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Holidays and observances of korea

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A brief explanation of holidays and observances in Korea

A brief explanation of holidays and observances in Korea


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  • 1. Holidays and Observances ofKorea
  • 2. On this day the celebration is much more significant than the 1st of January.Seollal can be also thought of as Lunar New Year. On this day businessmen andstudents go back to their homes and hometowns to celebrate this holiday andreunite with their families. Families have fun on this day, and people can playtraditional games, fly kites, or spin tops. An important part of Seollal is the bow.On the day people wake up early, dress in their best clothes, and start themorning with a bow to their elders. It is done to show respect and gratitudetoward your elders. As you bow, you say, “Happy New Year” or “May your newyear be blessed”. After the bow, rewards are given, and they are mostcommonly money, mostly sealed in a red or white envelope. Also, specialfoods are eaten this day, and two of them are Mandu – Guk (Korean wantonsoup), or Tteokguk (Korean rice cake soup).
  • 3. On this day Koreans observe the anniversary of the March 1, 1919Independence Movement against Japanese rule. On thatday, Korean nationalists fought bravely for their country, but as usualwere denied by the Japanese with their swords and rifles. On thisday, there is a special gathering where the Korean Declaration ofIndependence is read.
  • 4. This day, the 5th of May, is a day dedicated to children. On this dayparents and guardians dress up their little ones, and head out to thetheatre, mall, a present shop, or the theme park for a day full of fun.This day was originally founded by Bang Jung Hwan, who thought thatchildren and the little ones of our nations were the ones who reallyshould be praised, because they are the country‟s future hopes andthey are meant to grow up and be great people.
  • 5. Memorial Day is held on the 6th of June. The day commemorates(marks / remembers) the men and women who died while in militaryservice in the Korean War. This day also commemorates the peoplewho took part in independence movements under Japanese Ruleand cruelly killed and beaten savagely by the Japanese. On thisday, a national commemoration ceremony is held in the SeoulNational Cemetery. Families stay at home and mourn their friends offamily who have died or they attend the national commemorationceremony at the Seoul National Cemetery, where many bravenationalists and presidents sleep.
  • 6. This day commemorates the adoption democracy of the Republic ofKorea in 1948. Note: Starting from 2008 Constitution Day is no longer aKorean national holiday. Korea will continue to celebrate this day butgovernment offices, schools and private businesses will remain open.
  • 7. This day commemorates the liberation of South Korea from thecruel rule under Imperial Japan. This day was a great day for allnationalists and our brave fighters for independence andfreedom. The word „gwangbok‟ means „restoration of light‟.This is what this day means to Korean people. On thisday, schools and businesses are closed.
  • 8. Chuseok is considered probably the most important holiday in Korea. Chuseokcan also be thought as the Korean thanksgiving. That is because on thisday, people get their days off work, and the first thing they probably do is go totheir hometowns and reunite with their families. On this celebration people givethanks for their autumn harvests and the moon. Chuseok usually takes place ona full moon day. One of the major foods prepared and eaten during theChuseok holiday is songpyeon (송편),a Korean traditional rice cake whichcontains delicious stuffing made with healthy ingredients such as sesameseeds, black beans, cinnamon, pine nut, walnut, chestnut, jujube, and honey.
  • 9. This day marks the creation of the Korean alphabet andlanguage, precisely the hunmin - jeongum, created by King Sejong in1447. This day is an important day for Koreans, as language is the rootof a nation. However, this day is not considered a nationalholiday, but instead an observation, which means that schools andoffices are still open.