The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland
15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012.
Ian Ker
CATALYST
Consul...
The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland
15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012.
The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland
15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012.
Why Transport?
 The de...
The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland
15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012.
Active Transport, Infra...
The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland
15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012.
The School Travel Conun...
The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland
15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012.
The Work Travel Conundr...
The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland
15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012.
Economy Society Environ...
The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland
15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012.
Active Transport
Strate...
The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland
15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012.
Benefits of Active Tran...
The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland
15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012.
Benefits of Active Tran...
The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland
15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012.
Source: Ker I, Fishman ...
The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland
15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012.
 Behavioural programs
...
The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland
15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012.
 Behavioural programs
...
The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland
15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012.
 Strategic Alignment
...
The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland
15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012.
 Strategic Alignment
...
The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland
15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012.
Financial Impacts
 Tra...
The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland
15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012.
Source: Ker I, Fishman ...
The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland
15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012.
 Speed = Distance/Trav...
The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland
15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012.
 Independent mobility ...
The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland
15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012.
The Bottom Line
 The b...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

The economics of active transport in Queensland

1,117

Published on

Ian Ker, Adjunct Associate Professor Transport Studies, Curtin University & Principal, Catalyst delivered this presentation at the 2012 Queensland Transport Infrastructure Summit.
The State Transport Infrastructure Series of events represent the leading forums in Australia to assess the future plans for transport infrastructure development and financing across Australia. For more information, please visit http://www.statetransportevents.com.au

Published in: Technology, Economy & Finance
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,117
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
17
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The economics of active transport in Queensland

  1. 1. The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland 15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012. Ian Ker CATALYST Consulting in Applied Transport, Access and Land use sYSTems
  2. 2. The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland 15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012.
  3. 3. The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland 15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012. Why Transport?  The demand for transport is a derived demand  We travel to achieve something else  What we achieve through transport is more important than how much we travel  Some achievements are positive  Access to employment, education, recreation, goods, services  Maintaining social relationships  Some achievements are negative  Air pollution, climate change and other environmental impacts  Social isolation (esp. if you don’t have a car)  Obesity and disease resulting from too little exercise The West Australian, 9 April 2012
  4. 4. The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland 15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012. Active Transport, Infrastructure and Urban Development  Opportunity to influence:  Urban form  Cost of transport  Social and economic well-being  Individual and community health The West Australian, 9 April 2012
  5. 5. The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland 15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012. The School Travel Conundrum
  6. 6. The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland 15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012. The Work Travel Conundrum Public transport perceived as poor commuting option Workers drive to work Public transport actually gets worse Public transport use decreases Fewer commuters use public transport Public transport services are reduced
  7. 7. The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland 15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012. Economy Society Environment Sustainability Transport Health Climate Change Active Transport Reduced car use More physical activity Less fossil fuel use Local environmental sustainability Community vitality Better accessibility Less congestion Lower cost transport Improved physical and mental health Improved educational outcomes Economic robustness Global Environmental sustainability Active Transport in Context
  8. 8. The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland 15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012. Active Transport Strategy/Actions Effectiveness Change in active transport Change in car use Benefit values for active transport Benefit values for car use Net benefit of change in active transport Accrual period for outcomes Durability of transport activity change Changing real values over time Time series of benefits
  9. 9. The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland 15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012. Benefits of Active Transport  Reduced car traffic  Vehicle operating costs  Congestion  Roadway cost savings  Parking cost savings  Road Trauma  Emissions  Air pollution  Greenhouse and climate change  Increased physical activity  Health and fitness  Mortality  Morbidity/Well-Being  Mental health  Education and learning  Social/Community  Improved accessibility  Reduced traffic barriers  Equity  Option value
  10. 10. The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland 15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012. Benefits of Active Transport  Reduced car traffic  Vehicle operating costs  Congestion  Roadway cost savings  Parking cost savings  Road Trauma  Emissions  Air pollution  Greenhouse and climate change  Increased physical activity  Health and fitness  Mortality  Morbidity/Well-Being  Mental health  Education and learning  Social/Community  Improved accessibility  Reduced traffic barriers  Equity  Option value
  11. 11. The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland 15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012. Source: Ker I, Fishman E, Garrard J, Litman T (2011). Cost and Health Benefit of Active Transport in Queensland: Research and Review, Stage One Report. Prepared by CATALYST for Health Promotion Queensland. Benefits of Active Transport  Per 1000 annual reduction in car-km of travel
  12. 12. The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland 15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012.  Behavioural programs  Household - $75 to $100 per household  School - $25,000 per primary school  Workplace – up to $200/employee upfront and up to $300/per employee ongoing – but highly variable  Infrastructure – Cycling  Off-road path - $120,000 to $600,000 per kilometre  On-road cycle lane - $200,000 per kilometre (both sides of street)  Bicycle parking - $300 per rack (parks two bikes)  Infrastructure – Walking  Should be integral part of urban development  Zebra crossing - $5,000 to $10,000 Costs of Active Transport
  13. 13. The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland 15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012.  Behavioural programs  Household – from 13:1 to 75:1  North Brisbane from 24:1 to 40:1 depending on how much additional public transport capacity required  School – from 3:1 to 6:1 for school trips only  Workplace – up to 35:1 (4.5:1 in WA, with very low health value)  Sufficient to attract business to participate in programs – workplace travel planning benefit calculator for Victorian DoI and AGO  Infrastructure – Cycling  Typically from 3:1 to 5:1  Greater with complete and connected networks  Even high-cost projects, which are usually in areas of high demand  Infrastructure – Walking  Benefits from $4,000 to $7,000 for 1000km walking per year including health benefits Returns on Investment in Active Transport
  14. 14. The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland 15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012.  Strategic Alignment  Health  Transport  Environment  Education  Planning  Energy Beyond Benefit-Cost Analysis  Stakeholder Benefits  Individual/Household  Financial  Transport  Health  Time?  Public Sector Finances  Transport system costs  Health system costs  GST revenues
  15. 15. The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland 15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012.  Strategic Alignment  Health  Transport  Environment  Education  Planning  Energy Beyond Benefit-Cost Analysis  Stakeholder Benefits  Individual/Household  Financial  Transport  Health  Time?  Public Sector Finances  Transport system costs  Health system costs  GST revenues
  16. 16. The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland 15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012. Financial Impacts  Transport costs  12-16 cents/km for smallest cars  18-19 cents/km for Falcon or Commodore  GST Revenues  GST on fuel returned to States  Queensland receives about 10% less (increasing to 16% by 2013/4) than it contributes for other GST revenues.  Funding of health services  Federal Government: 44%  State/Territory Gov’t: 24%  Private (inc. insurance): 32%
  17. 17. The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland 15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012. Source: Ker I, Fishman E, Garrard J, Litman T (2011). Cost and Health Benefit of Active Transport in Queensland: Research and Review, Stage Two Report. Prepared by CATALYST for Health Promotion Queensland. Financial Benefits of Active Transport Per 1000km annual reduction in car travel
  18. 18. The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland 15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012.  Speed = Distance/Travel Time  Effective Speed = Distance/(Travel Time + Earning Time*) Time and Effective Speed * ‘Earning time’ is the hours that need to be worked to earn the money to pay the financial costs of the travel. Source: Tranter, P and Ker, I R (2007). A Wish Called $quander: (In)Effective Speed and Effective Wellbeing in Australian Cities. Proceedings of the State of Australian Cities Conference, November 2007: Adelaide, South Australia. http://archive.oxha.org/knowledge/publications/TranterKer_Wishcalledsquander.pdf Note: Total time for cycling (or walking) may be even less (ie effective speed is higher) where active travel is substituted for other physical activity, such as going to the gym.
  19. 19. The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland 15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012.  Independent mobility for those without cars  Options for those who do have cars  Better health  Individual and community well-being  Government and private financial costs  Improved productivity  Lower-cost transport  Car operating costs  Congestion costs  Reduced environmental impact  More livable towns and cities  More robust towns and cities  Transport energy – price and availability  Activity centres less dependent on motor vehicles What Does Active Transport Offer?
  20. 20. The Economics of Active Transport in Queensland 15th Annual Queensland Transport Conference, 2012. The Bottom Line  The benefits of active transport go way beyond transport  Health  Environment  Education  Social inclusion  Urban development  The benefits greatly exceed the costs  Especially if infrastructure provided up-front rather than as retrofit  There are very few negatives  It is possible to get people to use active transport  Behavioural programs  Infrastructure  People like to be able to walk and cycle  Overwhelmingly positive responses to active transport initiatives
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×