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Cherchez La Federation
             or
How d we motivate federation?
H   do        i   f d     i ?

   Paul Mockapetris (P...
A simple definition for Federation
 Federation
           occurs when two or more
organizations agree to each allocate
so...
Federation Examples
I t
 Internet
        t
  –   Share connectivity and multiple levels of protocol
 BGP
  –   Share ro...
Qui Bono?

 Th
  The reasons f federation revolve
               for f d ti         l
 around mutual benefit, but in prac...
Governments
G l
 Goals:
  –   Maximize overall economy
  –   Maximize overall user satisfaction
  –   Minimize risk
 Met...
Enterprises

G l
 Goals
 –   Persistent competitive advantage
 –   Leverage strategic advantages to new
     markets
 –  ...
Users

G l
 Goals
 –   Best technology
 –   Best Price
 –   Ease of use / Least investment in learning
                  ...
Researchers

G l
 Goals
 –   Innovation
 –   Freedom to explore alternatives
 Methods
 –   Joint efforts to aggregate sc...
Federating Clouds
                  (Researchers)
M k
 Makes       eminent sense for researchers
               i   t    ...
Federating Clouds
            (Enterprise Providers)
 Littl
  Little   advantage t d f Cl d providers
            d   t  ...
Federating Clouds
            (Enterprise users)
C
 Can   we use f d ti t reduce risk?
              federation to d  i k...
Federating Clouds
                (Governments)
G
 Governments
          t       as big enterprises
                     ...
Conclusions

L t
 Lots    of forces work against federation
          ff          k    i t f d ti
 Will   happen first i...
Questions

H
 How  t shape academic efforts so that
      to h          d i ff t         th t
 they will be relevant to t...
Today vs.1983?
                   y
 (ARPAnet extinction; start of the Internet age)

 Si il iti
  Similarities
  –   Lot...
End of the hourglass?
 IP is th center of the Network just as the earth
     i the    t     f th N t    kj t     th     t...
The Gravitational model
W
 We  have large adoption (
     h    l      d ti (mass) of certain
                            ...
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20100120 Pvm Cherchez La Federation

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Transcript of "20100120 Pvm Cherchez La Federation"

  1. 1. Cherchez La Federation or How d we motivate federation? H do i f d i ? Paul Mockapetris (Paul-Vincent.Mockapetris@npa.lip6.fr, pvm@Nominum.com) Serge Fdida (serge fdida@lip6 fr) (serge.fdida@lip6.fr) Panayotis Antoniadis (Panayotis.Antoniadis@lip6.fr)
  2. 2. A simple definition for Federation  Federation occurs when two or more organizations agree to each allocate some of their resources to implement a common service. Org Org A B 2
  3. 3. Federation Examples I t Internet t – Share connectivity and multiple levels of protocol  BGP – Share routing information  DNS – Distribute configuration g  Carter phone Decision – Create interface for communication devices 3
  4. 4. Qui Bono?  Th The reasons f federation revolve for f d ti l around mutual benefit, but in practice are quite different f different t it diff t for diff t types of f organizations.  Corollary:a particular federation or federation technology can be attractive or unattractive to different organizations organizations. 4
  5. 5. Governments G l Goals: – Maximize overall economy – Maximize overall user satisfaction – Minimize risk  Methods: – Regulate monopolies; encourage competitiveness; smaller and more numerous markets – Encourage best of breed solution finding 5
  6. 6. Enterprises G l Goals – Persistent competitive advantage – Leverage strategic advantages to new markets – Reduce risk  Methods – Own monopolies or near monopolies – Commodity i C di inputs; proprietary outputs i 6
  7. 7. Users G l Goals – Best technology – Best Price – Ease of use / Least investment in learning g  Methods – Purchasing h i P h i choices – Influence on Government 7
  8. 8. Researchers G l Goals – Innovation – Freedom to explore alternatives  Methods – Joint efforts to aggregate scarce resources – Embrace di E b disruptive risk ti i k 8
  9. 9. Federating Clouds (Researchers) M k Makes eminent sense for researchers i t f h – Scale of all academic resources less than that of production systems by orders of magnitude • E.g. PlanetLab, OneLab • Use individual’s phones as distributed sensor net, or intermittently connected testbed 9
  10. 10. Federating Clouds (Enterprise Providers)  Littl Little advantage t d f Cl d providers d t today for Cloud id – Makes their output a commodity – Scale isn’t an issue – Coverage isn’t an issue (y ) g (yet?)  Perhaps federate lower levels? – (federate (f d t commodities, not discriminators) diti t di i i t ) 10
  11. 11. Federating Clouds (Enterprise users) C Can we use f d ti t reduce risk? federation to d i k? – Avoid cloud lock in – Handle demand surge  Connect different cloud apps – Inevitable once separate cloud-based apps get important enough? 11
  12. 12. Federating Clouds (Governments) G Governments t as big enterprises bi t i – Lots of resources to share & save – Lots of data to make available, internally and externally – Load moves around (e.g. IRS in April?)  Governments as regulators – Policy? 12
  13. 13. Conclusions L t Lots of forces work against federation ff k i t f d ti  Will happen first in pp – Research world – Governments  We want to make consolidation happen sooner b t th ’ a growing b but there’s i base of f legacy inertia. 13
  14. 14. Questions H How t shape academic efforts so that to h d i ff t th t they will be relevant to the other worlds? – E.g. Agenda and participation in NSF workshop  Isit the same as networks before the Internet? 14
  15. 15. Today vs.1983? y (ARPAnet extinction; start of the Internet age)  Si il iti Similarities – Lots of production proprietary inertia  Differences – Ease of experimentation with multiple open standard OSes, etc. – Cheap hardware – End of the hourglass model 15
  16. 16. End of the hourglass?  IP is th center of the Network just as the earth i the t f th N t kj t th th is the center of the universe.  It’s ’still the most important f frame of reference, f f but not the only one.  E.g. – Ethernet may be the way to port servers in datacenters – Custom content based networks need not be IP based. based 16
  17. 17. The Gravitational model W We have large adoption ( h l d ti (mass) of certain ) f t i standard protocols, uses and interfaces. – IP, IP users, movies, web, games, … i b  There’s a huge attraction to finding a better path b t th between any t two of these (so long as you f th ( l don’t fall into another gravitational well)  This leads to multiple paths between the biggest masses, or a polymorphic net. 17
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