Present perfect simple continuous

10,385 views

Published on

0 Comments
8 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
10,385
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3,432
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
751
Comments
0
Likes
8
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Present perfect simple continuous

  1. 1. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE & CONTINUOUS
  2. 2. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE <ul><li>FORM : have / has + past participle </li></ul><ul><li>USES : </li></ul><ul><li>1. LIFE EXPERIENCES </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve been to China </li></ul><ul><li>She’s ridden a horse </li></ul>
  3. 3. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE <ul><li>2. ALREADY, JUST & YET </li></ul><ul><li>They’ve just left </li></ul><ul><li>She’s already called her friend </li></ul><ul><li>They haven’t finished yet </li></ul>
  4. 4. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE <ul><li>SUPERLATIVES & “THE FIRST, SECOND, LAST TIME”, ETC </li></ul><ul><li>It’s the best meal I’ve ever had </li></ul><ul><li>It’s the first time he’s given a speech </li></ul>
  5. 5. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE <ul><li>3. CONNECTION PAST & PRESENT </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve sprained my ankle, as you can see </li></ul><ul><li>He’s lost his keys </li></ul>
  6. 6. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE <ul><li>4. HOW LONG / FOR/ SINCE (NON-ACTION VERBS: be, have, know, like, etc ) </li></ul><ul><li>I ’ve known Maria for 10 years </li></ul><ul><li>They ’ve had that car since 2007 </li></ul>
  7. 7. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE <ul><li>5. HOW MUCH / HOW MANY </li></ul><ul><li>How many books have you written ? </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve spent too much money </li></ul>
  8. 8. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS <ul><li>FORM : HAVE / HAS + BEEN + VERB + ING </li></ul><ul><li>USES : </li></ul><ul><li>1. “HOW LONG / FOR / SINCE” WITH ACTION VERBS (action started in past & continues now) </li></ul><ul><li>How long have you been feeling like this? </li></ul><ul><li>She’s been travelling by bus for 5 years </li></ul>
  9. 9. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS <ul><li>2. REPEATED ACTIONS, ESPECIALLY WITH TIME EXPRESSIONS LIKE ALL DAY, RECENTLY, ETC </li></ul><ul><li>I have been arguing with my husband lately. </li></ul><ul><li>The phone has been ringing all day . </li></ul>
  10. 10. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS <ul><li>3. CONTINUOUS ACTIONS THAT HAVE JUST FINISHED (WITH RESULT IN THE PRESENT) </li></ul><ul><li>He’s been running all day. He’s dead! </li></ul><ul><li>A: Look at your hands! They’re so filthy! </li></ul><ul><li>B: I know. I’ve been painting the living room </li></ul>
  11. 11. SIMPLE OR CONTINUOUS? <ul><li>With “ How long ?, For & Since ” we can use both. However, we prefer the continuous for shorter, temporary actions. </li></ul><ul><li>We’ve lived in London since 1980 </li></ul><ul><li>We’ve been living in London since 1980 </li></ul><ul><li>We’ve been staying in a hotel for the last month </li></ul>
  12. 12. SIMPLE OR CONTINUOUS? <ul><li>PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE: </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on the RESULT of the action </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve painted my living room </li></ul><ul><li>PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS: </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on the DURATION of the action </li></ul><ul><li>I’ve been painting my living room </li></ul>

×