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John Rogerson - Australian Drug Foundation - What’s the role of drugs and alcohol on the development of young people?
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John Rogerson - Australian Drug Foundation - What’s the role of drugs and alcohol on the development of young people?

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John Rogerson delivered the presentation at the 2014 Young People at Risk Forum. …

John Rogerson delivered the presentation at the 2014 Young People at Risk Forum.

The 2014 Young People at Risk Forum reviewed the challenges and solutions surrounding intervention programs around topics such as suicide prevention, substance abuse, mental health, education, employment and housing. Additionally, the forum focused on culturally competent care and care within Aboriginal communities.

For more information about the event, please visit: http://www.informa.com.au/yprisk14

Published in: Education, Health & Medicine

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  • 1. The Role of Drugs in the Development of Young People Young People at Risk Forum June 2014 .
  • 2. Today’s Focus • Why young people use drugs • What are the risks • What drugs are young people taking • The Costs • Alcohol • Risk and Protective factors • Changing our culture
  • 3. What is a drug? A drug is a substance, other than food, which is taken to change the way the body and/or mind function.
  • 4. Australia – a drug taking society • Alcohol • Tobacco • Pharmaceuticals • Illicit • New Psychoactive Substances • PIED’s – Performance and Image Enhancing Drugs
  • 5. Problems Stress Boredom Relaxation Curiosity Good time Performance enhancement Weight management Why do people use drugs
  • 6. Types of drug use Therapeutic use Experimental use Recreational use Situational use Intensive use or 'bingeing' Dependent use
  • 7. Photo by illuminaut - Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License http://www.flickr.com/photos/21611336@N00 Created with Haiku Deck Physical injuries Road injury Suicide Assault Drowning
  • 8. % Proportion of 16-17 year old current drinkers and the proportion drinking more than four drinks on a single occasion in the past seven days, 1984-2011 2011 ASSAD Survey
  • 9. Illicit Drug Use • Increasing use: – Amphetamines/methamphetamines – Cocaine • Decreasing use – cannabis – ecstasy
  • 10. Criminal Black Market • 1 gram Heroin in Kabul $2 • 1 gram Heroin in Western Europe $300 • Street price set mainly by risk of getting drugs into countries - “price of risk” • Est. world retail value $320 billion/year – Cocaine $70b – Heroin $60b • Farmer’s share $2b
  • 11. Performance enhancing drugs Growth hormones Peptides Steroids Acne Hair loss Depression High blood pressure Liver heart problems Testicle and prostate issues
  • 12. New Psychoactive Substances
  • 13. Pharmaceuticals Non-medical use of prescription drugs
  • 14. Cost in Community Deaths per year Economic Cost per Year Tobacco 19,000 $32 billion Alcohol 3,200 $15 billion Illicit 1,020 $8 billion
  • 15. UNDER 25 Studies show that those who drink regularly may be more at risk of learning and memory issues and even suffer from long term effects. Effects of alcohol
  • 16. Trends in consumption of Alcohol PER CAPITA ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION HAS FALLEN BELOW 1970'S LEVELS Adult per capita alcohol consumption over past 30 years (Population 15 yrs and older, alcohol consumption in litres of pure alcohol - Lals) 11.48 11.54 11.88 11.66 11.87 12.48 12.2 11.62 11.22 10.82 9.94 9.89 9.51 9.84 9.6 9.73 9.53 9.88 9.75 9.76 9.65 8 8.5 9 9.5 10 10.5 11 11.5 12 12.5 13 1973-74 1975-76 1977-78 1979-80 1981-82 1983-84 1985-86 1987-88 1988-90 1991-92 1993-94 1995-96 1997-98 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 Year Lalspercapita-15yearsold
  • 17. 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Hotel licences On-premise licences Packagedlicences
  • 18. Alcohol implicated in: • 73% assaults • 77% street offences • 40% domestic violence • 60% of all Police call outs • 90% late night call outs by Police • 34% of homicide offenders & 31% of their victims
  • 19. 329% 191% 133% EMERGENCY PRESENTATIONS HOSPITALISATIONS INTOXICATION 2000-2010 AMBULANCE ATTENDANCES INCREASED BY
  • 20. 14,851 86% 27% (Melbourne/metro) 42% (regional) TRANSPORTED TO HOSPITAL 2012/13 VICTORIAN AMBULANCE ATTENDANCES ALCOHOL RELATED INCREASES FROM THE PREVIOUS YEAR
  • 21. Effectiveness of Alcohol StrategiesSource: Adapted from Babor et al (2003) Strategy Effectiveness Cost Regulate pricing $ Lower BAC limits for all drivers $$ Enforce liquor licensing laws $$$ Limit availability of alcohol $ Restrict hours of alcohol sales $ Limit no. of alcohol outlets $ Community mobilisation $$ Workplace interventions $$ Curb sport alcohol sponsorship $$$ Social marketing $$$
  • 22. Disconnection Unemployment Lack of a future Abusive relationships Mental Health Trauma Peer use Availability RISK FACTORS
  • 23. Photo by Hammonton Photography - Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License http://www.flickr.com/photos/25880282@N04 Created with Haiku Deck Life experiences Peer group Effectiveness of family management
  • 24. Parental AOD misuse yelling more often, being inattentive, being more self-focused, using reactive or authoritarian parenting, creating an atmosphere of secrecy and allowing children to take on a parenting type role.
  • 25. Informal relationships - with extended family members, neighbours, friends and friends' families - were very important
  • 26. Our Good Sports Evidence Metropolitan Football Survey (2000)
  • 27. Culture “The way we do things around here!” Messages sent by: 1. Behaviour, eg. what is done and said 2. Symbols, eg. where time is spent, resources invested 3. Systems, eg. budgeting, people development process, performance management
  • 28. Changing the culture – Good Sports 1. Behaviour – not serving U/18, drunks etc., leaders (coaches too!) role model required behaviour 2. Symbols – no cheap drink promotions, alcohol not the ‘centre’ of fundraisers, low & non alcohol products in bar 3. Systems – all servers RSA trained, comply with liquor licence conditions, safe transport strategy Integration, consistency and accountability
  • 29. Thurgoona Football/Netball Club Prior to 2006 – Alcohol fuelled violence & foul language – Frequent alcohol licensing irregularities – Low club membership – 1 - 2 Drink Driving offences per season – Very poor local community image
  • 30. Thurgoona Football/Netball Club Key Changes 1. ‘Community and Family Orientated’ focus 2. Priorities – Increasing membership – Increasing financial turnover – Attracting better skilled players 3. Introduced behaviour ‘Codes of Practice’ 4. Sponsored Responsible Service of Alcohol training (23) 5. Reduced liquor operating by two hours to 10pm
  • 31. Thurgoona Football/Netball Club Key Outcomes 1. 100% increase in revenue (now $155,000) – Alcohol sales 12% (previously 58%) 2. 65% increase in sponsorship revenue 3. More teams 4. 500% increase in spectators (600 per match) 5. No drink driving offences 6. Police Command regard the club as a model club.
  • 32. “But wouldn’t Symonds be right to be just a little confused at this moral outrage from an organisation (Cricket Australia) that shows such an enthusiasm for alcohol in its commercial arrangements, and a sport that cannot rid itself of its addiction?” Mike Atherton, ex Captain of England
  • 33. RL Approach “Wherever you go in RL – from an under 6 match to a corporate function - you will get consistent messages around expected alcohol behaviours” Paul Heptonstall (ARL)
  • 34. “Our most alarming statistic is that in 2009, we lost more people in alcohol-related incidents than to war. In my view they are not accidents, they are people-made incidents.” Chief of Army, LTGEN Ken Gillespie, 2010 http://images.defence.gov.au/12132567
  • 35. Extra strength sticky labels
  • 36. Preferred label
  • 37. BE INFORMED www.theothertalk.org.au
  • 38. Support • Directline 1 800 888 236 • Counselling online www.counsellingonline.org.au • Druginfo 1 300 858 584 druginfo@adf.org.au www.druginfo.adf.org.au • SMS text 0439 835 563 • Family Drug Support 1 300 660 068
  • 39. We advocate for change. Change that promotes healthy people, strong communities. Find information on drugs and alcohol at druginfo.adf.org.au or call 1300 85 85 84.