John Thynne - CASA - Guidelines for UAV in the National Airspace System
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John Thynne - CASA - Guidelines for UAV in the National Airspace System

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John Thynne, Manager Safety Systems Office, CASA delivered the presentation at the 2014 Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) in the Resources Industry. ...

John Thynne, Manager Safety Systems Office, CASA delivered the presentation at the 2014 Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) in the Resources Industry.

The 2014 Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) in the Resources Industry explored the enormous potential of UAVs within mining and resources operations.

For more information about the event, please visit: http://www.informa.com.au/uavresourcesconference14


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John Thynne - CASA - Guidelines for UAV in the National Airspace System John Thynne - CASA - Guidelines for UAV in the National Airspace System Presentation Transcript

  • Remotely Piloted Aircraft in civil airspace D14/264674
  • TERMINOLOGY Unmanned aircraft system Remotely-piloted aircraft Remote pilot station Remotely-piloted aircraft system Remote pilot Remote Pilot License Remote crew member RPA observer UAS operator certificate Detect and avoid UAS (umbrella term) RPA RPS RPAS (RPA+RPS+C2) RPL UOC (AOC comp.) D&A
  • RPAs Global Hawk ScanEagle
  • RPAs as a Tool • RPA’s are able to carry a vast array of payloads from simple cameras through thermal and IR imagery to LIDAR and multi sectoral sensors • CASA is engaged with manufacturers and operators of large and small RPAs, examining ways in which they can be used and developed within many industries • RPAs have become a recognised cost effective tool for surveying and photo geometry
  • RPAs as a Tool in the Mining Industry • CASA understands the importance of using RPAs as a means of improving productivity within the mining sector • CASA also understands that the use of RPA can often remove humans from situations that would be considered high risk or highly fatiguing • From CASA’s perspective, safety in all aspects, including use of airspace, is the prime consideration: this takes precedence over any considerations of economic viability
  • CASA’s regulatory framework • The Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998 (CASR) Part 101 was promulgated in 2002 • A Notice of Proposed Rule Making has recently been published to address concerns with, and update, the current regulation to reflect ICAO and terminology changes • A new rule part, specific to commercial RPAs, is also under early consideration and will most likely move to the consultation phase late next year. • Our theory and thinking for the new regulatory framework is based on the management of risk and applying a competency based approach rather than prescriptive regulation
  • RPA Classification by Weight • CASA considers RPA of 2 kg and below have a low kinetic energy, pose little risk to aviation and have a low potential for harm to people and property on the ground. • By coupling this weight with a set of operational restrictions reduces the risk. • RPA of 2 kg and below while they are being operated under the standard RPA operating conditions will not need a UOC. • RPA above 2 kg and all RPA operating outside of the standard RPA operating conditions will need a UOC. •
  • RPA Classification Current Proposed Small < 150 kg Small <2 kg Med 2-150kg Large >150 kg Lge - > 150 kg Future Small - < 20 kg Med - 20 – 600 kg Lge - > 600 kg
  • Process for approving RPA Operations • The current process for obtaining an RPA operator’s certificate, while rigorous, is quite straight forward and relatively inexpensive • All operators must have a CASA-issued Controller’s Certificate, and all organisations using RPA must have an organisational approval; known as an Unmanned Operators Certificate - this still applies in remote areas and on private property • Without these you cannot gain insurance to cover the operation of the RPA
  • Process for approving RPA Operations • CASA offers extensive information and support for prospective RPA controllers and UOC holders • Currently the process for gaining approval as a UOC holder is taking an average of 8 weeks • To gain a controller certificate a person may attend an approved basic RPAS training school, or self study and undertake the PPL theory exam and obtain training from the RPA manufacturer • The best place to start is to look at the CASA website, or contact the RPAS team here: uas@casa.gov.au
  • Regulation of administered airspace • CASA has carriage of regulating Australian-administered airspace - however CASA alone does not manage Australian airspace • CASA, Air Services Australia and Defence all have roles in managing and controlling parts of the airspace • In some cases, for operations in certain areas, all three bodies must consult to form a view on whether the operation can be undertaken safely.
  • Privacy concerns • CASA has no regulatory powers in this area • Dealing with matters related to privacy is a matter for the Australian Privacy Commissioner • CASA does however encourage all approved operators to adopt a fly neighbourly policy
  • Challenges • Rapidly changing technology • Massive growth in the volume and types of operations to which RPAS are tasked • Quality and reliability of the system • Level of autonomy • Operations beyond visual line of sight • Multiple area approvals • CASA surveillance of operations
  • Human Factors • Beyond visual line of sight • Fatigue • Informed detect and avoid • Accidents and incidents – Reporting – Investigation – Corrective action
  • Thank You • Questions