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Dr Rafal Goralski, GeoVS: Technical innovation in VTS, pilotage and chart display systems as a way of improving safety and efficiency and mitigating the negative effects of the decline of nautical expertise in the ports industry

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Dr. Rafal Goralski, Director of Technology, GeoVS, United Kingdom delivered this presentation at the 2012 International Harbour Masters Congress – Global Port and Marine Operations in Ireland. The …

Dr. Rafal Goralski, Director of Technology, GeoVS, United Kingdom delivered this presentation at the 2012 International Harbour Masters Congress – Global Port and Marine Operations in Ireland. The Congress provides a unique forum in which formal Association meetings are combined with a conference and an exhibition - displaying equipment, services and technical developments from throughout the port and harbour sector. The event is held biennially and will next take place on 26-30 May 2014 in Bruges – Ghent, Belgium. Addressing the theme, ‘Safe and smooth access to ports: A challenge’, the 9th IHMA Congress in Belgium will showcase technical and operational breakthroughs together with international case studies on the development and management of modern port and marine operations across the globe. For more information about the congress, please visit the event website: http://www.globalportoperations.com

Published in: Business, Technology

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  • 1. VTS on the horizon TECHNICAL INNOVATION IN VTS, PILOTAGE AND CHART DISPLAY SYSTEMS: THE BENEFITS TO THE PORT INDUSTRY Dr Rafal Goralski Director of Technology, GeoVS Limited rg@geovs.com 8th IHMA Congress - Global Port & Marine Operations 14 – 18 May 2012, Cork, Ireland
  • 2. VTS on the horizon • Introduction • Progress to date • Challenges and shortcomings of the current technology • What the future holds? • Summary • Q&A VTS on the horizon 8th IHMA Congress - Global Port & Marine Operations 14 – 18 May 2012, Cork, Ireland
  • 3. Introduction Vessel Traffic Services “The purpose of VTS is to improve the safety and efficiency of navigation, safety of life and the protection of the environment and/or the adjoining waterway banks, nearby residents and enterprises from possible adverse effects of vessel traffic.“ European Commission, Guidelines and Criteria for VTS VTS on the horizon 8th IHMA Congress - Global Port & Marine Operations 14 – 18 May 2012, Cork, Ireland
  • 4. Introduction Vessel Traffic Services – Improve safety – Help win more business – Protect against losses • Direct and legal costs of accidents, groundings and environmental disasters • Costs of lost reputation – Help win trust and involve local community – Improve port efficiency – Can be beneficial for other port operations VTS on the horizon 8th IHMA Congress - Global Port & Marine Operations 14 – 18 May 2012, Cork, Ireland
  • 5. Introduction Vessel Traffic Services “The purpose of VTS is to improve the safety and efficiency of navigation, safety of life and the protection of the environment and/or the adjoining waterway banks, nearby residents and enterprises from possible adverse effects of vessel traffic.“ European Commission, Guidelines and Criteria for VTS Successful idea enabled by technology 8th IHMA Congress - Global Port & Marine Operations 14 – 18 May 2012, Cork, Ireland
  • 6. Progress to date • July 1948: The world's first harbour surveillance radar was inaugurated in Liverpool, England • 1968: The value of VTS in navigation safety recognized by IMO resolution A.158 (ES.IV) “Recommendation on Port Advisory Systems” • 1985: IMO adopted resolution A.578 (14) “Guidelines for Vessel Traffic Services”, which said that VTS was particularly appropriate in the approaches and access channels of a port and in areas having high traffic density, movements of noxious or dangerous cargoes, navigational difficulties, narrow channels, or environmental sensitivity • June 1997: IMO's Maritime Safety Committee adopted a new regulation to SOLAS Chapter V (Safety of Navigation), which set out when VTS can be implemented • VTS technology is mature, well established, tried and tested, reliable and highly regarded VTS on the horizon 8th IHMA Congress - Global Port & Marine Operations 14 – 18 May 2012, Cork, Ireland
  • 7. Progress to date • Sensors – – – – Radar AIS CCTVs Other (DF, LRIT, met, tide gauge, sonar, mathematical models, ext. systems) • Data processing – Track extraction, automatic tracking, sensors correlation, geospatial algorithms • Storage – Recording and replay capabilities • Distribution – Distributed systems, web-access, mobile access • Information presentation – Chart displays, GIS • User interfaces – Improvements to ergonomics, new functionalities, automatic alerts VTS on the horizon 8th IHMA Congress - Global Port & Marine Operations 14 – 18 May 2012, Cork, Ireland
  • 8. Progress to date • Radar – – – – – • Chart displays – – – – • Antenna designs Solid-state transmitters FMCW Signal processing and distribution Tracking algorithms Ergonomic user interfaces Combination of inputs from multiple sensors Efficient fusion and geo-referencing of information GIS-type functionality AIS – – – – – Complements radar shortcomings (performance affected by weather, limited target separation capability, large shadow zones, difficult tracking, limited accuracy, reception depends on target reflectiveness, high processing and storage demands, high costs of installation and maintenance) Excellent identification capabilities Great positioning accuracy and target tracking capability (better than for ENC charts and improving over time) Useful source of data for statistical analysis / planning Has own limitations that are easily complemented by radar VTS on the horizon 8th IHMA Congress - Global Port & Marine Operations 14 – 18 May 2012, Cork, Ireland
  • 9. Challenges and shortcomings of the current technology • VTS operators – – – – – – – – – • Diminishing sea-going experience Information and mental overload Limited situational awareness Lack of efficient decision support Low operational comfort Problems in communication with foreign crews Limited access to training and evaluation tools Lack of detailed hydrographic information Information from different data sources (port systems, tidal, meteo, currents, hydrographic) dispersed across multiple systems Pilots – – – – – Insufficient support from VTS Very limited situational awareness High mental overload Problems in communication with foreign crews Lack of support from crews / captains VTS on the horizon 8th IHMA Congress - Global Port & Marine Operations 14 – 18 May 2012, Cork, Ireland
  • 10. Challenges and shortcomings of the current technology • Hydrographic departments – High cost of surveys, long cycles, limited resources – Survey data processing times and workload – Inefficient means of information distribution to VTS, pilots and navigators • Port managers / Harbourmasters – – – – – – – – – – All of the above plus other needs: Further improvement of port navigational safety, operational and economical efficiency VTS data use in port planning operations (capacity analysis, traffic analysis, what-if scenarios) VTS integration with other port and external systems (automatic invoicing, monitoring of contractors, reporting to authorities, ex. MCA, SafeSeaNet, police) Improvement of communication with authorities and services for example for SAR, crisis management and emergency response operations Better tools accident investigation tools VTS/pilots training capability Capability for presentation of information to general public, authorities, in litigation Engagement of local communities Efficient business models to share benefits and costs of VTS with other stakeholders VTS on the horizon 8th IHMA Congress - Global Port & Marine Operations 14 – 18 May 2012, Cork, Ireland
  • 11. What the future holds? • Continued improvements to all technical and functional areas • For VTS operators – – – – • Improved navigational safety Better incident investigation Planning and presentation capabilities Enhanced involvement of authorities and local communities New business models to balance VTS costs with external income <1year (immediately available) 1-2 years 2-3 years 4-5 years Integration of VTS with pilot systems – – – • • Significantly enhanced situational awareness Reduced fatigue, stress and mental overload Improved operational comfort For Harbourmasters – – – – – • Natural progress of computing technology and science Appropriate support for pilots Enhanced situational awareness of pilots Reduced mental overload of pilots More efficient decision-support algorithms Integration of VTS with on-board navigation systems – – – Efficient communication regardless of language Efficient distribution of information to navigators (notices to mariners, sailing directions, etc.) Potential source of income from port publications / electronic data VTS on the horizon 8th IHMA Congress - Global Port & Marine Operations 14 – 18 May 2012, Cork, Ireland
  • 12. How can this be achieved? • 3D charts in VTS – Cartographic 3D presentations – Optimised for high visual efficiency – Fast comprehension supported by natural capabilities of human brain – Convenient environment for fusion of information without clutter <1year (immediately available) 1-2 years 2-3 years 4-5 years • Automatic decision support – Psychological models – Statistical analysis and anomalies detection • Integrated Safety Management System – Stage 1: VTS and pilotage – Stage 2: VTS and on-board navigation* VTS on the horizon *technological readiness, actual adoption time will depend on IMO regulations 8th IHMA Congress - Global Port & Marine Operations 14 – 18 May 2012, Cork, Ireland
  • 13. Integrated Safety Management System – Appropriate information and support level for different stakeholders – Improved navigational safety, training, planning and incident investigation – Efficient distribution of data – Maximised efficiency and reduced cost 8th IHMA Congress - Global Port & Marine Operations 14 – 18 May 2012, Cork, Ireland
  • 14. 3D charts reduce human error • About 75-96% of marine casualties are caused, at least in part, by some form of human error:* – 84-88% of tanker accidents – 79% of towing vessel groundings – 89-96% of collisions – 75% of fires and explosions • Easily the most prominent cause of accidents *Rothblum AM (2006) “Human Error and Marine Safety” U.S. Coast Guard Research & Development Center VTS on the horizon 8th IHMA Congress - Global Port & Marine Operations 14 – 18 May 2012, Cork, Ireland
  • 15. 3D charts reduce human error • 2D charts require significant mental power to decode and comprehend • The ability to comprehend 2D charts deteriorates with stress and fatigue • Research shows that the use of 3D charts in navigation leads to 80% reduction in human error* • 3D charts are more ergonomic and provide better operational comfort *Thomas Porathe (2006), “3-D Nautical Charts and Safe Navigation” Malardalen University, Sweden VTS on the horizon 8th IHMA Congress - Global Port & Marine Operations 14 – 18 May 2012, Cork, Ireland
  • 16. Experimental Findings (Porathe, 2006) Required time Required time Regardless of user’s level of experience VTS on the horizon 8th IHMA Congress - Global Port & Marine Operations 14 – 18 May 2012, Cork, Ireland
  • 17. 3D VTS at the Port of Milford Haven “Definitely progress into the right direction. Especially useful to less experienced operators. Great for incident investigation” MHPA VTS Operator 1 8th IHMA Congress - Global Port & Marine Operations 14 – 18 May 2012, Cork, Ireland
  • 18. 3D VTS at the Port of Milford Haven “It is so much more ergonomic and easier to use. I have to keep reminding myself to look at the other systems” MHPA VTS Operator 2 8th IHMA Congress - Global Port & Marine Operations 14 – 18 May 2012, Cork, Ireland
  • 19. 3D VTS at the Port of Milford Haven “In few years’ time all VTS systems will have to look like this” MHPA VTS Operator 3 8th IHMA Congress - Global Port & Marine Operations 14 – 18 May 2012, Cork, Ireland
  • 20. Q&A / Contact / Thank you! Dr Rafal Goralski, PMP Director of Technology GeoVS Limited CBTC, Senghenydd Road CF24 4AY Cardiff T: 02920 647 001 E: rg@geovs.com W: www.geovs.com VTS on the horizon 8th IHMA Congress - Global Port & Marine Operations 14 – 18 May 2012, Cork, Ireland