Rural health care in nigeria

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Rural health care in nigeria

  1. 1. PUBLIC HEALTH Dr. KICHA .D. SUBMITTED BY : ASOGWA INNOCENT KINGSLEY ML-508
  2. 2.       INTRODUCTION HEALTH FOR ALL HEALTH FINANCING IN NIGERIA SOCIAL HEALTH INSURANCE NHIS AND HEALTH FOR ALL CONCLUSION
  3. 3.     Over the years, nations have realized the need for developing effective health systems Such systems seek to protect their citizens from financial consequences of ill health. Health care affordability and access have become central themes. Providing Health for All is a function of access, affordability and equity.
  4. 4.  Characterized by:  Lack of access to basic healthcare  Inadequate preventive health care services.  Inadequate health resources.  Inefficient utilization of scarce health resources  Goals of equitable access to quality health care rarely achieved.  Poorly performing health systems.
  5. 5.  Poor funding. o About US$9.44.00 per capita(WHO recommends o  Poor health indices o o o    minimum US$34.00. < 5% of total budgetary expenditure (WHO recommends minimum of 15%) High IMR: 100/ 1,000 (NDHS 2003) MMR: 1100/ 100,000 live births (WHO 2007) Reduced life expectancy (about 43 years) Inequitable distribution of health care resources between urban and rural areas Stewardship role of government – Ineffective. Limited access to quality healthcare.
  6. 6. Percent Median National HIV Prevalence: 1992- 2005 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 4.5 5.4 5.8 5 3.8 4.4 1.8 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
  7. 7. Total Health Expenditure as Ratio of GDP 6 5 4 3 2 Percent 1 0 YEAR
  8. 8. Percent 6.39 12.39 7.41 1.8 6.14 Federal Government State Governments Local Government 65.87 Donor Household Firms
  9. 9.     Declaration by WHO members in 1978 for attainment by year 2000. Global priorities and targets that would enable people worldwide to reach and maintain the highest attainable level of health. Fundamental principle based on equity – equal health status for people and countries and an equitable distribution of health resources. Attainment of the HFA goals anchored on primary health care
  10. 10. “… the attainment by all peoples of the world by the year 2000 of a level of health that will permit them to lead a socially and economically productive life”. Alma Ata declaration of 1978
  11. 11.        Development of a global strategy and framework. Nations and regions to adapt based on global strategy according to particular health problems and conditions. Equity, solidarity and social justice core to goal attainment. Funding and allocation of healthcare resources key to attaining goals. Primary health care as core operational strategy. Multisectoral approach. Improvement in healthcare facilities.
  12. 12.      Primary health care adopted as means of achieving HFA. Community participation an integral part of strategy. Bamako initiative and DRF as parts of effort to improve resources and their allocation. Strategies short of attaining HFA goals. Millennium Development Goals introduced to augment other strategies.
  13. 13.        General Taxation- up till late 80’s User fees Bamako initiatives DRF Donors Firms Social Health insurance – 2005 to date.
  14. 14.      Gaining global acceptance. Introduced in Nigeria in 2005. Based on mutual ethic of social solidarity. Equity in access and in financing as core attributes. Community participation expressed through contribution into the fund.
  15. 15.      Ensures that all people in need have effective access to at least essential care. Alleviates the burden posed by ill health, loss of income etc. Coverage reduces the indirect costs of disease and disability, such as care of family members, lower productivity, and hampered education and social development of children due to sickness. Plays a significant role in poverty reduction Incorporates all strategies for achieving HFA, including the MDGs.
  16. 16. “Implementing universal social health protection might turn out to be a milestone for achieving the MDG by 2015” ILO (2007)
  17. 17.  An agency of the Federal Government established by Act 35, 1999 to promote, regulate and administer the effective implementation of social health insurance programmes in order to ensure easy access to qualitative and affordable health care services to all Nigerians.
  18. 18. • • • • • • • • • Improve access to good healthcare services (physical and financial) Protect families from the financial hardship of huge medical bills Limit the rise in the cost of health care services Equitable distribution of healthcare costs among different income groups Improve standard of healthcare in Nigeria Improve and harness private sector participation Ensure equitable distribution of health facilities within the Federation Remove discrimination and ensure equitable patronage of all levels of healthcare Ensure the availability of funds to the health sector for improved services.
  19. 19.       Based on social health insurance principles. Contributions are income – related. Operated on Public – Private Partnership basis. Compulsory for certain populations such as formal sector workers. Contributions pooled into a single fund for Formal sector programmes. Financing separate from health service delivery.
  20. 20. To secure access to adequate health care for all Nigerians at an affordable rate (universal coverage) by the year 2015.
  21. 21.  Formal Sector Programme (FSP) o Public Sector Programme (PSP) Fed. Civil Service, State Civil Service, Local Government Civil Service, Tertiary Institutions, Military, Police and other Uniformed Services. o  Organized Private Sector Programme (OPSP) Informal Sector Programme (ISP) Rural Community, Urban Self- Employed, Voluntary Participants, Retirees, Other Vulnerable Groups
  22. 22.       For those in formal employment Compulsory for these workers Contributions are paid by employers and employees Total contribution is equal to 15% of basic salary Enrollees enjoy a benefit package made of health services from three levels of healthcare Can attend private or Government hospital.
  23. 23.      For those in the rural communities, self employed, the poor, pregnant women and Children Under 5 years Requires targeted subsidy from Governments and other bodies Efforts are on to secure Government financing of the subsidy gap. Benefit package in line with the minimum basic primary care Services to be provided mainly by Primary health centres.
  24. 24.     NHIS well structured to achieve HFA. Programmes designed to cover all citizens of Nigeria. Incorporates the core features of HFA – equity, community participation, intersectoral collaboration etc. NHIS advocacy needed for achieving HFA.
  25. 25. THANK YOU

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