Language, society and culture

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  • 1. “ Language, society and culture” Yule, G (1996) The study of language UK, Cambridge University Press By Ingrid Bello A
  • 2. How the language is influenced by society and culture?… Speak Regional accent or dialect Social factor But also Not only How to Is influenced
  • 3. Scientific discipline researching the language that is actual y used by native speaker or foreigners It`s a branch of linguistics which investigates the individual and social variation of language It`s concentrates on variations arising from social various factors It`s study of language in social contexts such as social groups or speech communicatives It has to do with the inter-relationships between language and society It has strong connections to anthropology
  • 4. varieties of language used by groups defined according to class, education, age, sex, and a number of other social parameters Overt prestige: Positively valued ways of speaking in social communities Covert prestige: non-standard forms and expressions by certain sub-groups Interaction between social values and language use
  • 5. Factors in the investigation of social dialects Not only the education influences in dialects surveys for example people who have left their education system tend to adopt forms which are not frequenty in the speech but also social class is a issue such as in occupation and socio-economic status, the most common differences are in pronunciation
  • 6. Variation according to age is most noticeable across both of them, time span Variation according to gender: Female tend to use more prestigious forms and speak their personal feelings and male tend to use with the same general social background , non-personal topics Examples: (M)I done it, it growed and he ain`t / (F) I did it, it grew and he isn`t Examples: (G) icebox, wireless, rules, sucks /(Y) we`re getting ready, he`s like, let`s go
  • 7. Any society, diferences in speech may come about because of different ethnic background. The speech of recent immigrants, and often of their children, will contain identifying features
    • Social point of view:
    • Its critized by educators as
    • “ bad speech” (BEV)
    • Examples:
    • absence of the copula
    • “ they mine” “You crazy”
    • Use double negative constructions
    • “ he don`t know nothing”
  • 8. Each person used a personal dialect of individual speaker of language and it`s called idiolect A idiolect is the linguistic system of one person differing in some details from of other speakers of the same dialect of language
    • Factors:
    • Voice quality
    • Physical state
    • Social factors
    • These contribute to the identifying features in an individual`s speech
  • 9. Register It`s according formal level language and according to the situation, it`s determined by relation of speakers E.G “esta noche iré al culto” Reference to Evangelical people Style It could be very informal or formal, depend on the situation E.G “a interview for get a job” “ a football game” Jargon Technical vocabulary associated with a special activity or group E.G “ The Snodgrass Muff Bleeders, bloops, and squibs Play –by-play Reference to baseball