HOW THE INFORMATION SOCIETY IS CHANGING THE WAY OF LEARNING

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Presentation at the FMSH (Paris) about how the information society and the Net Generation are promoting changes in education related to the use of ICT.

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HOW THE INFORMATION SOCIETY IS CHANGING THE WAY OF LEARNING

  1. 1. HOW THE INFORMATION SOCIETY IS CHANGING THE WAY OF LEARNING Source: http://insidetheclassroomoutsidethebox.files.wordpress.com/2013/03/learn-64058_640.jpg Ingrid Noguera Fructuoso 03/12/13
  2. 2. WHO I AM BA in Pedagogy, MA in University teaching, PhD Educational Multimedia Created in 1994 Created in1450
  3. 3. RESEARCH INTERESTS to teach better using technologies? ‣ How ‣ How to learn more and better using technologies? ‣ Research project: The Impact of ICT in Education’s Evolution: State of the Art and Future Trends Chair Nouvelles technologies et éducation (Imma Tubella)
  4. 4. WHAT IS ICT • Information and Communications Technology(ies) • ICT covers any product that store, retrieve, manipulate, transmit or receive information electronically in a digital form. Jim Riley Devices Applications
  5. 5. WHY TO INVESTIGATE THE USE OF ICT IN EDUCATION? Information society Net generation Digital gap Roles, needs (teachers, students) Source: http://ngonapoom.files.wordpress.com/2013/06/change.jpg
  6. 6. RESEARCH I aimed to evidence how education is changing, and will change, to meet the needs of Net Generation with ICT support. In which context we are? ICT has had impact in HE? How to implement ICT effectively? How Millennials are and what they expect? ICT has had impact in Secondary Education? What education for the future?
  7. 7. METHODOLOGY Method Years Desk-based research 2002-2012 Reports: all educational levels, all around the world Source Quantity Institutions: Pew Internet, New Media Consortium, BECTA, IEA, Fundación Telefónica, JISC, European Schoolnet, Eur ydice, European Commission, Institute for Prospective, OECD and Sloan Consortium Selected: 179 Discarded: 90 Deeply reviewed: 89
  8. 8. In which context we are? INFORMATION SOCIETY Young How people is equipped in the Information Society? + mobile
  9. 9. Mobiles in the world today at 08:23 am. (http://www.phonecount.com/pc/count.jsp)
  10. 10. Young
  11. 11. Young Internet Broadband
  12. 12. Internet users in the world today at 10 am (http://www.internetlivestats.com/internet-users/)
  13. 13. e-book & tablets iPod & game consoles • • To sum up People are using more devices (mobile, tablets, laptops). Are more connected through the Internet (broadband). • Are consuming Internet in a social way and are using multimedia resources. • Young people are using these devices and connection in a more intensive way than other generations and are using them for learning purposes.
  14. 14. How Millennials are and what they expect? NET GENERATION Born after 1977 More visually literate than previous generations Multitask Always connected Immediate communication Steeped in digital technology and social media
  15. 15. How do students work? ➡The kind of ICT devices and services available at educational institutions, ➡The frequency of their use, ➡The range of possible activities, ➡The opportunities for collaborative work and networking, ➡The communication skills involved (including a reinterpretation of written language), ➡The degree of learning personalisation, ➡The standards of digital quality, in terms of interactivity and use of multimedia resources. Source: Pedró (2006) What do they expect?
  16. 16. ICT has had impact in Secondary Education? O E C D ICT IMPACT IN SECONDARY EDUCATION ➡ Few studies comparing ICT access and equipment internationally. ➡ Almost all educational institutions are equipped with at least one computer, have Internet connection, and the ratio of students per computer is decreasing. Still being disparities between countries and between the opportunities for using ICT at home and at schools. ➡ -40% of countries promote the use of online learning. ➡ Teachers' use of ICT hardware and software in the classroom is widely encouraged,, they use ICT to support existing pedagogies. ➡ In several countries computers are still not readily accessible to students in the classroom. ➡ ICT has a positive impact on learning. ➡ U S A Focused on providing tools and access to the Internet. ➡ E U R O P E ➡ Division between teachers’ practices (copying, listening, class discussion, taking notes and computer work) and students’ preferences (teamwork, practical activities, working with friends, use of the computer and copying). ➡ Smallest ratio of students per computer (3 students per computer), the integration of ICT in the USA is more extended than in Europe.
  17. 17. ICT has had impact in HE? Which use and acceptance of e-learning in OECD countries? ICT IMPACT IN HIGHER EDUCATION (+) ➡E-learning is growing. ➡e-learning has positive effect on the quality of teaching and learning. ➡ICT is changing the learning experience of students regarding time, space and access to information. (-) ➡More studies in USA than in Europe. ➡Face-to-face remains central, e-learning is supplementary. ➡E-learning has not revolutionised learning and teaching because ICT still being used as operational tools. ➡More focused on technologies instead of knowledge access and building. ➡ICT has more impact on administrative service than on teaching and learning. ➡Resistance among the faculty members is still one of the key barriers. ➡E-learning is not less costly (high cost of software development, face-to-face tutorial support, and infrastructure costs). ➡State or national governments play a significant role in the strategic direction and funding of e-learning. ➡The priority now is to find a way to mainstream e-learning and maximise its impact in the classroom. OECD (2005)
  18. 18. ➡Technology has had and will have significant impact on higher education ➡Online learning is gaining a firm foothold in universities around the world ➡University respondents view technology as having a largely positive impact on their campuses Glenn (2008). International Is e-learning better than face-to-face? Has technology had impact on HE in the world? ➡Students in online conditions perform better, especially, if they are guided, offering them media to control their interactions and prompting reflection. ➡Blended learning is better than face-to-face learning if include a variation in terms of curriculum materials and instructional approach. Means et al. (2010) Technologies are becoming more ubiquitous, social, personal, open and based on cloud computing. Also game-based learning, augmented reality and semantic applications are having a great impact. However, the main emerging technology for learning seems to be the mobile phone. Horizon Report (2004-2012) and Sharples et al. (2012) Which are the emerging technologies in HE?
  19. 19. How to implement ICT effectively? EFFECTIVE TEACHING http://www.npr.org/blogs/talk/2011/07/14/137845813/july-14-whats-on-todays-show What is the difference? http://imgur.com/gallery/N2PYK8S
  20. 20. early 1960
  21. 21. Which tools for which approaches? Learning theory Meaning of learning Technology Behaviorism Learn is to repeat. Stimulus– response Computer-assisted instruction. Questions-right/ wrong answers Cognitivism Learn is to organize and reorganize. Problem-based learning Webquest Constructivism Learn is to construct knowledge actively with others Wikis Connectivism Learn is to be able to connect information sources PLEs
  22. 22. Model of learning activity design Knight (2004) !
  23. 23. The UOC’s educational model Gros et al. (2009).The UOC’s educational model: evolution and future perspectives
  24. 24. What education for the future? EDUCATION FOR THE FUTURE ➡Collaborate. ➡Networked What means to learn in the digital era? Davidson & Goldberg (2010), Redecker (2009), Miller, Shapiro, & Hilding-Hamann (2008) learning (learning as connectivity and interactivity). ➡Learner-centered. ➡Personalisation, flexibility. ➡ Self-learning. ➡ Lifelong learning. ➡ Horizontal structures ➡ D e - c e n t e r e d p e d a g o g y, m a r g i n a l i s a t i o n o f institutionalised learning. ➡ Open source education and open learning (all the time, everywhere) ➡ Participatory learning ➡ Pleasant. ➡Skills and attitudes: creativity, collaboration, critical capacity and communication.
  25. 25. How ICT will support the education for the future? Pedró (2011), future of education with ICT support: ➡ To learn more (using technologies to be more efficient in introducing new methodological approaches), ➡ To learn better (using technologies to personalize learning) ➡ To learn in a different way (using technologies to facilitate the acquisition of 21 century skills). Which tools will we use?
  26. 26. How ICT will support the education for the future? Pedró (2011), future of education with ICT support: ➡ To learn more (using technologies to be more efficient in introducing new methodological approaches), ➡ To learn better (using technologies to personalize learning) ➡ To learn in a different way (using technologies to facilitate the acquisition of 21 century skills). In general, the future of education seems to be in technologies more adapted to users, more visual, collaborative and ubiquitous. Which tools will we use?
  27. 27. CONCLUDING REMARKS ➡Education needs to change to respond to the needs of the Information Society and Net Generation. ➡Young people are leading the change in the Information Society by using technologies intensively to communicate and to learn. ➡Teachers need to be encouraged to use ICT more effectively (to change). ➡We should promote techno-pedagogical designs. ➡Policies (and research) should be better linked to developing practices. ➡ICT are creating and impacting change in learning, but more knowledge is needed. ➡Research need to look for international and qualitative approaches to analyse the effective use of ICT and its impact on learning processes and outcomes.
  28. 28. THANKS!! :-) ingridnoguera@gmail.com @ingridnf ICT in higher education Ingrid Noguera

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