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A journey into africa.pdf story of hope and empowerment

  1. 1. A JOURNEY INTO AFRICA; STORY OF HOPE AND EMPOWERMENT KANINI KASEO KYUNYU VILLANGE, KATHONZWENI DISTRICT, KENYAWe are thirsty for positive change in our area and as members of Kanini Kaseo SGH we want to bemodel SGH in our locality and beyond. We are optimistic that this is just the beginning of better thingsfor our group, families and community in terms of food security. 9th February 2012.“My sense of worthy is coming back with Kanini Kaseo”. Mrs. Ndinda Mutuku 80 years old 23rd February 2012. KENYA COMMUNITY ASSOCIATION www.seedofpossibilities.org.uk 64 Upper Parliament Street Liverpool L8 7LF, United Kingdom E-mail: admin@seedofpossibilities.org.uk 1 Page
  2. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTSDocument PagesExecutive summary 3-4KCA statement at Kanini Kaseo, Kenya 9/02/12 5-7Kanini Kaseo Statement 9/02/12 8-9Press reports covering event 10Trustees Declaration 11Kanthonzweni District Project proposal 12-26Israel Ambassador meeting press release 27-28Invitation to Israel Ambassador for technical support 29-30Bill Gates food security Africa food security funding 31The project for development cooperation EU-Africa on Social Economy: 32-36Plus Dane Group £3,000 hand over statement 37-39The two “Ngadzi”; Impact and effects of migration on communities 40-43 2 Page
  3. 3. EXECUTIVE SUMMARYKanini Kaseo is a response to the cyclic catastrophic climatic conditions that perennially affectmany regions but the severity in Africa eclipses all. Africa is an expanse continent endowedwith abundant natural resources but similarly with vast areas of scarcity.The bulk of the African population is rural subsisting on produce of the land be it farmproduce or livestock. These rural farmers still practice traditional methods of cultivation andland management that are static over the centuries. Populations are increasing due to lowermortality and yields decreasing due to change in weather patterns, changed expectationthrough schooling, migration to urban centre’s, diseases, conflicts and various others.Resource mismanagement is another factor.While the international community has been responding favourably towards these cyclicevents, there exist the desire to build capacity and empower Africa to unlock its vastpotential thereby become granary of its own needs as well as surplus for the needs of otherregions. African government and leaders are conscious of this fact and have been engagingwith its development partners in formulation and implementing programs that would achievethis vision.Extensive resources have been allocated to Africa with mixed results. While there are manysuccess stories one comes across waste all over. Moreover, the rural poor who constitute thebulk of the population hardly benefit from the programs or initiatives that are executedthrough the various agencies or platforms. The Trustees managing the Kanini Kaseo fundshave been carefully selected with this in mind and reflect in their declaration.Nobody wants to be hungry, suffer deprivation, and endure hardship of any kind. Similarlyothers look with kindness to those that experience these conditions. This is what moves suchentities like the Bill Gates Foundation, Barka Foundation and initiative by the EU inpartnership with National Governments including those far off such as State of Israel. Unlikein the developed economies where government is highly sensitive to welfare needs of thepeople the opposite is true in most parts of African. This has led to multi-channel interventionprograms where both government and non governmental institutions become tools ofempowerment.Social Enterprise as vehicle of empowerment in Europe and other developed economies isnot alien to Africa even though the terminology and operation methods may be different.There is both commonality and divergence whose astute management as was the case of the“two Ngadzi” can produce highly resilient and enduring concept impacting both Africa andthe developed world.Kanini Kaseo state, “we are thirsty for positive change in our area”. This thirst is in the whole 3of Africa. The change is for better livelihood for all and mostly food security a fact recognized Page
  4. 4. by all to be achievable. The CDs of video and pictures testify to that which is containedherein.What is being done and funded in Kanini Kaseo is not imposed on them but something theydesired and were looking for partners to empower them. The District CommunityDevelopment Project mooted and dormant since February 2011 is one of such desiresunfulfilled, waiting and eventually to die off. Its death will not be in the idea alone but manyof those individuals whom it is intended to benefit.Kanini Kaseo innovation is first its embrace of the people own development concept tobroaden their vision, hope and handle change through food for now while preparing, workingand developing the land for future harvests. Second phase is working with other partners tobring in technology to transform practices of land and farming management. The momentumto sustain conviction and trust of the partnership through funding of the first phase is criticalespecially considering this is the flagship of our African intervention.Kanini Kaseo has cross sector support of all segments of society, central government throughthe DC, political through MP and councilors, inhabitants and the absent husbands migratingto the city for work.KCA secured the £3,200 invested through collaboration with Plus Dane Group and its partnersin Merseyside, UK. We are seeking further support from our various partners in assistingsecure or unlock funds to continue in this locality of high impact. In seeking financial backingwe are aware of the difficulties being experienced all around us, but we are encouraged bythose who have faith in the potential of Africa that the importance of Kanini Kaseo is real andimportant to the arc of change and hope running across Africa from Cameroon into Ghanapassing through Uganda ending in Kenya. This is a vision, inspiration, burning desire andcommitment we all share with one common ambition; to make it happen.In conclusion I would appeal for the following:- 1. Secure additional funds to continue current land preparation efforts before start of the long rains in East Africa. 2. Source funding for the feasibility study “Integrated Community Development Project” championed by the District Commissioner in page 12-26. 3. The invitation to the State of Israel in response to declared interest of developing food security in Africa page 32-36 receive backing of our partners.Baiba Dhidha Mjidho.Chairman; Kenya Community Association.27th February 2012. 4 Page
  5. 5. KENYA COMMUNITY ASSOCIATION INAGURAL STATEMENT MARKING START OF KANINI KASEO SOCIAL INTEGRATION CENTRE 9TH FEBRUARY 2012.Hon. Peter Kiilu, MP. Makueni Consttituency,Mr. J. Otieno DC Kathonzweni DistrictMr. Athanas K. Nganda, Area Concilor,Area Chief,Assistant Chief,Distinguished guests,Ladies and Gentlemen;I feel highly honoured to represent the Kenya Community Association in the County ofMerseyside, United Kingdom in this function inaugurating its first intervention of empoweringmarginalized and needy communities in their Motherland Kenya.I further convey the goodwill, greeting and best wishes of all communities within the Countyof Merseyside whose outpouring generosity resulted in the £3,200 (Kes 400,000) being usedfor the first phase of the food for work project being initiated here in Kanini Kaseo today. Theproject is estimated to cost £6,000 (Kes 750,000) for land preparation and £24,000 (Kes 3mln.) for water.The Kenya Community Association is composed of Kenyan migrants within the last 25 yearssettled in Merseyside and those who subscribe to their vision and values which means we donot live as a closed community but in communion with other people of different ethnicity.Our capacity to embrace, live, associate, appreciate and value others is pivotal in ourengagement with different communities and peoples.This project is anchored on the human response to need. It further recognizes the capacity ofhuman enterprise to overcome the factors that lead to their marginalization, underperformance or needs. Our initiative is therefore part of the global and national response tothe extensive drought conditions last year that engulfed most of East Africa including Kenyawhose effects are still present.The global and national response has been overwhelming and still continues to be. Kenyanmigrants all over the world through their various associations sent their contributions which 5included those offered by the communities around them. The money funding this initiative is Pagepart of such efforts.
  6. 6. The money sent by us today is from a fund raising event presided by Mr. Jeremy Laibutah,First Counselor, Kenya High Commission, London marking the annual Octobercommemoration of Africa History Month in Merseyside sponsored by the Plus Dane Group inpartnership with various corporate bodies and community organization. Among them wereLiverpool Mutual Homes, Riverside Housing, Workers Education Association, FrontlineChurch, Mast Group, Yemeni Association, Bangladesh Association and several others. We aremost thankful to the Chief Executive Officer of Plus Dane Group Mr. Ken Perry and ChairmanMr. Richard Kemp who took personal interest and organized the money presentationceremony in their Board room. This illustrates the level of commitment and compassion heldby the outside world on the afflicted in East Africa. It Merits here to mention the devotion ofMaureen Chendo, Engagement Officer, Plus Dane Group who was instrumental incoordinating and managing the fundraising efforts.We hope that the giving spirit demonstrated by these corporate bodies, charities andindividuals in Merseyside, United Kingdom will be replicated by others here in Kenyafinancially. Any material or financial support through the Trustees will be appreciated withthanks and encourage our partners in Europe.This initiative is driven by two factors. First is the plea originating from here, Kanini Kaseo tous through Scholar who pleaded on your behalf for food assistance to those that werestarving. We responded with remittance of Kes 40,000. At that point we were made aware ofthe women group resolve to improve the land in order to increase food production andthereby cushion the community from the cyclic food scarcity occasioned by poor crop yields.The second driving force is our vision of empowerment to ourselves and those we interactwith. We are therefore through this engagement meeting two needs, first providing food toalleviate effects of current scarcity and secondly putting in place land and facilityimprovements that will guarantee food sustainability. In other words this empowers thecommunity towards self sufficiency.Empowering communities is recognized by governments of Africa individually, collectivelyand by their development partners. This is captured in various instruments such as KenyaGovernment’s vision 2030, AU/EU strategy plan 2010-2013, AU/NEPAD Africa Action Plan2010-2015 and Nairobi Strategy of September 2011 among others. We are pleased to notethat this initiative in Kanini Kaseo meets and is within this vision.The Kenya Community Association vision statement is “Empowering Kenyans to achieve andmaximize their potential” which is anchored on the foundation of “You are a seed ofpossibilities”. We thus view, perceive or act as a medium, platform or agent to unlock thepotential and capacity of those we associate with to make use, attain or fully exploit thepotential that surrounds them. Our involvement and undertaking here in Kanini Kaseo isdriven by the above objectives and values.We are encouraged by the overwhelming support our initiative received by all concerned 6namely the community, government representatives as well as those holding elective offices Pagewhich is affirmed by the dignitaries assembled before you and by your MP being one of the
  7. 7. trustees of the funds. We look forward to this support translate into facilitating actions. Inorder to realize the full potential of this project, a number of facilities will be required. To thisend we call for urgent revision of your development plan submitted to us last year to capturecurrent expectations and vision. We do hope the various agencies and governmentdepartments will assist in their provision where applicable and appropriate.We would like to thank the three trustees Sister Scholar Nganda, lecturer Kenyatta University,Hon. Peter Kiilu, MP, Makueni Constituency and Mr. Cleophas Kiio, Director, Kenya Bureau ofStatistics and lecturer in two of our leading Universities who have accepted our invitation tobe custodians of the funds remitted and any other funds that will be received for this projector expansion of this project to other parts of our Nation.We must recognize that there are several initiatives here in Kenya and elsewhere committedto empowerment of rural communities. We pledge to work alongside them and network withthem to make our and their impact in whatever all of us do meaningful. It is further our intentto network with our national universities where applicable in applying their competenciesand knowhow in uplifting the capacity of rural communities.In the journey of evolvement of our Charity to this historic moment of engaging in thisprogram in our motherland it would be honourable for us to acknowledge those who helpeddefine with clarity our vision and understanding. Mr. Godwin Bateren CEO of Chara Trust hasbeen our mainstay and pillar of strength throughout our 15 years existence. The enormity ofhuman resourcefulness was gained from the Barka Foundation activities and its founder Mr.Thomas Kadowski whom we accessed through Chara Trust.Ms. Helen Connor and her mother Sylvia Connor co-founders of Inspiring Leaders Kenya NGOwere invaluable and through them had access to Prof Elena P. Antonacopoulou of Universityof Liverpool Management School and Dr Kristian Mjoen, Norwegian University of Science andTechnology who helped in clarifying our identity, vision, self worth and potential. There aremany more but this illustrates the power of networking and interaction to create linkages andimpact.We end with the faith that Kanini Kaseo shall be partners carrying our vision and hope thatwill influence and transform the lives of many others in our country and other parts of ourcontinent. For in Kanini Kaseo resides our letter of recommendation and living example ofwhat can be done and achieved in Africa and other marginalized communities elsewhere.Your success will be the success of others like you waiting to be helped and touched just as itis being done to you today.In closing we acknowledge with thanks the generosity of Mrs Benedicta Muthoki ChalseNganda for transporting our representatives from and back to Nairobi another demonstrationof self giving towards the success of the project.May God be our help and guide in this partnership of solidarity.Amen. 7 Page
  8. 8. KANINI KASEO KYUNYU SELF HELP GROUP; TH STATEMENT ON THURSDAY 9 FEBRUARY 2012.Our visitors (Pauline and friends), Members of Kanini Kaseo Self Help Group, Ladies andgentlemen,Good afternoon.I take this opportunity to welcome you all to our group, feel at home. On behalf of the groupallow me to express our gratitude to you for having seen it worthy to consider us forfunds which we believe will change lives of many in the area for the better.A brief history of our group.Allow me to take you through a brief history of our group.Kyunyu area is composed of mostly female population and children who reside here. Thisis owed to the fact that most of the male bread winners have migrated to urban areas insearch of jobs. Until 2008 we used to rely on our husbands for every coin we spent in ourhomes. In 2008 we decided that the high levels of poverty we were living in was loweringour dignity and thus as women we had to come up with a way forward. That saw the dawn ofKanini Kaseo SHG. The group started as a simple merry-go-round composed of 20 members.We aimed at buying kitchen ware for our members through monthly contribution.By January 2009, membership had grown to 27. During an Annual General Meetingwe concurred that we needed an Income Generating Activity (IGA) to complement whateverother contributions we were making. It was agreed that we would engage in goat rearingand thus part of the group’s money was used to purchase 20 goats for members. The planwas that the offspring would be given to the remaining seven members after which anyfurther offspring would be sold and the money be used for members common benefit.However, the challenge of drought and famine robbed us of 3 goats in late 2009 while 2others died of livestock diseases. This became a major setback to our new objective ofimproving food security in the area through goat milk as well as economic empowerment ofour group members.Despite these challenges our group continued to hold together and in 2010 we saw the needto register our group with the Department of Gender and Social Services, which we did andwere issued with a certificate of membership. To facilitate this, we sold seven goats andbanked the raised amount. This is the money we used to facilitate the committee membersmovement in terms of bus fare and allowances. The group was registered in May 2010 with35 members.We still had challenges such as lack of fundraising skills but tried to liaise with theDepartment of Gender and Social Services to train us on proposal writing skills. Some of ourmembers were trained and we agreed on sourcing for funds to run food security project inour area. We wrote several proposals to different donors which unfortunately have not beenfunded so far. However, we did not give up hope until Pauline and friends lately responded toour cry of which we are very grateful. Thus we are proud to say that this is our first majorproject ever and we are glad that you agreed to work with us.Now we still hold together in our ambition to create food security in our area. We are readyto work with one another to enable us realize our ambition. Once again we are thankfulto our donor and we want assure you that you have come to the right people. We arethirsty f or positive change in our area and as members of Kanini Kaseo SHG we want to be 8 Pagethe model SHG in our group, families and community in terms of food security. We still have
  9. 9. dreams for the future that is access to clean and sufficient drinking water. Since we envisionsuccess in our current project we aspire to carry on with a water project immediatelyafterwards.Thank you and God bless you.9th February 2012.Progress report 23rd February 2012.CURRENT BENEFITS:First and foremost, new energy seems to have been born! These women can now dig 210meters per week in two days! Before KCA intervention due to lack of proper equipment formaking the terraces, the women though determined could only dig the 210 meters a week infour days. Dont forget, they were also hungry as they dug, so their low out-put in terracemaking was compounded by their characteristic hunger. An amazing achievement all due tofood provision. The fact that they know there will be food to feed their children gives themthe hope of a better tomorrow, hence energy to work more. Above all, KCA is buyingnutritional food (maize and Beans) for the people and the portions they are receiving is alsobig and lasts close to mid-month. Importantly, old women, those who felt so unworthy in thesociety before KCAs intervention are now feeling of value in society as they join the ablewomen who dig the terraces as the latter take care of the kids. Great solidarity has beenachieved so far through the project. One aged woman (80yrs) Ndinda Mutuku says her senseof worthy is coming back with Kanini Kaseo.Sister Scholar Nganda, Trustee. 9 Page
  10. 10. From: Knamakueni Makueni <knamakueni@yahoo.com>Subject:To: filomuli@yahoo.comDate: Tuesday, February 21, 2012, 12:38 AMA women group in Kyunyu village in Kathonzweni district has received a donation of Kshs400,000 from a group of Kenyans living in United Kingdom in a bid to fight drought andfamine in the area.Kanini Kaseo Self Help group received the money donated by Kenya Community Association(KCA)in Liverpool to implement a food for work programme where the members of the groupwill be required to work in their farms and in return get food bought using the money.The chairman of KCA Balba Dhidha Mjidho in a speech read on his behalf by Mr. FrancisKimaru during the launch of the project today said the Ksh 400.000 will be used in the firstphase of the food for work programme and disclosed that a further Kshs 3.7 million will beused for improve the land in order to increase food production as well as initiating waterprojects in the area to cushion the members and the community against water shortage.“Due to the cyclic food scarcity occasioned by poor yields in the area this project aims at first,providing food to starving families and secondly put in place land and facility improvementthat will guarantee food sustainability,” he said. Mr. Mjidho noted that project is an initiative by KCA to respond to the effects of the frequentravaging droughts experienced in the area and at the same time empower the communitythrough development of projects aimed at creating food security. “Our vision is to empower marginalized communities and maximize their potential,” he said. Kanini Self Help Group has a membership of 35 women and was started in 2008 with the aimof initiating income generating activities to alleviate poverty among the members.During the event farm tools worthy 80,000 were distributed to the members of the group. 10 Page
  11. 11. KANINI KASEO KYUNYU SELP HELP WOMEN GROUP, KATHONZWENIDISTRICT- KENYA.STATEMENT FROM SR. SCHOLASTICAH NGANDA (Trustee).I owe the words I am about to say to the courage, determination and the zeal of the women ofKanini Kaseo Self Help Group in Kyunyu Village, Kathonzweni District, Kenya- East Africa.And I say these words on behalf of the other two trustees of Kanini Kaseo project who couldnot be reached face-to-face but whom I have spoken to on phone and have given me theauthority and permission to release the statement on their behalf as well. Allow me therefore tostate: I, Mr. Peter Kiilu, Member of Parliament, Makueni Constituency, I, Mr. Cleophas Kiio,Director, Kenya National Bureau of Statistics, and Lecturer, Masinde Muliro University ofScience and Technology as well as Visiting Lecturer Catholic University of EasternAfrica(CUEA), I, Sr. Scholasticah Nganda, A Religious Catholic Sister belonging to theCongregation of the Sisters of Mercy, a Lecturer in Kenyatta University and a Board Member,Association of African Universities, AIDS Control Unit- Based in Kenyatta University, wish tofirmly confirm our total commitment to the full development, growth and maturation of KaniniKaseo Self Help Kyunyu Women Group. We are convinced that this project once given fullsupport in all facets of its development, will serve as a model for the rest of Africa in foodSecurity. Can Africa feed her own people? Yes she CAN. But how? Only through provision ofIrrigation water for the fertile fields and huge lands.As we firmly vow to protect Kanini Kaseos funds from the donor community, we want toassure members of the Kenya Community Association in Liverpool (UK) that our integrity aspersons of clear vision, focus and unwavering determination to fruits of good course, will steerKanini Kaseo to its greatest heights. Sky is our limit in this venture, if only you financiallysupport this model project for this continent. To this end, know for certain, that we will remainfirmly on course in this our new found partnership. May God Almighty Bless these our Hopes.Amen.Peace be upon you ALL, who READ and ACT on this Statement from the three trustees.Amen.Scholar in Unity with Peter Kiilu and Cleophas Kiio (Trustees, Kanini Kaseo)14th February 2012Nairobi, Kenya. 11 Page
  12. 12. Integrated Community Development Project: Towards Food Security, Poverty Alleviation and Sustainable Livelihoods in Makueni County through Sustainable Irrigated Agriculture. PROJECT PROPOSAL CONCEPT NOTE Project Name:Makueni Sustainable Irrigated Agriculture (MaSIA) Project Submitted for Funding to: United Nations World Food Programme (UN-WFP) Kenya Through: Kathonzweni District Steering Group Submitted By: PRRO/FOOD FOR ASSETs Programme Arid Lands Resource Management Project II - Makueni Arid Lands Resource Management Project II P.O. Box 99 – 90300 Makueni 12 February 10, 2011 Page
  13. 13. Makueni County Map Showing Proposed Project Area with Respect to AthiRiver N Miangeni Syotuvali Matheani Winyivyo (Kitise) Athi Hope (Mwania) Kandengya KEY District/division boundary Athi River Mudengao Makutano (Kathekani) KEY Proposed project area for phase I, II & III District/Division/Location whose suitability will be boundary determined by topo- surveys Athi River 7 Small scale pumped irrigation systems (canal) started by ALRMP II over the last 7-8 years and utilizing River Athi ecosystem. being targeted for Areas The the intervention whose presence of these create an advantage for better suitability will be justified adoption of theby detailed topo-surveys proposal by the communities who have seen some benefits that can 13 be realized from such project. Page
  14. 14. i. Acknowledgements DMO Makueni County DC & DSG - Kathonzweni District DSG – Makueni County National Project Steering Committee (WFP and National FFA Coordinator) Cooperating Partners - Makueni County Kilifi County/District Food for Assets Coordinator Communities - Makueni County 14 Page
  15. 15. Contentsi. Makueni County Map Showing Proposed Project Area with Respect to Athi River ...... 13ii. Acknowledgements ......................................................................................................... 141.0 INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................ 16 1.1 Background and General Context ............................................................................. 16 1.2 Problem Statement .................................................................................................... 17 1.3 Objectives of the Concept ......................................................................................... 18 1.3.1 Broad Objective ................................................................................................. 18 1.3.2 Specific Objectives ............................................................................................ 18 1.4 Justification ............................................................................................................... 192.0 METHODOLOGY ....................................................................................................... 20 2.1 Project Components .................................................................................................. 20 2.1.1 Phase I................................................................................................................ 20 Baseline Surveys ............................................................................................ 20 Feasibility Studies .......................................................................................... 20 Stakeholders Workshop ................................................................................. 21 2.1.2 Phase II .............................................................................................................. 22 2.1.3 Phase III ............................................................................................................. 233.0 BUDGET FOR PHASE I ............................................................................................ 244.0 PROJECT IMPACTS .................................................................................................. 255.0 CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES ................................................................. 25 5.1 Challenges ................................................................................................................. 25 5.2 Opportunities............................................................................................................. 256.0 CONCLUSION ........................................................................................................... 26 15 Page
  16. 16. 1.0 INTRODUCTION1.1 Background and General ContextThe Government of Kenya’s (GoK) Policy is to ensure that the whole population is food secure all thetime. It is also the policy of GoK that FOOD FOR ASSET be used as the main food aid strategywhenever possible. The FOOD FOR ASSET project selection should be in line with the PovertyReduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) and enhancement of food security in the Counties. FOOD FOR ASSETactivities are in line with the National Policy for the Sustainable Development of ASAL of Kenya (2007).According to this policy crop farming and livestock production will be strengthened throughdissemination of improved water harvesting technologies and making the technologies sustainableand environmentally friendly.FOOD FOR ASSET is a food security strategy that meets immediate food needs and ensures building ofassets for the future. The long lasting effect of FOOD FOR ASSET is not only for the creation of assets,but also the building of adequate skills to help people plan and manage micro-initiatives, and tocontinue invest in their futures.The FOOD FOR ASSET projects aim at contributing to improved food security in ASALs of Kenyaimpacting the following six (6) outcomes:Outcome 1: Improved pasture and browse productionOutcome 2: Improved diversification of food sources (increased crop production, incomes from horticulture etc)Outcome 3: Improved access to water for both human and livestock consumptionOutcome 4: Reduced environmental degradationOutcome 5: Improved access to markets and other sources of food (feeder roads)Outcome 6: Improved capacity of communities to implement food security projects.In Makueni County, Food for Assets activities are implemented by two World Food Program (WFP)Kenya Cooperating Partners (CPs) in the named districts curved out of the Makueni County as outlinedbelow coordinated by Arid Lands Resource Management Project II (ALRMP II) in Makueni: - World Vision Kenya (WVK) in Kathonzweni & Mbooni East districts; and, - Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) in Kibwezi district. 16 Page
  17. 17. 1.2 Problem StatementMakueni is one of the marginalized Semi-Arid Environments (SAE) which covers more than 75% ofKenya’s land surface area. The main challenge in SAE, which are amongst the poorest in Kenya is therecurrence of extreme and contrasting weather conditions leading to endemic droughts, whichdisrupt the vulnerable livelihoods systems, derived mainly form subsistence farming and livestockproduction. This leads to poor human health, high child mortality, frequent migration to urban areasand low children enrolment in schools. The fragile semi-arid ecosystem is also another challenge thathinders meaningful development as unsustainable economic activities result in land degradationwhich eventually leads to low productivity and desertification.Makueni is generally a low-lying County, rising from about 500m above sea level at the lowlands ofKathonzweni and Wote Divisions to 1,800m above sea level on Kilungu Hills. The County is made up ofthree livelihood zones namely: marginal mixed farming, mixed farming (coffee/dairy/irrigation) andmixed farming (food crops/cotton/livestock).The general food security trend in the district is fairly stable in the mixed farming(coffee/dairy/irrigation) livelihood zone but deteriorating in the mixed farming (foodcrop/cotton/livestock) and the marginal mixed farming livelihood zones. The worse areas areKalawa, Nguu and Kathonzweni divisions.The main source of water in the County is Athi River which is perennial. The river is joined bytributaries such as Kaiti and Thwake Rivers, which drain from different parts of the district. A fewstreams arise from the hills of Kilungu, but their flow becomes irregular down stream in the low-lyingareas. The County is usually prone to frequent droughts that are normally experienced on the lowerside of the district which are usually very dry and receives very little amount of rainfall mainly rangingfrom 300mm to 400mm which is hardly enough to sustain any kind of crop and the major economicactivity being taken by the local people is small stock rearing.Drought is a major cause of poverty in the County and the most vulnerable are women, youth,children, the aged and the disabled. Many families lose their livestock and crops duringprolonged drought and water can only be got from very far. Money meant for gainfuldevelopment activities is used in the provision of relief food for the people during droughtperiod. This has impacted negatively on the efforts being made to reduce poverty in the districtand has also led to widespread rural to urban migration of the youth in search of betterlivelihoods.It has been established that the County has golden untapped potential for irrigated agriculturealong River Athi which if well utilized could lead to improved food security, povertyalleviation and better livelihoods. ALRMP II has in the last 7 to 8 years established seven (7)small scale irrigation schemes in the County which utilize the river ecosystem but these are notadequate to cover for the needs of communities hence the need for up-scaling of similarinterventions for widespread impacts.In response to these challenges and towards the development of a strategy towards theimprovement of the FOOD FOR ASSETs process in the County, ALRMP II – Makueni isproposing through the DSG that a three-phased FOOD FOR ASSET integrated irrigationprogramme be developed spearheaded by community with technical support from governmenttechnical departments in partnership with the UNWFP, International NGOs, Local NGOs, 17ALRMP II and other stakeholders. Page
  18. 18. 1.3 Objectives of the Concept1.3.1 Broad ObjectiveThe overall objective of the proposed intervention is to enhance agricultural productivity throughpromotion of integrated irrigation farming contributing to poverty alleviation, food security andsustainable livelihoods in semi-arid Makueni County.1.3.2 Specific ObjectivesThe specific objectives of the proposed concept are to:1. Develop a technical designs and operational framework for the utilization of River Athi for irrigated agriculture in Makueni County.2. Increase sustainable water availability for improved agricultural productivity and enhance the efforts for a wider coverage and installation of efficient water use systems e.g. drip irrigation systems;3. Introduce alternative livelihood systems for improved food security, sustainable livelihood diversification and income generation (e.g. drip irrigation, greenhouse technology, fish farming etc) contributing to poverty alleviation in the region and reduced rural to urban migration of youths;4. Promote sustainable community development and economic growth of the semi arid agrarian County.5. Enhance productive collaboration, networking and partnership among different stakeholders working in Makueni (e.g. NGOs, local council, government department, development partners, etc.); and,6. Document and share information and learning lessons among various stakeholders including policy makers, development partners and other communities living in similar climatic conditions. 18 Page
  19. 19. 1.4 JustificationThe main threat to food security in the County is the poor performance and distribution of rainfallwhich leads to poor crop harvest and this proposal concept is aimed towards the development of aFOOD FOR ASSET collaborative multisectoral - community driven approach towards introduction ofirrigation along Athi river to address this gap for improved food security, poverty eradication & betterlivelihoods in the County.The community driven approach will enhance ownership and sustainability of the project by thecommunities while the integration of different sectors will lead to enhanced synergy and impacts. It’senvisaged that the technical GoK departments will provide continuous support to the communitiesthrough the provision of extension services and technical backstopping while the involvement ofNGOs and other stakeholders will improve co-funding opportunities, advocacy, improve replicationand prevent duplication of project activities by actors.The types of irrigation systems and complementary technologies being proposed (e.g. canal irrigation,drip irrigation & greenhouse technology) require minimum financial resources to sustain their benefitsand have income generating components for the target community as the irrigation will be carried outin individual farms and the proceeds will go directly to the farmers, this will improve the livingstandards of the target communities as well as provide financial resources required for operation andmaintenance. This means they are long term solutions to problems faced in the target areas.These components also require limited maintenance that can be handled efficiently by the targetcommunity. It is envisaged that the target communities will influence the neighbouring communitiestowards adoption of project results to enhance widespread socio-economic impacts leading tosustainable food availability resulting to reduced dependency of communities on food aid.Adoption of the technologies in the targeted areas is also expected to be high due to the presence of7 small scale irrigation schemes along the river established by ALRMP II. Phase 1 has been designed tomainly cover Kathonzweni district as 4 out of 7 of the schemes are located there hence there will beminimized adoption constraints.Finally, the proposed intervention will lead to realization of Makueni County/district vision as outlinedin the MAKUENI DISTRICT DEVELOPMENT PLAN (2008 – 2012): To be a leading district in agriculture 1and livestock production for the welfare of the inhabitants . This will be achieved by integrating thefollowing into the activities: Incorporating the development of fish ponds for income generation. This will further lead to reduced human Vs. marine life conflict as the creation of water diversion canals will imply that human interference through fishing, fetching water, direct abstraction etc is checked; Extension of the project to cover schools in the proposed project areas. This will improve production of vegetables in the school gardens to supplement the diet given in the school feeding programme which lacks vegetables; Construction of feeder roads for improved accessibility to markets will be enhanced. 19 Page1 Makueni District Development Plan 2008 – 2012 Page iii. By Office of Prime Minister: Ministry of State forPlanning, National Development and Vision 2030.
  20. 20. 2.0 METHODOLOGY2.1 Project ComponentsThis concept proposes segmenting the project into three key phases, namely; Phase I: Baseline surveys to review past and existing irrigation technologies, Feasibility studies to design and formulate viable irrigation technologies, stakeholders workshop for devising detailed implementation plan and generation of detailed proposal for Phase II based on findings. Phase II: Fund raising, Detailed EIA and Implementation Phase III: Replication, Reflection, Review, Re-design and documentation of lessons learnt2.1.1 Phase IPhase I will entail a detailed evaluation of existing irrigation practises/systems carried out along RiverAthi banks across Makueni County and identification of adoption and replication constraints as well asfeasibility studies to design the viable approach. This activity will be carried out by a technical teamcomprising of all stakeholders involved in the implementation of FOOD FOR ASSET activities in theCounty (i.e. WFP/CPs, technical GoK departments, ALRMP II & communities) and other Countydevelopment partners. In order, to set realistic targets, it is highly recommended that piloting ofphase 1 will be carried out in Kathonzweni district because: the idea was conceived by theKathonzweni DSG and there’s the presence of most of ALRMP II funded small scale irrigation schemeswithin the district boundaries therefore community will be more willing (Refer to the justificationabove).The key activities will be as follows: Baseline SurveysThis will be undertaken by a broad based survey (BBS) team of experts from relevant GoK linedepartments. The FFA project beneficiaries in the area will be taken through a participatory ruralappraisal (PRA) process by the team of experts and community action plans (CAPs) as well ascatchment mapping exercises will be undertaken. The presence of markets and other relatedinfrastructure to support enhanced production will also be covered under this and the team will alsosensitize the communities about the idea to determine the willingness levels for ownership andsustainability.This activity is expected to take ten (10) days in the field. Feasibility StudiesThis will be the key activity carried out as this will determine the viability of the interventions. A teamof experts from Ministry of Water & NEMA office will undertake this process which will entail detailedtopographical surveys. The results of these topo-surveys will determine: - The best point to divert/obstruct the river flow to ensure flow is by gravity and coverage will be maximized; 20 - The best course for the canal to follow for efficient irrigation and coverage; - The types of soils in the areas and suitability for canal construction i.e. will the canal have to Page be lined or will an earth canal be adequate?
  21. 21. - Key environmental concerns that will be addressed and their mitigation measures; 2 - The detailed costing of Phase II (i.e. EIA and project implementation budget).The feasibility studies activity is expected to take 30 days in the field. Stakeholders WorkshopA one (1) day FOOD FOR ASSET stakeholder’s workshop will be held after the case/situational study(baseline survey & feasibility studies) has been carried out for brainstorming purposes andrecommendations will be given out leading to development of a joint detailed implementation planfor the most viable technologies. 3P.E.S.T.E.L aspects of irrigated agriculture in the County will also be further exploited during thisworkshop.The workshop is proposed to comprise of 100 participants and will be used as a tool to draw upsupport from development partners and stakeholders and enhance collaborations and synergy in theprocess.The participants will be drawn from: - Provincial Administration i.e. DCs, DOs & Chiefs; - Technical DSGs; - UNWFP; - CPs (i.e. WVK and KRCS); - ALRMP II; - Farmers/target communities (particularly those targeted in the on-going FFA activities); - CDF/LATF representatives; - Service providers (e.g. Kickstart, Amiran, Davis & Shirtliff); - Representatives from research centres in the County (i.e. KARI & University of Nairobi Arid Farming Research Centre in Kibwezi); - Other development partners e.g. USAID/Fintrac, CRS, AMREF, Dorcas AID etc will also be drafted in as possible future source of funding to the initiatives.In order to enhance the availability of useful information on similar irrigation practises carried out inother water scarce counties of Kenya for information triangulation and dissemination, its rproposedthat researchers from Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture & Technology (JKUAT) and Universityof Nairobi involved in an on-going research project funded by the Commission for Higher Education(CHE) on the development of alternative cost-efficient irrigation technologies in water scarce areas2 The EIA exercise was moved to PHASE II because the exercise can only be carried out after the feasibility studieshave been done and detailed budget drawn up. i.e. the cost for EIA is usually 0.05% of the total cost of the project 21for the NEMA project report.3 PESTEL = Political, Economical, Social, Technological, Environmental and Legal aspects Page
  22. 22. of Kenya be invited as facilitators in the workshop to share their experiences on the subject. Thisresearch has been on-going since 2007 and case studies have been carried out in Garissa, Yatta,Laikipia West, Turkana & Taita Taveta Counties where useful findings that could greatly impact theproposed activities have been made.The timeline for phase 1 will be from FEBRUARY 2011 TO MAY 2011.Outcome of Phase I  CAPs & Catchment Maps produced;  Detailed designs produced based on topo-surveys;  Key environmental concerns addressed before hand awaiting EIA in Phase II;  Stakeholders workshop held for information triangulation and discussion;  Detailed Implementation Plan (DIP) drawn in consultation of all stakeholders detailing the recommended activities for a way forward;  A proposal for funding developed based on the above and submitted to UNWFP & other donors for funding. The viable technologies considered should have SMART objectives and should be labour intensive and in-line with the FOOD FOR ASSET guidelines.2.1.2 Phase IIPhase II will focus on addressing, testing and piloting viable options and dissemination approaches.This Phase will be carried out mainly in Kathonzweni district (where the idea was conceived and alsofor the purpose of setting realistic goals) targeting FFA beneficiaries in the areas to be prioritized bythe technical DSG and FOOD FOR ASSET stakeholders based on geophysical, topographical surveys andthe reception/willingness of the target communities to undertake the activities.Exposure visits of the technical DSG, FOOD FOR ASSET stakeholders and communities (major growersalong the river) will be carried out in this phase to other counties where similar irrigation activitieshave been practised e.g. In Machakos County along the Yatta canal as well as in the MoW initiatedKabaa canal and in the FOOD FOR ASSET initiated canal at Njukini in Taita Taveta County.The timeline for this phase will be from JUNE 2011 TO MAY 2012.Its further proposed that selected project sites targeted for implementation of year 2 (Oct 2011 to May2012) FOOD FOR ASSET projects activities in the target sites will have a revision of their activities foryear 2 to bring on-board the proposed intervention which is expected to greatly enhance cropproduction in the County i.e. outcome 2 of the FOOD FOR ASSET projects as mentioned in theintroduction section above.Outcomes of phase II 22  Fund raising;  Capacity building; Page  EIA project report;
  23. 23.  Permit for water obstruction;  Construction of diversion works/intake structures, diversion main canals, lateral canals;  Provision of pumping sets, tanks, drip kits & greenhouses to farmers along the canal;  Farm preparation, irrigation, planting, weeding and harvesting as well as extension services;  ENHANCED water availability for multiple use i.e. irrigation for food & fodder production, domestic/livestock use and income generation e.g. fish farming;  Success Stories2.1.3 Phase IIIPhase III will involve mainly the replication and up-scaling of tested irrigation practises in various partsof the County.Up-scaling and replication will be carried out targeting the communities in other districts of theCounty that lie along the river e.g. Mbooni East district (Kalawa) & Kibwezi district (Kibwezi &Kathekani).Outcomes of Phase III  Replication;  Celebrations;  Reduced Rural to Urban Migration of Youths due to creation of more income generating activities through enhanced irrigation;  Documentation of lessons learnt 23 Page
  24. 24. 3.0 BUDGET FOR PHASE I NB: Budgeting has only been done for Phase I because a detailed budget for Phase II can only be developed based on the findings of Phase I. The budget below was drawn by a DPSC team consisting of DDO, DWO, DAO, DLPO and ALRMP II representative.PHASE ACTIVITY KEY INDICATORS TOTAL IMPLEMENTING PERIOD (Month) COST (KShs.) March 2011 April 2011 Wk Wk Wk Wk Wk 1 Wk Wk Wk 1 2 3 4 2 3 4Phase I 1.1 Baseline Officers lunches = 12 officers X 120,000 Survey 1000 X 10 days BBS, Community Fuel: 40lts X 10 days X 100kshs. 40,000 interviews, market & Report writing = Stationery (4 18,915 infrastructure reams of paper for reports, 2 assessments, cartridges & tonners, 11 catchment Notebooks, 11 pencils & pens, mapping, 3 Erasors & sharpeners community Subtotal 1 178, 915 sensitization & awareness creation 1.2 Feasibility Officers Lunches = 5 officers X 150,000 Studies 1000 X 30days Topographical surveys and Fuel = 40 lts X 30 days X 100 120,000 technical designs ksh Production of technical designs 40,000 & reports = Stationery @ 40,000 Subtotal 2 310,000 1.3 Stakeholders Hire of conference hall = 2000 2,000 Workshop X 1 day Fare refund for 7,500 farmers/communities only = 25 farmers X 300 kshs 10 o’clock tea = 100 10,000 participants X 100 Lunch for participants = 100 20,000 24 participants X 200 Page
  25. 25. Water for participants = 100 7,000 participants X 1lt X 70 Stationery for 100 participants 10,000 @ 10,000 Facilitation fee for 3 invited 15,000 facilitators (UoN Kibwezi, KARI & JKUAT/UoN researcher) = 3 facilitators X 5000Kshs X 1 day Subtotal 3 71,500 GRAND TOTAL FOR PHASE I 560, 4154.0 PROJECT IMPACTS Enhanced community participation, contribution, social integration and project ownership and project sustainability; Increased water availability for multiple uses; Improved food security and income generation activities e.g. fish farming leading to poverty reduction; Reduced rural to urban migration by youths; Reduced human vs. marine life conflicts over river Athi ecosystem; Improved water management and environmental conservation; Appropriate water management technologies for diversified crop production e.g. drip irrigation, greenhouse technology.5.0 CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES5.1 Challenges The initial costs for phase I and phase II are high and could be a disincentive to the partners/donors to fully support the project.5.2 Opportunities The County has continually faced sinusoidal droughts over the last few decades. Majority of the households have had to dispose of household items/livestock as a coping strategy. Therefore the institutional memory of majority of the community members is to invest on sustainable drought mitigation at all cost; All development partners especially the DSGs as well as communities are in full support of the idea of irrigated agriculture; The presence of University of Nairobi Arid Farming Research Center as well as KARI centers in the County will give the project support and competitive advantage towards obtaining latest technologies; Makueni County borders the Yatta plateau that provides suitable terrain for canal irrigation. 25 Furthermore, the proposed sites for Phase I & II (i.e. Kathonzweni district) are generally low-lying Page lands therefore the terrain will be suitable (Refer to Introduction section); The County is inhabited by Agrarian Bantu ethnic group that will readily accept the idea;
  26. 26.  The presence of functional ALRMP II small scale irrigation schemes in the target areas is also an added advantage.6.0 CONCLUSIONWe look forward to the project concept approval to enhance water supply for irrigation, food security,poverty alleviation and sustainable development in marginalized Makueni County.Our interventions will be based on proven past experiences from Makueni and other Counties,focusing on integrated water resources management systems and introduction of complementarytechnologies and alternative livelihoods systems. The participatory, integrated and multisectoralcommunity development approach being introduced has versatility in enhancing achievement ofMDGs and sustainable development in semi-arid and arid environments of Kenya. 26 Page
  27. 27. Israel to boost Kenya’s food security bid By FELIX OLICK 16-02-2012, East African StandardIsraeli Ambassador Gil Haskel expressed optimism that with proper technology, Kenya has thepotential of turning into a highly successful agricultural nation.“This country faces two huge challenges; food and border insecurity. However, the IsraeliGovernment is willing to cooperate with Kenya and assist,” said the envoy.Mr Haskel, who took office six months ago, also noted that the flower industry, though one ofthe leading in the world, still held great potential.The envoy was speaking when he paid a courtesy call on Standard Group Deputy Chairmanand Chief Executive Paul Melly at the company headquarters on Mombasa Road, wednesday.Also present was Haskel’s deputy, Yaki Lopez.Melly acknowledged that Kenya had a lot to learn from Israel because of its robust economyin areas of agriculture and technology. He noted that huge chunks of fertile land had not been allocated enough resources, saying that was the reason unfavourable weather led to food deficiency. “We should learn that nothing replaces hard work, commitment and borrowing from international best practices for sustainability,” declared Melly. He said journalists from the media group would beStandard Group Deputy Chairman sent to Israel to cover agriculture and technologyand Chief Executive Paul Melly issues to enable Kenyans learn from their experience.presents a gift to Israel AmbassadorGil Haskel during a courtesy call to Fight terrorthe Group’s offices on MombasaRoad, Wednesday. Also present wasMr Francis Munywoki, Director, Valueand Innovation. [PHOTO: PIUS Haskel also urged nations to join hands in the fightCHERUIYOT/STANDARD] against terror, warning that it should be of concern to countries when main terror actors were merging toperpetrate acts of violence against innocent civilians.On the Palestinian question, Melly urged the warring parties to dialogue with a view ofreaching an agreement that would assure peace in the Middle East.In reply, Ambassador Haskel acknowledged that lasting peace was possible, and echoed hiscountry’s position inviting the Palestinians to the negotiating table over the two-statesolution. 27He, however, maintained that any bilateral agreements between the two parties must be Pagedevoid of third party linked to the region.
  28. 28. Giving the example of South Sudan that signed a secession agreement with the North, theenvoy noted that the region in dispute could be shared by the two states.“The conflict of neighbours can only be resolved between neighbours. The Israeli governmenthas already indicated that they are ready for negotiations,” said Haskel. 28 Page
  29. 29. KENYA COMMUNITY ASSOCIATION www.seedofpossibilities.org.uk E-mail: admin@seedofpossibilities.org.uk 64 Upper Parliament Street, Liverpool L8 7LF, United Kingdom 27th February 2012The Ambassador,Embassy of the State of Israel,Bishops Road,P. O Box 30354-00100,Nairobi, Kenya. Att. H. E. Gil Haskel.Re: REQUEST FOR AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY ASSISTANCE; KANINI KASEO – FOOD SECURITY PROJECT.Your Excellency,The Kenya Community Association (KCA) based in Liverpool, United Kingdom has noted withgreat interest the statement (attached) reported in the East African Standard issue of 16February 2012 on your meeting with Standard Group Deputy Chairman and CEO Mr. PaulMelly.Of special interest to KCA is your recognition that “Kenya has the potential of turning into ahighly successful agricultural nation” and also that “the Israel Government is willing tocooperate with Kenya and assist”.We have similarly noted the brief on the Agritech Israel 2012; 18th International AgricultureTechnology Exhibition 15-17 May 2012 featured on the Embassy website. KCA in collaboration with its partners in Liverpool and working within the vision of foodsecurity and empowering initiative in Africa under formation through the EU and othercountries in Europe launched a food security project, Kanini Kaseo Social Integration Centre(self help group), at Kyunyu Village, Kathonzweni District 170 km out of Nairobi on 9 thFebruary 2012. We enclose a short video showing the extreme dry conditions, work beingdone by the people and interviews with key leaders. Kanini Kaseo project as per inauguration statement attached is intended to be the first steptowards a national program for food security in Kenya and through linkage to other parallelefforts in other countries in Africa coordinated by the Barka Foundation in Poland form acontinent wide intervention in transforming Africa’s agricultural potential to sufficiency andsurplus in food production.With this in mind, KCA based on your expressed desire invites you to provide technical adviceand all possible assistance to advancing our shared vision. KCA is implementing its mission inKenya as per the declaration attached through three Trustees; Sister Scholar Nganda, lecturerat Kenyatta University; Hon. Peter Kiilu, MP for Makueni Constituency and Mr. Cleophas Kiio,Director, Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. The project has the backing of theadministration in Kathonzweni District and its people.We do believe that the expertise of the agricultural sector of the State of Israel which hasbeen witnessed by one of our officials in a visit to your beautiful country if brought into this 29project and initiative through your Embassy will have a critical and pivotal role in its successthereby bring into being the common goal and objective of all partners of transforming Kenya Pageand Africa in general into granary of food supply to other regions of the world. This would
  30. 30. result in Africa becoming SUPPLIER of food aid instead of RECIPIENT of food aid.We look forward with thanks to your acceptance to the invitation and partnership.Yours SincerelyBaiba Dhidha Mjidho,Chairman,Emai: baiba.mjidho@seedofpossibilities.org.ukccSister Scholar Ngada,Kenya University,Nairobi Kenya.The High Commissioner,Kenya High Commission,45 Portland Place,London, W1B 1AS.United Kingdom. Att. H.E. Ephraim W. Ngare.Fundacja Pomocy Wzajemmej “Barka”,Ul. Sw Winncentego 6/9,PL 61 – 003 PoznanPoland. Att. Mr. Thomasz Sadowski.The District Commissioner,Kathonzweni District.P. O. Box 1.Kathonzweni,Makueni County.Kenya. Att. Mr. John Otieno. 30 Page
  31. 31. Bill Gates’ Sh16 billion grant to boost farming Bill Gates, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation co-president. Photo/FILE By NATION REPORTER Posted Thursday, February 23 2012 at 22:30Small-scale farmers in developing countries will receive a Sh16.5 billion ($200 million)grant from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to improve productionThe foundation’s co-chairman Bill Gates said the funds would be re-invested in projects thatsupport the development of 34 new varieties of drought tolerant maize, livestock vaccineand train some 10,000 “agro dealers to equip and train farmers” on better farmingmethods.Mr Gates, the Microsoft founder, made the announcement on Thursday while addressing theInternational Fund for Agricultural Development Governing Council meeting in Rome, Italy.The foundation has already spent Sh165 billion ($2 billion) to help lift the smallholder farmersout of poverty, he said.“The goal is to move from examples of success, to sustainable productivity increases, tohundreds of millions of people moving out of poverty.If we hope to meet that goal, it must be a goal we share,” he said.He proposed the setting up of a public scorecard to measure how countries, food agenciesand donors were contributing towards the overall goal of reducing poverty. 31“The scorecards will help each part of the system focus on its key contribution to the overallgoal, diagnose problems as they arise, and spread the most effective interventions,” he said. Page
  32. 32. THE PROJECT FOR DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION EU-AFRICA ON SOCIAL ECONOMYVisionStimulate Africa’s development towards self sufficiency and economic powerhousethrough social market economy.PreambleAfrica is endowed with extreme wealth in the form of natural resources, diverse weatherconditions and creative peoples. Despite the abundance it contains, there still exists within itextreme levels of marginalisation and deprivation among the majority of its populationcompared to other developing economic regions. The continent of Africa is estimated to have 7% of world oil reserve, 8% of natural gasreserves, 13% of hydropower potential, daily solar radiation of 5-6 kW/m2, high wind energypotential, 9,000 MW of geothermal sources. It has abundance of mineral deposits includingrare ones like coltan (57% of world production 2009), tungsten, platinum needed in thetechnology industry. Africa has high availability of arable land area with adequate watersources to sustain agriculture.Two thirds of the population is rural depending directly or indirectly on agriculture foremployment and sustenance. However, modern infrastructure services are largelyinaccessible to them which limits the methods, means and thereby productivity of theirendeavours. It is estimated that 90% of the continents food supply is produced by smallholder rural farmers while 50% of the food insecure population are small holder farmers inaddition to the landless poor and urban poor.Despite the above highly adverse and heart breaking scenario, agriculture in Africa accounts for60% of employment, 20% of total exports and accounts for 17% of GDP. The potential ofagriculture towards Africa’s development has been recognised by both the AU and its variousdevelopment partners. Increase in investment in agricultural investment by 10% to spur andsustain Africa’s growth ambition of 6% is part of vision captured in several plans includingCAADP pillar 3 FAFS, AU strategy plan 2010-2015, AU/EU strategy plan 2010-2013 and severalothers.These efforts recognise that 26% of African households have no access to electricity, 58% haveno access to clean water, 31% access to basic sanitation and only 18% of irrigation potentialexploited. In comparison to other developing economies 70-90% have access to electricity,80% to clean water while 90% to proper sanitation.The AU/NEPAD Strategy 2010-2015 states “Development in Africa would be meaningless if it isnot centred on the empowerment and wellbeing of the people of Africa especially the 32marginalised and vulnerable groups and communities. Africa should invest in its human Page
  33. 33. resources and ensure equitable access of its most disadvantaged and marginalised groups tosocial services especially rural areas”.This is reinforced by the following passage of the same document “ To address poverty andhunger across the continent, sustained agricultural growth must be a high priority of everyAfrican national and local government. Hunger undermines the health and people’s ability tostudy and work. It leaches away enterprise, intelligence and energy. Hunger andmalnourishment devastate children, stunting their potential as adults and making it more likelythat their offspring will have to endure the same lifelong cycle of deprivation and hunger.The challenges of productivity and profitability are not easily addressed, however. Theunderdeveloped agricultural sector is characterised by poor farmers who are risk averse and donot have the resources to invest in new technologies. There is over-reliance on primaryagriculture often practised on soils with low fertility and subject to environmental degradation.About 95% of African agriculture is rain fed, thus making food production vulnerable to adverseweather patterns.Barriers to market access and penetration, such as poor market infrastructure and roads, lackof information, inadequate policies, insufficient extension services and lack of consistentmarket and phyto -sanitary standards increase the level of producer risk. With few resources tocounter the risk, producers generally rely on traditional methods of production and riskmitigation strategies, such as small scale diversification, low cost input agriculture andmarketing products at the farm-gate. Programmes such as Participation of African Nations inSanitary and Phytosanitary Standards Organisation (PAN-SPSO) and BecANet assist on acontinent basis.Despite the Challenges facing Africans and African agriculture, the news is not all bad.During the past decade, Africa’s agrarian economies have been growing. GDP has averagedan increase of 6% per year and agricultural productivity has grown by 4-5% per year.Average poverty levels have dropped by about 6% and proportion of under-nourishedAfricans has declined from 36% to 32%”.Quoting further from the same report it says “Unlocking the potential for growth in Africa’sgreatest asset is its youth. Education directly affects the quality and magnitude of Africa’ssocial development among its youth and other participants alike. It has also been regarded asthe most potent weapon available for Africans to expand economic growth, raise livingstandards, have greater freedoms of choice and compete in a global economy”. This aspecthas a correlation with agricultural performance.Social Enterprise in the EU.The Network of Social Enterprises URBACT II – Thematic Baseline Study October 2008 states 33that the widely accepted legal definition of Social Enterprises is “organisations with anexplicit aim to benefit community, initiated by a group of citizens and in which the material Page
  34. 34. interest of capital investors is subject to limits. They place a high value on their independenceand on economic risk-taking related to ongoing socio-economic activity.”The same report states “From the standpoint of macro-economy, social economy in Europe hasa significant impact on both employment and economy in general. It is estimated that morethan 11 million people are employed in the sector of social economy, ie. 6.7% of EU employees.These figures are significantly higher in the 15 “old” member states, where approximately 7% ofemployees work in the sector of social economy, whereas this rate issignificantly lower (i.e. 4.2%) in the 10 new member states”.Apart from creating employment and income, social enterprises have played a significantrole in mobilizing dormant “human capital” towards national economic growth. The rangeof engagement is highly diverse, from rehabilitation of infrastructure, preservation of theenvironment, rehabilitation of the marginalised in society, services to migrants andrefugees, training and investments in both low and high technology. Thus social enterprisesspan all sectors.The networks of social enterprises are extensive operating within themselves or incollaboration and support of local authorities, national governments and regional bodies orinstitution thereby facilitating cross-boarder exchanges. Within this facilitation of exchangeoccurred the interaction between the Barka and Chara Trust.The Barka Foundation based in Poznan, Poland has its origins in 1989 as a project rehabilitatingthe marginalised in society. It has grown in stature and scope of operations influencinglegislation, with projects spanning agriculture,IT, hospitality, construction and repatriation of Polish migrants within the EU. Their work andoperation model is highly acclaimed within and out of the European Union.Chara Trust started its operations in Merseyside focussing on the Black Minority and Ethniccommunity but networking widely. The services to the community detailed separately havereceived wide acclaim. In its current offer of the “Steps to Success” funded by the EU throughthe Social Enterprise North West it had an engagement with the Barka operations in Poznanas part of its Transnational exchange.The participants predominantly African in the three exchange visits between February andSeptember 2011 were highly impressed, captivated and enchanted by the content, variety andoutcome of the operations in Poznan. The delegates all professionals keen in social enterprisesincluded engineers, lawyers, IT, administrators, health and other disciplines. They were ofvarious nationalities and regions of Africa, east, central, west and south.The value or capacity of economic and human transformation witnessed in the operations of 34Barka had a significant effect on the visitors and the captivating interest was noted by the host Page
  35. 35. organisation. Thus a seed was born, can this “transformative vision, idea, model andenergising force” be transplanted to Africa?.A collaborative intent of a broad based partnership for ”The project for developmentcooperation EU-Africa on social economy” was conceived by the Barka Foundation, CharaTrust, Mr. Jerzy Mankowski of Polskie Towarzystwo Ziemianskie (Poland land OwnersAssociation with 20 years experience of Cameroon), Dr. Filip Kaczmarek, EMP (in Kenya at thetime of the visit) and Dr. Killion Munyama, Member – Wielkopolska Parliament.The founding institutions and individuals to the initiative Barka Foundation led by Mr. ThomaszSadowaski, Chara Trust by Mr. Godwin Bateren, Polskie Towarzytwo Ziemianskie by Mr. JerzyMankowski, Dr. Killion Munyama in the absence of Dr. Filip Kaczmarek were hosted by MsElzbieta Malik, Office Director in the EMP office on 10 Set.2011 where the acute need forintervention in Africa was agreed by all.The project envisaged to be “North South” initiative will be implemented across the entirecontinent of Africa with the participation of 40 European and 40 African organizations. Thisproject anticipates to be implemented by close to 100 partners including local and nationalauthorities both in Africa and the EU.Project CharacterWhile initially the project is rooted on the publication of the EESC “Opinion of the EuropeanUnion on what role and perspectives for Africa’s social economy in development cooperation?”2011/C 44/21) it was considered prudent to delve on wider views in the public domaininteracting within or with Africa which would have relevance to the project. The following werereviewed and add value 1. CAAD Pillar III; Framework for African Food Security (FAFS), March 2009 2. Communities and Local Government; Community Enterprise Strategic Framework, Feb. 2010 3. G8, L’Aquila Joint Statement on Global Food Security; L’Aquila Food Security initiative (AFSI), July 2009 4. G20, Action Plan on Food Price Volatility and Agriculture, June 2011. 5. G20 Ministers of Agriculture Must focus on smallholder Farmers to Achieve Food Security and Prevent Food Price Volatility; Press statement, June 2011 6. Germany and Africa: A strategy Paper by the German Government. 7. Hyogo Framework for Action 2005 – 2015; (International Strategy for Disaster Reduction). 8. Joint Africa EU Strategy Action Plan 2011-2013 9. Nairobi Strategy – Enhanced Partnership to Eradicate Drought Emergencies; September 2011. 35 10. The Social Economy – Africa’s Response to the Global Crisis; ILO October 2009 Page
  36. 36. 11. Speech by Mr. Luca Jahier, 19th Session of the ACP-EU Parliamentary Assembly, 31 March 2010. 12. The AU/NEPAD African Action Plan 2010-2015, Advancing Regional and Continental Integration in Africa. 13. URBACT II – Thematic Network Baseline Study, Network of Social enterprises, October 2008Identification, selection and validation.While we have a talented multidiscipline group of African content in core partnership andwide source of information above, there is need to validate the enumerated needs in Africawhich the project will achieve the highest impact and effectiveness. Without prejudice to theexploratory visit, the documentation points towards agriculture where the Barka Foundationhas working competence in rehabilitating neglected farming assets in Poland.Similarly it would be essential to meet potential partners both Government and Social Economyoperatives inAfrica in order to establish working relationship as well as prioritise implementation parameters.This exploratory study visit of 10 – 14 days to 5 Africa countries in East, Central, South andWest is proposed between December 2011 and January 2012. The visit would result firmproject proposal of 3-5 years continent wide.Upon conclusion of the Africa visit, a detailed comprehensive project proposal for presentationto funders within the EU and beneficiary communities and governments in Africa will be drawnout by March 2012. In the meantime, where applicable, high impact projects identified duringor within the evaluation window and sponsors (funders) are available would be implemented.Merseyside Barka/ Chara Trust Cooperation.Chara Trust and participating members have highly beneficial community based service inMerseyside. They are actively sensitising the BME community as well as indigenouspopulation on the enormous potential available through social enterprises. The efforts needsupport and encouragement.Further more the success of Barka in encouraging Polish migrants to return can be extended toAfrican who could have better quality of life in Africa due to changed circumstances or thepositive outcome of African project.Cooperation, linkage, funding of Merseyside operations through the Partnership formed is anarea of high priority. 36 Page
  37. 37. Plus Dane Group Speech Monday 16Th January 2012.Mr. Ken Perry; CEO Plus Dane GroupMr. Gerald Murden; MD Plus Dane Group, MerseysideMs Jane Phillips; MD Plus Dane Group, HousingMr.Mark Browne; Riverside HousingManagers and officers of Plus Dane Group, Mrs. Jane Njeri Muchina; Vice Chair - KenyaCommunity Association, Fellow Leaders of the Kenya Community Association, Ladies andgentlemen.On behalf of the Trustees, Executive Board and members of the Kenya Community Associationwe feel highly honoured and privileged for the invitation extended to us by the Plus Dane GroupManagement and especially being hosted personally by its Chief Executive Officer and seniorDirectors. The entire community takes special note of this fact and at the outset express ourprofound and sincere thanks and appreciation.Under its Neighbourhood Investor philosophy Plus Dane Group offers holistic services not only tothose whom it provides shelter or uses its services but has its core value to uplift the standards ofthe society where it operates and by association others whose lives are touched or influenced bythose it associates with. In so doing the depth and reach of these activities are extensive andbroad based some of which are visible, tangible, quantifiable while others are indirect therebymay not be directly attributed to the programmes and activities.The Kenyan community has 10 to 15 families that are tenants of Plus Dane some of whom hadoccasion to participate, interact or get involved in the programmes and initiatives within theneighbourhoods they live. Through these activities managed by Maureen Chendo bondsdeveloped between the Kenya Community Association and Plus Dane Group.The Kenya Community Association vision statement is "To empower Kenyans achieve andmaximise their potential" which is anchored on its core belief "You are a seed of possibilities".The Kenya Community Association therefore acts as a platform or medium that empowers itsmembers or society to release the potential of possibilities within them to reach or achievemaximum potential. There is therefore convergence and complementarities between the KenyaCommunity Association and Plus Dane Group on how it views and deals with society. It is ourhope that we can strengthen this collaboration through implementing joint interventioncommunity programs aimed at building effective local alliances here in Liverpool and in marginalareas of Africa.The Kenya community Association improves the quality of life of Kenyans and the wider 37community in Merseyside through lifelong learning education training that promote health andwellbeing, economic empowerment saving groups and focus on promoting social–cultural Pagewellbeing through the community choir. Youth programs (football) encourage excellence in
  38. 38. education; promote responsible citizenship and good neighbourhood. Parents strive to promoteresponsible parenthood by seminars supporting and strengthening family units. Our success andachievements are driven by working in partnership with other agencies and this function is atypical exampleI am pleased to state that our youth programmes are a success. Our Vijana Football Club despiteits limited resources has excelled and won numerous trophies and are highly regarded. The youthacademic performance has been exceptionally good with many of them joining universities herein the city and elsewhere. This is underscored by one of the graduating last year from JohnMoore with First Class Honours Bachelor of Science degree in Information TechnologyEngineering.The Kenya Community has carried out a number of Nutrition, Health and Wellbeing projectswithin the past two years funded by various organisations. With a pool of over 20 RGN and otherprofessionals within its members there is capacity to increase our programmes. We are atpreliminary stage of exploring collaborative project on impact of community organisations with amajor University. The capacity of our community is illustrated by the skills present before you:- 1. Baiba Mjidho - Corporate General Management, Chair; 2. William Gitau, Chair-Agape; 3. Rose Ocholla - RGN, Chair- Ushirika Wetu; 4. Alice Gitau - RGN, Choir & Ushirika Wetu; 5. Maj (Rtd) Sam Ndebu - M.Tech, Vice Treasurer; 6. Gilbert Ngatia - M.cooH & RGN, Programmes Director; 7. Joseph Kambo - BA, Administrator/Tutor, Secretary; 8. Jane Muchina - RGN, Vice Chair & Police Representative; 9. John Baraza - Food Technolgy, Student, Social Enterprise; 10. Beth Kamau, RGN, Dip Counselling, BSc, Post graduate student, Youth Counsellor; 11. Rev. (Dr.) Stephen Gitonga – B.Ed, BA, MA, PhD, Church Minister, Board-Health & Safety.The foregoing is an illustration of some of our activities. I am pleased to note from the Plus DaneGroup website the support of youth initiatives, sports, working for real change as well as Healthand wellbeing are among your offer to the community and society in general. This illustrates andconfirms convergence or elements of commonality between Plus Dane Group and KenyaCommunity Association that creates synergy for far reaching and empowering cooperation andjoint projects.Todays function is based on an encounter in response to human need following acute droughtconditions in Eastern Africa whereby our motherland Kenya was affected. We are pleased toacknowledge and appreciate the humaneness exemplified by Plus Dane Group and its associates 38in the fund raising that resulted in the £3,000 you will shortly handing over to us. In Africa there Pageis a say that states "if you cannot remember me while I am far away, you wont even if I am
  39. 39. beside you". You action today gives meaning to this statement but above all confirms the valuesyour company values.On behalf of the people of Kenya, the community that will be recipients of this aid and the KenyaCommunity Association we say "Asante sana na Bwana awabariki". This statement of gratitudeand prayer we have faith God will reward you in return.We further acknowledge the efforts of all those who worked so hard to make the fund raisingevent so welcoming, enjoyable and exceptionally successful. While it is impossible toacknowledge all individually, we wish to thank Barry Callows, Julie Andrews, Emma Sneyed,Donna Owool, Victor, Mark Browne and Maureen Chendo. Special thanks to the Pakistani, Yemenand Kenya ladies who worked so hard.In receiving these funds, I give an assurance and pledge on behalf of the Kenya CommunityAssociation that the money will be disbursed for the intended purpose of food and material aidto a deserving community in arid Kenya within 4 months.I will end my remarks by calling upon Mrs Beth Kamau our Youth counsellor to present tokens ofappreciation from the Kenya Community Association.Thank you. 39 Page
  40. 40. THE TWO NGADZI; IMPACT AND EFFECTS OF MIGRATION ON COMMUNITIESDuring a meeting held at the Liverpool School of Management between Prof. Elena, Dr. Kristianand representatives of the Kenya Community Association the issue of enculturation ofcommunities through migration received brief mention. I have for some years been fascinated bydemise of the Kidjo, a society within the Pokomo people of the Tana River District of Kenya.The Kidjo were the supreme society wielding enormous power and privileges within the tribe.The Kidjo as an institution of final say in all issues of the tribe also performed religious duties. ThePokomos were very religious and believed in God who was invisible without any physicalrepresentation. This means there were no statues or objects that one used for direct worship tothe creator.However, like all human communities world over, the element of mystery that fills the void ofintrigue the need or sense of something spectacular that distinguishes the members or groupwas not overlooked. This void was filled with the “Ngadzi” or “Ngadji” depending on the tribe’scultural and linguistic variation.The sound of the Ngadzi was used for official ceremonies of the Kidjo but its identity was highlyguarded. Its nature, form or shape was protected secret and select few of the highest order hadaccess to it. It took years to reach this status and when the time came it called for specialceremony “kuyumia Ngadzi”. The story was many would cry for what they saw was not what theyvisualized, however, they were pacified or comforted by the promise of the privileges that gowith the status.To divulge, describe, accidentally come across or have unauthorized access of the Ngadzi waspunishable by being swallowed by the Ngadzi (death). When the unit was transferred from onelocality to the other, a curfew was declared within the corridor of its passage. The curfew appliedto all irrespective of heritage. When European influence reached the Pokomo, the Kidjo expectedthe colonial representatives (administrators) to be subject of the curfew when and where it wasdeclared without reference to any party.This did not go well with the District Commissioner representing the Governor and by extensionthe Sovereign, Queen Victoria of the British Empire. Tribal oral history records the DistrictCommissioner duping the Kidjo to hold a ceremony during which soldiers rounded the village andannexed the Ngadzi at gun point. Realizing superior fire power of the guns, the Kidjo surrenderedunder conditions that it would not be publicly displayed within Pokomo territory and also wouldbe covered while in transit.Oral history ends with the unit being held at the District Commissioner’s Headquarters at Kipini inTana River District. This unit now lies in the British Museum in London artifact reg. nr.Af1908.0723.93 donated (gifted) to the Museum in 1908 by Sir. Alfred Claud Hollis. 40 Page