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strengthening industry‒academia cooperation:         challenges and opportunities        for European service robotics    ...
Napoli• city   •     1,200,000 inhabitants   •     pole of Mediterranean culture   •     historical and holiday sites   • ...
the PRISMA group•   6 Research teams (Napoli, Cassino, Salerno, Basilicata, Napoli 2, Roma 3)•   4 Professors + 5 Associat...
research portfolio•   Aerial Robotics•   Dual-Arm/Hand Manipulation•   Control of Discrete Event Systems•   Dynamic Parame...
robots!!!        Mars        oceans        hospitals        factories              tomorrow        schools        homes   ...
from factories to our homes industry           field           serviceautomobile      aeronautics         domestic chemica...
human–robot interaction
service robots• robots find application in “4D tasks”   •   dull   •   dangerous   •   dirty   •   dumb• scenarios   •   h...
biological inspiration«la scienza m’interessa proprio nel mio sforzo per uscire da una conoscenzaantropomorfa; ma nello st...
personal robots• service robots that are consumer products   •   education/hobbyist robots   •   entertainment robots   • ...
new emerging areas• by dawn of new millennium, robotics has undergone a  major transformation in scope and dimensions   • ...
looking beyondresearch challenges  soft robotics                                              roboethics  biomechanics    ...
market trends
industrial robots• In 2010 (source: World Robotics 2011)   •   ~1.3 M industrial robots operating in the world   •   total...
service industrial robots• professional service robots (+4%)   •   mostly defense/field robots   •   13750 new units insta...
research agenda• U.S.  •   first industrial robots designed and built  •   matured elsewhere, despite entrepreneurial cult...
research agenda [cont’d]• Korea  •   of the 10 next generation growth engines, robotics is one of them  •   close collabor...
EU Strategic Research Agenda               industrial            robotics market              converging             techn...
the eight SRA commandments• take advantage of robotics technology in all aspects of life• master the challenge of system i...
the European challenge• benefits of tighter academia (A)–industry (I) cooperation   •   exploiting the full potential of e...
gaps between A & I• implementing this know-how transfer in concrete measures  and actions is a great challenge• it is impo...
one case study …• today: still strong dependency on the automotive industry                        KUKA AG 1,203 € (millio...
a few success stories• 7-axis light-weight robot   •   designed and built @ DLR, a KUKA product now   •   weighs 14 Kg and...
a few success stories [cont’d]• force control system   •   developed @ ABB Corporate Research in       cooperation with se...
a few success stories [cont’d]• parallel kinematic machine   •   modular and scalable desktop robot designed       @ LundT...
lessons learned• cooperation resulted in the recognition of new problem  areas on the part of A, which in turn encouraged ...
tightening the chord between A & I  academia and industry hand in hand   experiments       structured dialogue
experiments funding                  European                 Commission                                                  ...
operating scheme3 Equipment quotes (~4 weeks)              41 companies, 317 items   3 Calls for proposals (6–8 weeks)    ...
bridging the gaps                          communicate requirements                                  industry             ...
face of European robotics• image of European research does not represent the  quality and quantity of work done• European ...
dissemination• establish a brand   •   bring together stakeholders & communicate a common       vision/standpoint   •   ac...
enhancing the dialogue• currently, robots are information islands, without any  standardization of data communication, pro...
an undergoing initiative• 28 November ‒ 4 December 2011• 19 countries, 130 organisations, 350 events   •   school visits w...
robots are   with us,   within usand among us
gracias ... esker … grazie [ : ]
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Robotica de servicio - Bruno Siciliano, Università di Napoli Federico II

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Strengthening industry‒academia cooperation: challenges and opportunities
for European service robotics. Taller de robótica de servicio, Innobasque - 1 December 2011

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Transcript of "Robotica de servicio - Bruno Siciliano, Università di Napoli Federico II"

  1. 1. strengthening industry‒academia cooperation: challenges and opportunities for European service robotics Bruno Siciliano Università di Napoli Federico II Taller de robótica de servicio Bilbao • 1 December 2011
  2. 2. Napoli• city • 1,200,000 inhabitants • pole of Mediterranean culture • historical and holiday sites • 5 universities + several science institutions• UniNa • founded in 1224 by Emperor Federico II (3rd oldest after Bologna and Padova) • 100,000 students • School of Engineering founded in 1811 by King Murat (oldest in Italy) 15,000 students (4,500 graduate)
  3. 3. the PRISMA group• 6 Research teams (Napoli, Cassino, Salerno, Basilicata, Napoli 2, Roma 3)• 4 Professors + 5 Associate Professors + 3 Assistant Professors• 6 PostDoc + 14 PhD + 20 MS + 3 TechEng• 28 years of research activity• 1.5 MEuro financial support a year• Collaboration with 30 foreign institutions• 150 seminars and invited talks• 12 books + 15 volumes + 170 journal papers + 500 conference papers
  4. 4. research portfolio• Aerial Robotics• Dual-Arm/Hand Manipulation• Control of Discrete Event Systems• Dynamic Parameter Identification• Fault Diagnosis and Fault Tolerant Control• Force Control• Human−Robot Interaction• Lightweight Flexible Arms and Space Robotics• Mobile Multirobot Systems• Mobile Robots• Novel Actuation and Sensing Systems for Robotic Applications• Redundant Manipulators• Service Robotics• Supervisory Control of Petri Nets• Underwater Robotics• Visual Servoing
  5. 5. robots!!! Mars oceans hospitals factories tomorrow schools homes ...today intelligent personal pervasive disappearing ubiquitous
  6. 6. from factories to our homes industry field serviceautomobile aeronautics domestic chemical aerospace edutainment electronic subsea rehabilitation food rescue medicine level of autonomy
  7. 7. human–robot interaction
  8. 8. service robots• robots find application in “4D tasks” • dull • dangerous • dirty • dumb• scenarios • health care • entertainment • security • personal assistance • construction • cleaning
  9. 9. biological inspiration«la scienza m’interessa proprio nel mio sforzo per uscire da una conoscenzaantropomorfa; ma nello stesso tempo sono convinto che la nostraimmaginazione non può essere che antropomorfa» Italo Calvino human beings knowledge humanoids zoomorphic BIOLOGY ROBOTICS biomechanics mechanics prostheses neurosciences control psychology sensors cyborgs hypotheses and models micro/nano validation
  10. 10. personal robots• service robots that are consumer products • education/hobbyist robots • entertainment robots • smart toys • robotic pets • automated home • partner robots
  11. 11. new emerging areas• by dawn of new millennium, robotics has undergone a major transformation in scope and dimensions • maturity of field and advances in its related technologies• expansion into challenges of human world (human- centered and life-like robotics) • new generation of robots expected to safely and dependably co-habitat with humans in homes, workplaces, and communities, providing support in services, entertainment, education, healthcare, manufacturing, and assistance
  12. 12. looking beyondresearch challenges soft robotics roboethics biomechanics human-centered ethics guiding haptics design, construction and use of robot co-x robots neurosciences machine learning virtual prototyping animation surgery sensor networks ...outreach toward new communities growing connection with robotics research core
  13. 13. market trends
  14. 14. industrial robots• In 2010 (source: World Robotics 2011) • ~1.3 M industrial robots operating in the world • total market value of robot units: US$ 5700 M (+50%) • estimated market for robot systems: US$ 17500 M • strong comeback: impulse from China, Korea & other South-east Asian countries (+132%), mainly automotive and electronics industry
  15. 15. service industrial robots• professional service robots (+4%) • mostly defense/field robots • 13750 new units installed in 2010• personal service robots (+35%) • 1.45 M household robots • 0.75 M entertainment/leisure robots
  16. 16. research agenda• U.S. • first industrial robots designed and built • matured elsewhere, despite entrepreneurial culture • most robotics research is funded through military, space and security programs • current boost from National Robotics Initiative• Japan • strategy for creating new industries includes robotics as one of the seven areas of emphasis • close collaboration between government, academia and industry • robot manufacturers: • can rely on public opinion that robots are widely accepted by society – seen as useful helpers (co-workers to their human counterparts), not as job-killers • they have a strong home market covering large spectrum of robots • are typically part of huge vertically integrated industrial conglomerates that can build up massive R&D and commercial power
  17. 17. research agenda [cont’d]• Korea • of the 10 next generation growth engines, robotics is one of them • close collaboration between government, academia and industry• Europe • robotics industry is strong, but still quite fragmented and dispersed • industry observers agree on the following global trends • due to saturation in the classical (automotive) markets, all major manufacturers will need to identify new areas to maintain growth • the rapid development in technology areas that are the basis for robotics – mechatronics, computers, sensors, programming, human interfaces – bears huge potential for totally new application scenarios • these developments may also result in a dramatic redistribution of the market share of robot manufacturers in future application scenarios
  18. 18. EU Strategic Research Agenda industrial robotics market converging technologies need cross-fertilisation www.robotics-platform.eu
  19. 19. the eight SRA commandments• take advantage of robotics technology in all aspects of life• master the challenge of system integration• create a European robotics supply chain• focus on the right research and technologies• create new markets through SME support and technology transfer• support cross-fertilisation to maximise the impact of R&D• enhance robotics training and education• avoid ethical, legal, and societal issues becoming barriers
  20. 20. the European challenge• benefits of tighter academia (A)–industry (I) cooperation • exploiting the full potential of excellent European robotics research • achieving faster technology transfers • increasing European competitiveness (vs. Japan) • expanding industrial activities • reaching a world-wide leadership position
  21. 21. gaps between A & I• implementing this know-how transfer in concrete measures and actions is a great challenge• it is important to recognise that there has always been excellent R&D performed at both A and I, and that cooperation has taken place between privileged A and I• however, there is an obvious and significant discrepancy between the state of the art in robotics research vs. actual utilized technology ― if direct contact between researchers (who usually write papers) and industrial engineers (who normally do not read papers) is to be promoted, then results have to be put in a truly industrial perspective• so, the main question is: how can effective and efficient A/I cooperation be achieved?
  22. 22. one case study …• today: still strong dependency on the automotive industry KUKA AG 1,203 € (million) * Robotics 486.2 € (million) * Systems 716.8 € (million) * Automotive 50 % General Industry 50 % Automotive 90 % General Industry 10 %• difficulties to compete on price level• technology leadership is required• new application areas promise higher margins * from annual report 2010 key requirement: faster technology transfers
  23. 23. a few success stories• 7-axis light-weight robot • designed and built @ DLR, a KUKA product now • weighs 14 Kg and lifts up to 13 Kg • easy to be moved around • innovative joints and actuator solutions • gravity compensation • force control with joint and wrist F/T sensors • safe human-robot interaction • service and space robotics applications • other features, like interfaces with popular packages (Microsoft Robotics Studio) • used in Justin humanoid manipulator @ DLR (2 LWR + torso + sensorized head) • mounted on both mobile base (Automatica 2008) and as biped (Automatica 2010)
  24. 24. a few success stories [cont’d]• force control system • developed @ ABB Corporate Research in cooperation with several Universities • motion instructions using F/T sensor • innovative and agile product, helps faster and more efficient programming • promises to be standard very soon• automatic identification of robot payloads • algorithms developed @ UniNa and implemented in COMAU C4G controller • better dynamic performance in fast motion • collision detection algorithms based on measurements of internal variables • real-time motion trajectory planning satisfying user and dynamic constraints
  25. 25. a few success stories [cont’d]• parallel kinematic machine • modular and scalable desktop robot designed @ LundTech, an ABB product now • professional ball joints and drive technology • down-sized for classroom use and low cost • open source real-time Java control software • interfaces to Microsoft Robotics Studio• force/torque sensors • DLR compliant F/T sensor, used for medical and industrial applications (SCHUNK product) • SMErobot F/T sensor, designed to meet industrial and price requirements • strong link between JR3 and UCoimbra resulting in several developments in terms of software, interfaces and robot controller
  26. 26. lessons learned• cooperation resulted in the recognition of new problem areas on the part of A, which in turn encouraged creative thinking in the direction of new potential “neighbouring” applications on the part of I (market-orientation vs. long- term orientation)• this continued result-oriented dialogue also led to build up of trust between A and I, which opened up lines of communication at more confidential levels (protection of IPR vs. public sharing)• this step-by-step interaction and exchange of ideas is the most promising path to meet the ever-changing demands of I on one hand and fulfill the problem-solving drive of research of A on the other hand (practical product development vs. ‘visionary’ methodology/theory)
  27. 27. tightening the chord between A & I academia and industry hand in hand experiments structured dialogue
  28. 28. experiments funding European Commission selected funding experiments ECHORD core partners proposalsacademia industry selected equipment from industrial sponsors www.echord.info
  29. 29. operating scheme3 Equipment quotes (~4 weeks) 41 companies, 317 items 3 Calls for proposals (6–8 weeks) 243 submissions Evaluation (6–7 weeks) 51 selected and formal approval (several months) Executing and monitoring (12–18months) Result collation (8+ weeks)
  30. 30. bridging the gaps communicate requirements industry market relevant research andmarket knowledge development in robotics entrepreneurship independent innovation in robotics skills experts through knowledge transfer common terminology new business creation academiawww.eurobotics-project.eu communicate abilities transfer skills
  31. 31. face of European robotics• image of European research does not represent the quality and quantity of work done• European robotics is underrepresented in the media ― seen most often • humanoid robots from Asia • service robots from America • robots in films (from America) • e.g., Wikipedia: <5% of depicted robots are Europeanfrom something coolto even a negative image of technology  … …
  32. 32. dissemination• establish a brand • bring together stakeholders & communicate a common vision/standpoint • accessibility through central contact point• make material accessible for media to publish• actively promote European robotics by increasing visibility • in the media • at events • in schools
  33. 33. enhancing the dialogue• currently, robots are information islands, without any standardization of data communication, programming languages, or even terminology• initiatives are growing to share advanced training • industrial internships for PhDs and professors • scientific internship for industry people• science journalists do not know about European robotics • maintain a press centre and web portal for European robotics• Grand Challenges and robot competitions have proven to work• the universities evaluation procedures lead to too many, too fragmented, too expensive, and too inaccessible publications • citations are easier to count than industrial usefulness
  34. 34. an undergoing initiative• 28 November ‒ 4 December 2011• 19 countries, 130 organisations, 350 events • school visits with lectures on robotics • guided tours for pupils • open labs • exhibitions • challenges • robots in action on public squares www.robotics-week.eu• robots save jobs in Europe• robotics keeps production in Europe competitive• robots will become assistants in industrial settings and in service areas
  35. 35. robots are with us, within usand among us
  36. 36. gracias ... esker … grazie [ : ]
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