All content in this
presentation is copyright
and owned by Winangay.
Please seek permission
before using any content.
Winangay
Kinship Carer
Assessment
Stronger ways with kids, carers and families
WINANGAY…
• WINANGAY Resources – Stronger Ways with
Aboriginal Children and Families
• WINANGAY in Gamilaraay means: to kn...
The WINANGAY team
• Aunty Sue
Blacklock
Incorporated Association :
Not-for-profit Aboriginal controlled NGO 4
• Karen Menz...
Why it matters..
• Aunty Sue Blacklock:
• “This is all about our kids,,,
as they are our future !
• This approach means Ab...
Background and Context
Kinship Care is growing
exponentially
• 2012-13 over half (57 per cent)children in
NSW placed with ...
Over-represented and rising!
Indigenous kids
Non indigenous kids
Australian Institute of Health and
Welfare (2013, p.46)
Aboriginal and Torres Strait
Islander Child Placement Principle
• Goal to enhance and preserve the child‟s
connection to f...
Aboriginal Grandparent carers
• One-third (32%) of children living in grandparent
families are Aboriginal
• Third of child...
Kinship carers
• Many children raised by (formally or informally) by their
grandparents and other family.
• Statistics sho...
Australian context-
•Impact of child welfare policies and intergenerational
trauma on Aboriginal communities contribute to...
Australian context
Current Practice
• Current practice paradigms are a major barrier to
Aboriginal and Torres Strait grand...
Families are experts in their own experience and
know more about their own strengths and
vulnerabilities.
Our job is to en...
Kinship care
• “More challenging parenting environment than
unrelated foster parents”
• Children in kinship care have simi...
Current Kinship Care Assessment
Models
• “worker centred” adapted from foster carer
tools:
– focussed on approving-not val...
Emerging best practice
• collaborative approach
• power and decision making is shared
• collaborative exchange of informat...
The Winangay Way…………
Winangay
Principles
of
Aboriginal
Care
Best
Interest of
the Kids Aboriginal
Kids with
Aboriginal
carers
Value
and maintain...
3 Steps for
Workers
1. Relationships
2. Hearing the
Stories to build
understanding
3. Journey
together
(Strengths and
Conc...
1. Relationships
• Genuine Engagement
• Warmth
• Power sharing
Genuine Engagement
Warmth
Power Sharing
2. Hearing the Stories –
Building Understanding
1. Seeing strengths
2. Experts in their own life
3. Yarning and Respecting...
3. Journey Together
Strengths and Concerns
1. WATCH – Look and
Observe
2. LISTEN – Supports: what
exists and what action i...
SCOPE Model:
S = Strengths acknowledged
C = Concerns and unmet needs identified
O = Options and opportunities to address n...
Applying the SCOPE model:
• Relationship (genuine, transparent and
accountable)
• Respect (for individuals, rights, cultur...
An example in action…………
A practical tool
The Winangay development:
• Aim - address major gap as there
were no Aboriginal kinship carer
assessment tools
• Guided by...
Winangay Tool a paradigm shift
• Culturally appropriate tool
• Collaborative, transparent, trauma informed
assessment tool...
Yarning Up…
• 4 collaborative
conversations about :
– Environment and
meeting Needs,
– Staying strong as a
carer,
– KiDs W...
Visual Cards
Bus
Stop
Can you get where you
need to go?
School
Lunches
Bush food
Breakfast
Is there healthy
food at each m...
Tingha Talk
“No
Jawbreakers!”
• 7 cards that allow you to rate
strengths and concerns
Rating Cards and Action Plans
This is deadly,
it is a significant ...
Research Project
• Tools rolling out in Queensland-Carmody
(QATSCIPP (Aboriginal Peak) the Dept of Child Safety and Foster...
Aboriginal Work
(worker training)
Aboriginal Ways to work:
• Kinship vs Foster Care: Roles, responsibilities
• Aboriginal ...
Yarning and Sharing Sessions
(Kinship carer training)
Strong People Strong Ways: Yarning and
Sharing Sessions include:
• W...
Aboriginal Ways (general worker training)
It is all about Respect and Relationship and
working with cultural sensitivity
•...
Conclusion and Recommendations
• Family Support
• Carer Training
• SEWB (social emotional wellbeing) cards
• Disability ca...
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Sue Blacklock, Gillian Bonser, Paula Hayden - Winangay - Culturally appropriate care practices for Indigenous Children

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Sue Blacklock, Gillian Bonser & Paula Hayden delivered the presentation at the 2014 Out of Home Care Summit.

The 2014 Out of Home Care Summit featured highly interactive sessions and a series of four half-day targeted streams covering the current, topical issues in Out of Home Care across Australia. Showcasing innovative solutions and viable strategies, the Summit focused on the highly practical nature of affecting change within the sector.

For more information about the event, please visit: http://www.informa.com.au/outofhome14

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Sue Blacklock, Gillian Bonser, Paula Hayden - Winangay - Culturally appropriate care practices for Indigenous Children

  1. 1. All content in this presentation is copyright and owned by Winangay. Please seek permission before using any content.
  2. 2. Winangay Kinship Carer Assessment Stronger ways with kids, carers and families
  3. 3. WINANGAY… • WINANGAY Resources – Stronger Ways with Aboriginal Children and Families • WINANGAY in Gamilaraay means: to know, to think, to love, to understand. • The WINANGAY Kinship Care Assessment Tool is informed by research, practice wisdom, Aboriginal Elders, academics and service providers and consumers 3
  4. 4. The WINANGAY team • Aunty Sue Blacklock Incorporated Association : Not-for-profit Aboriginal controlled NGO 4 • Karen Menzies • Gill Bonser • Paula Hayden • Deeply concerned by overrepresentation of Aboriginal children in the system • passionate and motivated to work toward change by developing innovative resources for workers • Reconciliation in action – Aboriginal controlled but mixed team each bringing different specialisations
  5. 5. Why it matters.. • Aunty Sue Blacklock: • “This is all about our kids,,, as they are our future ! • This approach means Aboriginal peoples will be listened to and be equal in the process, so kids and Aboriginal carers can say what they need 5
  6. 6. Background and Context Kinship Care is growing exponentially • 2012-13 over half (57 per cent)children in NSW placed with kin • becoming the preferred option for children entering OOHC both in Australian and internationally • projection -in Victoria by 2016 “3 kinship placements for every foster care placement”
  7. 7. Over-represented and rising! Indigenous kids Non indigenous kids Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013, p.46)
  8. 8. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Child Placement Principle • Goal to enhance and preserve the child‟s connection to family and community, and sense of identity and culture in all aspects of government intervention with children – Recognise and protect the rights of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children, family members and communities in child welfare matters. – Increase the level of self-determination for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in child welfare matters. – Reduce the disproportionate representation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children in the child protection system. • Elements of the Principle have been introduced in legislation across all Australian States and Territories to varying extents
  9. 9. Aboriginal Grandparent carers • One-third (32%) of children living in grandparent families are Aboriginal • Third of children (nearly 33.6 per cent or 11,468 ) of those placed in out-of-home care are Aboriginal • Continued over representation of Aboriginal children in out of home care concerning rates and increasing SNAICC (2013)“we risk another stolen generation”
  10. 10. Kinship carers • Many children raised by (formally or informally) by their grandparents and other family. • Statistics show children being raised by grandparents are growing Grandparents carers (children aged 0–14 years) • Twice as likely to be living in a household with a lower or very low household income compared to children living with their parents. 10
  11. 11. Australian context- •Impact of child welfare policies and intergenerational trauma on Aboriginal communities contribute to •Aboriginal kinship carer’s fears and concerns about the welfare and assessment process •Culturally inappropriate assessment tools reflect –poor understanding impact of intergenerational trauma and culturally informed approaches and practices
  12. 12. Australian context Current Practice • Current practice paradigms are a major barrier to Aboriginal and Torres Strait grandparents raising their grandchildren Results: • Loss and grief for the grandparents and families and communities • Trauma for the children removed from all that is familiar to them. • Grandparents, children powerless, alienated and excluded.
  13. 13. Families are experts in their own experience and know more about their own strengths and vulnerabilities. Our job is to engage with them in ways that encourage collaboration and build solid foundations from which to develop a positive intervention plan. (Action Plan) (Salomen N, and Sturmfels D 2011) Families are Experts
  14. 14. Kinship care • “More challenging parenting environment than unrelated foster parents” • Children in kinship care have similar needs & have experienced • “similar levels of trauma and loss and consequent emotional damage as children placed in home based”
  15. 15. Current Kinship Care Assessment Models • “worker centred” adapted from foster carer tools: – focussed on approving-not validating, enabling – reinforce power differentials between kinship carers and workers – fail to capture the insights, knowledge of kinship carers or children
  16. 16. Emerging best practice • collaborative approach • power and decision making is shared • collaborative exchange of information between worker and carer • focus: assessing viability - „enabling‟ the carer, as opposed to „approving‟ • acknowledge families as expert • Aboriginal kinship carer families FGC mobilise resources to meet kid‟s needs
  17. 17. The Winangay Way…………
  18. 18. Winangay Principles of Aboriginal Care Best Interest of the Kids Aboriginal Kids with Aboriginal carers Value and maintain cultural identity and connection Kids and carers have a say and participate in decisions Value and Support for carersKids having stable, safe and long term places to live Empowerment and partnerships Building Strengths and Capacity Respecting and Rights are key Creating safe places and relationships Winangay Principles of care
  19. 19. 3 Steps for Workers 1. Relationships 2. Hearing the Stories to build understanding 3. Journey together (Strengths and Concerns)
  20. 20. 1. Relationships • Genuine Engagement • Warmth • Power sharing Genuine Engagement Warmth Power Sharing
  21. 21. 2. Hearing the Stories – Building Understanding 1. Seeing strengths 2. Experts in their own life 3. Yarning and Respecting 4. Culture: Spirit, Land, Identity 5. Community mobs and Elders 6. Connections and context 7. Safety 8. Social Emotional Wellbeing
  22. 22. 3. Journey Together Strengths and Concerns 1. WATCH – Look and Observe 2. LISTEN – Supports: what exists and what action is needed 3. WAIT – Right Time? Ready? Think? Reflect? Plan? 4. ACT – DO IT: Moving Forward Where to?, how?, when? 5. YARN – Review: is it working?
  23. 23. SCOPE Model: S = Strengths acknowledged C = Concerns and unmet needs identified O = Options and opportunities to address needs mobilise resources, provide services P = Power sharing, participatory respectful processes E = Enabling capacity, empowerment and equality
  24. 24. Applying the SCOPE model: • Relationship (genuine, transparent and accountable) • Respect (for individuals, rights, culture, history and traditions) • Plain English (Tingha test: „No jawbreakers‟) • Listen to family they know the kids • Understand the impact of intergenerational trauma on Aboriginal communities and individuals • Applying trauma informed practices
  25. 25. An example in action………… A practical tool
  26. 26. The Winangay development: • Aim - address major gap as there were no Aboriginal kinship carer assessment tools • Guided by Elders from across Australia, input workers, Aboriginal kids, and carers as well as Aboriginal reference group • Shaped by research - national and international (Dr Marilyn McHugh and Professor Marianne Berry: the Australian Centre for Child Protection)
  27. 27. Winangay Tool a paradigm shift • Culturally appropriate tool • Collaborative, transparent, trauma informed assessment tool • Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal versions • Kinship carers knowledge and insights are sought and valued • Focus on strengths of the carer, safety for the child, concerns and unmet needs, as well as strategies for meeting needs
  28. 28. Yarning Up… • 4 collaborative conversations about : – Environment and meeting Needs, – Staying strong as a carer, – KiDs Wellbeing, – Safety and working well with others
  29. 29. Visual Cards Bus Stop Can you get where you need to go? School Lunches Bush food Breakfast Is there healthy food at each meal? Holidays Hobbie s Time out Looking after you, recharging and staying strong Heading in the same direction Honest and Trustworthy Resolving Conflicts Are the kids carefully supervised? After? How are they going at school? Finishing Going to school Homework Cultural identity NAIDOC Beading class
  30. 30. Tingha Talk “No Jawbreakers!”
  31. 31. • 7 cards that allow you to rate strengths and concerns Rating Cards and Action Plans This is deadly, it is a significant strength! Things are just OK or adequate. This a little or mild concern! Joint Action Plans Optional Graph
  32. 32. Research Project • Tools rolling out in Queensland-Carmody (QATSCIPP (Aboriginal Peak) the Dept of Child Safety and Foster Care Queensland) • Research project funded by the Sidney Myer foundation partnership with Winangay Resources, Professor Fiona Arney (Director Australian Centre for Child Protection) Professor Morag McArthur(Institute Child Protection Studies, ACU) • Research in Australia build evidence base what works working with Aboriginal children and families
  33. 33. Aboriginal Work (worker training) Aboriginal Ways to work: • Kinship vs Foster Care: Roles, responsibilities • Aboriginal Placement Principles and legislation • Collaborative supportive work with carers and kids • Trauma informed approaches with carers and kids • Supporting Cultural Connection Identity and Resilience • Contact strategies and family dynamics • Contingency planning • Staying Strong as a Worker • Report writing and evidence based practices • Resources
  34. 34. Yarning and Sharing Sessions (Kinship carer training) Strong People Strong Ways: Yarning and Sharing Sessions include: • What is Kinship Care?, Roles, responsibilities • Aboriginal Placement Principles • Staying Strong as a Carer • Grief, loss, for carers and kids contingency planning • Growing KiDs Strong • Safety /trauma informed approaches to care • Cultural Connection and Identity • Resilience, • Resources
  35. 35. Aboriginal Ways (general worker training) It is all about Respect and Relationship and working with cultural sensitivity • Cultural safety • Connecting • Vouching • Cultural consultants • Self determination • Reconciliation • Differing perspectives and world views • Kinship Some key cultural understandings: • Communication and decision making • Jawbreakers • Indirect communications • Using Questions • Silence • Eye contact • Shame • Agreement • Growling
  36. 36. Conclusion and Recommendations • Family Support • Carer Training • SEWB (social emotional wellbeing) cards • Disability cards • Non Aboriginal versions – strong uptake especially in CALD contexts
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