Korea and norway maritime opportunities and challenges in the high north
1 “Korea and Norway maritime opportunities and challenges in the High North” “High North operations and research challenges” Harald Ellingsen, Professor, Head of Department, Department of Marine Technology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology – NTNU Tuesday May 15, 2012 Grand Hyatt Hotel Seoul Fram in the ice – The Fram Museum
3 FACTS NTNU Norwegian University of Science and Technology 53 departments in 7 faculties NTNU Library Museum of Natural History and Archaeology 20 000 registered students, 7000 admitted/year 750 international students 2200 MSc degrees awarded a year 300 PhD degrees awarded a year 4320 employees 2600 empl. in education and research; 555 professors Budget: 0.6 billion EUR 555 000 m2 owned and rented premises NTNU, May 2006
4 Marine Technology Centre in brief NTNU Department of Marine Ship Model Tank (1939) Technology and MARINTEK are co-located at the centre. Ocean Laboratory • Graduates 100 MSc and 15-20 (1981) PhDs every year. • Currently 100 PhD’s in progress • The Centre of Excellence for Ships and Ocean Structures (CeSOS) is an integral part of the centre. • Co-localised with MARINTEK, a research institute within SINTEF Construction & Energy (~200 employees). Laboratories; Education Centre (1979) • 6 Maritime Knowledge HUB chairs within important areas sponsored by the industry and the Ministry of Trade (8 in all to NTNU)
5 Infrastructure - some laboratories Structure laboratory Towing tank Ocean Laboratory Marine cybernetic lab. RV ”Gunnerus”
6 Close collaboration with: • Maritime Industry • National Research and Education • International partners • Joint strategic research programmes NTNU-personnel working on SINTEF employees teach SINTEF projects at NTNU • Joint use of laboratories and instruments www.ntnu.no
8 The Norwegian economic zone • 6 times larger than the main land area. • Important for oil and gas, maritime transport fisheries etc. • Most important nursing ground for the Norwegian Arctic cod.
9 Globale challenges to be met: • Food • Energy • Climate • Environment • Resources (minerals, metal water, etc.)
10 Challenges in the North • Temperatures • Operations planning • Darkness • Structural design • Polar storms • Ice class, weight • Huge distances • Resistance in ice versus • Extreme loads and open waters responses • Power system • Human aspects • Control system • Variety in ice • Loading capacity conditions • Safety, escape system • Politcal issues • Environmental impacts • Etc. • Etc. Solving an equation with many unknown!
11 Arctic – Methodology/Research Ice mechanics/ physics Ice actions Environmental loads Arctic Offshore Field Development, Transport System Design, Ship Design etc.
12 Arctic Challenges and NTNU research areas: • Petroleum center - IPT – Arctic geophysics and drilling • Marine technology center - MTS – Ship design and control systems for extreme conditions (design, safety, structures, cybernetics, hydrodynamics etc.) – Centre of Excellence: CeSOS; Centre for ships and ocean structures – Chair in Sustainable Arctic Transport sponsored by the Ministry of Trade and Industry • Applied Underwater Robotics Laboratory (AUR-lab) • SFI - SAMCoT – Marine Technology for Arctic Offshore Field Development and technology for Arctic Coastal Development
13 Hydrocarbon exploitation in ultra deep water and arctic areas define new requirements: • Limited support from surface vessels • Demand for all-year inspection and intervention operations • Permanently installed multitasking hybrid underwater vehicles (ROV/AUV) is enabling technology • Subsea energy recharging and high bandwidth communication hubs are required • Robust control systems handling multi-regime operations to be designed
14 Ice Management Research cooperation with Kongsberg Maritime • Ice mapping using sonar • Environmental monitoring • Survey operations • Inspection HUGIN Remus 14
15 Drilling needs new solutions • Arctic drilling ship • Drilling under ice • Drilling from onshore Ilustration: Statoil
16 Sustainable Arctic Sea Transport Concerned with: Summer 2011 Winter 2010/2011 • Destination transport Polar basin: 2010.11.01 - 2011.05.31 2011.06.01 2011.10.31 • Field logistics • Transit logistics Majority of Arctic transport is found in Norwegian waters today: • Traffic density > 65 deg N High density for 6 months (W/S) from 0 Low density 500 nm AISSat-1 Plot resolution = 5-7 km depending on area (Source: Norwegian Coastal Authority)
17 Sustainable Arctic Sea Transport – Challenges and Focus Areas Challenges • Individual vessel design for extreme conditions • Safe operations and transport • Fleet and operations management in remote locations Focus Areas • Design of the individual vessel for Arctic conditions • Simulation-based design of ice going vessels • Identification of the optimum fleet size and mix for Arctic conditions
18 The NSR Logistic Chain Balancing the Risk of the Opportunity Industrial solutions Transport solutions Opening the Northern Sea Route for New logistics solutions Opportunity Bulk Commodities – Ship technology Bringing the High North Closer to the Market (reduced distance and sailing time) Value chain risks Fairway risks Risks (example: risk for delayed delivery) Ship technology 18
19 Ship design for the Arctic Recent research findings Optimisation of ice strengthened hull structures – a Finish-Swedish Ice Class and IACS Polar Class comparison. Ehlers S., Riska K. 2012. • Identification of optimal structural layout • Influence of the design Large potential to decrease point on the cost and mass and cost through weight optimization for ice-loading
20 Ice lab tests of ship ice berg collisions Ice berg pulled into panel SAMCOT/NTNU /Hydralab Aalto University March 2012 Floater ”Storheim” Ref: Ekaterina Kim, Martin Stiorheim, Rudiger v Bock u Pallach All watertight welds are full penetration welds! (The rest of welds are fillet welds). Dimensions are given in mm. FLOATERPANEL 1. Floater plate thickness 6 mm
21 Applied Underwater Robotics Laboratory AUR-lab “The largest laboratory in the world”
22 Applied Underwater Robotics Laboratory AUR-Lab RV Gunnerus NTNU Research Groups (25-35 Staff): • Department of Marine Technology and CeSOS • Department of Biology (incl. UNIS and CalPoly/Delaware) • Department for Archaeology and Religious Studies • Department of Engineering Cybernetics • Department of Electronics and Telecommunications ROV Minerva • Museum of Natural History and Archeology ROV Minerva ROV SF 30k Scientific focus areas: • Development of technology for guidance, navigation and control of underwater vehicles (ROVs and AUVs) • Underwater acoustic communication • Environmental monitoring and mapping at sea surface, water column, and sea bed • Operations under ice in the arctic • Study of any object of interest (bio-geo-chemical objects) • Inspection/surveillance for environmental agencies, oil industry, ecotoxicology AUV REMUS 100 • Evaluation of seabed properties and habitat • Complex deepwater underwater operations including inspection and intervention • Deep water archeology
23 SFI - SAMCoT • SAMCoT shall be a leading national and international center for the development of robust technology needed by the industry for sustainable exploration and exploitation of the valuable and vulnerable Arctic region. • SAMCoT will meet the challenges due to ice, permafrost and changing climate for the benefit of the energy sector and society.
24 SAMCoT Research Areas (6 different Work Packages) WP1 – Collection & analysis of field data and properties WP2 – Material Modelling WP3 – Fixed Structures in Ice WP4 – Floating Structures in Ice WP5 – Ice Management and Design Philosophy WP6 – Coastal Technology
25 SAMCoT WP4 - Floating Structures in Ice Goals: To develop new knowledge, analytical and numerical models needed by the industry to improve the prediction of loads exerted by first- year and multi-year level ice and ridges as well as icebergs on floating structures. This also implies prediction of the behaviour and performance of the structures.
26 Korea – Norway University Cooperation • KAIST - NTNU (Marine) MoU; June 2010 • Pusan National University, Pusan • University of Ulsan, Ulsan (MoU) • Several visits and work shops – both ways • Student exchange • Researcher exchange • PhD program under development (with KAIST)
27 Korea – Norway Research co-operation at Svalbard Mechanical testing of ice and properties
28 Summing up • Co-operation potential Korea - Norway • Huge maritime industry with common interests • Complementary competence • Strong maritime/marine education and research infrastructure on both sides • Arctic research a key area at NTNU • Sustainability, a crucial presumption