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OVERCOMING THE CHALLENGES OF
OPERATING HEAVYAXLE-LOAD IN
NORTHERN SCANDINAVIA
Thomas Nordmark
Rail Road Specialist
LKAB Bu...
INTRODUCTION
• Northern Scandinavia together with northern Russia is
called the Barents region and is very rich on natural...
NORWAY
SWEDEN
FINLAND
RUSSIA
Luleå
Malmberget
SvappavaaraKiruna
Narvik
INTRODUCTION
• 30 tonnes axle load now
upgrading to 32,5 tonnes.
INTRODUCTION
• The Ore line “Malmbanan”
between Luleå in south and
Nar...
FACTS MALMBANAN
Built 1902 (single track), Annual gross load 40 MGT
Maximum speed 120 km/h, Maximum train length 750 m
Mos...
FACTS ORE TRAIN
• 17 IORE locos, 15.000 hp, tractive effort 1200 kN
• 1150 Ore waggons, bottom discharge
• Speed 60 and 70...
DEREGULATED RAIL WAY
• Application for train slots (8 months in advance)
• Access charges based on tonkm and train type
• ...
ONE OF THE MOST SCENIC RAIL WAYS
IN THE WORLD –ANY CHALLENGES
FOR RUNNING HEAVY HAUL?
CONDITIONS - WINTER
Temperatures below - 40°C and snow depth 1 – 2 m.
Example
• Switch heaters is used
from October throug...
CONDITIONS - WINTER
INTRODUCTION
CONDITIONS - SUMMER
• Summer: Extremely short period for track maintenance
Examples
• During 12 weeks (June – August) trac...
CONDITIONS - SUMMER
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15...
CHALLENGES
NOT ANY DIFFERENT FROM AUSTRALIA?
SAFETY CAPACITY
SUSTAIN-
ABILITY
COST
EFF.
IORE THE ENERGY EFFICIENT LOCO
On the Riksgränsen-Narvik
stretch, energy expenses are zero
on the Norwegian side and the
e...
IT SYSTEM FOR ENERGY EFFICENT
TRAINS - CATO
CAPACITY
SUSTAIN-
ABILITY
COST
EFF.
CATO Among Leading Green Innovations world...
Main objectives:
• More efficient train dispatching
and increased utilization of line
capacity
• Reduced energy and power
...
• The electro dynamic breaking together with
new wagons with lower rolling resistance give
an energy saving of 25 percent....
eMAINTENANCE or Condition Monitoring
SAFETY CAPACITY
SUSTAIN-
ABILITY
COST
EFF.
I’m running
at 1434 rpm
I’m 75ºC and I’m
h...
eMAINTENANCE
• On-line information is soon available from every train
passage – many GByte/train!
• How to incorporate thi...
eMAINTENANCE
SAFETY CAPACITY
SUSTAIN-
ABILITY
COST
EFF.
More info products
www.damill.com
Contenary
Tracker
Track Logger
S...
eMAINTENANCE
NEW MINES
• Great investments in logistic system
• Need for budget intelligent low cost solutions
• An example of an idea ...
NEW CONCEPT – TURN DUMPER
KIRUNA WAGON
• High unloading capacity
• Ultralight wagons
• Robust and low-cost
unloading stati...
NEW CONCEPT – TURN DUMPER
KIRUNA WAGON
• Low cost unloading station
• Low cost wagons
• High productivity
SAFETY CAPACITY ...
NEW CONCEPT – TURN DUMPER
KIRUNA WAGON
SAFETY CAPACITY
SUSTAIN-
ABILITY
COST
EFF.
Turn
Dumper
Side
Discharge
Bottom
Discha...
NEW CONCEPT – TURN DUMPER
KIRUNA WAGON
• Multiple unloading for increased discharge rate
Discharge rate: Up to 3100 tonnes...
NEW CONCEPT – TURN DUMPER
KIRUNA WAGON
SAFETY CAPACITY
SUSTAIN-
ABILITY
COST
EFF.
• The self-supporting basket can be move...
OTHER TYPE OF
CHALLENGE –
MOVEACITY
NEW KIRUNA
QUESTIONS?
THANK YOU FOR LISTENING
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Thomas Nordmark LKAB Business & Technology Development - International Keynote Address: Overcoming the challenges of operating heavy axle-load in Northern Scandinavia

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Thomas Nordmark delivered the presentation at the 2014 Heavy Haul Rail Conference.

The 2014 Heavy Haul Rail Conference had a focus on driving efficiency with smarter technology. Australasia’s only heavy haul rail event is the annual meeting place for professionals interested in the latest projects, technologies and innovation in this dynamic sector.

For more information about the event, please visit: http://bit.ly/hhroz14

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Transcript of "Thomas Nordmark LKAB Business & Technology Development - International Keynote Address: Overcoming the challenges of operating heavy axle-load in Northern Scandinavia"

  1. 1. OVERCOMING THE CHALLENGES OF OPERATING HEAVYAXLE-LOAD IN NORTHERN SCANDINAVIA Thomas Nordmark Rail Road Specialist LKAB Business & Technology Development Sweden
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION • Northern Scandinavia together with northern Russia is called the Barents region and is very rich on natural resources, oil & gas, minerals, lumber, hydro power, fish
  3. 3. NORWAY SWEDEN FINLAND RUSSIA Luleå Malmberget SvappavaaraKiruna Narvik INTRODUCTION
  4. 4. • 30 tonnes axle load now upgrading to 32,5 tonnes. INTRODUCTION • The Ore line “Malmbanan” between Luleå in south and Narvik in north is the only heavy haul railway i Europe Kiruna - Narvik Luleå - Malmberget 550m
  5. 5. FACTS MALMBANAN Built 1902 (single track), Annual gross load 40 MGT Maximum speed 120 km/h, Maximum train length 750 m Most curves 300 – 600 m, 12 ton/m, total length 540 km ERTMS 2018, study for double track performed
  6. 6. FACTS ORE TRAIN • 17 IORE locos, 15.000 hp, tractive effort 1200 kN • 1150 Ore waggons, bottom discharge • Speed 60 and 70 km/h • Front end power and 68 cars = 750 m • Total weight 8.500 ton • Transport 30 Mton/annually
  7. 7. DEREGULATED RAIL WAY • Application for train slots (8 months in advance) • Access charges based on tonkm and train type • Quality charges – penalty for delayed trains OPERATOR 1 OPERATOR 2 OPERATOR 3 OPERATOR 4 NATIONAL RAIL ADMINISTRATION TRAFIKVERKET -- IN SWEDEN JERNBANEVERKET - IN NORWAY
  8. 8. ONE OF THE MOST SCENIC RAIL WAYS IN THE WORLD –ANY CHALLENGES FOR RUNNING HEAVY HAUL?
  9. 9. CONDITIONS - WINTER Temperatures below - 40°C and snow depth 1 – 2 m. Example • Switch heaters is used from October through April. • Gauge face lubrication and ToR do not work during winter.
  10. 10. CONDITIONS - WINTER
  11. 11. INTRODUCTION
  12. 12. CONDITIONS - SUMMER • Summer: Extremely short period for track maintenance Examples • During 12 weeks (June – August) track work can be performed. Take away 6 – 8 hours from traffic.
  13. 13. CONDITIONS - SUMMER 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 NARVIK VASSIJAURE BJÖRKLIDEN KIRUNA MB KIRUNA MB S RÅTSI SVAPPAVAARA MTAB 2014 v22-33 M,O,To 2014-04-23 10:10:15 9967 9912 9914 9916 9918 9920 9922 9924 9981 9985 9987 9909 9911 19911 9913 9915 9917 9919 9919 19921 9982 9988 9990 19921 9910 9924 TRACK MAINTENANCE
  14. 14. CHALLENGES NOT ANY DIFFERENT FROM AUSTRALIA? SAFETY CAPACITY SUSTAIN- ABILITY COST EFF.
  15. 15. IORE THE ENERGY EFFICIENT LOCO On the Riksgränsen-Narvik stretch, energy expenses are zero on the Norwegian side and the energy gained there is sufficient to power the empty trains back to Riksgränsen. A fully loaded train set, running the Malmberget- Luleå stretch without stopping, can reach near- zero energy consumption. Dual energy meters measure consumed and regenerated electricity. The use of regenerative electric brakes on the IORE locomotives has meant annual energy savings of about USD 2 million. Narvik Kiruna Malmberget Luleå The CATO (Computer Aided Train Operation) system provides a 20 percent reduction in energy costs.
  16. 16. IT SYSTEM FOR ENERGY EFFICENT TRAINS - CATO CAPACITY SUSTAIN- ABILITY COST EFF. CATO Among Leading Green Innovations world wide To enhance performance of the Heavy Haul operation LKAB and Trafikverket implemented 2011 an advanced On Line Communication Based Driver Advisory System called CATO. The idea was to: - Save energy - Less stops for loaded trains - A more robust train schedule - Better information to the driver - Better communication between dispatcher and driver SAFETY
  17. 17. Main objectives: • More efficient train dispatching and increased utilization of line capacity • Reduced energy and power consumption • Reduced wear on vehicles and track Supplier of system:   - optimal curve speeds - adhesion, avoidance of excessive traction & breaking - ”soft” speed restrictions for track defects CAPACITY SUSTAIN- ABILITY IT SYSTEM FOR ENERGY EFFICENT TRAINS - CATO SAFETY COST EFF.
  18. 18. • The electro dynamic breaking together with new wagons with lower rolling resistance give an energy saving of 25 percent. • The CATO system provide LKAB with a further saving of about USD 2 million per year. • Electricity expenses for train operation at LKAB amount to about USD 9 million per year. • Overall, the transition to new trains with modern technology, and continued investment in new technology, has reduced energy expenses for iron ore shipments by USD 5 million per year. ENERGY EFFICIENT HAULING
  19. 19. eMAINTENANCE or Condition Monitoring SAFETY CAPACITY SUSTAIN- ABILITY COST EFF. I’m running at 1434 rpm I’m 75ºC and I’m hot! The load is 455 N My Remaining Useful Life is 372119 revolutions I need more grease! I’m unaligned I feel fine but you’d better check the rest of the machine
  20. 20. eMAINTENANCE • On-line information is soon available from every train passage – many GByte/train! • How to incorporate this data into the maintenance process? • Need tools and routines to refine the data, present it, set maintenance limits so we can take the right decisions in our maintenance regime. • A joint project is launched between Trafikverket, the operators and the University of Luleå to demonstrate the benefits. It´s called ePilot119. SAFETY CAPACITY SUSTAIN- ABILITY COST EFF.
  21. 21. eMAINTENANCE SAFETY CAPACITY SUSTAIN- ABILITY COST EFF. More info products www.damill.com Contenary Tracker Track Logger S&C OH-Camera Track Stiffness Measurement Automated OH Line Inspection Automated Wagon Inspection Track Force Monitoring Wheel Profile Monitoring
  22. 22. eMAINTENANCE
  23. 23. NEW MINES • Great investments in logistic system • Need for budget intelligent low cost solutions • An example of an idea for small mines is “Turn Dumper” CAPACITY SUSTAIN- ABILITY COST EFF. SAFETY
  24. 24. NEW CONCEPT – TURN DUMPER KIRUNA WAGON • High unloading capacity • Ultralight wagons • Robust and low-cost unloading station SAFETY CAPACITY SUSTAIN- ABILITY COST EFF. Turning ore logistics upside down www.kirunawagon.com
  25. 25. NEW CONCEPT – TURN DUMPER KIRUNA WAGON • Low cost unloading station • Low cost wagons • High productivity SAFETY CAPACITY SUSTAIN- ABILITY COST EFF.
  26. 26. NEW CONCEPT – TURN DUMPER KIRUNA WAGON SAFETY CAPACITY SUSTAIN- ABILITY COST EFF. Turn Dumper Side Discharge Bottom Discharge Gondola Car Rotator Wagon price Unloading Station price Unloading capacity Wagon tare weight System reliability System running cost Suitable for Pellets Concentrate Rock Wet material Hazardous goods Pellets Concentrate Hazardous goods Pellets Rocks Other commodities that are easy to unload Pellets Rocks Other commodities that are easy to unload • Comparison
  27. 27. NEW CONCEPT – TURN DUMPER KIRUNA WAGON • Multiple unloading for increased discharge rate Discharge rate: Up to 3100 tonnes/h and station SAFETY CAPACITY SUSTAIN- ABILITY COST EFF.
  28. 28. NEW CONCEPT – TURN DUMPER KIRUNA WAGON SAFETY CAPACITY SUSTAIN- ABILITY COST EFF. • The self-supporting basket can be moved between different transportation units, in the same way as a container. www.kirunawagon.com
  29. 29. OTHER TYPE OF CHALLENGE – MOVEACITY
  30. 30. NEW KIRUNA
  31. 31. QUESTIONS? THANK YOU FOR LISTENING
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