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Slides for a presentation on drupal module development at the Gainesville Drupal User's Group on September 13th, 2012.

Slides for a presentation on drupal module development at the Gainesville Drupal User's Group on September 13th, 2012.

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Transcript

  • 1. Drupal Modules Module Building 101
  • 2. What is a module?• Core Modules o Node o Comment o File o Image o etc...• Contrib Modules o Views o Webform o Block Class o Eldorado Superfly o etc...
  • 3. Why more?
  • 4. Reasons• Performance• New Functionality• Glue Modules• Tweak Modules
  • 5. Performance• Good modules are abstract• Abstraction can be slow• Slow is bad• Custom tailored code can be faster• Tailoring for one site is easier than tailoring for all possible sites now and in the future.
  • 6. New Functionality• Because 18,000 just isn’t enough
  • 7. Glue Modules• API Hooks• Tie functionality together• Most sites could use one
  • 8. Tweak Modules• hook_menu_alter()• hook_menu_link_alter()• hook_menu_breadcrumb_alter()• etc...
  • 9. Tools of the trade• http://api.drupal.org• http://api.drupalize.me• http://drupal.org/project/module_builder• http://drupal.org/project/devel (dpm)• http://drupal.org/project/schema• http://php.net• Editor with a step-through debugger (Eclipse, Komodo, VIM)
  • 10. Anatomy of a module• Placement - sites/all/modules/custom/mymodule• File names• Required Files• Hooks
  • 11. Required Files• mymodule.info• mymodule.module• mymodule.install• ...others as needed
  • 12. What’s in a name?• module_implements($hook)• module_invoke_all($hook)hook = modulenamee.g.views.module, hook_menu() means views_menu()
  • 13. Hooks to know• hook_menu()• hook_form_alter()• hook_block_*()• hook_node_*()• hook_entity_*()• hook_user_*()
  • 14. Working with forms• drupal_get_form(‘my_form’)• my_form() // returns an array• my_form_validate($form, $form_state)• my_form_submit($form, $form_state)• hook_form_alter()
  • 15. Tips for getting started• Read code - examples.module - core modules• Contribute - core office hours - issue queues - IRC, #drupal, #drupal-contribute