt is an acclaimed author and speaker whose book Megatrends sold more than 14 million copies.On the New York Times bestseller list for more than two years, it was one of the biggest successes in publishing history. Megatrends was followed by the NYT bestsellers Reinventing the Corporation and Megatrends 2000. He wrote about the increasing importance of women in business in Megatrends for Women in 1992 and in 1995 Megatrends Asiaanticipated the extraordinary rise of Asia and China, which Naisbitt has been studying and visiting since 1967.Doris Naisbitt, an observer of global social, economic and political trends, is the Director of the Naisbitt China Institute in Tianjin, China andco-author of the bestseller Megatrends China: Eight Pillars of a New Society, co-autor of The China Model and author of Mai-Lin My China(CITIC Press October 2010). She holds professorships an Nankai and Yunnan University, and at Yunnan Normal Universities in China.
  • 8. Managing Innovation in the TrenchesPosted on January 13, 2013 by Geoffrey MooreThe first principle of managing innovation is that are three distinct returns oninnovation one can invest to achieve. They are:  “Unmatchable” differentiation, which confers enormous bargaining power as customers who want what you have “must” select you and “must” pay a premium for your offer. We call this DIFF for short.  “Speedy” neutralization, which catches you up to some new market norm set by a competitor, thereby enabling you to stay in the game rather than be eliminated for lacking this feature. This is NEUT for short.  “Rigorous” optimization, which extracts high-value talent and other scarce resources from non-differentiating work in order to free up investment in highly differentiating work or high-speed neutralization efforts. This is OPT for short.The second principle is that these three outcomes are mutually exclusive, meaning you do not want to combine any two of them into the samework stream. Most innovation programs bind DIFF objectives with NEUT objectives, tying both to the same release cadence. This either slowsdown NEUT or dumbs down DIFF, both of which outcomes are painfully counterproductive.The third principle is that most innovation investment is wasted (which is actually good news, because it means you can get a much biggerbang for your innovation buck once you learn how to avoid the waste). The three great sources of waste are:  DIFF initiatives that do not result in “unmatchable” offers that create unequivocal customer preference. You end up being different but not different enough to gain real bargaining power.  NEUT initiatives that take too long or go too far (or, more typically, both). Here the team has become obsessed with its competitor and is doing extra work that the customer will not value, meanwhile delaying the “good enough” state that the customer would value.  OPT initiatives that do not address “sacred cow” resources. You end up moving around a lot of junior resources, meanwhile leaving the senior ones trapped in context instead of being deployed against core.
  • 9. A corollary that can help teams avoid waste is to pay attention to their reference points.  If your goal is DIFF, then your reference point should be a prospective customer’s use case, one where purchase preference will be determined by you achieving “unmatchable” performance in your key area of innovation.  If your goal is NEUT, then your reference point is a competitor, then your innovation focus should be to get “good enough” fast enough.  A behavior you must avoid is to use a competitor as a reference point for DIFF. The all too likely outcome here is that you will create a difference that the customer either will not notice, will not acknowledge, or will not value. Meanwhile, the competitor will debate the fact that you even achieved it or that it is relevant if you did.Finally, in light of these principles, the role of the leader is to deconstruct the overall workload of the team to tease out the DIFF from the NEUTfrom the OPT, and to charter specific work-streams accordingly. This rarely results in a perfectly pure outcome, but the more pure it is, the moreproductive your team’s efforts will be.image credit: geoffreyamoore.com; HarperBusiness.com Geoffrey Moore is an author, speaker and business advisor to many of the leading companies in the high-tech sector, including Cisco, Cognizant, Compuware, HP, Microsoft, SAP, and Yahoo! His latest book is Escape Velocity: Free Your Company’s Future from the Pull of the Past is Moore’s sixth book for business leaders in the high-tech sector. His first book, Crossing the Chasm addresses the challenges of gaining initial adoption for disruptive innovations.
  • 10. Managers are for Efficiency, Leaders are for InnovationPosted on January 12, 2013 by Jeffrey Phillips Time was, back when the railroads were built, that the military was basically the only management structure that was large, distributed and relatively effective. So the railroads and other rapidly expanding businesses adopted the military’s top down, command and control management philosophies. This was actually a driver for industrial growth, since many corporations were forming and needed a structure to allow them to grow, to expand and to control operations. The top down command and control organization wasn’t especially fast at making decisions, but was good at implementing the desires of the senior executives and good at repetitive work. This structure was especially valuablewhen few people had much education, but could be taught relatively simple operations on a production line.Fast forward to today, and the top down, command and control organization is rapidly becoming a thing of the past. First, it takes too long forcommands to filter down through the organization, so the responsiveness of a top down command and control organization is limited, when theenvironment is changing rapidly. Second, the executives and leaders rotate through jobs and positions like a roulette wheel, in one slot andthen on to another slot every two to three years. This lack of longevity in any role doesn’t create much stability or desire for long term change.Third, most workers in large organizations have far more training and education than their forebears, and are able to make informed decisions,if they are informed of the goals of the organization.The Cross RoadsOur businesses are at a cross-roads, in terms of existing structures and purpose, and future demands. Most command and control businesseswere designed and built based on a competitive model and framework that is dissolving. As trade barriers fall, competition increases and lowcost options shift from country to country, building an ever more effective command and control environment is like akin to “fighting the lastwar”. Organizational structures need to change. But you know this already. Gary Hamel told you this in The Future of Management. The realquestion is: do you understand the impact of this treatise when it comes to innovation?Leaders, managers and visions, oh my!Back in the day when command and control was the accepted and the practical alternative, executives created strategies but didn’t bother toshare them with their employees. They simply asked for specific tasks to be accomplished, and the employees acted accordingly. Theemployees didn’t question, and didn’t bother to share ideas. Requests came top down, and results flowed bottom up.But today, things should be different. With a far more educated and capable workforce, executive can expect far more than simplyacquiescence to commands. But do the communication channels exist to allow good ideas to flow both ways? Often, modern corporations
  • 11. seem to represent the epitome of evolved learning, with empowered teams, active communication and deep training. But underneath all of thisevolved learning and management still resides, as an almost vestigial organ, a command and control mentality. Oh, we’ve received the training,heard the message and nodded our heads at the sage wisdom, thank you, but we’ll still wait for the directions.What we need is a clear vision for the company, and the right and responsibility to achieve it with our best capabilities and ideas, regardless oftheir source. What we need is executives and leaders who harness our knowledge and channel capabilities and passions. While executiveshave gotten much better at expressing “what” they want, the “how” part is often still missing, and in the absence of clear directions, staff willrevert to what they think is safe and reasonable.The new paradigmGreg Satell has written about this better than I can, so let’s link to his article, The Leaderless Organization. What you need to be consistentlyinnovative is to create very clear, compelling strategies and goals for your business, and provide the tools and techniques for your teams todeliver. And be open enough to their ideas to encourage more innovation. This doesn’t suggest that organizations don’t need executives, justthat they need leaders even more than they need managers. Leaders are good for innovation, managers are good for efficiency. Both arerequired in a modern organization.image credit: the gap image from bigstock Jeffrey Phillips is a senior leader at OVO Innovation. OVO works with large distributed organizations to build innovation teams, processes and capabilities. Jeffrey is the author of Relentless Innovation and the blog Innovate on Purpose.
  • 12. 4 Innovation Leadership Strategies for 2013Posted on January 12, 2013 by Soren Kaplan The New Year brings about resolutions to redefine the status quo. It’s usually an individual endeavor focused on fitness, relationships, or finances. But great things can happen when we apply the catalytic energy of the New Year to our teams and organizations. 2013 represents the ideal time to leapfrog our mental models and innovate our way to business breakthroughs. Here are four strategies any leader can use to jump-start the New Year with their teams and organizations:Strategy #1: Define Your “Leapfrogging” Opportunity  promote big thinking that involves challenging assumptions and “changing the game” in whatever you’re doing. It’s all about leapfrogging existing solutions and the competition. Apple didn’t create the iPod because customers asked for it; they wanted it themselves. Target didn’t become “Tar-zjay” by emulating Wal-Mart; they decided to be known for incredible design and become the leader in “cheap chic.” Ask yourself: In what ways are we holding onto the status quo? What are the breakthroughs that we want to create and lead?Strategy #2: Leverage Data, then Go with Your Gut  When it comes to making resolutions, you instinctively know what you need to do. Breakthrough innovation isn’t much different; there are no maps for uncharted territory. Comprehensive data rarely exist. The goal is to use whatever information you can find, and then apply your instincts to fill in the gaps. A University of Amsterdam research study recently found that people made the best decisions when they actually ignored detailed data and? made quick decisions after “sleeping on it.” Ask yourself: Are we holding back because we’re missing data that can’t realistically be obtained in a workable timeframe? What do we know deep down to be true that data can’t tell us?Strategy #3: Test the Waters with Your Pinky Toe  Research from the University of Virginia shows that entrepreneurs get their ideas out into market as quickly as possible (even if they’re not perfect), test them, and change their fundamental assumptions as needed. And they’ll go through this same iterative process many times to get it right. The goal is to sponsor and conduct low-risk experiments to test and validate a variety of new opportunities. Using this approach provides room for learning and adapting while minimizing the risk of failure.. Ask yourself: What is the smallest step that would have the greatest impact? What big assumptions can be tested with the least effort or investment?
  • 13. Strategy #4: Savor Surprise  The unexpected is a natural part of innovation. And in today’s 2013 environment, uncertainty has never been greater. When unanticipated things occur, rather than fight them, listen to what they’re telling you.. The stronger our reaction – either positive or negative – the stronger our assumptions are likely being challenged or reinforced. Scott Cook, Founder of Intuit, credits this unusual mantra of ‘savoring surprise’ as one of the pillars of his company’s long-term success. Ask yourself: What surprises have we experienced that influenced where we are today? What can we do to remain open to the power of surprise when it occurs rather than resist it?In many ways, “the soft stuff is the hard stuff” when it comes to challenging existing assumptions, processes, and ways of working. And thesestrategies must be applied over time, through a journey that involves experimentation, setbacks and successes. 2013 is the year to recognizethat anyone who’s willing to push through to the other side of the status quo can become an innovation leader.image credit: universitystarts!.com Soren Kaplan is the author of Leapfrogging and a Managing Principal at InnovationPoint LLC where he advises start-ups and also consults to Cisco, Colgate, Disney, Medtronic, Visa, and others larger firms. He led the internal strategy group at HP and is an Adjunct Professor within the Imagineering Academy at NHTV Breda University of Applied Sciences in The Netherlands. To learn about the book Leapfrogging or contact Soren visit www.leapfrogging.com
  • 14. Innovate by DesignPosted on January 14, 2013 by Bradley (Woody) BendleThe most successful innovations throughout history have one thing in common – theyare valued by consumers because they uniquely meet and/or exceed previouslyunfulfilled needs. Occasionally, an innovation might succeed by accident; but moretimes than not, successful innovations are the result of an organization employing apurposeful end-to-end innovation process that begins with a deep understanding ofconsumer needs. With uniquely solving consumer needs as a key for innovationsuccess, it is important to understand what a consumer need is; and that needs canbe functional and/or emotional.Functional consumer needs:Functional needs are generally more straight forward to understand. A functional need is best described as that which the consumer is trying toget done. For example, a carpenter might need a hole in a wall stud in order to thread an electrical wire through it. Alternatively, a musicianmight need a way to recall and replicate something that they just came up with while improvising. Emotional needs however, are quite differentfrom Functional needs and can be a little trickier to get your head around.Emotional consumer needs:Emotional needs can be thought of as how a consumer wants to feel; either intrinsically or extrinsically. As an example of an intrinsic or internalemotional need, we might think about a bicyclist who regularly rides when it is dark outside. Being able to see where she is going and beingable to have others (motorists) see her serve true valuable functional needs. But, an innovation fulfilling these functional needs can also fulfillintrinsic emotional needs like feeling safe, confident, responsible, etc. At the same time, if the innovation is some amazing, latest and greatest,cutting-edge gadget, our cyclist may have been motivated by how she feels she might be perceived by others (i.e., she might want others tothink she’s: “with it”, “cutting edge”, “cool”, etc.).In my opinion, one of the best ways to tap into emotional consumer needs is through design. And one of the awesome things about design isthat there is very little (if any) correlation between design and cost. Things don’t have to cost a ton to have awesome design. If you need someconvincing, let me share a recent occurrence in my household that was the result of an “emotional need” being triggered through design.Hard to say no to compelling design:I came home the other evening to find two Williams-Sonoma shopping bags on our kitchen counter. When I looked into the bags to see whatgoodies we had gotten, I had to chuckle. Brand spanking new OXO measuring cups and measuring spoons. These weren’t new things
  • 15. whatsoever – we already have things that performed these exact functions. But rather, these were new and improved versions of things wealready had in our drawers. Not only did we already have them in our drawers; we already had two sets of each of them. Now we have three! These OXO measuring cups and spoons weren’t purchased because they all of the sudden filled an unmet functional need; not at all. The ONLY reason these were purchased was because their design spoke to my wife’s emotional needs when she was at Williams-Sonoma to pick up something completely unrelated. But here’s the deal, I admit it; they also speak to my emotional needs as well. These OXO measuring cups and spoons are actually pretty cool! They look cool. They feel cool. They’re a heavy brushed stainless steel with grippy rubber handles. They’ve definitely got their own unique look and feel. They look like theywill hold up – maybe even last forever. They don’t look like something that everyone else would have in their kitchen. They look different – and Iguess that makes us a little different. They’re sort of unique – I guess that might even make us a little unique too. The design of these OXOmeasuring cups and spoons spoke to my wife, and they’re now ours – in addition to two other (not so unique) sets that I’m not sure what we’lldo with now.So, the next time you are seeking innovation opportunities for your organization, don’t overlook design and the opportunity to spark yourconsumers’ emotional needs! Superb design can do many many magical things for your brand!Now, let’s get innovating! Bradley (Woody) Bendle is Director, Insights & Innovation at Collective Brands, Inc. and formerly a VP of Marketing, Customer Analytics & Strategic Systems at Blockbuster, and a consulting economist. His focus areas are: Brand & Market Strategy, Product & Service Innovation, Consumer Behavior, Quantitative & Qualitative Research Methods, and Applied Econometrics. (twitter – @wbendle)
  • 16. The Value Elevator Speech for your InnovationPosted on January 14, 2013 by Stephan Liozu Are you able to clearly articulate the value proposition for your innovation, your business model, or your startup? Can you recite in one quick minute this value proposition and two to three value drivers that illustrate its power and monetized differential value? If you are a business leaders in the trenches, a multi-tasking entrepreneur or a busy innovator, chances are that you have not gone through the exercise and are not ready for it. I was recently participating in a top management conversation at a fairly large high tech start up and I asked leaders around the room if they were able to articulate the business model value proposition and their critical value drivers.The question took them by surprise and generated some interesting internal discussions. I was invited to speak with them about their potentialpricing problems but we quickly realized that the problem resided in the business model fundamentals and the overall value proposition. Theconversation uncovered internal disagreements, some frustration among the various executives, and a real need to take a step back andreflect.Case closed! How can one have a creative and constructive discussion on pricing models without have a clear idea of what your innovativebusiness model is all about and what types of differentiating features you bring to your customers? This is fundamental exercise that everymarketing manager, business manager, innovator, and entrepreneur should go through to create a crisp value story that will create excitementand interest for customer, investors and partners.There are three critical elements to work as shown in the figure below.The overall value proposition needs to reflect the main differentiating dimensions of your new business model or your innovation. It needs toshort and crisp and resonate with customers by using the vocabulary they are using. Then based on this crisp statement, you can extract amaximum of three value drivers for your value offering. Focus on value drivers that are tangible and measurable but also that are the mostrelevant for your customers. In other words, focus on the bang for the buck. Finally, for these three value drivers, you need to calculate and
  • 17. extract the monetized value i.e. the financial benefits you will bring to your customers). These are typically cost savings or incrementalrevenues.Do not get me wrong! This is very difficult exercise but a very worthy one. It gets even more complicated when you consider a complex newbusiness model or an entire corporate strategy. But imagine the power of having an army of marketers and merchants being able to all recitethe same value proposition and promote the same value drivers for a new business model or a new product or service.If you are an entrepreneur or an inventor in search of funding, you need to go through this exercise and practice the speech. Bankers andinvestors will need to hear the differentiating power of your idea, concept or proposal. They need to see that you have confidence in your valueproposition, your value drivers and that you have gone through the exercise of monetizing your differential economic value. That is the rationaldiscussion they will need to have with you. Keep it short though. Simpler is better!There has never been a better time to pay attention to value. Be bold! Innovate and join the value-based revolution.image credit: printmediacentr.com Stephan Liozu is the Founder of Value Innoruption Advisors and specializes in disruptive approaches in innovation and value management. He is also a PhD candidate in Management at Case Western Reserve University and can be reached at sliozu@case.edu
  • 18. Why Jeff Bezos Is Our Greatest Living CEOPosted on January 14, 2013 by Adam HartungThe Harvard Business Review recently published its list of the 100 BestPerforming CEOs. This list is better than most because it looks at long-termperformance of the CEO during his or her time in the job – with many on thelist in service more than a decade.#1 was Steve Jobs. #2 is Jeff Bezos – making him the greatest living CEO. Itis startling just how well these two CEOs performed. During Jobs’ tenureApple investors achieved a return of 66.8 times their money. During Mr.Bezos’ tenure shareholders achieved a remarkable 124.3 times return on theirmoney. In an era when most of us are happy to earn 5-10%/year – whichequates to doubling your money about once a decade – these CEOsexceeded expectations 30-60 fold!Both of these CEOs achieved greatness by transforming an industry. We all know the Apple story. From near bankruptcy as the Mac companyMr. Jobs led Apple into the mobile devices business, and created a transformation from Walkmen, Razrs and PCs to iPods, iPhones andiPads – to the detriment of Sony, Motorola, Nokia, Microsoft, HP and Dell.The Amazon story is all the more remarkable because it has been written in the far more mundane world of retail – not known for being nearlyas fast-changing at tech.Lest we forget, Amazon started as an on-line seller of books frequently unavailable at your local bookstore. “What’s a local bookstore?” youmay now ask, because through continuous upgrading of its capability to build on the advances in internet usage – across machines, browsers,wi-fi and mobile – Amazon drove into bankruptcy such large booksellers as B.Dalton and Borders – leaving Barnes & Noble a mere shell of itsformer self and on tenous footing. And the number of small bookshops has dropped dramatically.But Amazon’s industry transformation has gone far beyond bookselling. Amazon was one ofthe first, and by most users considered the best, at offering a complete on-line storefront forany retailer who wants to sell goods through Amazon’s site. You can set up your inventory,display products, provide user information, manage a shopping cart and handle check out allthrough Amazon – with minimal technical skill. This allowed Amazon to bring vastly moreproducts to customers; and without adding all the inventory or warehousing cost.As digital uses grew, Amazon moved beyond the slow-paced publishers to launch the Kindleand give us eReaders displacing paper books and periodicals. But this was just the first salvo
  • 19. in the effort to promote additional on-line buying, as Amazon next launched Kindle Fire which at remarkably low cost gave people a tabletalready set up for doing retail shopping at Amazon.As Amazon launched its book downloads and on-line services, it built its own cloud services business to aid businesses and people in usingtablets, and doing more things on-line; which further reinforced the digital retail world in which Amazon dominates.And make no doubt about it, Kindle Fire – and the use of all other tablets – is the WalMart and other traditional brick-and-mortar retail killer.Amazon is now a player in all pieces of the transition which is happening in retail, from traditional shopping to on-line.Demand for retail space in the USA began declining in 2009 and has not stopped. Most analysts blamed it on the great recession. But inretrospect we can now see it was the watershed year for customers to begin looking more, and buying more, on-line. Now each year growth inon-line retail continues, while demand at traditional stores wanes.Just look at this last holiday season. To (hopefully) drive revenue stores were opening on Thanksgiving, and doing 24 and 48 hours of non-stopstaffing and promotions to drive sales. But it was mostly in vain, as traditional retail saw almost no gains. Despite doing more and more of whatthey’ve always done – trying to be better, faster and cheaper – they simply could not change the trend away from shopping on-line and backinto the stores. For the last year the #1 trend in retailing has been “showrooming” where customers stand in a store with a smartphone comparison pricing on-line (most frequently Amazon) to the product on the shelf. Retailers were forced to match on-line prices, despite their higher overhead, or lose the business. And now Target has implemented a policy of price- matching Amazon for all of 2013 in hopes of slowing the trend to on-line purchasing. Circuit City went bankrupt, which saved Best Buy as it picked up their lost business. But now Best Buy is close to failure. Same store sales at WalMart have been flat. JCPenneyrecruited Apple’s retail store wizard as CEO – but he’s learned when you have to compete with Amazon life simply sucks. Nobody in traditionalretail has found a way to reverse the on-line shopping trend, which is still dominated by Amazon.
  • 20. We all can learn from these two CEOs and the companies they built. First, and foremost, is understand trends and align with them. If you helppeople move in the direction they want to go life is easy, and growth can be phenomenal. Trying to slow, stop or reverse a trend doesn’t work,and is expensive.Second, don’t ask customers what they want, instead give them what they need. Customers may be on a trend, but they will frame theirrequests in the old paradigm. By creating new trend-promoting products and solutions you can capture the customer and avoid head-to-headcompetition with the “old guard” titans selling the increasingly outdated solutions. Don’t build better brick-and-mortar, make brick-and-mortarobsolete.So, what’s stopping you from growing your business like Apple or Amazon? What keeps you from being the next Steve Jobs, or Jeff Bezos?Can you spot trends and provide trend-supporting solutions for customers? Or are you stymied because you’re spending too much time tryingto defend and extend your old business in the face of game changing trends.image credit: smh & dispatching Adam Hartung, author of Create Marketplace Disruption, is a Faculty and Board member of the Lake Forest Graduate School of Management, Managing Partner of Spark Partners, and writes for Forbes and the Journal for Innovation Science.
  • 21. Himalayan InnovationPosted on January 11, 2013 by Scott BowdenMany readers are familiar with Jon Krakauer’s harrowing account ofthe climbing disaster on Mount Everest in May, 1996.Beyond Into Thin Air, there are many other interesting works onHimalayan mountaineering expeditions that chronicle the efforts of menand women who took on the ultimate challenge of attaining variousgreat summits starting in the early twentieth century using a variety oftechnical equipment and climbing strategies. From an innovationstandpoint, there are several attributes of high altitude mountaineeringthat resonate with those of us working in challenging space of trying tofind creative ways of overcoming old and new problems for our companies and customers.1. Himalayan Mountaineering Aspect – Roping togetherRoping a team together is one of the most fundamental principles of mountaineering, and is particularly important for high altitudemountaineering where every step, even in seemingly stable areas, could result in a dangerous fall. By roping climbers together, teams knewthat if one person slipped then the others could save that person by further securing their positions. Perhaps the most famous example of thistechnique occurred on an American expedition to the summit of K2 (the second highest peak in the world) in 1953 when a team of four climbersstarted to slide down a precipice of several thousand feet but were able to grab a rope that Pete Schoening, in an instant, was able to hold firmvia an ice axe belay to save the team from a certain death.A more somber example of fixed ropes was the 1999 discovery of Robert Mallory’s remains on Everest. Mallory died during his summit attemptin 1924 and his body, shielded for almost a century from decay by the dry and cold conditions on the mountain, had a detached rope wrappedaround the waist that was previously connected to his climbing partner, Sandy Irvine, who also perished in the summit attempt.Innovation ApproachWhen we engage colleagues to take on an innovation challenge, we can benefit from mentally roping ourselves together as we run into thetypical obstacles that face innovators, such as bureaucratic inertia or set ways of doing business. As innovators we inevitably will challenge thestatus quo, and only by working tightly together as a team can we overcome those obstacles. When approaching an innovation challenge, weshould think about who we are roped up with on our team. Perhaps the most interesting aspect of roping together is that each individual in theteam continues to work independently (climbing towards the objective), but by being roped together, each team member can climb or descendwith the confidence that a small mistake will not result in complete failure. That extra confidence allows each team member to move moreassertively, and it is precisely this assertiveness and confidence that the innovator needs to improve his or her performance.
  • 22. 2. Himalayan Mountaineering Aspect – Multiple camps and acclimatizationA casual observer would assume that a high altitude climber would simply start at the base and keep going until he or she reached the summit.The reality of climbing is that a climbing team has to carefully plan an assault consisting of a series of camps set at different levels on themountain.There are several reasons for the use of multiple camps. First, it takes several days of constant climbing to go from the base of a mountain toits summit, and it would be impossible for a climber to carry enough supplies for this entire timeframe. Thus an expedition will set up a series ofcamps at various altitudes along the way and use team members and local Sherpas to hike repeatedly up and down to those camps tostockpile supplies for the summit attempt. Each camp is placed is a logical location along the path and contains tents and supplies and is ideallysheltered from the high winds and rough conditions of extreme elevation. Expeditions always start with a large Base Camp and then willestablish hour or five other camps up the mountain (Camp) depending on the difficulties posed by a particular mountain. The highest camp ismeant for the summit teams to spend one night and then make their final push to the summit, followed by another night of shelter and then adescent back down the mountain to reach the base.A second reason for the use of multiple camps is the fact that the lack of oxygen at higher altitudes makes it difficult for humans to functioneffectively for extended periods of time. As a result, the body needs to acclimatize to the conditions so that the climber is able to spend severaldays at high elevations to make it to the summit. Without proper acclimatization, the mountaineer would not be able to survive, as would be thecase if a helicopter deposited a person on the summit of Everest (a Eurocopter has indeed accomplished this feat, though no one exited thecraft).Innovation ApproachWhen we engage in an innovation session we often pressure ourselves to come up with fresh new ideas within a given amount of time,adhering to the typical managerial directive to “be innovative.” While we sometimes can serendipitously stumble across a great new idea in thecourse of our efforts, we more often end up identifying some interesting themes that require further pursuit at a later date. Perhaps we shouldthink about the multiple camp concept from high altitude mountaineering when we tackle an innovation session. We should establish our basecamp, with a set of guiding themes and principles that we can use as the foundation of all our efforts. We may next want to establish smaller
  • 23. virtual camps along the way of our journey, focusing on the supplies we will need at each stage to continue our pursuit. We can then check intothose camps periodically in the future as we continue our innovation journey.For instance, we might have a core team at the base then bring in different participants for different stages of our endeavor, depending on thedifferent perspectives we might need at different stages of the process. At a minimum, we could use the notion of multiple camps as anorganizational principle to help our teams understand the multiple steps required in our innovation expedition.3. Himalayan Mountaineering Aspect – Summit CreditIn the more chivalrous era of mountaineering when there were Himalayan summits that had not been reached by climbers, there was a veryspecific protocol around how credit for reaching a summit was assigned. Summit teams typically consisted of sets of two climbers who wouldwork together to reach the top, and the most famous team is Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay.Many of us recall that Hillary was the first person to reach the summit of Mount Everest. An unwritten rule among climbers was that it did notmatter which member of a two-person team reached the summit first, as both would receive credit for being the “first” to conquer a mountain. Inaddition to being a more noble approach to demonstrate cooperation, this was also intended to remove any incentive for a climber to sidestep acolleague in an attempt to “beat” that person to the summit. Both climbing members would receive credit for the achievement no matter whoactually set foot on the summit the first time, and in a team of multiple sets of two-person teams, all four would receive credit even if theirsummit attempts were separated by a day. In fact, to this day it is not known whether Norgay or Hillary was actually the first to set foot on thesummit of Everest. The only picture taken at the summit was of Norgay, taken by Hillary, since the former did not know how to operate acamera. Nonetheless, both are credited with the first successful ascent of Everest, though in Western lore we usually only hear about Hillary’sname when the topic arises.Innovation ApproachWhen working on a new idea as part of a team, there is a distinct human impulse that works contrary to the notion of free and open sharing ofideas. After all, if a person has developed a concept that is truly innovative, he or she may want to receive full credit for the creation of that idea.In the world of corporate innovation where intellectual property belongs to the company employing the innovator, this is less relevant, but theconcept of shared credit still is important, as each of us is presumably driven by a desire for recognition and success. The chivalrous sharing ofcredit in mountaineering demonstrates the spirit of shared success that should drive our innovation efforts, where the input and work of multipleteam members is as critical to the end product as the one person who developed the new idea. Encouraging this dedication to the commoncause upfront can ensure that team members have the right attitude in their innovation sessions.4. Himalayan Mountaineering Aspect – New ways to climb the same peak
  • 24. One of the most significant measurements in high altitude mountaineeringis the 8,000 meter (26,247 feet) mark, and it just so happens that allfourteen of the peaks topping 8,000 meters are in the Himalayas. Duringthe great era of mountaineering achievement in the 1950s and 1960s,teams from across the world attacked these peaks one by one, startingwith Annapurna I in 1950 (summited by a team from France) andconcluding with Shishapangma in 1964 (summited by a team from China).The two highest peaks, Everest (8,848 meters) and K2 (8,611 meters),were conquered in 1953 and 1954, respectively. The first teams to summita mountain, not surprisingly, typically take the easiest route, usuallydetermined from extensive surveying of the location including, in some cases in the pre-satellite imagery era, overflight by aircraft.Once a team has won the race to be the “first” to reach a summit, additional innovation is required as the mountaineering focus shifts to othermethods of reaching the same goal. Most ascents are done in the springtime before the start of the monsoon, which brings unpredictable heavywinds and snows. Thus an alternative approach to summiting involves doing so in the winter, which increases the level of difficulty dramatically.Indeed, three of the fourteen 8,000 meter and above peaks still have not been summited in winter (K2, Nanga Parbat, and Broad Peak). Otherteams would look at a peak and identify an alternative approach to the summit, such as the North Face of Everest as opposed to the easierSouth Col.Another approach would be to go up by one pathway and descend by another, which is extremely dangerous since the team cannot retrace itssteps and mountain snow and ice conditions are constantly changing. Many brave climbers choose to ascend without using supplementaloxygen, thus substantially increasing the difficulty of the effort. The net of this is that half a century after the great expeditions of the 1950s and1960s, there are still teams working on “firsts” in terms of these great peaks in the Himalayas.Innovation ApproachA frequent refrain in the innovation space is the lamenting by some that all the great things have already been invented, or that we are nearingthe end of a great era of innovation. The high altitude mountaineers teach us that there are always new, creative ways to approach a problemand that the era of discovery can continue no matter how many teams have reached a summit. There are always meaningful alternative anglesof attack for any challenge, and the key to finding those alternatives is to open one’s mind to the endless possibilities presented by the extremenature of the challenge itself. In other words, the greater the challenge, the more likely there will be multiple ways of overcoming that obstacle.5. Himalayan Mountaineering Aspect – Getting down is the hardest partMany climbers say that the most difficult part of any expedition is getting down from the summit. While working towards the summit, theclimbers are relatively fresh and focused on their objective. As the day grows longer and light diminishes, oxygen-depleted climbers sometimesmake grave mistakes on their way down from the summit. Many of the deaths in the Himalayas occur on the way down, so successful attempts
  • 25. require just as intense of concentration on the trip down as on the trip up. In the case of the attempt on Everest by Mallory and Irvine, somescholars speculate that Mallory and Irvine achieved the summit (and indeed were the first to conquer Everest) but perished on the way down.Innovation ApproachLike a mountaineering team ascending to the summit, it is easiest for those of us working in the innovation space to focus our time and energyon developing a new idea. The ideation phase of innovation is often the most exciting and energizing portion of the overall process. We aresometimes less enthused about the hard work of taking our idea and turning it into a new product or service, or in transforming a businessprocess to improve operational efficiencies. In the case of the latter, the tedious work of convincing management to accept a process change,building a return on investment model, documenting the new process, communicating it to process participants, and following up to ascertainthe success of the change pales in comparison to the exhilaration of identifying the solution to the big problem in the first place.ConclusionHigh altitude mountaineering presents numerous lessons for the modern innovator, though perhaps its greatest lesson is that of how humanbeings can respond to great challenges through innovation. Other than the handful of pioneers who trek to the depths of the ocean (albeitenclosed by sophisticated life-sustaining submarines), high altitude climbers demonstrate an amazing ability to survive and, indeed, accomplishgreat objectives, in the midst of adversity. Although a climber is supported by a large team using modern materials (fabric, plastics, lightweightsteel ice picks, etc.), in the end there are still some humans who have climbed to the top of the highest mountain in the world without theassistance of supplemental oxygen.The triumph of the human spirit amidst adversity harkens to another innovation theme, which is that sometimes innovation can thrive inchallenging, difficult environments. Alexander Fields, an economic historian from Santa Clara University, notes that the Great Depression was“the most technologically progressive decade of the century.” Significant innovations rose to the surface despite the economic destruction of theperiod (harkening Shumpeter’s “Creative Destruction”). Innovators can derive interesting approaches to their craft by looking to the greatchallenges that humans have overcome.
  • 26. Sources: 1. Maurice Isserman and Stewart Weaver, Fallen Giants: A History of Himalayan Mountaineering from the Age of Empire to the Age ofExtremes (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2008). 2. Wade Davis, Into the Silence: The Great War, Mallory, and the Conquest of Everest(New York: Vintage Books, 2011). 3. Jon Krakauer, Into Thin Air: A Personal Account of the Mt. Everest Disaster (New York: Anchor Books,1997). 4. David Wessel, “Checking the Economy’s Pulse,” Wall Street Journal, January 2, 2013, p. A7. image credit: theage Scott Bowden works on Innovation Programs for IBM Global Services
  • 27. Idea Challenges – you get what you givePosted on January 13, 2013 by Jan Martijn Everts In contradiction to what many people think, Idea Challenges are not about getting, they are about giving. Your employees will not automatically start sharing great, useful and relevant ideas to your organisational needs. As an organisation, you must give a lot before you get anything at all. And I do not mean prizes or money. In this blogpost I will describe a number of important elements that you must give attention to when doing an ‘Idea Challenge’ amongst your employees. The extent to how much attention you give each of the elements, is a strong determinant for your initiative’s success. Give support: Senior management The first thing you should have coveredwhen starting an Idea Challenge is to have the support from senior management or equivalent. If your CEO does not agree with this newmethod of gathering ideas or the fact that all employees will be spending some time on this activity, you are very likely not going to succeed. Ifyou can get senior management to endorse the initiative to all employees, you are half way to a successful Challenge.Give a reason: Relevant Challenge theme When your organisation starts an Idea Challenge, you will get a lot of input from your crowd.Therefore you should always have a good reason to start an Idea Challenge in order for the input to be useful. Do not start a Challenge simplybecause your competitor is doing one amongst its employees too. You will have to give your crowd a good reason why you are looking forideas and how these will help everyone. Relevant themes for Idea Challenges are typically deducted from your innovation domains or yourorganisation’s strategic goals.Give a promise: Challenge sponsorship When asking your employees for ideas, there must be someone requesting the ideas; this is theChallenge sponsor. The Challenge sponsor must promise that the crowd’s efforts will not be for nothing and that the ideas will all be takenseriously and some will be further developed. The best way to do this is to show trust in the crowd by already stating in advance that budget willbe allocated and the best idea(s) will be further developed.Give information: Challenge information Somewhere during the process you will need to inform the crowd what the challenge is about, whatyou are and what you are not looking for, what the overall process will be like, how ideas will be evaluated etc. By communicating all thesesteps in advance will give the crowd confidence that this time, they are being taken seriously. If these aspects are not communicated clearly, oryour crowd does not have enough information on what you are looking for, you will not only get many irrelevant and useless ideas you will alsodisappoint your crowd by not using their input eventually. The Challenge question is the element that will be communicated mostly throughoutthe crowd. This question must be triggering for people to be willing to participate, it must be broad to allow for diversity of ideas but not to broadto spark irrelevant and useless ideas.
  • 28. Give an example: Supporting Challenge team The Challenge team is there to streamline dialogues, activate the crowd and stimulate the growthof ideas. They are an essential element in the success of an Idea Challenge. They take the role of the first follower in order to stimulate activityto the tipping point for Challenge participation as well as idea enrichment.Give a tool: User-friendly and intuitive software Obviously you must have a tool in place on which your crowd will be sharing their ideas andknowledge with each other. Giving your crowd a user-friendly and intuitive platform will lower the barrier for participation and increaseparticipation and will raise the number of ideas. The more people you have participating in the Idea Challenge, the more valuable it canbecome. Well designed ideation tools should allow everyone within your target group to participate without obstacles. Well designed softwareshould not only support high quantity of ideas by lowering participation barriers but also support increasing the quality of ideas. Idea Challengesoftware suggests other contributors to ideas and allows for active crowd management. A low barrier of participation and high user involvementwill be another step forward to a successful outcome.Give arguments: Idea evaluation An important element of the idea Challenge is to evaluate all the ideas based upon predetermined criteria.Because you presumably cannot develop all the ideas that arose from the Challenge, you will need to make a well-founded decision on whichideas to pursue and which ideas are going to be put on the shelve. Without sensible arguments on why certain ideas go through to the nextphase and why others don’t, you will lose the crowd’s moral and motivation for upcoming initiatives so be clear and transparent in this step.Give action: Follow up of ideas Your employees have been putting a lot of effort in their contributions. Your crowd has been very dedicated andthey have not only kept to working hours. They have been active during the week, but they might have also submitted ideas late at night andenriched other’s ideas during the weekend. Therefore you must always give a lot of attention following up the ideas.Give a story: Communication One of the most important elements is a solid communication plan. It endorses many of the above mentionedelements. A well thought through and executed communication plan will play a major role in making the Idea Challenge a success.Get your success If all of the above elements are given enough attention and you have a dedicated and enthusiastic team, chances are highyou will get a successful Idea Challenge. You will probably not only get many great and useful ideas but you will also get a lot of highlymotivated employees who are feeling part of the innovation process and taken seriously. You have just created a sustainable crowd, one thatyou have earned the favor of asking them for input on more challenges.image credit: Jan Martijn Everts Jan Martijn Everts is Innovation Consultant @ Innovation Factory in the Netherlands. Jan Martijn has worked on a variety of projects, ranging from Heineken’s annual idea contests to PostNL’s ongoing innovation programme. Due to his uncommon background of both Engineering Physics and Business Administration he has great association skills, is creative and can give any challenge a creative twist.
  • 29. Removing Risk from Bold AspirationsPosted on January 12, 2013 by Rowan GibsonThe conventional wisdom about innovation is that companies should be less risk-averse. If thismeans they should try to increase their share of courageous employees who are willing tostand up and fight for ideas, then I would agree. However, when we move from the individuallevel to the corporate level, the challenge becomes quite different. After all, do we really thinkcompanies should be taking more risks? If anything, many firms have been far too willing tomake big, risky bets on ventures that ended up losing billions of dollars – GM’s ill-fated EV1project and Motorola’s Iridium phone are two examples that come to mind. I would argue,therefore, that the real challenge for organizations is not how to take more risks but how to de-risk bold aspirations.One way to do that is to work from the future back. At the outset, an innovation goal might be so big and outrageous that it almost seemsimpossible. You need to break it down into a stepwise migration path that begins to make the impossible seem do-able. Ask yourself: What is itgoing to take to reach that goal? What specific kinds of knowledge, experience, and skills do we need to acquire? And how do we stage ourway there by building and acquiring these competencies in a sequential manner? Search for the last few steps needed to get where you want togo, and then fold the future successively back into the present, working out a series of realistic checkpoints for tackling these challenges one ata time.An analogy I often use is John F. Kennedy’s goal to “land a man on the moon and return him safely to the earth by the end of the decade.” Wemay take it for granted today, but in the early 1960s that was an enormously bold aspiration which involved really huge risks. The only way forNASA to take Kennedy’s ambition and make it reality was to stage the whole program in a series of mission-critical steps, working from thefuture backward. Through the Mercury program, followed by the Gemini program, and ultimately the Apollo program, NASA successively testedhuman spaceflight, earth orbiting, long-duration space missions, how weightlessness affected humans, how to dock two vehicles successfully inspace, the Saturn V rocket launch vehicle, the Apollo command module (first in Earth orbit then in lunar orbit), and finally the lunar module.Along the way, they also created, tested and perfected a space suit that would allow an astronaut to get out of the pressurized landing craft andsurvive in the lunar environment. Only after applying all the learning from these preliminary missions did NASA launch Apollo 11, which put NeilArmstrong and Buzz Aldrin on the moon and brought them back safely back to earth, just a few months before the end of the decade.In other words, NASA turned the “race to the moon” into a multi-stage experimentation process, de-risking it at every step, learning from thesuccesses and failures of each experiment and consolidating the progress, all the time making the end goal less and less daunting.It’s the same approach many Olympic athletes follow when mapping out their four-year training path to a record-breaking gold medal. And it’sexactly the same process you need to follow in business, when pursuing seemingly unattainable and potentially high-risk innovation goals.
  • 30. Take, Toyota, one of the world’s undeniable innovation champions. As Hirotaka Takeuchi, Emi Osono, and Norihiko Shimizu point out in theirbook “Extreme Toyota”, the Japanese automobile giant has found that the way to achieve near-impossible goals is to “think deeply but takesmall steps” – breaking down a big goal into manageable challenges. This, for example, is how Toyota approached their hybrid motor project inthe early part of this decade, eventually resulting in them stealing the show in environmentally-friendly cars.What we learn here is that to achieve revolutionary goals, you need to take a series of evolutionary steps. That’s an important way to minimizethe risk associated with radical innovation. Rowan Gibson is widely recognized as one of the world’s leading experts on enterprise innovation. He is co-author of the bestseller Innovation to the Core and a much in-demand public speaker around the globe. On Twitter he is @RowanGibson.
  • 31. Are you an innovation practitioner, academic, or enthusiast?Innovation Excellence is the online home of the global innovation community, building upon a rapidly-growing network with thousands ofmembers from over 175 countries – thought leaders, executives, practitioners, consultants, vendors, and academia representing all sectors andindustries. Our mission is to broadly enhance innovation by providing a forum for connection and conversation across this community –assembling an ever-growing arsenal of resources, best practices and proven answers for achieving innovation excellence.Come join the community at http://innovationexcellence.com/community/communityAre you looking to connect with the global innovation community?Innovation Excellence is THE opportunity to make a direct connection with the global innovation community.Our members:  attend innovation conferences  buy innovation software and apps  hire innovation consultants  book innovation leadership courses  order innovation books  engage innovation speakers and training  require other innovation servicesWhere else can you engage with over 100,000 unique monthly visitors frommore than 175 countries who have a passionate interest in your innovationofferings for as little as $100 per week?For more information on advertising please email us or visit:http://www.innovationexcellence.com/advertise