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5 20121127 imr_kathrine_michalsen_compentence_final_km
5 20121127 imr_kathrine_michalsen_compentence_final_km
5 20121127 imr_kathrine_michalsen_compentence_final_km
5 20121127 imr_kathrine_michalsen_compentence_final_km
5 20121127 imr_kathrine_michalsen_compentence_final_km
5 20121127 imr_kathrine_michalsen_compentence_final_km
5 20121127 imr_kathrine_michalsen_compentence_final_km
5 20121127 imr_kathrine_michalsen_compentence_final_km
5 20121127 imr_kathrine_michalsen_compentence_final_km
5 20121127 imr_kathrine_michalsen_compentence_final_km
5 20121127 imr_kathrine_michalsen_compentence_final_km
5 20121127 imr_kathrine_michalsen_compentence_final_km
5 20121127 imr_kathrine_michalsen_compentence_final_km
5 20121127 imr_kathrine_michalsen_compentence_final_km
5 20121127 imr_kathrine_michalsen_compentence_final_km
5 20121127 imr_kathrine_michalsen_compentence_final_km
5 20121127 imr_kathrine_michalsen_compentence_final_km
5 20121127 imr_kathrine_michalsen_compentence_final_km
5 20121127 imr_kathrine_michalsen_compentence_final_km
5 20121127 imr_kathrine_michalsen_compentence_final_km
5 20121127 imr_kathrine_michalsen_compentence_final_km
5 20121127 imr_kathrine_michalsen_compentence_final_km
5 20121127 imr_kathrine_michalsen_compentence_final_km
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5 20121127 imr_kathrine_michalsen_compentence_final_km

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  • 1. The Blue Economy - Sustainable Fisheries and Aquaculture for Food SecurityCapacity building- What can Norway offer?Dr. Kathrine MichalsenCenter for Development Cooperation in FisheriesInstitute of Marine ResearchNorway
  • 2. The Blue Economy - Sustainable Fisheries and Aquaculture for Food Security • Sustainability in Norwegian waters • Capacity building • What competence Norway can offer Indonesia?
  • 3. The Brundtland commission definition - Sustainable development"the development that meetsthe needs of the presentwithout compromising theability of future generations tomeet their own needs".(Brundtland 1987, World Commission on Environmentand Development (WCED))
  • 4. Atlantic salmon production, by countries 1 000 000 900 000 800 000Production (metric tonnes) 700 000 600 000 Canada Chile 500 000 Faroe Islands Ireland 400 000 Norway United Kingdom 300 000 200 000 100 000 0 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 Year FAO, 2012
  • 5. Value of Norwegian production of fish capture and aquaculture (Fish, crustacean and molluscs) 50Value (billion nkr) 40 30 Aquaculture 20 Fish capture 10 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
  • 6. Sustainable development in fisheries and aquacultureWHAT Research – Management – Control - SanctionsHOW Capacity building Improve Develop new Build up Increase theoretical between; technology practical skills cooperation knowledge - individuals - disciplines - institutions - regions - countries
  • 7. Centre for Development Cooperation in Fisheries (CDCF) CDCF is a national centre (in Norway) CDCF consist of 5 partners CDCF role is to share their knowledge with developing countries The competence within CDCF – is (a part of… ) what Norway can offer Indonesia when it comes to capacity building in sustainability
  • 8. Institute Directorate National Inst. Norwegian Norwegianof Marine of Fisheries of Nutrition and Veterinary Food SafetyResearch (DOF) Seafood Research Inst. Authority (IMR) www.fiskeridir.no (NIFES) (NVI) (FSA)www.imr.no www.nifes.no www.vetinst.no www.mattilsynet.no Centre for Development Cooperation in Fisheries www.cdcf.no
  • 9. Competence Institute100 years old – broad competenceStaff of >700 people - the largest centre of marine science of Marine Research • Hydro acoustics • Survey methodology • Fish capture technology • Stock assessment and Institute management advice of Marine • Research vessel design and Research operations (IMR) www.imr.no • Scientific instrumentation • Oceanography • Early life stages • Fish and shellfish aquaculture Centre for Development • Fish health and Animal welfare Cooperation in Fisheries • Environmental impact www.cdcf.no assessment • Fish and shellfish biology • Benthic habitats • Trophic interactions • Marine mammals • Population Genetics
  • 10. Hydroacoustics Fish capture technology – selective gears Competence Institute of Marine ResearchExact estimate of ;-the size of the fish school • Hydroacoustics Survey methodology-the length of the fish • Survey methodology Hydroacoustics • Fish capture technology • Stock assessment and Institute management advice of Marine Stock assessment and managementvessel design and • Research advice – Research operations (IMR) The ecosystem based approach www.imr.no • Scientific instrumentationSurvey methods • Oceanography • Fish and shellfish aquaculture • Fish and shellfish biology Video.grab – to 2500m depth; for Development Centre • Fish health and Animal welfare -6 box corers- benthos, sediment Cooperation in Fisheries -Video camera www.cdcf.no • Environmental impact assessment - still camera • Early life stages - CTD (temperature, salinity) • Benthic habitats -Current meter -ROV with HD video • Trophic interactions => Survey time reduced by 1/3 + fantastic pictures • Marine mammals (all taken at 1000 m depth) • Population Genetics
  • 11. Competence Institute of Marine Research • Hydroacoustics • Survey methodology • Fish capture technology Institute • Stock assessment and of Marine management advice Research • Research vessel design and (IMR) www.imr.no operations • Scientific instrumentation • Oceanography • • Early life stages Early life stages Centre for Development • Fish and shellfish aquaculture • Fish and shellfish aquaculture prod. Cooperation in Fisheries • www.cdcf.no • Fish health and welfare welfare Fish health and Animal • • Environmental impact Environmental impact assessment assessment • Fish and shellfish biology • Benthic habitatsIn main focus in the future; • Trophic interactions• Genetic interaction and escapees • Marine mammals• Pollution and discharges • Population Genetics• Disease, including parasites• Area management (Zoning)
  • 12. Competence Directorate of Fisheries Management of living marine resources and aquaculture • Fisheries policies and legislation Directorate • Norwegian Coastal zone management of Fisheries • Food Safety Oil/Fish Relations (DOF) www.fiskeridir.no • Authority MCS (FSA) • www.mattilsynet.no IUU- Fishing • Statistical analyses • Fishery economics • Bioeconomics Centre for Development • Implementing political decisions Cooperation in Fisheries • Processing applications and appeals www.cdcf.no • Stakeholder cooperation in management“ The” central institution in Norwegian fisheries policy; • Knowledge sharing•The link between research and the politicians• Implement political decisions• Process applications and appeals• Conduct monitoring and control of fishermen and fishfarmers
  • 13. Competence National Inst. of Nutrition and Seafood Research • Fish nutrition in broodstock and early life • Nutrient requirement and effect on fish welfare and health National In. • Alternative feed ingredients of Nutrition and Seafood Research • Grow out feed (NIFES) • Feed safety www.nifes.no • Feed risk assessment • Seafood and human health, mechanisms in rodent models. Centre for Development • Surveillance of undesirables Cooperation in Fisheries and nutrients in wild stocks www.cdcf.no • Human health and safetyThe research focus is nutrition: feed for fish - and fish aspects of seafood from wildas food caught and farmed fish • Scientific advise for politicalThe institute gives scientific advice to the government decisionsand food authorities
  • 14. Competence Norwegian Veterinary Institute• Fish diseases• Feed/food safety• Pathology• Bacteriology (fish, feed and food)• Virology Norwegian• Mycology Veterinary• Parasitology Inst. (NVI)• Immunology/vaccinology www.vetinst.no• Epidemiology• Animal welfare• Toxicology• Preventive medicine Research in allDevelopment health; Centre for aspects of fish• Risk assessment Cooperation in Fisheries - Documentation and control for diseases www.cdcf.no in aquatic and terrestrial animals - Legislation for terrestrial and aquatic animal health - Give advisory support to governing authorities
  • 15. Competence Norwegian Food Safety Authority• Risk management, assessment and communication• Fisheries and aquaculturepolicies and regulations• Agriculture policies and Norwegianregulations Food Safety• Governmental enforcement Authorityagency (FSA) www.mattilsynet.no• Fish and animal health -Related to management - Listen to advice• Fish and animal welfare• Food and water safety -Responsible for all legislation within the• Monitoring, control and production and distribution of seafood. Centre for Developmentsurveillance• Fish and shellfish aquaculture Cooperation in Fisheriessafe and healthy - Ensure that seafood are as www.cdcf.no• Fish and shellfish biology as possible for consumers.• Environmental quality• Plant diseases -Inspect and license veterinarians and other• Knowledge sharing animal health personnel
  • 16. The Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs The Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs www.regjeringen.no/nb/dep/ud www.regjeringen.no/nb/dep/fkdInstitute Directorate National Inst. Norwegian Norwegianof Marine of Fisheries of Nutrition and Veterinary Food Safety Norwegian AgencyResearch (DOF) Seafood Research Inst. Authority for Development (IMR) www.fiskeridir.no (NIFES) (NVI) (FSA) Cooperation (Norad)www.imr.no www.nifes.no www.vetinst.no www.mattilsynet.no www.norad.no Centre for Development Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the Cooperation in Fisheries UN www.cdcf.no www.fao.org Represents a competence Cluster within Norwegian Fisheries and Seafood Management The EAF-Nansen programme
  • 17. The EAF-Nansen programmeThe original idea, conceived in the 1950s- A research vessel available for developing nations• Operated from Norway with Norwegian crew and core scientific staff• In close cooperation with FAO, uncoupled from Norwegian fishery interests, flying the UN-flag• First vessel left Norway in 1974, -next in 1993 ……and hopefully a new vessel in 2016
  • 18. During the surveys with R/V Dr. F. Nansen;Estimate stock biomass Measure environmental variables Teach local scientists in survey techniques and sampling methods Identify species - biodiversity Conduct baseline studies – in relation to oil and gas development
  • 19. The Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs The Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs www.regjeringen.no/nb/dep/ud www.regjeringen.no/nb/dep/fkdInstitute Directorate National Inst. Norwegian Norwegianof Marine of Fisheries of Nutrition and Veterinary Food Safety Norwegian AgencyResearch (DOF) Seafood Research Inst. Authority for Development (IMR) www.fiskeridir.no (NIFES) (NVI) (FSA) Cooperation (Norad)www.imr.no www.nifes.no www.vetinst.no www.mattilsynet.no www.norad.no Centre for Development Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the Cooperation in Fisheries UN www.cdcf.no www.fao.org Norwegian partner institutions International Bilateral The EAF-Nansen (universities, partner institutions projects programme companies)
  • 20. Bilateral projects:Current projects Previous projects• Angola • Namibia• Mozambique • South Africa• Mauritius • Vietnam• Sudan • Nicaragua• Pakistan • Central America• Cuba • More than 60 other• Sri Lanka countries through the• Malaysia Nansen Programme• China Share our knowledge - help the countries to help themselves• Thailand Learning - an activity of the ones who learns!• Indonesia
  • 21. From KOMPAS 24 October 2012Pilot study (2009-2012);- competence building- identified areas for future cooperation
  • 22. The future is dependent on cooperation! Capture Fisheries Policy & Management Environment Aquaculture Thank you for your attention

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