8 20121127 round table fisheries ms kathrine michalsen

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8 20121127 round table fisheries ms kathrine michalsen

  1. 1. The Blue Economy - Sustainable Fisheries ManagementDr. Kathrine MichalsenCenter for Development Cooperation in FisheriesInstitute of Marine ResearchNorway
  2. 2. SUSTAINABLE FISHERIES• Norway: is now among world leading countries in fisheries and fisheries management.• But: WE HAVE LEARNED IT THE HARD WAY – FROM SERIOUS MISTAKES WITH OVERFISHING AND STOCK DEPLETION IN THE 1960- 70ies.
  3. 3. Depletion of the largest fish stock in the N. Atlantic (NSS- Herring): an eye opener and point of departure for sustainable fisheries management 4,3spawning stock (million tonnes) 15 4,1 12 9 3,9 to C 6 3,7 3 0 3,5 1900 1920 1940 1960 1980 2000 (Toresen and Østvedt 2000)
  4. 4. The main elements for sustainable fisheries Main elements in the management regime for sustainable fisheriesFisheries research: Management Control: measures: -how much fish is Sanctions:- how much fish is caught -Fee available? - who should fish -Fisheries statistics -Arrestment of vessel - how muchExploration rate Exploration pattern IUUN and overfishing International cooperation Stakeholder participation Gullestad et al. 2012
  5. 5. Increased fishing capacity 1950+: accellerating increase in fishing capacity: larger vessels, larger engines, echosounder, sonar, purse seine, power block, nylon, improved navigational systems new species caught still with an open access fishery - until the 1970/80-ies.
  6. 6. NE-Atlantic fish catch, 1908-present ICES areas I and II (thousand tonnes)5000450040003500 Redfish Shrimp3000 G. halibut Polar cod2500 Capelin Herring2000 Saithe Haddock1500 Cod1000 500 0 1908 1912 1916 1920 1924 1928 1932 1936 1940 1944 1948 1952 1956 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976 1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000 2004 2008
  7. 7. Structural policy measures• Limiting access – first as an emergency action => necessary to avoid overfishing• Ending of fishery subsidies• Distribution of fishing rights – individual licenses and quotas• Scrapping schemes/license aggregation schemes
  8. 8. Norwegian catches, fishermen and productivity 1945 - 2011 * Preliminary figures 2011
  9. 9. Aggregate spawning stock of important pelagic species 1985 – 2011 (1000 tonnes) 22 000 20 000 18 0001000 tonn/1000 tonnes 16 000 14 000 12 000 10 000 8 000 6 000 4 000 2 000 0 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011
  10. 10. Aggregate spawning stock of important groundfish species 1985 – 2012 (1000 tonnes) 3500 30001000 tonn/1000 tonnes 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011
  11. 11. In 2012;modern purse seiner/pelagic trawler (2000 tons) – state of the art fishing gear,equipment, technology etc. do catch more in tones than the old vessels, but - fewer vessels - selective gears (size and species, season, area) - Reduced fishing pressure Increased outcome per fisherman Increased spawning stocks - optimizing long term economic yield based onprecautionary harvest control rules, stable income and F Easier to control and adjust fishery according to biological production andenvironmental conditions
  12. 12. The future is dependent on cooperation! Capture Fisheries Policy & Management Environment Aquaculture Thank you for your attention

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