01/2012Africa’s Heavy Haul Rail Overview and OutlookHeavy Haul Rail Africa, Cape Town 6-7 November 2012
201/2012ContentAfrica’s railway networksAfrica’s heavy haul rail networkFactors influencing heavy haul developmentsHeavy h...
301/2012Africa’s rail networksOverview•  80 000 route kilometres•  7% of world’s total•  North, west and easternsystems ar...
401/2012Africa rail network size and traffic by region0102030405060708090100Route-km Passenger-km net ton-kmPercentRegiona...
501/2012Africa rail network: status quo•  Basic inland connectivity servingports•  Most networks operate withoriginal faci...
601/2012ContentAfrica’s railway networksAfrica’s heavy haul rail networkFactors influencing heavy haul developmentsHeavy h...
701/2012Africa’s heavy haul rail networksOverview•  Less than 10% of a total80 000km is heavy haul•  Heavy haul lines main...
801/2012Africa’s heavy haul rail networkSouth Africa’s network: current state Coal export line @ 26talconnecting coalfield...
901/2012Africa’s heavy haul rail networkSouth Africa’s network: future stateSource: TFRCoal exportline @ 26talIron ore exp...
1001/2012Africa’s heavy haul rail networkCurrent and future planned projects (In various feasibility stages)South Africa:V...
1101/2012Africa’s heavy haul rail020406080100120140160Africa by rail South Africa byrailHeavy haul inAfricanettonne-km(bil...
1201/2012Africa’s heavy haul rail networkOutlook after implementing current/future projects•  North Africa remains anislan...
1301/2012Countries with heavy haullines (After future projects)South AfricaGuineaGabonEgyptTunisiaAlgeriaMoroccoMauritania...
1401/2012••••• •••••••••••••20 324km2341km1020km3140km2710km2040km474km2781km3968km4800km4763km858km3505km1300km1650km806k...
1501/2012ContentAfrica’s railway networksAfrica’s heavy haul rail networkFactors influencing heavy haul developmentsHeavy ...
1601/2012Factors influencing heavy haul developmentCriteria•  Market imperative•  Volume imperative•  Standardisation impe...
1701/2012SADC’s mineral resources: the market imperativeAfrica’s global share ofmineral production versusglobal reserves r...
1801/2012Development of transport infrastructureMining projects key driver18Mali NigerChadBurkinaFasoCentralAfricanRepubli...
1901/2012Africa heavy haulGlobal Landbridge?Railways are more andmore competing withshipping linesSaudiLandbridgeEurasiaLa...
2001/2012Factors influencing heavy haul developmentInfrastructure limitationsLuandaLobitoWalvis BayMaputoBeiraNacalaDurban...
2101/2012Factors influencing heavy haul developmentChallenges and Interventions•  Geopolitics•  Network disconnected•  Lac...
2201/2012Regional heavy haul development•  nnLight axleloadingLow trafficvolumeMix generalfreight &passengerUpgradedHHTech...
2301/2012ContentAfrica’s railway networksAfrica’s heavy haul rail networkFactors influencing heavy haul developmentsHeavy ...
2401/2012Heavy Haul expansion1800’s : visions oftranscontinental railwaysLiberalisation ofAfrican nationsNew worldorder em...
2501/2012Where to from here?Networkability LiberalisationGlobalisation• Uni-gauge• Uni-profiles• Collaboration• Inter chan...
2601/2012Africa : heavy haul developmentConcluding remarks•  Rail is Africa’s competitive advantage•  Heavy haul and stand...
2701/2012ContentAfrica’s railway networksAfrica’s heavy haul rail networkFactors influencing heavy haul developmentsHeavy ...
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Where are we at and where do we need to be? Investigating the current state of heavy haul railways across Africa

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Henk Bester, Global Director - Rail and Transportation, from Hatch has presented at the Heavy Haul Rail Africa. If you would like more information about the conference, please visit the website: www.railconferences.com/heavyhaulrail/africa

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Where are we at and where do we need to be? Investigating the current state of heavy haul railways across Africa

  1. 1. 01/2012Africa’s Heavy Haul Rail Overview and OutlookHeavy Haul Rail Africa, Cape Town 6-7 November 2012
  2. 2. 201/2012ContentAfrica’s railway networksAfrica’s heavy haul rail networkFactors influencing heavy haul developmentsHeavy haul network: A global perspectiveQuestions
  3. 3. 301/2012Africa’s rail networksOverview•  80 000 route kilometres•  7% of world’s total•  North, west and easternsystems are mainly stand-alone with little inter-connectivity•  Almost full railwayinterconnectivity within theSADC area, subject to axleload limitations•  South African network inexcess of 20 000 kilometres:–  Heavy haul corridors–  General freight corridors–  Branch line networkLuandaLobitoWalvis BayMaputoBeiraNacalaDurbanCape TownSaldanaRichards BayLagosDoualaMombasaPort SudanAlexandriaDar es Salaam
  4. 4. 401/2012Africa rail network size and traffic by region0102030405060708090100Route-km Passenger-km net ton-kmPercentRegional Share of Network Traffic (%)Southern Africa Central Africa East Africa West Africa0510152025303540Southern Africa Central Africa East Africa West Africaroute-km(thousands)Route-Kilometres in OperationGeneral Bulk HHCommoditiestransported by railgenerally reflect theeconomic structureof the specificcountry020406080100120140Southern Africa Central Africa East Africa West Africanettonne-km(billions)Freight TransportGeneral Mineral
  5. 5. 501/2012Africa rail network: status quo•  Basic inland connectivity servingports•  Most networks operate withoriginal facilities, with littleupgrading and in poor condition•  Most lines are low-speed, small-scale, undercapitalized networkswith diverse, low axle loads•  Not suited to modern logisticsrequirements•  Limited expansion in lastdecades•  Interest only to explore Africa’svast mineral resourcesInvestment is required tosustain and expand
  6. 6. 601/2012ContentAfrica’s railway networksAfrica’s heavy haul rail networkFactors influencing heavy haul developmentsHeavy haul networks: A global perspectiveQuestions
  7. 7. 701/2012Africa’s heavy haul rail networksOverview•  Less than 10% of a total80 000km is heavy haul•  Heavy haul lines mainlyin South Africa and someWest and North AfricancountriesSouth AfricaGuineaGabonEgyptTunisiaAlgeriaMoroccoMauritaniaCountries withheavy haul linesHeavy haul defined as acombination of:•  25t/axle or greater and•  20 million gross tons perannum or in excess of 5000gross tons per train
  8. 8. 801/2012Africa’s heavy haul rail networkSouth Africa’s network: current state Coal export line @ 26talconnecting coalfields inMpumalanga via Ermelo toRichards Bay (~600km)Iron ore export line @ 30talconnecting the iron ore minesin the Northern Cape toSaldanha (860km)Source: TFR
  9. 9. 901/2012Africa’s heavy haul rail networkSouth Africa’s network: future stateSource: TFRCoal exportline @ 26talIron ore export line@ 30talMn ore export line @26tal connecting theiron ore mines in theNorthern Cape toNgqura (1060km)Waterberg Coal corridor @26tal connecting coalfields inWaterberg to Eskom and easternseaboard ports (~1200km)UpgradedHH linesMineralscorridor fromLimpopo @26tal to easternseaboard portsDomestic Fe andMn ore corridors @26talSwazilink line@ 26talMore than 300% HHroute growth over next7 years!
  10. 10. 1001/2012Africa’s heavy haul rail networkCurrent and future planned projects (In various feasibility stages)South Africa:Various InvestmentsBotswana/ Namibia: Trans Kalahari2000km railway: mine to coastSierra Leone: Iron Oredevelopments200km railwayGabon: Iron Ore & Manganese Projects500km+ railwayGuinea: Iron ore project650km railwayBotswana/ Zimbabwe/Mozambique:‘Transwana’1600 kmLiberia: Iron Oredevelopment 200kmrailwayMauritania: SNIM/Sphere ironore project expansion, 650kmrailwayCameroon: Iron ore project500km railwayMozambique: Coal projects1000+km railwayRepublic of Congo: Iron oreproject 500km railway
  11. 11. 1101/2012Africa’s heavy haul rail020406080100120140160Africa by rail South Africa byrailHeavy haul inAfricanettonne-km(billions)Freight by rail20%80%Rail vs Road AnnualVolumesRailRoad250Mtpa1000MtpaMore than 60% ofrail by HH, this willgrow by anestimated 200%over next 5-7years
  12. 12. 1201/2012Africa’s heavy haul rail networkOutlook after implementing current/future projects•  North Africa remains anisland•  North-South Corridoremerging in line with PIDA•  Central Africa’s position?•  Strong emphasis onunlocking coal, mineralsand metals transportsystems•  Heavy haul operationsprovide competitivelogistics costsCountries with heavy haullines (After future projects)South AfricaGuineaGabonEgyptTunisiaAlgeriaMoroccoMauritania
  13. 13. 1301/2012Countries with heavy haullines (After future projects)South AfricaGuineaGabonEgyptTunisiaAlgeriaMoroccoMauritaniaAfrica’s heavy haul rail networkRegional network development opportunitiesEACIGADSADCECOWASTAHECCASInternationalCorridor Traffic(million ton)<55 - 50>50Regional networks withheavy haul potential
  14. 14. 1401/2012••••• •••••••••••••20 324km2341km1020km3140km2710km2040km474km2781km3968km4800km4763km858km3505km1300km1650km806km1893km953km2745km1266km•••••••••Rail infrastructureThe gauge factor•  Gauge and axle loadingare not interdependent•  SADC regional networkwill naturally develop intoa Cape gauge network•  West Africa couldtransform into a standardgauge system•  North-south corridor:cost versus benefits ofgauge conversion
  15. 15. 1501/2012ContentAfrica’s railway networksAfrica’s heavy haul rail networkFactors influencing heavy haul developmentsHeavy haul networks: A global perspectiveQuestions
  16. 16. 1601/2012Factors influencing heavy haul developmentCriteria•  Market imperative•  Volume imperative•  Standardisation imperative•  Political imperative•  Country stability•  Global cost competitiveness•  Ability to provide integrated network•  Supporting country infrastructure•  Access to capital/ investor support•  Capacity to develop, support and operate•  Sustainable development
  17. 17. 1701/2012SADC’s mineral resources: the market imperativeAfrica’s global share ofmineral production versusglobal reserves reveals thepotential opportunities forgrowth of the extractiveindustries, especially formining iron ore,manganese, gold andaluminium.Total Iron Ore seaborne supply by region
  18. 18. 1801/2012Development of transport infrastructureMining projects key driver18Mali NigerChadBurkinaFasoCentralAfricanRepublicDemocratic Republicof CongoTanzaniaRwandaBurundiAngolaZambiaZimbabweNamibiaBotswanaSouth AfricaSwazilandLesothoTunisiaAlgeriaMoroccoBeninGhanaTogoIvoryCoastCongoGabonEquatorial GuineaNigeriaCameroonLibya EgyptMauritaniaSudanEritreaSenegalEthiopiaDjiboutiGuineaSomaliaKenyaUganda•  Projects in various planningphases•  Mining development linked toupgrade of transportinfrastructure (rail and port)•  Funding: various private andinstitutional investors•  China and India involvementdominantSierra LeoneConceptPre-feasibilityDetailed Feasibility
  19. 19. 1901/2012Africa heavy haulGlobal Landbridge?Railways are more andmore competing withshipping linesSaudiLandbridgeEurasiaLandbridge
  20. 20. 2001/2012Factors influencing heavy haul developmentInfrastructure limitationsLuandaLobitoWalvis BayMaputoBeiraNacalaDurbanCape TownSaldanaRichards BayLagosDoualaMombasaPort SudanAlexandriaDar es SalaamGoodFairPoorLuandaLobitoWalvis BayMaputoBeiraNacalaDurbanCape TownSaldanaRichards BayLagosDoualaMombasaPort SudanAlexandriaDar es Salaam106710001435GaugeConditionDevelopment of heavy haul networks will require drasticrehabilitation and upgrades of existing networks. In someinstances the development of new routes/ lines are recommended.
  21. 21. 2101/2012Factors influencing heavy haul developmentChallenges and Interventions•  Geopolitics•  Network disconnected•  Lack of regionalintegration•  Low traffic-density/volumes•  Intermodal competition•  Institutionalarrangements•  Lack of investment/finance•  Infrastructure limitations•  AU regional integration•  Financing/models•  Africa heavy haul railmaster plan•  Consultation withstakeholders•  Effective /efficientregulations of rail operators/operations•  Institutional capacity tomonitor performance ofnetworkChallenges to expandingAfrica’s network into HHInterventions to expand Africa’s HHnetworkExpanding/Integration ofAfrica’s HH networkVolumes/PIDA Government Support
  22. 22. 2201/2012Regional heavy haul development•  nnLight axleloadingLow trafficvolumeMix generalfreight &passengerUpgradedHHTechnologyovercomegeometryrestrictionsPurposebuilt HHwithinnetworkconstraintsAxle loading,gradients andtrack gaugeNot industry stdPurposebuilt HHIsolated linesTypically Stdgauge, tractionoptimisation &regenerationbenefitsEfficiencyTraffic mixCompeting with road trucksPotential for regionalintegration
  23. 23. 2301/2012ContentAfrica’s railway networksAfrica’s heavy haul rail networkFactors influencing heavy haul developmentsHeavy haul network: A global perspectiveQuestions
  24. 24. 2401/2012Heavy Haul expansion1800’s : visions oftranscontinental railwaysLiberalisation ofAfrican nationsNew worldorder emergingPositive spirit ofAfrican Renaissance
  25. 25. 2501/2012Where to from here?Networkability LiberalisationGlobalisation• Uni-gauge• Uni-profiles• Collaboration• Inter changeability• Industrialisation of nations• Global marketdevelopment• Transformation of systems• Entrepreneurship
  26. 26. 2601/2012Africa : heavy haul developmentConcluding remarks•  Rail is Africa’s competitive advantage•  Heavy haul and standard gauge should beconsidered for all new major expansions•  Cost imperatives and rail technologies will driveupgrading of existing strategic regional freightcorridors to heavy haul•  Orchestrated planning and implementation required•  Africa is ready!
  27. 27. 2701/2012ContentAfrica’s railway networksAfrica’s heavy haul rail networkFactors influencing heavy haul developmentsHeavy haul networks: A global perspectiveQuestions

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