ENERGY IN SWITZERLAND AFTERFUKUSHIMABPW May 7thEdith Page
Menu of the day What is energy? Context for changes Worlwide energy market The Fukushima tsunami Switzerland position...
WHAT IS ENERGY?
Energy is everywhere and needed everywhereEnergies are utilities we needand used to consume dailywithout question.
CONTEXT FOR CHANGES
Population growth: 7 to 9 billions Unequal access to energy1/3 of today’s worldpopulation have noaccess to electricity(1....
Growth of energy needsSource: International energy outlook 2011 from http://www.eia.gov/Electricitysector to growmost: 30%...
The climate change and Greenhouse gasesSource: NASA
Our ecological footprint 2,6 hag for an average inhabitant One earth isn’t enough We lived on The Earth credit fromAugu...
Context for changes Progressive evolution of our society towards newvalues and meaningful lives The green consciousness ...
WORLDWIDE ENERGY MARKET
Worldwide energy trends World energy consumption to increase by53% between 2008 and 2035, half of itattributed to China a...
Worldwide energy trends: oil prices
The good news
Electricity generation: still strongly fossilSource: International energy outlook 2011 from http://www.eia.gov/But renewab...
Projections change according to viewpoints!In Europe, potential to rise renewable energies from 24%in 2020, 45% in 2030 an...
PV solar power generation becoming profitable atlarge scaleSource: IRENA- Renewable Energy innovation Policy- march 2013
FUKUSHIMA TSUNAMI
Since March 11th, 2011 2nd blow to nuclear power after theTchernobyl human andenvironmental catastrophy in 1986 19’000 d...
What was the Fukushima effect? Switzerland: May 25th, 2011 Decision tophase out progressively its 5 nuclearreactors and t...
The reality of nuclear power worldwide? 14% of electricity produced 435 nuclear reactors in 31 countries: 104 in theUSA,...
SWITZERLAND POSITION
The most ambitious challenge Get out of nuclear while keeping greenhouse gases low Replace nuclear power coming from Fra...
Energy consumptions
Power consumptions
Evolution of power prices
Existing power mixChallenge: to replace 40% of nuclear power
Future power mix: hydropower, new renewables andcombined gas power as transitionSolar power could realistically supply res...
POTENTIAL CONSEQUENCES ANDSTEPS AHEAD
Swiss 2050 energy strategy: 2 pillars at 50% eachRenewable energies Energy efficiency
Symbols for Switzerland
Objectives and measures:PACK 1: Reduce individual energy consumption by 35% by 2035 Stabilise power consumption after 20...
3 scenarios for power (AES)
3 scenarios for power (AES)
3 scenarios for power (AES)
Next steps September 2013: feed-back on PACK 1 Federal2050 energy strategy 2014 Opening up of power market to households...
Things move +67% of PV solar panels in 2012 Development of initiatives for householdsand companies by power suppliers an...
WHAT CAN WE DO?
From any perspectives…
Technologies and behavioursTechnologiesBehavioursWillpower
Towards ultra-connected lives and homeshttp://www.scoop.it/t/l-experience-consommateurs-dans-l-efficience-energetique
Here is where social media step in… 2 billion people on socialnetworks Local goes global Collective impacts
Power consumption of the average swiss familySource: OFEN
Define a strategy and actCSREconomyEnvironmentGovernanceSocialCleantechs
For companies: moving towards CSR
Define your commitments and your organisation
Example of an estate owner
Potential actions Vote Choose renewable energies when possible Reduce consumptions Check the energy label of your buil...
Not always straight forward
Questioning: a source of evolution
http://about.me/edithpageBlog: http://infuseon.wordpress.com/
Let’s debate!
Energy in Switzerland after Fukushima
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Energy in Switzerland after Fukushima

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Energy in Switzerland after Fukushima

  1. 1. ENERGY IN SWITZERLAND AFTERFUKUSHIMABPW May 7thEdith Page
  2. 2. Menu of the day What is energy? Context for changes Worlwide energy market The Fukushima tsunami Switzerland position Potential consequences and steps ahead What can we do?
  3. 3. WHAT IS ENERGY?
  4. 4. Energy is everywhere and needed everywhereEnergies are utilities we needand used to consume dailywithout question.
  5. 5. CONTEXT FOR CHANGES
  6. 6. Population growth: 7 to 9 billions Unequal access to energy1/3 of today’s worldpopulation have noaccess to electricity(1.5 billion people)
  7. 7. Growth of energy needsSource: International energy outlook 2011 from http://www.eia.gov/Electricitysector to growmost: 30% ofenergy needsin 2030
  8. 8. The climate change and Greenhouse gasesSource: NASA
  9. 9. Our ecological footprint 2,6 hag for an average inhabitant One earth isn’t enough We lived on The Earth credit fromAugust 22nd till Dec 31st, 2012!
  10. 10. Context for changes Progressive evolution of our society towards newvalues and meaningful lives The green consciousness enlarged since2005/2006 Emergence of Corporate social responsibility Rio+20: leadership transfer from politics tocorporations and society« Johannesburg est untest pour tous lesdirigeants qui disent sepréoccuper du bien-êtrede notre planète et desa population. »Kofi Annan,Comité préparatoire duSommet mondial pourle développementdurable, 17 juillet 2002Photo extraite de edu-chavanne.net«L’engagementvolontaire n’a pasfonctionné. La criseconfirme la nécessitéde mettre de l’éthiquedans les affaires…»Michel Doucin,ambassadeur RSE àla Commissioneuropéenne.Repris de l’interview©2011 Novethic©Tous droits réservéspar Globethics.net
  11. 11. WORLDWIDE ENERGY MARKET
  12. 12. Worldwide energy trends World energy consumption to increase by53% between 2008 and 2035, half of itattributed to China and India. Fossil fuels continue to supply 80% ofworld energy use in 2035 The oil share to start declining in 2035(prices, fuel switching)
  13. 13. Worldwide energy trends: oil prices
  14. 14. The good news
  15. 15. Electricity generation: still strongly fossilSource: International energy outlook 2011 from http://www.eia.gov/But renewable energies (hydropower and others)grabing a 20 to 25% share
  16. 16. Projections change according to viewpoints!In Europe, potential to rise renewable energies from 24%in 2020, 45% in 2030 and 96% in 2050! Source: EREC(European Renewable Energy Council)Tableau extrait du rapport Re-Thinking 2050
  17. 17. PV solar power generation becoming profitable atlarge scaleSource: IRENA- Renewable Energy innovation Policy- march 2013
  18. 18. FUKUSHIMA TSUNAMI
  19. 19. Since March 11th, 2011 2nd blow to nuclear power after theTchernobyl human andenvironmental catastrophy in 1986 19’000 deaths or unfound because oftsunami and 160’000 personsevacuated due to radiations Japan stopped its 54 nuclearreactors (30% of power generation) Japan heavily imported energy,opened coal mines and developedrenewables But 2 years later…planning toreactivate nuclear power Not possible to predictconsequences on health
  20. 20. What was the Fukushima effect? Switzerland: May 25th, 2011 Decision tophase out progressively its 5 nuclearreactors and to stop 3 new nuclear plantsprojects. France: low effect. To reduce some plants(cf Fessenheim in 2016) Germany: Decision to stop 7 agingreactors (out of 17). Decision to get out ofnuclear in 2020. Actions taken already 10years ago, 20% renewables at present. Italy: renounced to introduce nuclear
  21. 21. The reality of nuclear power worldwide? 14% of electricity produced 435 nuclear reactors in 31 countries: 104 in theUSA, 58 in France, 9 in Germany, Japan 2reconnected and 48 waiting to be reconnected 65 new reactors under construction and 200projects (100 in China and 40 in India) Increase in power capacity generation Low cost of kWh doesn’t include costs ofdemantling aging plants
  22. 22. SWITZERLAND POSITION
  23. 23. The most ambitious challenge Get out of nuclear while keeping greenhouse gases low Replace nuclear power coming from France (5% ofFessenheim closing plant) Green the energy massively Renovate and transform the power distribution network tomanage fluctuating energy sources Manage the energy transition while our society is gettingpower intensive!
  24. 24. Energy consumptions
  25. 25. Power consumptions
  26. 26. Evolution of power prices
  27. 27. Existing power mixChallenge: to replace 40% of nuclear power
  28. 28. Future power mix: hydropower, new renewables andcombined gas power as transitionSolar power could realistically supply respectively 20% of electricity by2025 and 20% of heat to households by 2035! Source: Swiss Solar
  29. 29. POTENTIAL CONSEQUENCES ANDSTEPS AHEAD
  30. 30. Swiss 2050 energy strategy: 2 pillars at 50% eachRenewable energies Energy efficiency
  31. 31. Symbols for Switzerland
  32. 32. Objectives and measures:PACK 1: Reduce individual energy consumption by 35% by 2035 Stabilise power consumption after 2020 Increase hydropower Increase renewable energies Introduce more severe measures for energy efficiency inbuildings (40% impact), electrical appliances, lighting,mobility and reduce gas emissions Encourage local consumptions of self-produced energies Modernise the power distribution network Guaranty power supplies via imports and construction ofnew combined gas power plantsPACK 2: Create a new ecological tax combining CO2 and energy
  33. 33. 3 scenarios for power (AES)
  34. 34. 3 scenarios for power (AES)
  35. 35. 3 scenarios for power (AES)
  36. 36. Next steps September 2013: feed-back on PACK 1 Federal2050 energy strategy 2014 Opening up of power market to households 2015 Potential referendum on nuclear
  37. 37. Things move +67% of PV solar panels in 2012 Development of initiatives for householdsand companies by power suppliers anddistributors Tools to follow power consumptions: cfsmart metering AEnEC: 1.3 million tons of CO2 and energysavings by companies Developments of innovative cleantechs (cfstoring energy)
  38. 38. WHAT CAN WE DO?
  39. 39. From any perspectives…
  40. 40. Technologies and behavioursTechnologiesBehavioursWillpower
  41. 41. Towards ultra-connected lives and homeshttp://www.scoop.it/t/l-experience-consommateurs-dans-l-efficience-energetique
  42. 42. Here is where social media step in… 2 billion people on socialnetworks Local goes global Collective impacts
  43. 43. Power consumption of the average swiss familySource: OFEN
  44. 44. Define a strategy and actCSREconomyEnvironmentGovernanceSocialCleantechs
  45. 45. For companies: moving towards CSR
  46. 46. Define your commitments and your organisation
  47. 47. Example of an estate owner
  48. 48. Potential actions Vote Choose renewable energies when possible Reduce consumptions Check the energy label of your building/home and areas of renovation Reduce use of individual transportation
  49. 49. Not always straight forward
  50. 50. Questioning: a source of evolution
  51. 51. http://about.me/edithpageBlog: http://infuseon.wordpress.com/
  52. 52. Let’s debate!

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