South Africa History• The earliest inhabitants of South Africa were the San. In 1652, Jan Van Riebeeck and 90 men landed at Cape of Good under instructions by the Dutch East India Company to build a fort for the benefit of ship route.• In 1657 the fisrt slaves were sold.
The Flag and the State Emblem• The colours of the flag do not have any official symbolism, they do represent a synopsis of the Country´s history.• South Africa´s State Emblem is the highest visual symbol of the State.
Political System Constitucional DemocracyNational National Council of CabinetAssembly Provinces
Latest news• A South African court charged Julius Malema with money laundering.
Latest news• The former boxer Sanders was killed in front of his family. The 46-year-old South African boxer was shot during an armed robbery.
Population• South Africa is a nation of diversity, with more than 50-million people and a wide variety of cultures, languages and religious beliefs.• According to the mid-2011 estimates from Statistics South Africa, the countrys population stands at 50.5-millions.• The African population is made up of four broad groups:• The Nguni, comprising the Zulu, Xhosa, Ndebele and Swazi people.• The Sotho-Tswana, who include the Southern, Northern and Western Sotho (Tswana people).• The Tsonga.• The Venda.• White South Africans include:• The Afrikaners, descendants of Dutch, German and French Huguenot who came to the country from the 17th century onwards.• English-speakers, descendants of settlers from the British Isles who came to the country from the late 18th century onwards.• Immigrants and descendents of immigrants from the rest of Europe, including Greeks, Portuguese, Eastern European Jews, Hungarians and Germans.
Population Statistics Africans 79.5 % White 9% people coloured 9 % asian 2.5 %
A major problem• The spread of AIDS is an alarming problem in South Africa, with up to 31% of pregnant women found to be HIV infected .The link between HIV, a virus spread primarily by sexual contact, and AIDS was long denied by prior president Thabo Mbeki and then health minister Msimang , who insisted that the many deaths in the country are due to malnutrition. AIDS affects mainly those who are sexually active and is far more prevalent in the black population. This has resulted in many AIDS orphans and it is estimated that there are 1,200,000 orphans in South Africa. According to the 2011 UNAIDS Report, South Africa has an estimated 5.6 million people living with HIV - more than any other country in the world.
The Language• The South African black majority still has a substantial number of rural inhabitants who lead largely impoverished lives. Urban blacks usually speak English or Afrikaans in addition to their native tongue. There are smaller but still significant groups of speakers of Khoisan languages who are not included in the eleven official languages. There are small groups of speakers of endangered languages, most of which are from the Khoi- San family, that receive no official status; some groups are attempting to promote their use and revival. Some of they are: Niing Language ( with only 10 speaker), Xiri Language( with only 87 speakers).
Robert Baden-Powell • Robert Baden-Powell who was the founder of Scouting movement during his time in South Africa as a military officer in the 1890s.
Educational System• South Africa has a 3 system of education starting with primary school, followed by high school and academic universities and universities of technology.• Public universities in South Africa are divided into three types: traditional universities ,universities of technology and comprehensive universities .• One of the most traditional universities is Rhodes University which is more than a century old.
Tourism• South Africa is a beautiful and exciting country. It’s home to a wonderful mix of beaches, mountains, wildlife and 2500km of incredible coastline, it is also famous for its gold and diamonds.• Some of the most exciting place to visit are Cape Town,Port Elizabeth,Johannesburg and Kruger Park, which is the home for the “big five”.
Places to visit• South African Marine Rehabilitation and Education centre is in Port Elizabeths new marine bird rehabilitation and education centre situated in the Cape Recife Nature Reserve.• The Cape Town Diamond Museum pays tribute to the worlds most precious gem, the diamond. Explore the origins of South Africas famous diamond industry.• The Johannesburg Lions Park, situated about 45 minutes away from Johannesburg by car, is a must for all age groups.
2010 FIFA World Cup• The world championship took place in South Africa from 11 June to 11 July 2010. The matches were played in ten stadiums in nine host cities around the country, with the final played at the Soccer City stadium in South Africas largest city, Johannesburg. Five new stadiums were built for the tournament, and five of the existing venues were reaconditionated. South Africa also improved its public transport infrastructure, including metro systems and roads.
Religion• South Africa has a wide mix of religions. Many religions are represented in the ethnic and regional diversity of South Africas population. The traditional spiritualities of the Khoisan and Bantu speakers were succeeded in predominance by the Christianity introduced by the Dutch and, later,British settlers. In 1930 the majority of Afrikaners were Afrikaner Calvinists. Christianity is the most popular religion in South Africa .
The San• One of the most important religious rituals in San religion is the trance dance. The women sit in a circle around a fire and clap the rhythm of the spiritual songs that they sing while the men dance. As the San clap, sing and dance, the spirit enters the shamans and they go into a trance where it is believed they get special healing powers.
Resources• South Africa is rich in a variety of minerals. In addition to diamonds and gold, the country also contains reserves of iron ore, platinum, manganese, chromium, copper, uranium, silver, and titanium. No commercially exploitable deposits of petroleum have been found, but there are moderate quantities of natural gas located off the southern coast, and synthetic fuel is made from coal at two large plants in the provinces of Free State and Mpumalanga.
Coal:one of the valuest resources• South Africa is one of the seven largest coal- producing and one of the top five coal-exporting countries in the world.
Coal Mine • Transport and fleet• Underground mining • Wash plant • Open mining
Climate• South Africa is part of Southern Hemispheres subtropical zone. It experiences a wider diversity of climatological changes. South Africa is famous for its sunshine. Its a relatively dry country. At the same time, temperatures in South Africa tend to be lower than in other countries at similar latitutes – such as Australia – mainly to greater elevation above sea level.
Wildlife• South Africa has a wide range of private and public reserves, all offering excellent wildlife and bird watching.• South Africa has the third-highest level of biodiversity in the world. The many National Parks and Game Reserves belong to South Africas main attractions.
The “big five”
Hunting • Global Wildlife is warned that 515 rhinos could die by the end of 2012 if no actions are taken on time to stop illigal trade with rhinos horns
South Africa is divided into three major geographic regions: • The first is the African Plateau. • The second region is the Great Escarpment.• The third region are the narrow.