Jesse Baker - RISSB - National approach to Type Approvals


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Jesse Baker, Manager - Safety & Systems, RISSB delivered this presentation at the Rail Safety Conference 2014. Rail Safety 2014 brought together the key national decision-makers to deliver new ideas and develop innovative ways to leverage technology for safer outcomes.

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Jesse Baker - RISSB - National approach to Type Approvals

  1. 1. National Track Worker Safety Forum - National approach to Type Approvals 25/03/2014 Jesse Baker – Manager Safety & Systems RISSB
  2. 2. •  Type Approval = approval of a specific item of railway equipment for a defined application. •  Fundamental to approval is safety: railway people, customers and public. •  Some other countries do approvals/acceptance centrally. •  In Australia, each accredited operator (RTO - must ensure safety SFAIRP as per their SMS in accordance with the law). That means they will all have their own processes. •  RISSB is about to publish a standard designed to harmonise, and provide rigour while not creating undue burden. Type Approval
  3. 3. •  Introduction – with the usual •  Wayfinding / purpose / scope / justification / references / definitions etc •  Responsibilities •  ARO (RTO) / supplier / ITR •  Submission •  Criteria / supporting info •  Evaluation •  Independence / requirements / outputs / process / trials / cross acceptance / audit The RISSB Standard AS7678 (Type Approval)
  4. 4. •  Review •  Purpose / independence / process •  Certification •  Full / provisional / restricted Type Approval Certificate •  Withdrawal •  Records AS7678 cont It’s all about context !!!
  5. 5. A word on context •  Dihydrogen Monoxide (DHMO) •  Dihydrogen Oxide, Hydrogen Hydroxide, Hydronium Hydroxide, or simply Hydric acid. •  Colourless and odourless chemical compound. •  Basis is highly reactive hydroxyl radical. •  Shown to mutate DNA, denature proteins, disrupt cell membranes, and chemically alter critical neurotransmitters.
  6. 6. Dihydrogen Monoxide •  Causal factor 1000s of deaths, millions upon millions of dollars in damage to property and the environment. •  In people •  Death due to accidental inhalation of DHMO, even in small quantities. •  Prolonged exposure to solid DHMO causes severe tissue damage. •  Excessive ingestion produces a number of unpleasant though not typically life-threatening side-effects. •  Gaseous DHMO can cause severe burns. •  Found in biopsies of pre-cancerous tumors and lesions. •  More broadly •  DHMO is a major component of acid rain. •  Contributes to soil erosion. •  Leads to corrosion and oxidation of many metals. •  Contamination of electrical systems often causes short-circuits. •  Exposure decreases effectiveness of automobile brakes.
  7. 7. •  Shocking applications • Industrial solvent s & coolants • Nuclear power plants • U.S. Navy - propulsion systems of some older vessels • Production of Styrofoam • Biological and chemical weapons manufacture • Genetically engineering crops and animals • Spray-on fire suppressant and retardant • Major ingredient in many home made bombs • Historically, in Hitler's death camps in Nazi Germany, and in prisons in Turkey, Serbia, Croatia, Libya, Iraq and Iran • In World War II prison camps in Japan, and in prisons in China, for various forms of torture • During many recent religious and ethnic wars in the Middle East • By many terrorist organizations including al Qaeda • Animal research laboratories • In pesticide production and distribution •  Everyday applications • Additive to food products, including jarred baby food and baby formula, and even in many soups, carbonated beverages and supposedly "all-natural" fruit juices • Cough medicines and other liquid pharmaceuticals • Shampoos, shaving creams, deodorants and numerous other bathroom products • Bathtub bubble products marketed to children • Preservative in grocery store fresh produce sections • Production of beer by all the major beer distributors • In the coffee available at major coffee houses in the US and abroad
  8. 8. Dihydrogen Monoxide •  Nathan Zohner (award-winning U.S. scientist) research roughly 86 percent of US supports a ban on dihydrogen monoxide. •  A similar study by U.S. researchers Patrick K. McCluskey and Matthew Kulick found nearly 90 percent of citizens were willing to sign a petition supporting an outright ban in the United States. Di = 2 (hydrogen) Mon = mono = 1 (oxygen) Dihydrogen Monoxide = 2 hydrogens & an oxygen = H2O
  9. 9. Type Approval Rail Safety •  ISA Report, Safety Case doc or FMECA analysis (ref ISO 31000). •  Supplier to provide any safety analysis info (eg SIL). •  No safety impact - document (proof of safety of operation not required). •  The Supplier should provide details of: •  failure modes, degraded modes (effect on operation of partial failure), emergency operation; •  the effect on railway operations of degraded modes of failure; •  emergency operations; •  fire performance: flammability and smoke; •  vandal resistance.
  10. 10. Work Health & Safety •  The Supplier shall provide details of any requirements for handling of the product including: •  environmental impacts during the service life; and •  environmental impacts on the during de-commissioning; and •  environmental impacts during disposal. •  The Supplier shall provide a Material Safety Data Sheet in accordance with the relevant National Code of Practice. •  The Supplier shall provide details of ergonomic and human factors issues as they relate to crew, passengers, maintainers and the disabled.
  11. 11. Thankyou Questions?