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Making Internet a safer place for children - part 1
 

Making Internet a safer place for children - part 1

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Prezentacija na nastan:" Ulogata na drzavnite institucii, IT biznis zaednicata i NVOcii vo kreiranje na internetot pobezeden za decata i maldite" - 1va Nacionalna Konferencija vo Makedonija, 15 Maj ...

Prezentacija na nastan:" Ulogata na drzavnite institucii, IT biznis zaednicata i NVOcii vo kreiranje na internetot pobezeden za decata i maldite" - 1va Nacionalna Konferencija vo Makedonija, 15 Maj 2012 god.

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  • Benefit: educate, inform, stretch, stimulate imagination, enable new possibilities

Making Internet a safer place for children - part 1 Making Internet a safer place for children - part 1 Presentation Transcript

  • Making the Internet a safer place for children The policy of the European Commission on making the Internet a safer place for children and young persons Opportunities and risks Dr. Michael Busch European CommissionInformation Society and Media Directorate General / Unit E.06 (Safer Internet & eContent) Luxembourg
  • Children and Internet Used the internet for school workPlayed internet games on your own or against the computer Watched video clips Visited a social networking profile Used instant messaging Sent/received email Read/watched the news on the internet Played games with other people on the internet Downloaded music or filmsPut (or posted) photos, videos or music to share with others Used a webcam Put (or posted) a message on a website Visited a chatroom Used file sharing sitesCreated a character, pet or avatar or Spent time in a virtual world Written a blog or online diary
  • What is high quality online content for children?  content that contributes to their positive experiences  Should benefit children in some way Contribute to children’s physical, mental and social development, providing opportunities to entertain and educate, enriching learning experiences etc.
  • Internet and opportunities http://www.fragfinn.dehttp://www.bbc.co.uk/children
  • Kinderseiten zu verschiedenen Themen w ww.bl inde -k uh.de spezielle TV-SeitenTV / Fernsehen ARD Kinder ZDF tivi Löwenzahn Käptn Blaubär Ki.Ka Sandmännchen WD R MausRadio Nachrichten / Politik
  • Internet and opportunities• Excellent resource for curious children• E-learning tools and good webpages stimulate child’s interest in learning• At home and in school• Can also have detrimental effects on a growing child• Can give the child wrong orientations"Children must be most carefully watched over, protected and trained; in such consists true parenthood and parental mercy. Otherwise, the children will grow wild, knowing not right from wrong, distinguishing not the highest of human qualities from all that is mean and vile."
  • Internet and risks19 % of European 9 to 16old says that somebody hasacted in a hurtful or nastyway towards them in thelast 12 months (2010) onthe internet.
  • Internet and risksHowever,56 % of the parents whosechild has received nasty orhurtful messages online arenot aware of this.
  • Internet and risks36% of 9 to 16 old claimthat they definitively knowmore about the internetthan their parents.
  • Internet and risksHowever,Children of all ages arelacking the needed digitalskills to move safely in theinternet – their confidenceis not matched by skills!
  • Risks Classification of the nature of risks and behaviours from the perspective of child:• Content• Contact• Conduct
  • Risks ContentChild as recipient of general information:• Advertising, spam, gaming• Violent/gruesome/hateful content• Racist content• Pornographic/harmful sexual content• Harmful or dangerous behaviours, as pro- anorexia, drug-taking, alcohol, suicide
  • Risks Pornography & negative effects• Sexual “mis-education”• Teaches “Adult Entertainment” is normal and desirable• Desensitizes the child and increases an appetite for more deviant (perverse), bizarre, or violent types of pornography• Images that can never be erased from the child’s memory• Facilitates sexual aggression• Can lead to “acting out”• Can lead to increased sexual callousness (insensitivity) toward women• Can cause child to trivialize rape (Desensitize)• Can spiral into an addiction
  • RisksPornography & visible negative effects• increase in the number of children “acting out” sexually• increase in the number of child-on- child sex attacks• the new phenomena of internet “sexting” (young person sending nude pictures of her/himself around)
  • RisksContent, cont. - Child as recipient of general informationFiltering tool – example:Parental control software ChildDefender - recommended and co-developed by Bulgarian Safer Internet Centre. It has filtering, blocking and monitoring options, it is in Bulgarian language and free for distribution. Besides dissemination on discs it is free to download from the programme website: http://www.childdef.com/
  • Risks ContactChild targeted as participant in one-on-one activity, for example:• Being bullied, harassed or stalked• Tracking/ harvesting personal information – misuse of this data, blackmailing• Children groomed online for sexual abuse offline• Meeting strangers• Adults or young people who engage in ‘cyber-sex’ with children, especially via webcams• Children sold online for sexual abuse both online and offline• Children made the subjects of child abuse images• Children abused through prostitution using the Internet and mobile phones to contact their abusers
  • Risks ConductChild as actor initiating abusive or risky behaviour, for example:• Uploading pornographic material• Bullying or harassing another person• Young people sharing personal information online• Creating and uploading pornographic material: Young people who place (indecent) images of themselves or other young people (unwanted) online• Children meeting ‘friends’ known online• Gambling, illegal downloads, hacking• Computer games (violent, sexual etc., problem of addicition)
  • Risks Conduct, cont.Child as actor – economic aspects:• Downloading films, music and games• Gambling• Advertisement• Online video games inciting to payments“Many people get viruses when downloading music/films and later they learn that they downloaded viruses instead.” (Girl, 14, Estonia)
  • 10 tips for parents• Set house rules for using the Internet: What (what in the internet, games, Facebook etc.), how long and often, where.• Set mobile rules. As soon as children begin to use them agree a list of rules, including whether your children can access internet and what by phone.• Explain to children never to arrange to meet in person someone they first met online.• Prevent children from sharing personal and identifying information. Help your children to understand that once they post information online they can not take it back.• Use only social networking sites and chatrooms that moderates conversation by both automatic filters and by humans.• Ensure filtering is in place.• Ensure children follow age limits on the site, if they are under the age recommended by the site, do not let them use the site.• Control use of credit cards and other payment, such as mobile phone credit.• Install firewall and antivirus software, teach your children the basics of Internet security.
  • Risks Conduct – sexual messaging, “sexting”• Receiving, uploading pornographic material• Receiving, uploading, sending self-generated nudity pictures
  • RisksParents largely underestimate sexualmessaging concerning their children inall EU countries.• 15% of children who say theyhave seen or been sent sexualmessages online• Only 1 out of 5% of their parents are aware of this• 52% of their parents say theyhave not experienced this – aconsiderable underestimation• 27% of parents don’t know.
  • Social Networking Sites (Facebook etc.)“Facebook is dangerous when weput the name and address and can see my stuff” (Boy, 9, Portugal)43 % of children keep their profileprivate so that only friends can see it. The others keep it partially private only or totally public. 40% have looked for new friends.
  • Social Networking Sites (Facebook etc.)The number of minors using social networking sites in the EU is growing Currently: 77% of 13-16 year olds 38% of 9-12 year olds of those who use the Internet
  • Social Networking Sites (Facebook etc.)The tests (December 2010 and January 2011) looked at:•Facebook•Arto•Bebo•Giovani.it•Hyves•Myspace•Nasza-klaza.pl•Netlog, One.lt•Rate.ee•SchülerVZ•IRC Galleria•Tuenti•Zap.lu.
  • Social Networking Sites (Facebook etc.) Only Habbo Hotel and Xbox Live have default settingswhich make minors personal and identifiable information visible by default only to their approved list of contacts. In the other 7 sites tested results showed that personalinformation was displayed by default to users beyond theminors approved contacts list. This information may lead to identification of minors. In 6 sites, minors profiles could be directly accessed byfriends of friends. Unregistered users could get access to minors profiles. Eight out of the nine sites tested provide safety information, specifically targeted at minors.
  • Social Networking Sites (Facebook etc.) Specific risks of such sites: Misuse of personal dataBeing confronted with harmful stuff Being confronted with harmful conduct Cyber-bullying Grooming Sexting
  • Specific risks Illegal content and contact Some explanations of specific risks willfollow.
  • Cyber-bullyingSuicide is one of the leading causes ofdeath for school-age children, and mostvulnerable of all are boys, ages 10 to 14October 3, 2011 Massachusetts11-year-old Carl Joeseph Walker-Hooverhung himself with an extension cordafter bullies repeatedly called him gayJan. 28, 2010 MassachusettsA 15-year-old girl killed herself. Friendssay she had been the recipient of nastyonline messages and e-mails
  • GroomingWhat is it? A process: An adult trying to get in contact with a child with the aim of sexually abusing it._
  • Bulgaria
  • Grooming“A man who would tell meshocking things about myexternal appearance ofmy breast, who could beold and give me arendezvous without myparents knowing”(Girl, 12, France)
  • GroomingUK data suggests approximately 1 in 5 children receive a sexual solicitation or approach, with over two thirds unsupervised when using the Internet. CEOP data (2010) – 6291 reports via the ‘panic button’ in 2009, 66% related to online grooming.Increase in young people self-taken images in offender collections.
  • Grooming“In online games where youcan get some bonus points.When a child meets someoneunknown in such game andthat person offers him or herbuying those points if thechild sends him some nakedphotos.”(Boy, 12, Czech Republic)
  • Grooming – meeting strangers20 % of EU children (9-16 year olds) have between 100 and 300 contacts via their Social Networking Site (such as Facebook).9% of 9-16 year olds have gone to a meeting face-to-face with someone that they first met on the internet.Around 3% of 9-16 year say, that the person they met had no connection with their life before they met them online. Parents in most countries underestimate the incidence of offline meetings by children.
  • Grooming – meeting strangersMost children did tell someone when they were going to meet an online contact offline (70%), usually telling a peer (only 1 child out of 7 informed an adult). However, nearly one third did not tell anyone - that is 1 percent of all children (9-16 years).Among children who went meeting an online contact offline, about half (53%) took someone with them to the meeting (almost always someone of their one age).
  • Child abuse images online The worstexploitation of children
  • Safer Internet Policy ComponentsPrevention• Awareness• Stakeholder commitment• The following figures might Education• Research disturb you… = The EU Safer Internet programReaction• Legislation• Law enforcement = EU judicial and security policy
  • Child abuse images online•44% of child abuse images depict the rape or torture of a child•70% of the child victims under the age of 10 (source: IWF)•International dimension makes it harder to combat•Multi-faceted distribution, e.g. – Commercial sites – Peer-to-peer – “old methods” (mail) – New methods (mobiles)
  • Child abuse images onlineNot a problem inMacedonia?
  • Making the internet asafer place for childrenNow coming to solutions…