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INTERNATIONAL CASE STUDY: Japanese High Speed Rail- Initiatives Delivering Safe and reliable HSR operations

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Tomokazu Minesaki, Manager Sydney Office, from Central Japan Railway Company delivered this presentation at Rail Safety 2012. For more information on the annual conference, please visit …

Tomokazu Minesaki, Manager Sydney Office, from Central Japan Railway Company delivered this presentation at Rail Safety 2012. For more information on the annual conference, please visit www.railsafetyconference.com.au/

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  • 1. © Tomokazu Minesaki Rail Safety 2012 28-29th March, Sydney 28/MAR/2012 Case Study: Japanese High Speed Rail - Initiatives Delivering Safe and Reliable HSR Operation-
  • 2. © Central Japan Railway Company TOKYO Nagoya Osaka JR Central and its Area 28/MAR/2012
  • 3. © Tokaido Shinkansen • The World’s FIRST High-Speed Rail - In operation since 1964 (*French TGV since 1981, German ICE since 1991) • Even now, the Leading High Speed Rail in the World Series 0 (1964) 1st Generation 210km/h Series N700 (2007) 5th Generation 270km/h, Sanyo 300km/h 28/MAR/2012
  • 4. © JR-Hokkaido JR-EAST JR-CENTRAL JR-WEST JR-SHIKOKU JR-KYUSHU JAPAN NATIONAL RAILWAYS 1987 - Privatization 28/MAR/2012
  • 5. © Tokaido Shinkansen Diagram High Volume 323 trains/day 386,000 passengers / day 28/MAR/2012
  • 6. © Tokaido Shinkansen Diagram Punctuality -Reliability- minutes / train Annual Average Delay 28/MAR/2012
  • 7. © Tokaido Shinkansen Diagram Safety 28/MAR/2012
  • 8. ©28/MAR/2012 Highway Shinkansen tracks Dedicated Line with No Level Crossings A dedicated, closed passenger rail system with - complete separation of passenger and freight traffic - full grade separations zero possibility of collision with goods trains or motor vehicles Basic Concepts
  • 9. © Protective Fence Protective fence Area in which trespassing is prohibited Dedicated tracks for HSR ensures Safety and Security Basic Concepts 28/MAR/2012
  • 10. ©28/MAR/2012 Basic Concepts - Eliminates possibility of collision with forerunning train - 100% safety record in Japan for over 47 years Ground Facility Calculated brake pattern Comparison of brake pattern and speed Brake command ATC Signal (Information on the forerunning train) Automatic Train Control (ATC) Brake pattern is calculated by on-board ATC system
  • 11. ©28/MAR/2012 Basic Concepts - Monitors operational condition of trains and facilities - Manages train operations comprehensively - 100% safety record in Japan for over 47 years (Computer-aided Traffic Control) Shinkansen General Control Centre (Tokyo) Schedule Diagram 6:00 … 7:00 8:00 9:00 Tokyo Nagoya Shin- Osaka
  • 12. ©28/MAR/2012 Basic Concepts - Maintenance Multiple Inspection Train : Dr Yellow 7-car EMU train Inspects track, catenaries, and signalling and telecommunications facilities Conducts inspections at 270km/h during operating hours. Runs every 10 days. 0 10 -10[mm] 10m弦高低左 06-01 0 10 -10[mm] 10m弦高低右 06-01 0 10 -10[mm] 10m弦通り左 06-01 0 10 -10[mm] 10m弦通り右 06-01 JR東海 東海道新幹線 下り (7K621.51M ~ 8K695.59M) 0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 -0.05 -0.1 -0.15 -0.2[g] 動揺上下 06-01 0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 -0.05 -0.1 -0.15 -0.2[g] 動揺左右 06-01 JR東海 東海道新幹線 車体加速度 下り (220K261.99M ~ 222K41.86M) Acceleration data Rail deformation data
  • 13. © 12:00 19:00 23 24 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 24:00 5:00 Tokyo Nagoya Shin -Osaka 6:00 Securing Maintenance Time for Tracks Maintenance hours Commercial operation hours Firstserviceoftheday Inspectioncar Lastserviceoftheday Maintenance hours Inspection car An inspection car is operated to confirm the safety of rail tracks, making it possible for all services to operate at regular speed from the start of each day. Passenger-dedicated rail enables maintenance work for the entire network of tracks. 28/MAR/2012 Basic Concepts - Maintenance
  • 14. © Beyond the basics: maintaining safe operations 28/MAR/2012 1. Policy and philosophy 2. Hardware -Investment in the latest technology 3. Software -Education and Training of Employees -Practical Training
  • 15. ©28/MAR/2012 - Rolling stock - Ground facilities and tracks - Power and signal facilities - Disaster prevention facilities - Protective facilities - Safety promotion structure - Employee Education and Aptitude - Maintenance - Operation management Hardware Software Integrated Management of the “High-Speed Railway System” The safety and high quality of the Tokaido Shinkansen has been assured through the integrated management of the “High-Speed Railway System,” which is comprised of both hardware and software. Importance of Integrated Management of Railway Systems Safety and Punctuality
  • 16. © 1. Policy and philosophy 28/MAR/2012 3 Safety requires absolute confirmation and thorough communication. 4 Safety requires cooperation as one beyond assigned tasks. 5 When in doubt, take the action deemed safest and ensure that nothing is missed. 1 Safety is the number one priority of our transportation service. 2 Safety starts with strict adherence to rules and fulfillment of duties, and rests on continual self improvement.
  • 17. ©28/MAR/2012 1. Policy and philosophy Rolling Stock Track and Infrastructure Power, Signal and Telecommunication Operation Safe and Reliable Operation
  • 18. ©28/MAR/2012 (1AUD=80JPY) 1.60 2.11 2.23 1.73 2.05 1.95 2.61 3.46 3.31 3.05 3.60 3.85 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 3.50 4.00 4.50 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Safety-Related Investments Total capital Investments (billions of AUD) (FY) 2. Maintaining safe operations -Hardware-
  • 19. © Disasters by Typhoons (7/7/1974) (18/9/1990) Embankment Collapse 28/MAR/2012 Rainfall
  • 20. © Concrete cover on embankments 《Embankment Reinforcement Measures》 Countermeasures Drainage pipes Drainage pipe construction 《Slope Measures》 Flood prevention wallFree frame construction Annual Rainfall Tokyo London Sydney 1,500mm 750mm 1,200mm ⇒after measures , no damage 28/MAR/2012
  • 21. © Shear failure Bending failure 28/MAR/2012 Earthquakes
  • 22. © Seismic Retrofit for Viaduct Bridges Steel jacketing around columns Steel jacketing (In service) 28/MAR/2012
  • 23. © Seismic Retrofit for Embankments Seismic retrofit for embankments using Steel Sheet piles Embankment Retaining wall Steel sheet piles Prestressing steel bar (Tied both sheet pile tops) Ground (In service) 28/MAR/2012
  • 24. © Epicenter Primary-Seismic Wave Wave propagation 7km/sec. Secondary-Seismic Wave Wave propagation 4km/sec. Detector Substation Shinkansen Train ΔT P-Seismic wave detected S-Seismic wave arrived Calculation & Transmission (2sec) Alarm 28/MAR/2012 TERRA-S (Tokaido Shinkansen Earthquake Rapid Alarm-System)
  • 25. © October 23, 2004 17:56 PM Jouetsu-Shinkansen Line Derailment. No one died or injured. 28/MAR/2012 Derailment caused by earthquakes JR East
  • 26. © 【collision】 【regular】 maintenance Anti-derailment guard Post- Derailment Stopper New countermeasures against earthquakes 28/MAR/2012
  • 27. © Mar.11.2011 14:46 Magnitude 9.0 Epicenter 130km Sendai The Great East Japan Earthquake Tohoku Shinkansen
  • 28. © The Great East Japan Earthquake (Tokaido Shinkansen) Mar.11.2011 Tokaido Shinkansen 14:46 Earthquake occurred TERRA-S detected P wave and stopped operating 14:46-17:42 Track Inspection 18:26 Operation resumed Mar.11.2011 evening at Tokyo
  • 29. © 3. Software 28/MAR/2012
  • 30. © 《Skill development》 Training at the Train Crew Depot We regularly reassess the knowledge and skills of train crews to maintain safe operations. 28/MAR/2012 Simulator for Shinkansen Drivers Simulator for Shinkansen Conductors
  • 31. © Catenary wire recovery Evacuation of passengers 28/MAR/2012 General training sessions simulating actual accidents Repair of derailed rolling stock.
  • 32. © Safety as a state of mind: employee education Supervisor Driver 28/MAR/2012 Supervisors Drivers, Conductors
  • 33. © Learning System (CJR e-Learning system) -Started in 1996 -30 courses -8,000 employees / year Self Development 28/MAR/2012
  • 34. © 《Sleeping Management》 Irregular work style (driver, conductor) catnap Self-management 28/MAR/2012
  • 35. © New Employee General Training Centre 28/MAR/2012
  • 36. © Training Devices 28/MAR/2012 Shinkansen Conventional Line
  • 37. ©28/MAR/2012
  • 38. ©28/MAR/2012 Thank you for your attention.