Development	
  in	
  Asia-­‐Pacific:	
  opportuni6es	
  
for	
  researchers,	
  students	
  and	
  ac6vists	
  
CHRIS	
  RO...
My	
  argument	
  in	
  a	
  nutshell	
  is:	
  	
  
1.  Australia	
  is	
  part	
  of	
  the	
  Asia-­‐Pacific	
  not	
  s...
There	
  a	
  number	
  of	
  important	
  and	
  common	
  
	
  challenges	
  that	
  face	
  the	
  region	
  	
  
Poverty	
  and	
  inequality	
  in	
  Asia/Pacific	
  
‘Asia-­‐Pacific	
  Aspira6ons:	
  Perspec6ves	
  for	
  a	
  Post-­‐2...
‘Asia-­‐Pacific	
  Aspira6ons:	
  Perspec6ves	
  for	
  a	
  Post-­‐2015	
  Development	
  Agenda’	
  ,	
  ESCAP/ADB/UNDP	
...
Disaster	
  Risk	
  Reduc6on	
  and	
  Response	
  
Disasters	
  present	
  a	
  serious	
  
development	
  challenge:	
  ...
Unemployment	
  
‘Asia-­‐Pacific	
  Aspira6ons:	
  Perspec6ves	
  for	
  a	
  Post-­‐2015	
  Development	
  Agenda’	
  ,	
 ...
• Over	
  60%	
  of	
  the	
  world’s	
  youth	
  live	
  
in	
  Asia-­‐Pacific.	
  
• Youth	
  make	
  up	
  about	
  19%	...
 	
  	
  	
  	
  Australia	
  has	
  as	
  much	
  to	
  learn	
  from,	
  and	
  with,	
  
other	
  countries,	
  ins6tu6...
Why	
  is	
  this	
  Important?	
  
• 	
  Complex	
  problems	
  	
  requires	
  drawing	
  together	
  mul6ple	
  
perspe...
Oh	
  and….	
  
Inequality	
  is	
  increasing	
  
in	
  Australia	
  too….	
  
Not	
  to	
  men6on	
  the	
  	
  
‘gaps’	...
Oh	
  and….	
  
The	
  risk	
  of	
  disaster	
  related	
  	
  
events	
  is	
  expected	
  to	
  grow	
  
The	
  IPCC	
 ...
Oh	
  and….	
  
Youth	
  Unemployment	
  	
  
is	
  a	
  key	
  issue	
  for	
  us	
  too	
  
Not	
  to	
  men6on	
  
traffi...
 	
  	
  	
  	
  Universi6es	
  could	
  play	
  a	
  greater	
  role	
  in	
  brokering	
  
collabora6on	
  on	
  these	
...
What	
  could	
  Universi6es	
  	
  do	
  more	
  of?	
  
1.  Build	
  capabili6es*	
  	
  commensurate	
  with	
  the	
  ...
A	
  movement	
  made	
  up	
  of	
  2,400	
  	
  
organisa6ons	
  in	
  six	
  South	
  
Asian	
  countries.	
  
The	
  c...
Encourage	
  collabora6on	
  between	
  Universi6es	
  
Roche(2103)	
  Effec6ve	
  partnerships	
  between	
  NGOs,	
  civi...
Incen6ves	
  for	
  change?	
  
Within	
  universi6es:	
  
•  devote	
  more	
  resources	
  to	
  collabora6ve	
  
partne...
“If	
  you	
  have	
  come	
  here	
  to	
  help	
  me,	
  you	
  are	
  was6ng	
  
our	
  6me.	
  	
  
But	
  if	
  you	
...
Professor Chris Roche, Associate Professor and Chair in International Development, La Trobe University - Opportunities off...
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Professor Chris Roche, Associate Professor and Chair in International Development, La Trobe University - Opportunities offered through developmental and community projects in Asia

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Prof. Chris Roche delivered the presentation at the 2014 Australia Asia Education Engagement Symposium.

The Australia Asia Education Engagement Symposium explores key drivers for engagement and set in context the urgent need for Australia to focus attention on building deeper and broader education coalitions and partnerships with Asia.

For more information about the event, please visit: http://www.informa.com.au/ausasiaeducation14

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Professor Chris Roche, Associate Professor and Chair in International Development, La Trobe University - Opportunities offered through developmental and community projects in Asia

  1. 1. Development  in  Asia-­‐Pacific:  opportuni6es   for  researchers,  students  and  ac6vists   CHRIS  ROCHE   INSTITUTE  FOR  HUMAN  SECURITY  AND  SOCIAL  CHANGE,   LA  TROBE  UNIVERSITY   31S T MARCH- 1 APRIL 2014, INAUGURAL AUSTRALIA ASIA EDUCATION ENGAGEMENT SYMPOSIUM
  2. 2. My  argument  in  a  nutshell  is:     1.  Australia  is  part  of  the  Asia-­‐Pacific  not  separate  from  it,   2.  There  a  number  of  important  and  common  challenges  that  face  the   region  e.g.  Disasters  &  Climate  Change;  Poverty  &  Inequality;  Youth   Employment;  Trafficking  &  Violence  against  Women;    Indigenous  people   and  Development,  and  Popula6on  Movements.     3.  Australia  has  as  much  to  learn  from,  and  with,  other  countries,   ins6tu6ons  and  people  in  the  region  as  it  has  to  offer,   4.  Universi6es  could  play  a  greater  role  in  brokering  collabora6on  on  these   issues,  AND  build  the  capabili6es  to  work  in  this  way,  but  this  would   need    a  number  of  changes.  
  3. 3. There  a  number  of  important  and  common    challenges  that  face  the  region    
  4. 4. Poverty  and  inequality  in  Asia/Pacific   ‘Asia-­‐Pacific  Aspira6ons:  Perspec6ves  for  a  Post-­‐2015  Development  Agenda’  ,  ESCAP/ADB/UNDP     Regional  MDGs  Report  2012/13   •   743m  people  s6ll  living   on  less  than  $1.25  per  day   •   60%  of  the  world’s   hungry   •   The  popula6on-­‐weighted   mean  Gini  coefficient  for   the  en6re  region  has  risen   from  33.5  in  1990  to  37.5.  
  5. 5. ‘Asia-­‐Pacific  Aspira6ons:  Perspec6ves  for  a  Post-­‐2015  Development  Agenda’  ,  ESCAP/ADB/UNDP     Regional  MDGs  Report  2012/13,  p.19  
  6. 6. Disaster  Risk  Reduc6on  and  Response   Disasters  present  a  serious   development  challenge:     • 61%  of  global  losses  from   disasters  was  sustained  by  the   region  in  the  past  20  years.   • 40%  of  floods  worldwide   happened  in  the  region  in  the   past  30  years.   More  than  1.6  billion  people   were  affected  by  disasters  in  the   region  since  2000.   “Strong,  Safe  and  Resilient  –  A  Strategic  Policy  Guide  for  Disaster  Risk  Management  in  the  East  Asia    and  the  Pacific,”    World  Bank    2013  
  7. 7. Unemployment   ‘Asia-­‐Pacific  Aspira6ons:  Perspec6ves  for  a  Post-­‐2015  Development  Agenda’  ,  ESCAP/ADB/UNDP     Regional  MDGs  Report  2012/13,  p.29  
  8. 8. • Over  60%  of  the  world’s  youth  live   in  Asia-­‐Pacific.   • Youth  make  up  about  19%  of  the   region’s  total  popula6on.     • This  translates  into  more  than  750   million  young  women  and  men   aged  15  to  24  years.     • Pacific  Youth  Unemployment  stands   at  c.  23%,  SE  Asia  c.13%   Youth  Unemployment   REGIONAL  OVERVIEW:  YOUTH  IN  ASIA  AND  THE    PACIFIC,  UNESCAP  2012    
  9. 9.          Australia  has  as  much  to  learn  from,  and  with,   other  countries,  ins6tu6ons  and  people  in  the   region  as  it  has  to  offer,  
  10. 10. Why  is  this  Important?   •   Complex  problems    requires  drawing  together  mul6ple   perspec6ves,  mul6ple  cons6tuencies  and  diverse  world-­‐views.     •   It  is  olen  the  collision  of  ideas,            perspec6ves  and  hunches  that            creates  true  innova6on.     •   We  need  to  avoid  crea6ng            ‘paper  bridges’ See  Ramalingam  (2013  )  ‘Aid  on  the  Edge  of  Chaos’,  Johnson  (2010)  ‘Where  Good  Ideas  Come  From’,   Lant  Pritchep  et  al  (2010)  ‘The  Mechanisms  of  Persistent  Implementa6on  Failure’  
  11. 11. Oh  and….   Inequality  is  increasing   in  Australia  too….   Not  to  men6on  the     ‘gaps’  in  Indigenous   Health,  educa6on  &   employment  
  12. 12. Oh  and….   The  risk  of  disaster  related     events  is  expected  to  grow   The  IPCC  5th  Assessment  Report  30  March  2014   chapter  on  Australasia  listed  some  key  risks,   including:   •  Increasing  risk  of  death,  infrastructure  losses  and   ecosystem  damage  due  to  wildfires,  heat-­‐waves  and   floods   •  Increasing  risk  to  coastal  infrastructure  and  low-­‐lying   ecosystems  in  Australia  and  New  Zealand  from   conKnuing  sea  level  rise   •  Significant  change  in  community  composiKon  and   structure  of  coral  reef  systems  in  Australia   •  Constraints  on  water  resources  in  southern  Australia  and   a  significant  reducKon  in  agricultural  producKon  in  the   Murray-­‐Darling  Basin  and  far  south-­‐eastern  and  south-­‐ western  Australia  if  scenarios  of  severe  drying  are   realised.   •  The  intensity  of  tropical  cyclones  is  also  projected  to   increase.  
  13. 13. Oh  and….   Youth  Unemployment     is  a  key  issue  for  us  too   Not  to  men6on   trafficking,  popula6on   movement  etc   AUSTRALIAN    YOUTH  UNEMPLOYMENT  2014:    SNAPSHOT,  BROTHERHOOD  OF  ST  LAURENCE  
  14. 14.          Universi6es  could  play  a  greater  role  in  brokering   collabora6on  on  these  issues,  AND  build  the   capabili6es  to  work  in  this  way,  but  this  would  need     a  number  of  changes.  
  15. 15. What  could  Universi6es    do  more  of?   1.  Build  capabili6es*    commensurate  with  the  issues:  inter-­‐disciplinary   &  systems  thinking;    adap6ve  leadership  &  inter-­‐cultural  skills;     network  &  mobilising  skills;    a  global  ethic/solidarity  e.g.  ‘Making   Social  Change  Happen’  subject  at  La  Trobe.   2.  Understand  and  share  the  ‘front-­‐line  prac6ce’  of  community-­‐based   organisa6ons,  reform  coali6ons  and  social  movements,  and  use   ‘posi6ve  deviance’  to  explore  how  these  types  of  ini6a6ves  might  be   beper  encouraged  e.g.  Ins6tute  for  Human  Security  and  Social   Change  agenda   *  Rufus  Black  ‘Educa6ng  the  Millennial  Genera6on’  
  16. 16. A  movement  made  up  of  2,400     organisa6ons  in  six  South   Asian  countries.   The  central  force  of  the   campaign  is  people  who  bring   change  –  Change     Makers.  There  are  now  over   2.7  million  Change  Makers     WE  CAN  
  17. 17. Encourage  collabora6on  between  Universi6es   Roche(2103)  Effec6ve  partnerships  between  NGOs,  civil  society  organisa6ons  &  universi6es    h$ps://beyond2015.acu.ac.uk/submissions/view?id=47  
  18. 18. Incen6ves  for  change?   Within  universi6es:   •  devote  more  resources  to  collabora6ve   partnerships,  learning  &  applied  research  outside     universi6es,   •  buy-­‐in  at  senior-­‐level  for  collabora6on  -­‐  6me   devoted  to  rela6onship-­‐building,  influen6al  outputs   (e.g.  blogs)  and  policy  engagement,   •  Changed  Metrics  &  the  ‘habits  of  ins6tu6ons’  to   reward  researchers  &  teaching  staff  for  connec6ng,   and  policy  dialogue,  not  only  mee6ng  academic   demands  for  peer-­‐reviewed  ar6cles  or  aprac6ng   the  research  or  teaching  dollar.  
  19. 19. “If  you  have  come  here  to  help  me,  you  are  was6ng   our  6me.     But  if  you  have  come  because  your  libera6on  is  bound   up  with  mine,  then  let  us  work  together.”     Lilla  Watson  
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